Abstract

We propose a new automatic optical polarization demultiplexing scheme for polarization division multiplexed (PDM) signals, which uses the radio frequency (RF) power from a low frequency RF power detector as a control signal. This scheme is based on the intrinsic characteristics of PDM signals and does not need to add a special signal at a PDM transmitter. The effectiveness of this demultiplexing method is experimentally demonstrated in a 2×10 Gb/s on-off-keying (OOK) PDM transmission system.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. H. Gnauck, G. Charlet, P. Tran, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, J. C. Centanni, E. C. Burrows, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and K. Higuma, "25.6-Tb/s WDM transmission of polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK signals," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 79-84 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Xie, S. Chandrasekhar, and X. Liu, "Impact of Inter-Channel Nonlinearities on 10-Gbaud NRZ-DQPSK WDM Transmission over Raman Amplified NZDSF Spans," in Proc. ECOC’07, Berlin, Germany, paper Th.10.4.4 (2007).
  3. G. Charlet, J. Renaudier, M. Salsi, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, and S. Bigo "Efficient mitigation of fiber impairments in an ultra-long haul transmission of 40 Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed data by digital processing in a coherent receiver," in Proc. OFC’2007, Anaheim, CA, USA, 2007, paper PDP17.
  4. A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, "1 Tb/s Transmission Experiment," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Wang, and C. Xie, "PMD and PDL Tolerance of Polarization Division Multiplexed Signals with Direct Detection," in Proc. ECOC’08, Brussels, Belguim, paper We.3.E.2 (2008).
  6. P. Martelli, P Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, S. M. Pietralunga, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Torregiani, and M. Martinelli, "Endless Polarization Stabilizer for High Bit-rate Polarization-Division Multiplexed Optical Systems," in Proc. OFC’2008, San Diego, CA, USA, 2008, paper JWA66.
  7. P. S. Cho, G. Harston, C. J. Kerr, A. S. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. B. Khurgin, "Investigation of 2-b/s/Hz 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission over 4×100 km SMF-28 fiber using RZ-DQPSK and polarization multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 656-658 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Noe, S. Hinz, D. Sandel, and F. Wust, "Crosstalk detection schemes for polarization division multiplex transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1469-1475 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. E. Hecker, E. Gottwald, K. Kotten, C.-J. Weiske, A. Schopflin, P. M. Krummrich, and C. Glingener, "Automated polarization control demonstated in a 1.28Tbit/s (16×2×40 Gbit/s) polarization multiplexd DWDM field trial," in Proc. ECOC’01, Amsterdam, Netherlands, paper Mo.L.3.1 (2001).
  10. M. I. Hayee, M. C. Cardakli, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, "Doubling of bandwidth utilization using two orthogonal polarizations and power unbalancing in a polarization-division-multiplexing scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 881-883 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. X. S. Yao, L. -S. Yan, B. Zhang, A. E. Willner, and J. Jiang, "All-optic scheme for automatic polarization division demultiplexing," Opt. Express 15, 7407-7414 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-12-7407.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. B. Milivojevic, A. F. Abas, A. Hidayat, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, R. Noé, M. Guy, and M. Lapointe, "1.6-b/s/Hz 160-Gb/s 230-km RZ-DQPSK polarization multiplex transmission with tunable dispersion compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 495-497 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Z. Cummins and H. L. Swinney, "Light beating spectroscopy," Prog. Opt. 8, 133 -200 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. B. Gallion and G. Debarge, "Quantum phase noise and field correlation in single frequency semiconductor laser systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 343-349 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Nazarathy, W. V. Sorin, D. M. Baney, and S. A. Newton, "Spectral analysis of optical mixing measurements," J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1083-1096 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

B. Milivojevic, A. F. Abas, A. Hidayat, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, R. Noé, M. Guy, and M. Lapointe, "1.6-b/s/Hz 160-Gb/s 230-km RZ-DQPSK polarization multiplex transmission with tunable dispersion compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 495-497 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

P. S. Cho, G. Harston, C. J. Kerr, A. S. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. B. Khurgin, "Investigation of 2-b/s/Hz 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission over 4×100 km SMF-28 fiber using RZ-DQPSK and polarization multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 656-658 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

M. I. Hayee, M. C. Cardakli, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, "Doubling of bandwidth utilization using two orthogonal polarizations and power unbalancing in a polarization-division-multiplexing scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 881-883 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Noe, S. Hinz, D. Sandel, and F. Wust, "Crosstalk detection schemes for polarization division multiplex transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1469-1475 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, "1 Tb/s Transmission Experiment," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

M. Nazarathy, W. V. Sorin, D. M. Baney, and S. A. Newton, "Spectral analysis of optical mixing measurements," J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1083-1096 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

P. B. Gallion and G. Debarge, "Quantum phase noise and field correlation in single frequency semiconductor laser systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 343-349 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

H. Z. Cummins and H. L. Swinney, "Light beating spectroscopy," Prog. Opt. 8, 133 -200 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Abas, A. F.

B. Milivojevic, A. F. Abas, A. Hidayat, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, R. Noé, M. Guy, and M. Lapointe, "1.6-b/s/Hz 160-Gb/s 230-km RZ-DQPSK polarization multiplex transmission with tunable dispersion compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 495-497 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Achiam, Y.

P. S. Cho, G. Harston, C. J. Kerr, A. S. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. B. Khurgin, "Investigation of 2-b/s/Hz 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission over 4×100 km SMF-28 fiber using RZ-DQPSK and polarization multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 656-658 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baney, D. M.

M. Nazarathy, W. V. Sorin, D. M. Baney, and S. A. Newton, "Spectral analysis of optical mixing measurements," J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1083-1096 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bhandare, S.

B. Milivojevic, A. F. Abas, A. Hidayat, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, R. Noé, M. Guy, and M. Lapointe, "1.6-b/s/Hz 160-Gb/s 230-km RZ-DQPSK polarization multiplex transmission with tunable dispersion compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 495-497 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Burrows, E. C.

Cardakli, M. C.

M. I. Hayee, M. C. Cardakli, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, "Doubling of bandwidth utilization using two orthogonal polarizations and power unbalancing in a polarization-division-multiplexing scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 881-883 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Centanni, J. C.

Charlet, G.

Cho, P. S.

P. S. Cho, G. Harston, C. J. Kerr, A. S. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. B. Khurgin, "Investigation of 2-b/s/Hz 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission over 4×100 km SMF-28 fiber using RZ-DQPSK and polarization multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 656-658 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, "1 Tb/s Transmission Experiment," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cummins, H. Z.

H. Z. Cummins and H. L. Swinney, "Light beating spectroscopy," Prog. Opt. 8, 133 -200 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Debarge, G.

P. B. Gallion and G. Debarge, "Quantum phase noise and field correlation in single frequency semiconductor laser systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 343-349 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Derosier, R. M.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, "1 Tb/s Transmission Experiment," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C. R.

Forghieri, F.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, "1 Tb/s Transmission Experiment," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gallion, P. B.

P. B. Gallion and G. Debarge, "Quantum phase noise and field correlation in single frequency semiconductor laser systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 343-349 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Charlet, P. Tran, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, J. C. Centanni, E. C. Burrows, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and K. Higuma, "25.6-Tb/s WDM transmission of polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK signals," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 79-84 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, "1 Tb/s Transmission Experiment," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Greenblatt, A. S.

P. S. Cho, G. Harston, C. J. Kerr, A. S. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. B. Khurgin, "Investigation of 2-b/s/Hz 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission over 4×100 km SMF-28 fiber using RZ-DQPSK and polarization multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 656-658 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gross, Y.

P. S. Cho, G. Harston, C. J. Kerr, A. S. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. B. Khurgin, "Investigation of 2-b/s/Hz 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission over 4×100 km SMF-28 fiber using RZ-DQPSK and polarization multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 656-658 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guy, M.

B. Milivojevic, A. F. Abas, A. Hidayat, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, R. Noé, M. Guy, and M. Lapointe, "1.6-b/s/Hz 160-Gb/s 230-km RZ-DQPSK polarization multiplex transmission with tunable dispersion compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 495-497 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Harston, G.

P. S. Cho, G. Harston, C. J. Kerr, A. S. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. B. Khurgin, "Investigation of 2-b/s/Hz 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission over 4×100 km SMF-28 fiber using RZ-DQPSK and polarization multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 656-658 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hayee, M. I.

M. I. Hayee, M. C. Cardakli, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, "Doubling of bandwidth utilization using two orthogonal polarizations and power unbalancing in a polarization-division-multiplexing scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 881-883 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hidayat, A.

B. Milivojevic, A. F. Abas, A. Hidayat, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, R. Noé, M. Guy, and M. Lapointe, "1.6-b/s/Hz 160-Gb/s 230-km RZ-DQPSK polarization multiplex transmission with tunable dispersion compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 495-497 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Higuma, K.

Hinz, S.

Jiang, J.

Jopson, R. M.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, "1 Tb/s Transmission Experiment," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, A.

P. S. Cho, G. Harston, C. J. Kerr, A. S. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. B. Khurgin, "Investigation of 2-b/s/Hz 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission over 4×100 km SMF-28 fiber using RZ-DQPSK and polarization multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 656-658 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, T.

Kerr, C. J.

P. S. Cho, G. Harston, C. J. Kerr, A. S. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. B. Khurgin, "Investigation of 2-b/s/Hz 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission over 4×100 km SMF-28 fiber using RZ-DQPSK and polarization multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 656-658 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Khurgin, J. B.

P. S. Cho, G. Harston, C. J. Kerr, A. S. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. B. Khurgin, "Investigation of 2-b/s/Hz 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission over 4×100 km SMF-28 fiber using RZ-DQPSK and polarization multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 656-658 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lapointe, M.

B. Milivojevic, A. F. Abas, A. Hidayat, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, R. Noé, M. Guy, and M. Lapointe, "1.6-b/s/Hz 160-Gb/s 230-km RZ-DQPSK polarization multiplex transmission with tunable dispersion compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 495-497 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Levy-Yurista, G.

P. S. Cho, G. Harston, C. J. Kerr, A. S. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. B. Khurgin, "Investigation of 2-b/s/Hz 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission over 4×100 km SMF-28 fiber using RZ-DQPSK and polarization multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 656-658 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lucero, A. J.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, "1 Tb/s Transmission Experiment," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Margalit, M.

P. S. Cho, G. Harston, C. J. Kerr, A. S. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, and J. B. Khurgin, "Investigation of 2-b/s/Hz 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission over 4×100 km SMF-28 fiber using RZ-DQPSK and polarization multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 656-658 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McCormick, A. R.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, "1 Tb/s Transmission Experiment," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Milivojevic, B.

B. Milivojevic, A. F. Abas, A. Hidayat, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, R. Noé, M. Guy, and M. Lapointe, "1.6-b/s/Hz 160-Gb/s 230-km RZ-DQPSK polarization multiplex transmission with tunable dispersion compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 495-497 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nazarathy, M.

M. Nazarathy, W. V. Sorin, D. M. Baney, and S. A. Newton, "Spectral analysis of optical mixing measurements," J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1083-1096 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Newton, S. A.

M. Nazarathy, W. V. Sorin, D. M. Baney, and S. A. Newton, "Spectral analysis of optical mixing measurements," J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1083-1096 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Noe, R.

Noé, R.

B. Milivojevic, A. F. Abas, A. Hidayat, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, R. Noé, M. Guy, and M. Lapointe, "1.6-b/s/Hz 160-Gb/s 230-km RZ-DQPSK polarization multiplex transmission with tunable dispersion compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 495-497 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sahin, A. B.

M. I. Hayee, M. C. Cardakli, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, "Doubling of bandwidth utilization using two orthogonal polarizations and power unbalancing in a polarization-division-multiplexing scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 881-883 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, T.

Sandel, D.

B. Milivojevic, A. F. Abas, A. Hidayat, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, R. Noé, M. Guy, and M. Lapointe, "1.6-b/s/Hz 160-Gb/s 230-km RZ-DQPSK polarization multiplex transmission with tunable dispersion compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 495-497 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Noe, S. Hinz, D. Sandel, and F. Wust, "Crosstalk detection schemes for polarization division multiplex transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1469-1475 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sorin, W. V.

M. Nazarathy, W. V. Sorin, D. M. Baney, and S. A. Newton, "Spectral analysis of optical mixing measurements," J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1083-1096 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sulhoff, J. W.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, "1 Tb/s Transmission Experiment," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, "1 Tb/s Transmission Experiment," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Swinney, H. L.

H. Z. Cummins and H. L. Swinney, "Light beating spectroscopy," Prog. Opt. 8, 133 -200 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, "1 Tb/s Transmission Experiment," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tran, P.

Willner, A. E.

X. S. Yao, L. -S. Yan, B. Zhang, A. E. Willner, and J. Jiang, "All-optic scheme for automatic polarization division demultiplexing," Opt. Express 15, 7407-7414 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-12-7407.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. I. Hayee, M. C. Cardakli, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, "Doubling of bandwidth utilization using two orthogonal polarizations and power unbalancing in a polarization-division-multiplexing scheme," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 881-883 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Wolf, C.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, "1 Tb/s Transmission Experiment," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wust, F.

Yan, L. -S.

Yao, X. S.

Zhang, B.

Zyskind, J. L.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, "1 Tb/s Transmission Experiment," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. B. Gallion and G. Debarge, "Quantum phase noise and field correlation in single frequency semiconductor laser systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 343-349 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Block diagram of a PDM system with automatic demultiplexing.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectrum of the photocurrent

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup for NRZ-OOK PDM optical communications system.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Signal processing block.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

RF spectrum of the photocurrent.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured BER versus OSNR. (a) Without transmission, (b) After 400 km transmission.

Equations (10)

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E Aout ( t ) = cos θ M A ( t ) E 0 e j [ ω 0 t + ϕ ( t ) ] + sin θ M B ( t ) E 0 e j [ ω 0 ( t + τ 0 ) + ϕ ( t + τ 0 ) ]
R ( τ ) = G E ( 1 ) ( 0 ) δ ( τ ) + σ 2 G E ( 2 ) ( τ )
G E ( 1 ) ( 0 ) = E Aout ( t ) E Aout * ( t )
G E ( 2 ) ( τ ) = E Aout ( t ) E Aout * ( t ) E Aout ( t + τ ) E Aout * ( t + τ )
S ( ω ) = S d ( ω ) + S beat ( ω ) + S shot ( ω )
S ( ω ) = cos 2 θ sin 2 θπ σ 2 E 0 4 δ ( ω ) + σ 2 E 0 4 { [ cos 4 θ + sin 4 θ + sin ( 2 θ ) cos ( ω 0 τ 0 ) e Δ ω τ 0 2 ] S M ( ω )
+ 1 2 sin 2 ( 2 θ ) e Δ ω τ 0 S M ( ω ) S M ( ω ) S corr ( ω ) }
S M ( ω ) = < M A ( t ) M A ( t + τ ) > e jωτ = < M B ( t ) M B ( t + τ ) > e jωτ
S corr ( ω ) = 4 π cos 2 ( ω 0 τ 0 ) δ ( ω ) + 4 Δ ω ( Δ ω ) 2 + ω 2
{ [ cos 2 ( ω 0 τ 0 ) [ cos ( ω τ 0 ) e Δ ω τ 0 sin ( ω τ 0 ) Δ ω ω ] + cosh ( Δ ω τ 0 ) cos ( ω τ 0 ) }

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