Abstract

Band-edge photonic crystal lasers were fabricated and their temporal characteristics were minutely analyzed using a high resolution up-conversion system. The InGaAs/InP photonic crystal laser operates at room temperature at 1.55 μm with turn on time ranging from 17ps to 30ps.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Yablonovitch, "Photonic crystals: What’s in a name?," OPN 12-13, March 2007.
  2. M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, G. Kira, E. Kuramochi, and T. Tanabe, "Optical bistable switching action of Si high-Q photonic crystal slab," Opt. Express 13, 2678-2687 (2005)
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  3. O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
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  5. M. Nomura, S. Iwamoto, K. Watanabe, N. Kumagai, Y. Nakata, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, "Room temperature continuous-wave lasing in photonic crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 14, 6308-6315 (2006).
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  6. Q1. H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vuckovic, "Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser," Nature Phys. 2, 484-488 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Laser characteristics with ultimate-small modal volume in photonic crystal slab point-shift nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211101 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Strauf, K. Henessy, M. T. Rahker, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. Nozaki, S. Kita, and T. Baba, "Room temperature continuous wave operation and controlled spontaneous emission in ultrasmall photonic crystal nanolaser," Opt. Express 15, 7506-7514 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, "Room temperature continuous wave operation of a surface emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal diode laser," Opt. Express 12,1562-1568 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Shah, T. C. Damen, B. Deveaud, and D. Block, "Subpicosecond luminescence spectroscopy using sum frequency generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1307-1309 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, "Continuous-wave operation of photonic bandedge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer," Opt. Express 15, 7551-7556 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, G. Patriarche, I. Sagnes, and A. Talneau, "Smooth sidewall in InP-based photonic crystal membrane etched by N2-based inductive coupled plasma," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1326-1333 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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  17. N. Bouché, C. Dupuy, C. Meriadec, K. Streubel, J. Landreau, L. Manin, and R. Raj, "Dynamics of gain in vertical cavity lasers and amplifiers at 1.53 µm using femtosecond photoexcitation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2718-2720 (1998)
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. R. Shen, The Principles of nonlinear optics (Wiley Classics Library, 2003).
  19. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, "Nonadiabatic Dynamics of the Electromagnetic Field and Charge Carriers in High-Q Photonic Crystal Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96,093901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal,"App. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  21. H. Kawagushi, "Optical bistability and chaos in a semiconductor laser with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1264-1266 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  22. L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  23. We have used FDTD Solutions, www.lumerical.com.

2008 (1)

K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, G. Patriarche, I. Sagnes, and A. Talneau, "Smooth sidewall in InP-based photonic crystal membrane etched by N2-based inductive coupled plasma," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1326-1333 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (7)

Q1. H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vuckovic, "Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser," Nature Phys. 2, 484-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Laser characteristics with ultimate-small modal volume in photonic crystal slab point-shift nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Strauf, K. Henessy, M. T. Rahker, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, "Nonadiabatic Dynamics of the Electromagnetic Field and Charge Carriers in High-Q Photonic Crystal Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96,093901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nomura, S. Iwamoto, K. Watanabe, N. Kumagai, Y. Nakata, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, "Room temperature continuous-wave lasing in photonic crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 14, 6308-6315 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, "Room temperature continuous wave operation of a surface emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal diode laser," Opt. Express 12,1562-1568 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal,"App. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

N. Bouché, C. Dupuy, C. Meriadec, K. Streubel, J. Landreau, L. Manin, and R. Raj, "Dynamics of gain in vertical cavity lasers and amplifiers at 1.53 µm using femtosecond photoexcitation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2718-2720 (1998)
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

J. Shah, T. C. Damen, B. Deveaud, and D. Block, "Subpicosecond luminescence spectroscopy using sum frequency generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1307-1309 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

H. Kawagushi, "Optical bistability and chaos in a semiconductor laser with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1264-1266 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Altug, H.

Q1. H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vuckovic, "Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser," Nature Phys. 2, 484-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Andreani, L. C.

S. Strauf, K. Henessy, M. T. Rahker, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

Aspar, B.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

K. Nozaki, S. Kita, and T. Baba, "Room temperature continuous wave operation and controlled spontaneous emission in ultrasmall photonic crystal nanolaser," Opt. Express 15, 7506-7514 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Laser characteristics with ultimate-small modal volume in photonic crystal slab point-shift nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Badolato, A.

S. Strauf, K. Henessy, M. T. Rahker, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beaudoin, G.

Ben Bakir, B.

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Block, D.

J. Shah, T. C. Damen, B. Deveaud, and D. Block, "Subpicosecond luminescence spectroscopy using sum frequency generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1307-1309 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bouché, N.

N. Bouché, C. Dupuy, C. Meriadec, K. Streubel, J. Landreau, L. Manin, and R. Raj, "Dynamics of gain in vertical cavity lasers and amplifiers at 1.53 µm using femtosecond photoexcitation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2718-2720 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Bouchoule, S.

Bouwmeester, D.

S. Strauf, K. Henessy, M. T. Rahker, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braive, R.

Choi, Y. S.

S. Strauf, K. Henessy, M. T. Rahker, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cojocaru, C.

M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, "Nonadiabatic Dynamics of the Electromagnetic Field and Charge Carriers in High-Q Photonic Crystal Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96,093901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal,"App. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Damen, T. C.

J. Shah, T. C. Damen, B. Deveaud, and D. Block, "Subpicosecond luminescence spectroscopy using sum frequency generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1307-1309 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deveaud, B.

J. Shah, T. C. Damen, B. Deveaud, and D. Block, "Subpicosecond luminescence spectroscopy using sum frequency generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1307-1309 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Di Cioccio, L.

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dupuy, C.

N. Bouché, C. Dupuy, C. Meriadec, K. Streubel, J. Landreau, L. Manin, and R. Raj, "Dynamics of gain in vertical cavity lasers and amplifiers at 1.53 µm using femtosecond photoexcitation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2718-2720 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Englund, D.

Q1. H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vuckovic, "Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser," Nature Phys. 2, 484-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J. M.

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gendry, M.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gerace, D.

L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guilet, S.

Henessy, K.

S. Strauf, K. Henessy, M. T. Rahker, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hollinger, G.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hu, E. L.

S. Strauf, K. Henessy, M. T. Rahker, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imada, M.

Ishida, S.

Iwamoto, S.

Jalaguier, E.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Karle, T. J.

Kawagushi, H.

H. Kawagushi, "Optical bistability and chaos in a semiconductor laser with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1264-1266 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kim, I.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kira, G.

Kita, S.

Kumagai, N.

Kuramochi, E.

Landreau, J.

N. Bouché, C. Dupuy, C. Meriadec, K. Streubel, J. Landreau, L. Manin, and R. Raj, "Dynamics of gain in vertical cavity lasers and amplifiers at 1.53 µm using femtosecond photoexcitation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2718-2720 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Le Gratiet, L.

Lee, K.-H.

K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, G. Patriarche, I. Sagnes, and A. Talneau, "Smooth sidewall in InP-based photonic crystal membrane etched by N2-based inductive coupled plasma," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1326-1333 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K-H.

Lee, R. K.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Letartre, X.

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal,"App. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, A.

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, "Continuous-wave operation of photonic bandedge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer," Opt. Express 15, 7551-7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal,"App. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, J. A.

M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, "Nonadiabatic Dynamics of the Electromagnetic Field and Charge Carriers in High-Q Photonic Crystal Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96,093901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manin, L.

N. Bouché, C. Dupuy, C. Meriadec, K. Streubel, J. Landreau, L. Manin, and R. Raj, "Dynamics of gain in vertical cavity lasers and amplifiers at 1.53 µm using femtosecond photoexcitation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2718-2720 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Meriadec, C.

N. Bouché, C. Dupuy, C. Meriadec, K. Streubel, J. Landreau, L. Manin, and R. Raj, "Dynamics of gain in vertical cavity lasers and amplifiers at 1.53 µm using femtosecond photoexcitation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2718-2720 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Mitsugi, S.

Monat, C.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Monnier, P.

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, "Continuous-wave operation of photonic bandedge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer," Opt. Express 15, 7551-7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, "Nonadiabatic Dynamics of the Electromagnetic Field and Charge Carriers in High-Q Photonic Crystal Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96,093901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal,"App. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakata, Y.

Noda, S.

Nomura, M.

Notomi, M.

Nozaki, K.

K. Nozaki, S. Kita, and T. Baba, "Room temperature continuous wave operation and controlled spontaneous emission in ultrasmall photonic crystal nanolaser," Opt. Express 15, 7506-7514 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Laser characteristics with ultimate-small modal volume in photonic crystal slab point-shift nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O'Brien, J. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohnishi, D.

Okano, T.

Painter, O.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patriarche, G.

K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, G. Patriarche, I. Sagnes, and A. Talneau, "Smooth sidewall in InP-based photonic crystal membrane etched by N2-based inductive coupled plasma," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1326-1333 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petroff, P. M.

S. Strauf, K. Henessy, M. T. Rahker, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pocas, S.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rahker, M. T.

S. Strauf, K. Henessy, M. T. Rahker, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raineri, F.

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, "Continuous-wave operation of photonic bandedge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer," Opt. Express 15, 7551-7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, "Nonadiabatic Dynamics of the Electromagnetic Field and Charge Carriers in High-Q Photonic Crystal Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96,093901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal,"App. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Raj, R.

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, A. Yacomotti, P. Monnier, T. J. Karle, K-H. Lee, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, G. Beaudoin, A. Talneau, S. Bouchoule, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, "Continuous-wave operation of photonic bandedge laser near 1.55 μm on silicon wafer," Opt. Express 15, 7551-7556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, "Nonadiabatic Dynamics of the Electromagnetic Field and Charge Carriers in High-Q Photonic Crystal Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96,093901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal,"App. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Bouché, C. Dupuy, C. Meriadec, K. Streubel, J. Landreau, L. Manin, and R. Raj, "Dynamics of gain in vertical cavity lasers and amplifiers at 1.53 µm using femtosecond photoexcitation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2718-2720 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Regreny, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sagnes, I.

Scherer, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seassal, C.

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal,"App. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shah, J.

J. Shah, T. C. Damen, B. Deveaud, and D. Block, "Subpicosecond luminescence spectroscopy using sum frequency generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1307-1309 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

Strauf, S.

S. Strauf, K. Henessy, M. T. Rahker, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Streubel, K.

N. Bouché, C. Dupuy, C. Meriadec, K. Streubel, J. Landreau, L. Manin, and R. Raj, "Dynamics of gain in vertical cavity lasers and amplifiers at 1.53 µm using femtosecond photoexcitation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2718-2720 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Talneau, A.

Tanabe, T.

Vecchi, G.

Viktorovitch, P.

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal,"App. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

Q1. H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vuckovic, "Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser," Nature Phys. 2, 484-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, K.

Yacomotti, A.

Yacomotti, M.

M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, "Nonadiabatic Dynamics of the Electromagnetic Field and Charge Carriers in High-Q Photonic Crystal Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96,093901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zussy, M.

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

App. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal,"App. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

H. Kawagushi, "Optical bistability and chaos in a semiconductor laser with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1264-1266 (1984).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Shah, T. C. Damen, B. Deveaud, and D. Block, "Subpicosecond luminescence spectroscopy using sum frequency generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1307-1309 (1987).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Laser characteristics with ultimate-small modal volume in photonic crystal slab point-shift nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, "Surface emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Bouché, C. Dupuy, C. Meriadec, K. Streubel, J. Landreau, L. Manin, and R. Raj, "Dynamics of gain in vertical cavity lasers and amplifiers at 1.53 µm using femtosecond photoexcitation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2718-2720 (1998)
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

K.-H. Lee, S. Guilet, G. Patriarche, I. Sagnes, and A. Talneau, "Smooth sidewall in InP-based photonic crystal membrane etched by N2-based inductive coupled plasma," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1326-1333 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature Phys. (1)

Q1. H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vuckovic, "Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser," Nature Phys. 2, 484-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. Strauf, K. Henessy, M. T. Rahker, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and R. Raj, "Nonadiabatic Dynamics of the Electromagnetic Field and Charge Carriers in High-Q Photonic Crystal Resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96,093901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

E. Yablonovitch, "Photonic crystals: What’s in a name?," OPN 12-13, March 2007.

E. Kapon, Semiconductor lasers (Academic Press, 1999).

We have used FDTD Solutions, www.lumerical.com.

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of nonlinear optics (Wiley Classics Library, 2003).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1. (a)
Fig. 1. (a)

Schematic hetero-structure. (b) SEM top image of the PC structure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser intensity is plotted as a function of the pump power (squares: experimental and line: numerical calculation).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematics of the experimental set-up. M1, M2, M3 denotes gold mirrors, D1 and D2 dichroic mirrors, BS a 90%–10% beam splitter, L1 a lens of focal distance 10cm, L2 a lens of focal distance 20cm, L3 a lens of focal distance 30cm, F a BG18 low pass filter filtering the light at 0.8μm and 1.5μm and PM a GaP photomultiplier.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Up-converted laser intensity versus temporal delay between gating pulse and laser emission for three different pumping energies (green 260pJ, blue 290 pJ and red 500pJ); squares: experimental values (the lines joining the squares are a guide to the eye). Black lines are the numerical calculations as a result of the fitted parameters in the rate equation model. (b) Laser spectra for three different pumping energies (green 260pJ, blue 290 pJ and red 500pJ).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Turn-on time as a function of the pump energy, squares: experimental values; line: numerical calculation resulting from the fitting of the experimental data. Fitted parameters: Rth=75.7 pJ; γsp=0.004; τ ¯ rad =6.9; ntr=0.46.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Calculated 2D photonic band diagram of the studied PC. The blue line indicates the slow band where laser emission is obtained. Green dotted lines indicate the air and silica light lines, the guided modes cut-off at the silica light line. (b) Group index calculated for the blue band on Fig 6(a). The red dashed line indicates the extent of the pumped area of 50μm in reciprocal space.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dS dt = S τ p + Γ v g g ( N ) S + ΓβB N 2
dN dt = N τ nr B N 2 v g g ( N ) S + R
ds dt = 1 τ p [ s + ( n n tr ) s + γ sp n 2 ]
dn dt = 1 τ nr [ n n 2 τ ̄ rad ( n n tr ) s + R ( t ) R th ( 1 + n tr ) ]
R ( t ) = R 0 τ nr exp [ ( t t 0 ) 2 / τ fs 2 ] τ fs π

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