Abstract

Using near-field microscopy, the performance of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguide-ring resonators (WRRs) operating at telecom wavelengths is investigated for various waveguide-ring separations. It is demonstrated that compact (footprint ~ 150 μm2) and efficient (extinction ratio ~ 13 dB) WRR-based filters can be realized using UV-lithography. The WRR wavelength responses measured and calculated using the effective-index method are found in good agreement.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  4. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M.W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, "Waveguiding in Surface Plasmon Polariton Band Gap Structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
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  7. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature (London) 440, 508-511 (2006).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
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  13. A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimensional numerical modeling of photonic integration with dielectricloaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 78, 045425 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 13585-13592 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, "Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 78, 165431 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (4)

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimensional numerical modeling of photonic integration with dielectricloaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 13585-13592 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, "Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 78, 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. C. des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzalez, and R. Quidant, "Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 75, 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T.W. Ebbesen, "Wavelength selective nanophotonic components utilizing channel plasmon polaritons," Nano Lett. 7, 880-884 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. N. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Lett. 31, 1307-1309 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature (London) 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Gagnon, N. Lahoud, G. A. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Thermally Activated Variable Attenuation of Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waves," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4391-4402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripe waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668-670 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M.W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, "Waveguiding in Surface Plasmon Polariton Band Gap Structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Yariv, "Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides," Electron. Lett. 36, 321-322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Berini, P.

G. Gagnon, N. Lahoud, G. A. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Thermally Activated Variable Attenuation of Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waves," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4391-4402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bolger, P.

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, "Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 78, 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bouhelier, A.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. C. des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzalez, and R. Quidant, "Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, "Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 78, 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 13585-13592 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 75, 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T.W. Ebbesen, "Wavelength selective nanophotonic components utilizing channel plasmon polaritons," Nano Lett. 7, 880-884 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature (London) 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. N. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Lett. 31, 1307-1309 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripe waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668-670 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M.W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, "Waveguiding in Surface Plasmon Polariton Band Gap Structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

Chichkov, B. N.

Dereux, A.

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 13585-13592 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, "Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 78, 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. C. des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzalez, and R. Quidant, "Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

des Francs, G. C.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. C. des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzalez, and R. Quidant, "Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T.W. Ebbesen, "Wavelength selective nanophotonic components utilizing channel plasmon polaritons," Nano Lett. 7, 880-884 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature (London) 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ditlbacher, H.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Drezet, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature (London) 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T.W.

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T.W. Ebbesen, "Wavelength selective nanophotonic components utilizing channel plasmon polaritons," Nano Lett. 7, 880-884 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Erland, J.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M.W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, "Waveguiding in Surface Plasmon Polariton Band Gap Structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gagnon, G.

Gonzalez, M. U.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. C. des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzalez, and R. Quidant, "Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grandidier, J.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. C. des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzalez, and R. Quidant, "Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Harel, E.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hohenau, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Holmgaard, T.

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, "Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 78, 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 13585-13592 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 75, 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hvam, J. M.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M.W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, "Waveguiding in Surface Plasmon Polariton Band Gap Structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kik, P. G.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Koel, B. E.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krasavin, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimensional numerical modeling of photonic integration with dielectricloaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, "Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 78, 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 13585-13592 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lahoud, N.

Laluet, J.-Y.

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T.W. Ebbesen, "Wavelength selective nanophotonic components utilizing channel plasmon polaritons," Nano Lett. 7, 880-884 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature (London) 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leosson, K.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripe waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668-670 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M.W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, "Waveguiding in Surface Plasmon Polariton Band Gap Structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Markey, L.

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, "Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 78, 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 13585-13592 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. C. des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzalez, and R. Quidant, "Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marquart, C.

Massenot, S.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. C. des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzalez, and R. Quidant, "Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mattiussi, G. A.

Meltzer, S.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nikolajsen, T.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripe waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668-670 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Passinger, S.

Quidant, R.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. C. des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzalez, and R. Quidant, "Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Radko, I. P.

Reinhardt, C.

Renger, J.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. C. des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzalez, and R. Quidant, "Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Requicha, A. A. G.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Salakhutdinov, I.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripe waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668-670 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Skovgaard, P. M.W.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M.W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, "Waveguiding in Surface Plasmon Polariton Band Gap Structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinberger, B.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. L.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, V. S.

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T.W. Ebbesen, "Wavelength selective nanophotonic components utilizing channel plasmon polaritons," Nano Lett. 7, 880-884 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature (London) 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weeber, J.-C.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. C. des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzalez, and R. Quidant, "Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, "Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides," Electron. Lett. 36, 321-322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zayats, A. V.

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, "Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 78, 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimensional numerical modeling of photonic integration with dielectricloaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 13585-13592 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripe waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668-670 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. C. des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzalez, and R. Quidant, "Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulators and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833-5835 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Yariv, "Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides," Electron. Lett. 36, 321-322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nano Lett. (1)

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T.W. Ebbesen, "Wavelength selective nanophotonic components utilizing channel plasmon polaritons," Nano Lett. 7, 880-884 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (London) (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature (London) 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature Mater. (1)

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nature Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (4)

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, and A. V. Zayats, "Efficient excitation of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide modes at telecommunication wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 78, 165431 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimensional numerical modeling of photonic integration with dielectricloaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 75, 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M.W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, "Waveguiding in Surface Plasmon Polariton Band Gap Structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, 1st ed., (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Waveguide-ring resonators with different gaps between the waveguide and the ring. (a) SEM image showing four WRRs with different gap sizes. [(b) and (c)] Topographical and near-field optical images respectively of a WRR with a gap of g ≃ 2.5 μm, [(d) and (e)] of a WRR with a gap of g ≃ 1.5 μm, and [(f) and (g)] of a WRR with a gap of g ≃ 0.5 μm. The images (b)–(g) share the scale shown in (b), and all near-field images are recorded for a free-space excitation wavelength of λ = 1550 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(Color online) WRR with a gap of g ≃ 0.5 μm. (a) SEM image of the whole WRR structure. (b) Topographical image recorded with the SNOM. [(c)–(i)] Near-field optical images with free-space excitation wavelength varying from 1530 nm to 1590 nm in steps of 10 nm, which share the scale shown in (b). (j) Averaged cross sectional profile of the near-field optical images (g) and (i), taken at lines A and B as marked in (b).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmission through the WRR with a gap of g ≃ 0.5 μm, measured by taking averaged cross sectional profiles of the optical images at the input A and output B (Fig. 2(b)), similar to those shown in Fig. 2(j). A fit to the measured transmission values is obtained by utilizing Eq. (1).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(Color online) Transmission of a WRR with a gap of g ≃ 0.3 μm. (a) Topographical image recorded with the SNOM. [(b)–(e)] Near-field optical images of the WRR for the wavelengths λ = 1520 nm, λ = 1550 nm, λ = 1570 nm, and λ = 1600 nm, respectively. (f) Measured WRR transmission along with an analytical fit obtained from Eq. (1).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(Color online) Transmission of a WRR with a gap of g ≃ 0.0 μm, i.e., intersection between waveguide and ring. (a) Topographical image recorded with the SNOM. [(b)–(e)] Near-field optical images for the wavelengths λ = 1510 nm, λ = 1530 nm, λ = 1550 nm, and λ = 1570 nm, respectively. (f) Measured and fitted WRR transmission.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

T = exp ( l L SP ( λ ) ) α 2 + t 2 2 α t cos θ 1 + α 2 t 2 2 α t cos θ
T = exp ( l L SP ( λ ) ) ( α t ) 2 ( 1 αt ) 2

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