Abstract

We present a high peak power optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier (OPCPA) seeded by a cavity dumped Ti:Sapphire oscillator. A frequency doubled high power Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier is pumping the device. Temporal synchronization of the pump pulses is done via soliton generation in a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber. This soliton is fiber amplified and spectrally filtered in several fiber amplifiers. A simple birefringent pulse shaper generates a flat-top temporal pump pulse profile. Direct amplification of these pulses in large mode area fibers without using a stretcher and compressor provides significantly reduced complexity. For the first time to our knowledge broadband amplification around 800 nm central wavelength is demonstrated in BIB3O6 (BIBO) crystals. The stretched Ti:Sapphire oscillator pulses are amplified up to a pulse energy of 25 μJ. Recompression with a grating compressor yields 50.7 fs pulses with 16.2 μJ pulse energy.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2008 (4)

2007 (5)

2006 (2)

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. Tropper, and D. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray and C. Manus, "Multiple harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases," J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, S.

Backus, S.

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn. "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baum, P.

Cohen, O.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J.i Miao, Y. Liu, F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Danielius, R.

Dubietis, A.

Durfee, C.

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn. "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eidam, T.

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system," Opt. Lett. 32, 3495-3497 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-32-24-3495
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "325W Average Power Fiber CPA System delivering sub-400fs pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Ermeneux, S.

Ferray, M.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray and C. Manus, "Multiple harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases," J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fülöp, J. A.

J .A. Fülöp, Z. S. Major, B. Horvát, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, "Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 87, 79-84 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gaudiosi, D.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J.i Miao, Y. Liu, F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gottschall, T.

S. Hädrich, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, T. Gottschall, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "Degenerate optical parametric amplifier delivering sub 30 fs pulses with 2GW peak power," Opt. Express 16, 19812-19820 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-24-19812
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "325W Average Power Fiber CPA System delivering sub-400fs pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Hädrich, S.

Hanna, D.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. Tropper, and D. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Holtsnider, J.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J.i Miao, Y. Liu, F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homann, C.

Ishii, H.

Ishii, N.

Kanai, T.

Kapteyn, H.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J.i Miao, Y. Liu, F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn. "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kosuge, A.

Krok, P.

L’Huillier, A.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray and C. Manus, "Multiple harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases," J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. F.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray and C. Manus, "Multiple harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases," J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "500 MW peak power degenerated optical parametric amplifier delivering 52 fs pulses at 97 kHz repetition rate," Opt. Express 16, 8981-8988 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-12-8981
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Hädrich, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, T. Gottschall, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "Degenerate optical parametric amplifier delivering sub 30 fs pulses with 2GW peak power," Opt. Express 16, 19812-19820 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-24-19812
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "High repetition rate fiber amplifier pumped sub-20 fs optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 15, 16729-16736 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-25-16729
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system," Opt. Lett. 32, 3495-3497 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-32-24-3495
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, A. Tünnermann, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, and F. Salin, "Extended single-mode photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Express 14, 2715-2720 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "325W Average Power Fiber CPA System delivering sub-400fs pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Lochbrunner, S.

Lompre, L. A.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray and C. Manus, "Multiple harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases," J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mainfray, G.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray and C. Manus, "Multiple harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases," J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Manus, C.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray and C. Manus, "Multiple harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases," J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Matsushima, I.

Murnane, M.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J.i Miao, Y. Liu, F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn. "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. Tropper, and D. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. Tropper, and D. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Paul, A.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J.i Miao, Y. Liu, F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piskarskas, A.

Raymondson, D.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J.i Miao, Y. Liu, F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riedle, E.

Röser, F.

Rothhardt, J.

S. Hädrich, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, T. Gottschall, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "Degenerate optical parametric amplifier delivering sub 30 fs pulses with 2GW peak power," Opt. Express 16, 19812-19820 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-24-19812
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "500 MW peak power degenerated optical parametric amplifier delivering 52 fs pulses at 97 kHz repetition rate," Opt. Express 16, 8981-8988 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-12-8981
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "High repetition rate fiber amplifier pumped sub-20 fs optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 15, 16729-16736 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-25-16729
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system," Opt. Lett. 32, 3495-3497 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-32-24-3495
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, A. Tünnermann, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, and F. Salin, "Extended single-mode photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Express 14, 2715-2720 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "325W Average Power Fiber CPA System delivering sub-400fs pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Salin, F.

Sandberg, R.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J.i Miao, Y. Liu, F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schimpf, D. N.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

J. Limpert, O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, A. Tünnermann, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, and F. Salin, "Extended single-mode photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Express 14, 2715-2720 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "325W Average Power Fiber CPA System delivering sub-400fs pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Schriever, C.

Seise, E.

T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "325W Average Power Fiber CPA System delivering sub-400fs pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Song, C.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J.i Miao, Y. Liu, F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tamošauskas, G.

Tobey, R.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J.i Miao, Y. Liu, F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomie, T.

Tropper, A.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. Tropper, and D. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "500 MW peak power degenerated optical parametric amplifier delivering 52 fs pulses at 97 kHz repetition rate," Opt. Express 16, 8981-8988 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-12-8981
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Hädrich, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, T. Gottschall, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "Degenerate optical parametric amplifier delivering sub 30 fs pulses with 2GW peak power," Opt. Express 16, 19812-19820 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-24-19812
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "High repetition rate fiber amplifier pumped sub-20 fs optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 15, 16729-16736 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-25-16729
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system," Opt. Lett. 32, 3495-3497 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-32-24-3495
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, A. Tünnermann, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, and F. Salin, "Extended single-mode photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Express 14, 2715-2720 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "325W Average Power Fiber CPA System delivering sub-400fs pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Watanabe, S.

Yashiro, H.

Yvernault, P.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J .A. Fülöp, Z. S. Major, B. Horvát, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, "Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 87, 79-84 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. Tropper, and D. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "325W Average Power Fiber CPA System delivering sub-400fs pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B (1)

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray and C. Manus, "Multiple harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases," J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J.i Miao, Y. Liu, F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn. "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

www.sandia.gov/imrl/X1118/xxtal.htm.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic overview of the experimental setup including the cavity dumped Ti:Sapphire oscillator, the highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber (HNL PCF), the fiber amplifier chain, second harmonic generation (SHG), two optical parametric amplifiers (BIBO crystals) and the grating stretcher and compressor.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Setup of the fiber amplifiers serving as pump source in the experiment (PCF - photonic crystal fiber, FBG - fiber Bragg grating (Δλ = 1 nm / 15 pm), POL - polarizer, HWP - half wave plate, OI - optical isolator, AOM - acousto- optical modulator)

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured spectrum of the pulses coupled to the HN PCF (black) and output spectrum including the red shifted spectral components in the Yb gain region (red)

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured spectra of the Yb amplifier seed (red), after the first preamplifier (black) and after the second preamplifier (blue)

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Temporal pulse shape of the amplifier infrared pulses (red) and the second harmonic pulses (green)

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured spectrum of the amplified pulses. Inset: logarithmic scale and larger scan range

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Experimental setup of the optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier (OPCPA)

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Far field beam profile of the amplified beam.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Measured spectra at the compressor output: Seed spectrum (black), amplified spectrum with one (blue) and both (red) OPAs pumped.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Autocorrelation trace (green), FT (black dashed) and 4th order Dispersion corrected FT (blue dashed) of the measured spectrum.

Tables (2)

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Table. 1. Characteristics of the nonlinear crystals BBO, LBO and BIBO for broadband type I interaction 800 nm + 1446 nm = 515 nm

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Table 2. Nonlinear parameter, angular acceptance and resulting maximum gain of BBO, LBO and BIBO for type I interaction 800 nm + 1446 nm = 515 nm.

Equations (3)

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Γ 2 = 8 π 2 d eff 2 I p n i n s n p λ i λ s ε 0 c 0 = γ 2 I P
G = 1 4 exp ( 2 P P π θ * γ / M 2 λ ) .
G = 1 4 exp ( 2 4 P P π γ tan ( φ ) ) .

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