Abstract

Hybrid sol-gel planar optics devices for astronomy are produced for the first time. This material system can operate from the visible (0.5 μm) up to the edge of astronomical J-band (1.4 μm). The design, fabrication and characterization results of a coaxial three beam combiner are given as an example. Fringe contrasts above 94% are obtained with a source with spectral bandwidth of 50 nm. These results demonstrate that hybrid sol-gel technology can produce devices with high quality, opening the possibility of rapid prototyping of new designs and concepts for astronomical applications.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2007 (4)

R. G. Petrov, F. Malbet, G. Weigelt,  et al., "AMBER, the near-infrared spectro-interferometric three-telescope VLTI instrument," Astron. Astrophys. 464, 1-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Olivier, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, V. Collomb, M. Trouillon, J. Grelin, I. Schanen, V. Minier, J.-E. Broquin, C. Ruilier, and B. Leone, "MAFL experiment: development of photonic devices for a space-based multiaperture fiber-linked interferometer," Appl. Opt. 46, 834-844 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. L’erondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, "Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry," Nature Photonics 1, 473-478 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Olivero, M. Svalgaard, L. Jocou, and J.-P. Berger, "Direct UV-Written Integrated Optical Beam Combiner for Stellar Interferometry," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 367-371 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, "Three-beam photonic crystal fiber imaging interferometer," Appl. Opt. 45, 6712-6717 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-B. Lebouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J.-P. Berger, A. Delboulb’e, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Sch¨oller, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. VI. Coupling the light of the VLTI in K band," Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259-1264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

P. Moreira, P. Marques, and A. Leite, "Hybrid sol-gel channel waveguide patterning using photoinitiator-free materials," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 399-401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J. P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390, 1171-1176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

M. A. Fardad, O. V. Mishechkin, and M. Fallahi, "Hybrid Sol-Gel Materials for Integration of Optoelectronic Components," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 84-91 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. El-Sabban, I. Schanen, K. D., and B. P., "Fabrication and test of an integrated optical magic T on a glass substrated," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 684-686 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31-L34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 138, 135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. II. First laboratory white-light interferograms," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 139, 173-177 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Benech, P.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. L’erondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, "Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry," Nature Photonics 1, 473-478 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J. P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390, 1171-1176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Haguenauer, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, "Integrated Optics for Astronomical Interferometry. III. Optical Validation of a Planar Optics Two-Telescope Beam Combiner," Appl. Opt. 39, 2130-2139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. II. First laboratory white-light interferograms," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 139, 173-177 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 138, 135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Berger, J. P.

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J. P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390, 1171-1176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31-L34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. II. First laboratory white-light interferograms," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 139, 173-177 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Berger, J.-P.

M. Olivero, M. Svalgaard, L. Jocou, and J.-P. Berger, "Direct UV-Written Integrated Optical Beam Combiner for Stellar Interferometry," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 367-371 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-B. Lebouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J.-P. Berger, A. Delboulb’e, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Sch¨oller, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. VI. Coupling the light of the VLTI in K band," Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259-1264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Haguenauer, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, "Integrated Optics for Astronomical Interferometry. III. Optical Validation of a Planar Optics Two-Telescope Beam Combiner," Appl. Opt. 39, 2130-2139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 138, 135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Blaize, S.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. L’erondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, "Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry," Nature Photonics 1, 473-478 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

Broquin, J.-E.

Brustlein, S.

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, "Laboratory Demonstration of an Infrared-to-Visible Up-Conversion Interferometer for Spatial Coherence Analysis," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 153903-1-153903-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chichkov, B. N.

Collomb, V.

Cronauer, C.

Del Rio, L.

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, "Laboratory Demonstration of an Infrared-to-Visible Up-Conversion Interferometer for Spatial Coherence Analysis," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 153903-1-153903-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Delage, L.

Domann, G.

Edvell, G.

Egbert, A.

El-Sabban, S.

S. El-Sabban, I. Schanen, K. D., and B. P., "Fabrication and test of an integrated optical magic T on a glass substrated," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 684-686 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Englund, M.

Fallahi, M.

Fardad, M. A.

Fr¨ohlich, L.

Gluck, S.

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J. P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390, 1171-1176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grelin, J.

Haguenauer, P.

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J. P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390, 1171-1176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31-L34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Haguenauer, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, "Integrated Optics for Astronomical Interferometry. III. Optical Validation of a Planar Optics Two-Telescope Beam Combiner," Appl. Opt. 39, 2130-2139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. II. First laboratory white-light interferograms," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 139, 173-177 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, H.

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, "Laboratory Demonstration of an Infrared-to-Visible Up-Conversion Interferometer for Spatial Coherence Analysis," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 153903-1-153903-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Houbertz, R.

Jocou, L.

M. Olivero, M. Svalgaard, L. Jocou, and J.-P. Berger, "Direct UV-Written Integrated Optical Beam Combiner for Stellar Interferometry," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 367-371 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-B. Lebouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J.-P. Berger, A. Delboulb’e, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Sch¨oller, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. VI. Coupling the light of the VLTI in K band," Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259-1264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kern, P.

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J. P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390, 1171-1176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31-L34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Haguenauer, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, "Integrated Optics for Astronomical Interferometry. III. Optical Validation of a Planar Optics Two-Telescope Beam Combiner," Appl. Opt. 39, 2130-2139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. II. First laboratory white-light interferograms," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 139, 173-177 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 138, 135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Labeye, P.

J.-B. Lebouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J.-P. Berger, A. Delboulb’e, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Sch¨oller, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. VI. Coupling the light of the VLTI in K band," Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259-1264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laurent, E.

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J. P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390, 1171-1176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Le Coarer, E.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. L’erondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, "Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry," Nature Photonics 1, 473-478 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lebouquin, J.-B.

J.-B. Lebouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J.-P. Berger, A. Delboulb’e, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Sch¨oller, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. VI. Coupling the light of the VLTI in K band," Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259-1264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leite, A.

P. Moreira, P. Marques, and A. Leite, "Hybrid sol-gel channel waveguide patterning using photoinitiator-free materials," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 399-401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Leone, B.

Malbet, F.

R. G. Petrov, F. Malbet, G. Weigelt,  et al., "AMBER, the near-infrared spectro-interferometric three-telescope VLTI instrument," Astron. Astrophys. 464, 1-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-B. Lebouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J.-P. Berger, A. Delboulb’e, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Sch¨oller, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. VI. Coupling the light of the VLTI in K band," Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259-1264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J. P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390, 1171-1176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31-L34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Haguenauer, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, "Integrated Optics for Astronomical Interferometry. III. Optical Validation of a Planar Optics Two-Telescope Beam Combiner," Appl. Opt. 39, 2130-2139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. II. First laboratory white-light interferograms," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 139, 173-177 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 138, 135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Marques, P.

P. Moreira, P. Marques, and A. Leite, "Hybrid sol-gel channel waveguide patterning using photoinitiator-free materials," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 399-401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Millan-Gabet, R.

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31-L34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Minier, V.

Mishechkin, O. V.

Morand, A.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. L’erondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, "Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry," Nature Photonics 1, 473-478 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moreira, P.

P. Moreira, P. Marques, and A. Leite, "Hybrid sol-gel channel waveguide patterning using photoinitiator-free materials," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 399-401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Olivero, M.

Olivier, S.

Ostendorf, A.

Perraut, K.

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31-L34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, R. G.

R. G. Petrov, F. Malbet, G. Weigelt,  et al., "AMBER, the near-infrared spectro-interferometric three-telescope VLTI instrument," Astron. Astrophys. 464, 1-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Popall, M.

Reynaud, F.

S. Olivier, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, V. Collomb, M. Trouillon, J. Grelin, I. Schanen, V. Minier, J.-E. Broquin, C. Ruilier, and B. Leone, "MAFL experiment: development of photonic devices for a space-based multiaperture fiber-linked interferometer," Appl. Opt. 46, 834-844 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, "Three-beam photonic crystal fiber imaging interferometer," Appl. Opt. 45, 6712-6717 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. II. First laboratory white-light interferograms," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 139, 173-177 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, "Laboratory Demonstration of an Infrared-to-Visible Up-Conversion Interferometer for Spatial Coherence Analysis," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 153903-1-153903-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rousselet-Perraut, K.

J.-B. Lebouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J.-P. Berger, A. Delboulb’e, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Sch¨oller, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. VI. Coupling the light of the VLTI in K band," Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259-1264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J. P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390, 1171-1176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Haguenauer, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, "Integrated Optics for Astronomical Interferometry. III. Optical Validation of a Planar Optics Two-Telescope Beam Combiner," Appl. Opt. 39, 2130-2139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 138, 135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. II. First laboratory white-light interferograms," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 139, 173-177 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ruilier, C.

Schanen, I.

S. Olivier, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, V. Collomb, M. Trouillon, J. Grelin, I. Schanen, V. Minier, J.-E. Broquin, C. Ruilier, and B. Leone, "MAFL experiment: development of photonic devices for a space-based multiaperture fiber-linked interferometer," Appl. Opt. 46, 834-844 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. El-Sabban, I. Schanen, K. D., and B. P., "Fabrication and test of an integrated optical magic T on a glass substrated," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 684-686 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31-L34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schanen-Duport, I.

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J. P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390, 1171-1176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Haguenauer, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, "Integrated Optics for Astronomical Interferometry. III. Optical Validation of a Planar Optics Two-Telescope Beam Combiner," Appl. Opt. 39, 2130-2139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. II. First laboratory white-light interferograms," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 139, 173-177 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 138, 135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, J.

Serbin, J.

Severi, M.

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31-L34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, "Laboratory Demonstration of an Infrared-to-Visible Up-Conversion Interferometer for Spatial Coherence Analysis," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 153903-1-153903-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stefanon, I.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. L’erondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, "Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry," Nature Photonics 1, 473-478 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Svalgaard, M.

Tonello, A.

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, "Laboratory Demonstration of an Infrared-to-Visible Up-Conversion Interferometer for Spatial Coherence Analysis," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 153903-1-153903-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Trouillon, M.

Vergnole, S.

Weigelt, G.

R. G. Petrov, F. Malbet, G. Weigelt,  et al., "AMBER, the near-infrared spectro-interferometric three-telescope VLTI instrument," Astron. Astrophys. 464, 1-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zabihian, F.

J.-B. Lebouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J.-P. Berger, A. Delboulb’e, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Sch¨oller, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. VI. Coupling the light of the VLTI in K band," Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259-1264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Astron. Astrophys. (6)

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 138, 135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. II. First laboratory white-light interferograms," Astron. Astrophys.Suppl. 139, 173-177 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31-L34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J. P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390, 1171-1176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J.-B. Lebouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J.-P. Berger, A. Delboulb’e, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Sch¨oller, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. VI. Coupling the light of the VLTI in K band," Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259-1264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Petrov, F. Malbet, G. Weigelt,  et al., "AMBER, the near-infrared spectro-interferometric three-telescope VLTI instrument," Astron. Astrophys. 464, 1-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. El-Sabban, I. Schanen, K. D., and B. P., "Fabrication and test of an integrated optical magic T on a glass substrated," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 684-686 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Moreira, P. Marques, and A. Leite, "Hybrid sol-gel channel waveguide patterning using photoinitiator-free materials," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 399-401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Nature Photonics (1)

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. L’erondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, "Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry," Nature Photonics 1, 473-478 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (7)

F. Rooms, A. Morand, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-E. Broquin, P. Haguenauer, J.-P. Berger, M. Martin, and T. Benyattou, "New concept for combining three telescopes with integrated optics: multi-mode interferences (MMI)," in in Interferometry for Optical Astronomy II, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 4838, 1359-1369 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Coude du Foresto, P. J. Borde, A. Merand, C. Baudouin, A. Remond, G. S. Perrin, S. T. Ridgway, T. A. ten Brummelaar, and H. A. McAlister, "FLUOR fibered beam combiner at the CHARA array," in Interferometry for Optical Astronomy II, W. A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 4838, 280-285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Bonaccini Calia, E. Allaert, J. L. Alvarez, and 23 coauthors, "First light of the ESO Laser Guide Star Facility," in Advances in Adaptive Optics II, Proc. SPIE 6272,627207-1-627207-11 (2006).

M. Benisty, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, P. Labeye, and P. Kern, "The VSI/VITRUV combiner: a phase-shifted four-beam integrated optics combiner," in Advances in Stellar Interferometry, Proc. SPIE 6268 62682D-1-62682D-6 (2006).

P. Kern, E. Le Co¨arer, and P. Benech, "Full integrated beam combiner instrument based on SWIFTS concept," in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, Proc. SPIE 7013, 701315-1-701315-8 (2008).

P. Haguenauer, M. Severi, I. Schanen-Duport, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J.-P. Berger, Y. Duchene, M. Lacolle, P. Y. Kern, F. Malbet, and P. Benech, "Planar optics three-telescope beam combiners for astronomical interferometry," in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. L’ena and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 1107-1115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, "Laboratory Demonstration of an Infrared-to-Visible Up-Conversion Interferometer for Spatial Coherence Analysis," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 153903-1-153903-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Layout of the all-in-one coaxial three beam combiner. Ti are the telescope inputs, I the interferometric output and Pi the photometric outputs.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laboratory interferometric set-up based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, used for characterization of the IO chips.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Using an SLD of FWHM of 50 nm, fringe visibilities of 96%, 94% and 97% have been measured, respectively for the combination pairs (T 2,T 3), (T 1,T 3) and (T 1,T 2).

Equations (2)

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I c = I ij α P i β P j 2 α P i β P j
V = max ( I c ) min ( I c ) 2

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