Abstract

Research activities during the last decade have shown the strong potential of photonic devices to greatly simplify ground based and space borne astronomical instruments and to improve their performance. We focus specifically on the mid-infrared wavelength regime (about 5–20μm), a spectral range offering access to warm objects (about 300 K) and to spectral features that can be interpreted as signatures for biological activity (e.g. water, ozone, carbon dioxide). We review the relevant research activities aiming at the development of single-mode guided optics and the corresponding manufacturing technologies. We evaluate the experimentally achieved performance and compare it with the performance requirements for applications in various fields of astronomy. Our goal is to show a perspective for future astronomical instruments based on mid-infrared photonic devices.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. Coud’e du Foresto, G. Perrin, J.-M. Mariotti, M. Lacasse and W. Traub, in The FLUOR/IOTA fiber stellar interferometer, F. Malbet, P. Kern, eds. (Bastianelli-Guirimand, 1997), pp.115-125.
  2. H. A. McAlister, T. A. ten Brummelaar, L. Sturmann, J. Sturmann, N. H. Turner and S. T. Ridgway, "Recent progress at the CHARA interferometric array," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680G (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Petrov, F. Malbet and G. Weigelt, "AMBER, the near-infrared spectro-interferometric three-telescope VLTI instrument," Astron. Astrophys. 464, 1-12 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gu’erin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. LeMignant,M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. L’ena F. Chaffee and S. Vergnole, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311,194 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 376,L31-L34 (2001).
  6. F. P. Schloerb, J.-P. Berger, N. P. Carleton and P. Hagenauer, "IOTA: recent science and technology," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680I (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Malbet, J.-P. Berger, P. Garcia, P. Kern, K. Perraut, M. Benisty, L. Jocou, E. Herwats, J,-B. Lebouquin, P. Labeye, E. Le Coarer and O. Preis, "VITRUV - Imaging close environments of stars and galaxies with the VLTI at milli-arcsec resolution," in The Power of Optical/IR Interferometry: Recent Scientific Results and 2nd Generation VLTI Instrumentation, A. Richichi, F. Delplancke, F. Paresce, A. Chelli, eds. (Springer, 2008), pp.357-369.
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier and A. Richichi, "GRAVITY: getting to the event horizon of Sgr A*, " Proc. SPIE 7013,70132A (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Bland-Hawthorn and A. Horton, "Instruments without optics: an integrated photonic spectrograph," Proc. SPIE 6269,62690N (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. L’erondel, G. Leblond, "Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry," Nature Phot. (London) 1,473-478 (2007).
  11. F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 138,135-145 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Ollivier and J.-M. Mariotti, "Improvement in the rejection rate of a nulling interferometer by spatial filtering," Appl. Opt. 36,5340-5346 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. B. Mennesson, M. Ollivier and C. Ruilier, "Use of single-mode waveguides to correct the optical defects of a nulling interferometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19,596-602 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. Klocek, Handbook of infrared optical materials (Marcel Dekker inc., 1991).
  15. J.-P. Berger, P. Benech, I. Schanen-Duport, G. Maury, F. Malbet and F. Reynaud, "Combining up to eight telescope beams in a single chip," Proc. SPIE 4006,986 - 995 (2000)
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical waveguide theory (Chapman and Hall, 1983).
  17. D. L. Lee, Electromagnetic Principles of Integrated Optics (John Wiley and Sons Ltd., 1986)
  18. L. Labadie, C. Vigreux-Bercovici, A. Pradel, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "M-lines characterization of selenide and telluride waveguides for mid-infrared interferometry," Opt. Express 14,8459-8469 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. Benisty, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, P. Labeye, and P. Kern, "The VSI/VITRUV combiner: a phase-shifted four-beam integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 6268,62682D (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. E. Garmire, T. McMahon and M. Bass, "Propagation of infrared light in flexible hollow waveguides," Appl. Opt. 15,145-150 (1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. E. Garmire, E., T. McMahon and M. Bass, "Flexible infrared waveguides for high-power transmission," J. Quantum Electron. QE-16,23-32 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  22. F. E. Vermeulen, C. R. James and A. M Robinson, "Hollow microstructural waveguides for propagation of infrared radiation," J. Lightwave Technol. 9,1053-1060 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  23. R. Bernini, S. Campopiano and L. Zeni, "Silicon micromachined hollow optical waveguides for sensing applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,106-110 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. Bjarklev and J. Broeng, Photonic crystal fibres (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004).
  25. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight and P. St. J. Russell,"Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 22,961-963 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. S. E. Barkou, J. Broeng and A. Bjarklev, "Silica-air photonic crystal fiber design that permits waveguiding by a true photonic bandgap effect," Opt. Lett. 24,46-48 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  27. S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, L. Labont’e, P. Roy, G. M’elin, and L.Gasca, "Test of photonic crystal fiber in broadband interferometry," Appl. Opt. 44,2496-2500 (2005)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. S. Vergnole, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, "Three-beam photonic crystal fiber imaging interferometer," Appl. Opt. 45,6712-6717 (2006)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. J. S. Sanghera and I. D. Aggrawal, Infrared fiber optics (CRC Press, 1999).
  30. P. Borde, G. Perrin, T. Nguyen, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, P.-I. Raynal, A. Leger and G. Maze, "10-μm wavefront spatial filtering: first results with chalcogenide fibers," Proc. SPIE 4838,273-279 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  31. L. K. Cheng, A.-J. Faber, W. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Pledel, P. Houizot, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo, "Test results of the infrared single-mode fiber for the DARWIN mission," Proc. SPIE 5905, 59051F-1-59051F-8 (2005).
  32. A. Ksendzov, O. Lay, S. Martin, J. S. Sanghera, L. E. Busse,W. H. Kim, P. C. Pureza,W. V. Q. Nguyen, and I. D. Aggarwal, "Characterization of mid-infrared single-mode fibers as modal filters," Appl. Opt. 46,7957-7962 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. V. Artiouchenko, ART Photonics, Optical fibre and fabrication technique for an optical fibre, European Patent EP/01.09.00/EP 00250290 (2000).
  34. R. Flatscher, O. Wallner, V. Artjuschenko, and J. Pereira do Carmo, "Manufacturing of chalcogenide and silverhalide single-mode fibres for modal wavefront filtering for Darwin," Proc. 6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics (2006).
  35. S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, "Silver halide single-mode fibers for the middle infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103-1-091103-3 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  36. T. Luo, S. Jiang, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Honkanen, S. B. Mendes, and N. Peyghambarian, "Ag+/Na+ exchanged channel waveguides in germanate glass," Electron. Lett. 34,2239-2240 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  37. J. Grelin, A. Bouchard, E. Ghibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, "Study of Ag+/Na+ ion-exchange diffusion on germinate glasses: Realization of single-mode waveguides at the wavelength of 1.55μm," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149,190-194 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  38. Y. Ruan, W. Li, R. Jarvis, N. Madsen, A. Rode, and B. Luther-Davies, "Fabrication and characterization of low loss rib chalcogenide waveguides made by dry etching," Opt. Express 12,5140-5145 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. S. J. Madden, D-Y. Choi, D. A. Bulla, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Taeed,M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 22,14414-14421 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  40. C. Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J.-E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, "Transmission measurement at 10.6 μm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,011110-011112 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  41. L. Labadie, Nulling interferometry, integrated optics, infrared instrumentation, extrasolar planets; PhD dissertation (Universit’e Joseph Fourier, 2005).
    [PubMed]
  42. N. Hˆo, M. C. Phillips, H. Qiao, P. J. Allen, K. Krishnaswami, B. J. Riley, T. L. Myers, and N. C. Anheier, "Single-mode low-loss chalcogenide glass waveguides for the mid-infrared," Opt. Lett. 31,1860-1862 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. O. Eyal, S. Shalem and A. Katzir, "Silver halide midinfrared optical fiber Y coupler," Opt. Lett. 19,1843-1845 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  44. U. J. Wehmeier, M. R. Swain, C. Y. Drouet D’Aubigny, D. R. Golish, and C. K. Walker, "The potential of conductive waveguides for nulling interferometry," Proc. SPIE 5491,1435-1445 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  45. L. Labadie, P. Labeye, P. Kern, I. Schanen, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Modal filtering for nulling interferometry. First single-mode conductive waveguides in the mid-infrared," Astron. Astrophys. 450,1265-1275 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  46. R. Flatscher, O. Wallner, and V. Artiouchenko, Single-mode fibres for DARWIN, Summary Report, ESA/ESTEC Contract No. AO/1-4023/01/NL/CK (2007).
  47. E. Rave, K. Roodenko, and A. Katzir, "Infrared photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,1912-1914 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  48. L. N. Butvina, O. V. Sereda, E.M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, and V. N. Zagorodnev, "Single-mode microstructured optical fiber for the middle infrared," Opt. Lett. 32, 334-336 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  49. L. Abel-Tiberini, L. Labadie, B. Arezki, P. Kern, R. Grille, P. Labeye, and J.-E. Broquin,"Transmission behaviors of single-mode hollow metallic waveguides dedicated to mid-infrared nulling interferometry," Opt. Express 15,18005-18013 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  50. A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, W. L. M. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Pledel, S. Maurugeon, B. Bureau, X. H. Zhang, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo, "Optical characterization of infrared telluride glass fibers for space use," Proc. Internat. Conf. on Space Optics (2008).
  51. G.L. Clark and C. Roychoudhuri, "Interferometry through single-mode optical fibers", Proc. SPIE 192,196-203 (1979).
  52. D. Marcuse, Principles of optical fiber measurements (Academic Press, Inc. 1981).
  53. O. Wallner, V. Artjuschenko and R. Flatscher, "Development of silver-halide single-mode fibers for modal filtering in the mid-infrared," Proc. SPIE 5491,636-646 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  54. L. Labadie, E. Le Coarer, R. Maurand, P. Labeye, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Mid-infrared laser light nulling experiment using single-mode conductive waveguides," 471, 355-360 (2007).
  55. E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J.-P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390,1171-1176 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  56. P. Haguenauer and E. Serabyn, "Deep nulling of laser light with a single-mode-fiber beam combiner," Appl. Opt. 45,2749-2754 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  57. C. Buisset, X. Rejeaunier, Y. Rabbia, and M. Barillot, "Stable deep nulling in polychromatic unpolarized light with multiaxial beam combination," Appl. Opt. 46,7817-7822 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  58. F. Brachet, Study and development of an achromatic phase shifter for nulling interferometry; PhD dissertation (Universit’e Paris XI, 2005).
    [PubMed]
  59. V. Weber, M. Barillot, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, P. Labeye, L. Pujol, and Z. Sodnik, "Nulling interferometer based on an integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 5491,842-849 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  60. R. Flatscher, Z. Sodnik, K. Ergenzinger, U. Johann, and R. Vink,"Darwin Nulling Interferometer Breadboard I: System Engineering And Measurements," in Towards Other Earths - Darwin/TPF and the Search for Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets, M. Fridlund, ed. (ESA-SP, 2003), pp. 283.

2008

F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier and A. Richichi, "GRAVITY: getting to the event horizon of Sgr A*, " Proc. SPIE 7013,70132A (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Bland-Hawthorn and A. Horton, "Instruments without optics: an integrated photonic spectrograph," Proc. SPIE 6269,62690N (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Grelin, A. Bouchard, E. Ghibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, "Study of Ag+/Na+ ion-exchange diffusion on germinate glasses: Realization of single-mode waveguides at the wavelength of 1.55μm," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149,190-194 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. Ksendzov, O. Lay, S. Martin, J. S. Sanghera, L. E. Busse,W. H. Kim, P. C. Pureza,W. V. Q. Nguyen, and I. D. Aggarwal, "Characterization of mid-infrared single-mode fibers as modal filters," Appl. Opt. 46,7957-7962 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Madden, D-Y. Choi, D. A. Bulla, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Taeed,M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 22,14414-14421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J.-E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, "Transmission measurement at 10.6 μm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,011110-011112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. N. Butvina, O. V. Sereda, E.M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, and V. N. Zagorodnev, "Single-mode microstructured optical fiber for the middle infrared," Opt. Lett. 32, 334-336 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Abel-Tiberini, L. Labadie, B. Arezki, P. Kern, R. Grille, P. Labeye, and J.-E. Broquin,"Transmission behaviors of single-mode hollow metallic waveguides dedicated to mid-infrared nulling interferometry," Opt. Express 15,18005-18013 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. L’erondel, G. Leblond, "Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry," Nature Phot. (London) 1,473-478 (2007).

R. Petrov, F. Malbet and G. Weigelt, "AMBER, the near-infrared spectro-interferometric three-telescope VLTI instrument," Astron. Astrophys. 464, 1-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Buisset, X. Rejeaunier, Y. Rabbia, and M. Barillot, "Stable deep nulling in polychromatic unpolarized light with multiaxial beam combination," Appl. Opt. 46,7817-7822 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

P. Haguenauer and E. Serabyn, "Deep nulling of laser light with a single-mode-fiber beam combiner," Appl. Opt. 45,2749-2754 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gu’erin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. LeMignant,M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. L’ena F. Chaffee and S. Vergnole, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311,194 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. McAlister, T. A. ten Brummelaar, L. Sturmann, J. Sturmann, N. H. Turner and S. T. Ridgway, "Recent progress at the CHARA interferometric array," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680G (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. P. Schloerb, J.-P. Berger, N. P. Carleton and P. Hagenauer, "IOTA: recent science and technology," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680I (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Labadie, C. Vigreux-Bercovici, A. Pradel, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "M-lines characterization of selenide and telluride waveguides for mid-infrared interferometry," Opt. Express 14,8459-8469 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Benisty, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, P. Labeye, and P. Kern, "The VSI/VITRUV combiner: a phase-shifted four-beam integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 6268,62682D (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Labadie, P. Labeye, P. Kern, I. Schanen, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Modal filtering for nulling interferometry. First single-mode conductive waveguides in the mid-infrared," Astron. Astrophys. 450,1265-1275 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Hˆo, M. C. Phillips, H. Qiao, P. J. Allen, K. Krishnaswami, B. J. Riley, T. L. Myers, and N. C. Anheier, "Single-mode low-loss chalcogenide glass waveguides for the mid-infrared," Opt. Lett. 31,1860-1862 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, "Three-beam photonic crystal fiber imaging interferometer," Appl. Opt. 45,6712-6717 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

2004

Y. Ruan, W. Li, R. Jarvis, N. Madsen, A. Rode, and B. Luther-Davies, "Fabrication and characterization of low loss rib chalcogenide waveguides made by dry etching," Opt. Express 12,5140-5145 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. J. Wehmeier, M. R. Swain, C. Y. Drouet D’Aubigny, D. R. Golish, and C. K. Walker, "The potential of conductive waveguides for nulling interferometry," Proc. SPIE 5491,1435-1445 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Wallner, V. Artjuschenko and R. Flatscher, "Development of silver-halide single-mode fibers for modal filtering in the mid-infrared," Proc. SPIE 5491,636-646 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Weber, M. Barillot, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, P. Labeye, L. Pujol, and Z. Sodnik, "Nulling interferometer based on an integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 5491,842-849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

P. Borde, G. Perrin, T. Nguyen, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, P.-I. Raynal, A. Leger and G. Maze, "10-μm wavefront spatial filtering: first results with chalcogenide fibers," Proc. SPIE 4838,273-279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Rave, K. Roodenko, and A. Katzir, "Infrared photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,1912-1914 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

B. Mennesson, M. Ollivier and C. Ruilier, "Use of single-mode waveguides to correct the optical defects of a nulling interferometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19,596-602 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Bernini, S. Campopiano and L. Zeni, "Silicon micromachined hollow optical waveguides for sensing applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,106-110 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J.-P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390,1171-1176 (2002)
[CrossRef]

2001

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 376,L31-L34 (2001).

2000

J.-P. Berger, P. Benech, I. Schanen-Duport, G. Maury, F. Malbet and F. Reynaud, "Combining up to eight telescope beams in a single chip," Proc. SPIE 4006,986 - 995 (2000)
[CrossRef]

1999

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 138,135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Barkou, J. Broeng and A. Bjarklev, "Silica-air photonic crystal fiber design that permits waveguiding by a true photonic bandgap effect," Opt. Lett. 24,46-48 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. Luo, S. Jiang, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Honkanen, S. B. Mendes, and N. Peyghambarian, "Ag+/Na+ exchanged channel waveguides in germanate glass," Electron. Lett. 34,2239-2240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1994

1991

F. E. Vermeulen, C. R. James and A. M Robinson, "Hollow microstructural waveguides for propagation of infrared radiation," J. Lightwave Technol. 9,1053-1060 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1980

E. Garmire, E., T. McMahon and M. Bass, "Flexible infrared waveguides for high-power transmission," J. Quantum Electron. QE-16,23-32 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979

G.L. Clark and C. Roychoudhuri, "Interferometry through single-mode optical fibers", Proc. SPIE 192,196-203 (1979).

1976

Abel-Tiberini, L.

Aggarwal, I. D.

Amy-Klein, A.

P. Borde, G. Perrin, T. Nguyen, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, P.-I. Raynal, A. Leger and G. Maze, "10-μm wavefront spatial filtering: first results with chalcogenide fibers," Proc. SPIE 4838,273-279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Arezki, B.

L. Abel-Tiberini, L. Labadie, B. Arezki, P. Kern, R. Grille, P. Labeye, and J.-E. Broquin,"Transmission behaviors of single-mode hollow metallic waveguides dedicated to mid-infrared nulling interferometry," Opt. Express 15,18005-18013 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Labadie, P. Labeye, P. Kern, I. Schanen, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Modal filtering for nulling interferometry. First single-mode conductive waveguides in the mid-infrared," Astron. Astrophys. 450,1265-1275 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Labadie, C. Vigreux-Bercovici, A. Pradel, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "M-lines characterization of selenide and telluride waveguides for mid-infrared interferometry," Opt. Express 14,8459-8469 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Labadie, E. Le Coarer, R. Maurand, P. Labeye, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Mid-infrared laser light nulling experiment using single-mode conductive waveguides," 471, 355-360 (2007).

Artjuschenko, V.

O. Wallner, V. Artjuschenko and R. Flatscher, "Development of silver-halide single-mode fibers for modal filtering in the mid-infrared," Proc. SPIE 5491,636-646 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Flatscher, O. Wallner, V. Artjuschenko, and J. Pereira do Carmo, "Manufacturing of chalcogenide and silverhalide single-mode fibres for modal wavefront filtering for Darwin," Proc. 6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics (2006).

Barillot, M.

C. Buisset, X. Rejeaunier, Y. Rabbia, and M. Barillot, "Stable deep nulling in polychromatic unpolarized light with multiaxial beam combination," Appl. Opt. 46,7817-7822 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Weber, M. Barillot, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, P. Labeye, L. Pujol, and Z. Sodnik, "Nulling interferometer based on an integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 5491,842-849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barkou, S. E.

Bass, M.

Benech, P.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. L’erondel, G. Leblond, "Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry," Nature Phot. (London) 1,473-478 (2007).

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J.-P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390,1171-1176 (2002)
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Berger, P. Benech, I. Schanen-Duport, G. Maury, F. Malbet and F. Reynaud, "Combining up to eight telescope beams in a single chip," Proc. SPIE 4006,986 - 995 (2000)
[CrossRef]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 138,135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Benisty, M.

M. Benisty, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, P. Labeye, and P. Kern, "The VSI/VITRUV combiner: a phase-shifted four-beam integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 6268,62682D (2006).
[CrossRef]

Berger, J.-P.

M. Benisty, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, P. Labeye, and P. Kern, "The VSI/VITRUV combiner: a phase-shifted four-beam integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 6268,62682D (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. P. Schloerb, J.-P. Berger, N. P. Carleton and P. Hagenauer, "IOTA: recent science and technology," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680I (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J.-P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390,1171-1176 (2002)
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 376,L31-L34 (2001).

J.-P. Berger, P. Benech, I. Schanen-Duport, G. Maury, F. Malbet and F. Reynaud, "Combining up to eight telescope beams in a single chip," Proc. SPIE 4006,986 - 995 (2000)
[CrossRef]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 138,135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bernini, R.

R. Bernini, S. Campopiano and L. Zeni, "Silicon micromachined hollow optical waveguides for sensing applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,106-110 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Bjarklev, A.

Blaize, S.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. L’erondel, G. Leblond, "Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry," Nature Phot. (London) 1,473-478 (2007).

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

J. Bland-Hawthorn and A. Horton, "Instruments without optics: an integrated photonic spectrograph," Proc. SPIE 6269,62690N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bonhomme, E.

C. Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J.-E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, "Transmission measurement at 10.6 μm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,011110-011112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Borde, P.

P. Borde, G. Perrin, T. Nguyen, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, P.-I. Raynal, A. Leger and G. Maze, "10-μm wavefront spatial filtering: first results with chalcogenide fibers," Proc. SPIE 4838,273-279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bouchard, A.

J. Grelin, A. Bouchard, E. Ghibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, "Study of Ag+/Na+ ion-exchange diffusion on germinate glasses: Realization of single-mode waveguides at the wavelength of 1.55μm," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149,190-194 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brandner, W.

F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier and A. Richichi, "GRAVITY: getting to the event horizon of Sgr A*, " Proc. SPIE 7013,70132A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

Broquin, J. E.

J. Grelin, A. Bouchard, E. Ghibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, "Study of Ag+/Na+ ion-exchange diffusion on germinate glasses: Realization of single-mode waveguides at the wavelength of 1.55μm," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149,190-194 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Broquin, J.-E.

C. Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J.-E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, "Transmission measurement at 10.6 μm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,011110-011112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Abel-Tiberini, L. Labadie, B. Arezki, P. Kern, R. Grille, P. Labeye, and J.-E. Broquin,"Transmission behaviors of single-mode hollow metallic waveguides dedicated to mid-infrared nulling interferometry," Opt. Express 15,18005-18013 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Labadie, P. Labeye, P. Kern, I. Schanen, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Modal filtering for nulling interferometry. First single-mode conductive waveguides in the mid-infrared," Astron. Astrophys. 450,1265-1275 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Labadie, C. Vigreux-Bercovici, A. Pradel, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "M-lines characterization of selenide and telluride waveguides for mid-infrared interferometry," Opt. Express 14,8459-8469 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Labadie, E. Le Coarer, R. Maurand, P. Labeye, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Mid-infrared laser light nulling experiment using single-mode conductive waveguides," 471, 355-360 (2007).

Buisset, C.

Bulla, D. A.

S. J. Madden, D-Y. Choi, D. A. Bulla, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Taeed,M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 22,14414-14421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Busse, L. E.

Butvina, L. N.

Campopiano, S.

R. Bernini, S. Campopiano and L. Zeni, "Silicon micromachined hollow optical waveguides for sensing applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,106-110 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Carleton, N. P.

F. P. Schloerb, J.-P. Berger, N. P. Carleton and P. Hagenauer, "IOTA: recent science and technology," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680I (2006).
[CrossRef]

Choi, D-Y.

S. J. Madden, D-Y. Choi, D. A. Bulla, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Taeed,M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 22,14414-14421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Clark, G.L.

G.L. Clark and C. Roychoudhuri, "Interferometry through single-mode optical fibers", Proc. SPIE 192,196-203 (1979).

Daussy, C.

P. Borde, G. Perrin, T. Nguyen, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, P.-I. Raynal, A. Leger and G. Maze, "10-μm wavefront spatial filtering: first results with chalcogenide fibers," Proc. SPIE 4838,273-279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Delage, L.

Dianov, E.M.

Eggleton, B. J.

S. J. Madden, D-Y. Choi, D. A. Bulla, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Taeed,M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 22,14414-14421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eisenhauer, F.

F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier and A. Richichi, "GRAVITY: getting to the event horizon of Sgr A*, " Proc. SPIE 7013,70132A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eyal, O.

Flatscher, R.

O. Wallner, V. Artjuschenko and R. Flatscher, "Development of silver-halide single-mode fibers for modal filtering in the mid-infrared," Proc. SPIE 5491,636-646 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Flatscher, O. Wallner, V. Artjuschenko, and J. Pereira do Carmo, "Manufacturing of chalcogenide and silverhalide single-mode fibres for modal wavefront filtering for Darwin," Proc. 6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics (2006).

Garmire, E.

E. Garmire, E., T. McMahon and M. Bass, "Flexible infrared waveguides for high-power transmission," J. Quantum Electron. QE-16,23-32 (1980).
[CrossRef]

E. Garmire, T. McMahon and M. Bass, "Propagation of infrared light in flexible hollow waveguides," Appl. Opt. 15,145-150 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gathright, J.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gu’erin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. LeMignant,M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. L’ena F. Chaffee and S. Vergnole, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311,194 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghibaudo, E.

J. Grelin, A. Bouchard, E. Ghibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, "Study of Ag+/Na+ ion-exchange diffusion on germinate glasses: Realization of single-mode waveguides at the wavelength of 1.55μm," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149,190-194 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gluck, S.

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J.-P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390,1171-1176 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Grelin, J.

J. Grelin, A. Bouchard, E. Ghibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, "Study of Ag+/Na+ ion-exchange diffusion on germinate glasses: Realization of single-mode waveguides at the wavelength of 1.55μm," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149,190-194 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grille, R.

Gu’erin, J.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gu’erin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. LeMignant,M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. L’ena F. Chaffee and S. Vergnole, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311,194 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hagenauer, P.

F. P. Schloerb, J.-P. Berger, N. P. Carleton and P. Hagenauer, "IOTA: recent science and technology," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680I (2006).
[CrossRef]

Haguenauer, P.

P. Haguenauer and E. Serabyn, "Deep nulling of laser light with a single-mode-fiber beam combiner," Appl. Opt. 45,2749-2754 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Weber, M. Barillot, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, P. Labeye, L. Pujol, and Z. Sodnik, "Nulling interferometer based on an integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 5491,842-849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J.-P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390,1171-1176 (2002)
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 376,L31-L34 (2001).

Honkanen, S.

T. Luo, S. Jiang, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Honkanen, S. B. Mendes, and N. Peyghambarian, "Ag+/Na+ exchanged channel waveguides in germanate glass," Electron. Lett. 34,2239-2240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Horton, A.

J. Bland-Hawthorn and A. Horton, "Instruments without optics: an integrated photonic spectrograph," Proc. SPIE 6269,62690N (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hrynevych, M.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gu’erin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. LeMignant,M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. L’ena F. Chaffee and S. Vergnole, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311,194 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

James, C. R.

F. E. Vermeulen, C. R. James and A. M Robinson, "Hollow microstructural waveguides for propagation of infrared radiation," J. Lightwave Technol. 9,1053-1060 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jarvis, R.

Jiang, S.

T. Luo, S. Jiang, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Honkanen, S. B. Mendes, and N. Peyghambarian, "Ag+/Na+ exchanged channel waveguides in germanate glass," Electron. Lett. 34,2239-2240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jocou, L.

M. Benisty, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, P. Labeye, and P. Kern, "The VSI/VITRUV combiner: a phase-shifted four-beam integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 6268,62682D (2006).
[CrossRef]

Katzir, A.

E. Rave, K. Roodenko, and A. Katzir, "Infrared photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,1912-1914 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. Eyal, S. Shalem and A. Katzir, "Silver halide midinfrared optical fiber Y coupler," Opt. Lett. 19,1843-1845 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, "Silver halide single-mode fibers for the middle infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103-1-091103-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kern, P.

C. Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J.-E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, "Transmission measurement at 10.6 μm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,011110-011112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Abel-Tiberini, L. Labadie, B. Arezki, P. Kern, R. Grille, P. Labeye, and J.-E. Broquin,"Transmission behaviors of single-mode hollow metallic waveguides dedicated to mid-infrared nulling interferometry," Opt. Express 15,18005-18013 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Labadie, P. Labeye, P. Kern, I. Schanen, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Modal filtering for nulling interferometry. First single-mode conductive waveguides in the mid-infrared," Astron. Astrophys. 450,1265-1275 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Benisty, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, P. Labeye, and P. Kern, "The VSI/VITRUV combiner: a phase-shifted four-beam integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 6268,62682D (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Labadie, C. Vigreux-Bercovici, A. Pradel, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "M-lines characterization of selenide and telluride waveguides for mid-infrared interferometry," Opt. Express 14,8459-8469 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Weber, M. Barillot, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, P. Labeye, L. Pujol, and Z. Sodnik, "Nulling interferometer based on an integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 5491,842-849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J.-P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390,1171-1176 (2002)
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 376,L31-L34 (2001).

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 138,135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Labadie, E. Le Coarer, R. Maurand, P. Labeye, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Mid-infrared laser light nulling experiment using single-mode conductive waveguides," 471, 355-360 (2007).

Kim, W. H.

Knight, J. C.

Kotani, T.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gu’erin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. LeMignant,M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. L’ena F. Chaffee and S. Vergnole, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311,194 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ksendzov, A.

Labadie, L.

L. Abel-Tiberini, L. Labadie, B. Arezki, P. Kern, R. Grille, P. Labeye, and J.-E. Broquin,"Transmission behaviors of single-mode hollow metallic waveguides dedicated to mid-infrared nulling interferometry," Opt. Express 15,18005-18013 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J.-E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, "Transmission measurement at 10.6 μm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,011110-011112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Labadie, P. Labeye, P. Kern, I. Schanen, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Modal filtering for nulling interferometry. First single-mode conductive waveguides in the mid-infrared," Astron. Astrophys. 450,1265-1275 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Labadie, C. Vigreux-Bercovici, A. Pradel, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "M-lines characterization of selenide and telluride waveguides for mid-infrared interferometry," Opt. Express 14,8459-8469 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Labadie, E. Le Coarer, R. Maurand, P. Labeye, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Mid-infrared laser light nulling experiment using single-mode conductive waveguides," 471, 355-360 (2007).

Labeye, P.

L. Abel-Tiberini, L. Labadie, B. Arezki, P. Kern, R. Grille, P. Labeye, and J.-E. Broquin,"Transmission behaviors of single-mode hollow metallic waveguides dedicated to mid-infrared nulling interferometry," Opt. Express 15,18005-18013 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Labadie, P. Labeye, P. Kern, I. Schanen, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Modal filtering for nulling interferometry. First single-mode conductive waveguides in the mid-infrared," Astron. Astrophys. 450,1265-1275 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Benisty, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, P. Labeye, and P. Kern, "The VSI/VITRUV combiner: a phase-shifted four-beam integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 6268,62682D (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Weber, M. Barillot, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, P. Labeye, L. Pujol, and Z. Sodnik, "Nulling interferometer based on an integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 5491,842-849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Labadie, E. Le Coarer, R. Maurand, P. Labeye, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Mid-infrared laser light nulling experiment using single-mode conductive waveguides," 471, 355-360 (2007).

Lai, O.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gu’erin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. LeMignant,M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. L’ena F. Chaffee and S. Vergnole, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311,194 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laurent, E.

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J.-P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390,1171-1176 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Lay, O.

Le Coarer, E.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. L’erondel, G. Leblond, "Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry," Nature Phot. (London) 1,473-478 (2007).

L. Labadie, E. Le Coarer, R. Maurand, P. Labeye, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Mid-infrared laser light nulling experiment using single-mode conductive waveguides," 471, 355-360 (2007).

Leger, A.

P. Borde, G. Perrin, T. Nguyen, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, P.-I. Raynal, A. Leger and G. Maze, "10-μm wavefront spatial filtering: first results with chalcogenide fibers," Proc. SPIE 4838,273-279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

LeMignant, D.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gu’erin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. LeMignant,M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. L’ena F. Chaffee and S. Vergnole, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311,194 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, W.

Lichkova, N. V.

Luo, T.

T. Luo, S. Jiang, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Honkanen, S. B. Mendes, and N. Peyghambarian, "Ag+/Na+ exchanged channel waveguides in germanate glass," Electron. Lett. 34,2239-2240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

S. J. Madden, D-Y. Choi, D. A. Bulla, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Taeed,M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 22,14414-14421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ruan, W. Li, R. Jarvis, N. Madsen, A. Rode, and B. Luther-Davies, "Fabrication and characterization of low loss rib chalcogenide waveguides made by dry etching," Opt. Express 12,5140-5145 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madden, S. J.

S. J. Madden, D-Y. Choi, D. A. Bulla, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Taeed,M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 22,14414-14421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Madsen, N.

Malbet, F.

R. Petrov, F. Malbet and G. Weigelt, "AMBER, the near-infrared spectro-interferometric three-telescope VLTI instrument," Astron. Astrophys. 464, 1-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Benisty, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, P. Labeye, and P. Kern, "The VSI/VITRUV combiner: a phase-shifted four-beam integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 6268,62682D (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J.-P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390,1171-1176 (2002)
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 376,L31-L34 (2001).

J.-P. Berger, P. Benech, I. Schanen-Duport, G. Maury, F. Malbet and F. Reynaud, "Combining up to eight telescope beams in a single chip," Proc. SPIE 4006,986 - 995 (2000)
[CrossRef]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 138,135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mariotti, J.-M.

Martin, S.

Maurand, R.

L. Labadie, E. Le Coarer, R. Maurand, P. Labeye, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Mid-infrared laser light nulling experiment using single-mode conductive waveguides," 471, 355-360 (2007).

Maury, G.

J.-P. Berger, P. Benech, I. Schanen-Duport, G. Maury, F. Malbet and F. Reynaud, "Combining up to eight telescope beams in a single chip," Proc. SPIE 4006,986 - 995 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Maze, G.

P. Borde, G. Perrin, T. Nguyen, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, P.-I. Raynal, A. Leger and G. Maze, "10-μm wavefront spatial filtering: first results with chalcogenide fibers," Proc. SPIE 4838,273-279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McAlister, H. A.

H. A. McAlister, T. A. ten Brummelaar, L. Sturmann, J. Sturmann, N. H. Turner and S. T. Ridgway, "Recent progress at the CHARA interferometric array," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680G (2006).
[CrossRef]

McMahon, T.

Mendes, S. B.

T. Luo, S. Jiang, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Honkanen, S. B. Mendes, and N. Peyghambarian, "Ag+/Na+ exchanged channel waveguides in germanate glass," Electron. Lett. 34,2239-2240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mennesson, B.

Millo, A.

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, "Silver halide single-mode fibers for the middle infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103-1-091103-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Morand, A.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. L’erondel, G. Leblond, "Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry," Nature Phot. (London) 1,473-478 (2007).

Nagli, L.

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, "Silver halide single-mode fibers for the middle infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103-1-091103-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, T.

P. Borde, G. Perrin, T. Nguyen, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, P.-I. Raynal, A. Leger and G. Maze, "10-μm wavefront spatial filtering: first results with chalcogenide fibers," Proc. SPIE 4838,273-279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, W. V. Q.

Nunzi Conti, G.

T. Luo, S. Jiang, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Honkanen, S. B. Mendes, and N. Peyghambarian, "Ag+/Na+ exchanged channel waveguides in germanate glass," Electron. Lett. 34,2239-2240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ollivier, M.

Pelusi, M. D.

S. J. Madden, D-Y. Choi, D. A. Bulla, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Taeed,M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 22,14414-14421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Perraut, K.

M. Benisty, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, P. Labeye, and P. Kern, "The VSI/VITRUV combiner: a phase-shifted four-beam integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 6268,62682D (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 376,L31-L34 (2001).

Perrin, G.

F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier and A. Richichi, "GRAVITY: getting to the event horizon of Sgr A*, " Proc. SPIE 7013,70132A (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gu’erin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. LeMignant,M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. L’ena F. Chaffee and S. Vergnole, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311,194 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Borde, G. Perrin, T. Nguyen, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, P.-I. Raynal, A. Leger and G. Maze, "10-μm wavefront spatial filtering: first results with chalcogenide fibers," Proc. SPIE 4838,273-279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, R.

R. Petrov, F. Malbet and G. Weigelt, "AMBER, the near-infrared spectro-interferometric three-telescope VLTI instrument," Astron. Astrophys. 464, 1-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

T. Luo, S. Jiang, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Honkanen, S. B. Mendes, and N. Peyghambarian, "Ag+/Na+ exchanged channel waveguides in germanate glass," Electron. Lett. 34,2239-2240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pradel, A.

C. Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J.-E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, "Transmission measurement at 10.6 μm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,011110-011112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Labadie, C. Vigreux-Bercovici, A. Pradel, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "M-lines characterization of selenide and telluride waveguides for mid-infrared interferometry," Opt. Express 14,8459-8469 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pujol, L.

V. Weber, M. Barillot, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, P. Labeye, L. Pujol, and Z. Sodnik, "Nulling interferometer based on an integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 5491,842-849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pureza, P. C.

Rabbia, Y.

Rave, E.

E. Rave, K. Roodenko, and A. Katzir, "Infrared photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,1912-1914 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, "Silver halide single-mode fibers for the middle infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103-1-091103-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Raynal, P.-I.

P. Borde, G. Perrin, T. Nguyen, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, P.-I. Raynal, A. Leger and G. Maze, "10-μm wavefront spatial filtering: first results with chalcogenide fibers," Proc. SPIE 4838,273-279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rejeaunier, X.

Reynaud, F.

Richichi, A.

F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier and A. Richichi, "GRAVITY: getting to the event horizon of Sgr A*, " Proc. SPIE 7013,70132A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ridgway, S. T.

H. A. McAlister, T. A. ten Brummelaar, L. Sturmann, J. Sturmann, N. H. Turner and S. T. Ridgway, "Recent progress at the CHARA interferometric array," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680G (2006).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, A. M

F. E. Vermeulen, C. R. James and A. M Robinson, "Hollow microstructural waveguides for propagation of infrared radiation," J. Lightwave Technol. 9,1053-1060 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rode, A.

Rode, A. V.

S. J. Madden, D-Y. Choi, D. A. Bulla, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Taeed,M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 22,14414-14421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roodenko, K.

E. Rave, K. Roodenko, and A. Katzir, "Infrared photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,1912-1914 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rousselet-Perraut, K.

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J.-P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390,1171-1176 (2002)
[CrossRef]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 138,135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Roychoudhuri, C.

G.L. Clark and C. Roychoudhuri, "Interferometry through single-mode optical fibers", Proc. SPIE 192,196-203 (1979).

Ruan, Y.

Ruilier, C.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sanghera, J. S.

Schanen, I.

L. Labadie, P. Labeye, P. Kern, I. Schanen, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Modal filtering for nulling interferometry. First single-mode conductive waveguides in the mid-infrared," Astron. Astrophys. 450,1265-1275 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 376,L31-L34 (2001).

Schanen-Duport, I.

V. Weber, M. Barillot, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, P. Labeye, L. Pujol, and Z. Sodnik, "Nulling interferometer based on an integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 5491,842-849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J.-P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390,1171-1176 (2002)
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Berger, P. Benech, I. Schanen-Duport, G. Maury, F. Malbet and F. Reynaud, "Combining up to eight telescope beams in a single chip," Proc. SPIE 4006,986 - 995 (2000)
[CrossRef]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 138,135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schloerb, F. P.

F. P. Schloerb, J.-P. Berger, N. P. Carleton and P. Hagenauer, "IOTA: recent science and technology," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680I (2006).
[CrossRef]

Serabyn, E.

Sereda, O. V.

Severi, M.

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 376,L31-L34 (2001).

Shalem, S.

O. Eyal, S. Shalem and A. Katzir, "Silver halide midinfrared optical fiber Y coupler," Opt. Lett. 19,1843-1845 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, "Silver halide single-mode fibers for the middle infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103-1-091103-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sodnik, Z.

V. Weber, M. Barillot, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, P. Labeye, L. Pujol, and Z. Sodnik, "Nulling interferometer based on an integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 5491,842-849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stefanon, I.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. L’erondel, G. Leblond, "Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry," Nature Phot. (London) 1,473-478 (2007).

Straubmeier, C.

F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier and A. Richichi, "GRAVITY: getting to the event horizon of Sgr A*, " Proc. SPIE 7013,70132A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sturmann, J.

H. A. McAlister, T. A. ten Brummelaar, L. Sturmann, J. Sturmann, N. H. Turner and S. T. Ridgway, "Recent progress at the CHARA interferometric array," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680G (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sturmann, L.

H. A. McAlister, T. A. ten Brummelaar, L. Sturmann, J. Sturmann, N. H. Turner and S. T. Ridgway, "Recent progress at the CHARA interferometric array," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680G (2006).
[CrossRef]

Swain, M. R.

U. J. Wehmeier, M. R. Swain, C. Y. Drouet D’Aubigny, D. R. Golish, and C. K. Walker, "The potential of conductive waveguides for nulling interferometry," Proc. SPIE 5491,1435-1445 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taeed, V. G.

S. J. Madden, D-Y. Choi, D. A. Bulla, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Taeed,M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 22,14414-14421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

ten Brummelaar, T. A.

H. A. McAlister, T. A. ten Brummelaar, L. Sturmann, J. Sturmann, N. H. Turner and S. T. Ridgway, "Recent progress at the CHARA interferometric array," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680G (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsun, A.

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, "Silver halide single-mode fibers for the middle infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103-1-091103-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Turner, N. H.

H. A. McAlister, T. A. ten Brummelaar, L. Sturmann, J. Sturmann, N. H. Turner and S. T. Ridgway, "Recent progress at the CHARA interferometric array," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680G (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vergnole, S.

Vermeulen, F. E.

F. E. Vermeulen, C. R. James and A. M Robinson, "Hollow microstructural waveguides for propagation of infrared radiation," J. Lightwave Technol. 9,1053-1060 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Vigreux-Bercovici, C.

C. Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J.-E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, "Transmission measurement at 10.6 μm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,011110-011112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Labadie, C. Vigreux-Bercovici, A. Pradel, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "M-lines characterization of selenide and telluride waveguides for mid-infrared interferometry," Opt. Express 14,8459-8469 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wallner, O.

O. Wallner, V. Artjuschenko and R. Flatscher, "Development of silver-halide single-mode fibers for modal filtering in the mid-infrared," Proc. SPIE 5491,636-646 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Flatscher, O. Wallner, V. Artjuschenko, and J. Pereira do Carmo, "Manufacturing of chalcogenide and silverhalide single-mode fibres for modal wavefront filtering for Darwin," Proc. 6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics (2006).

Weber, V.

V. Weber, M. Barillot, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, P. Labeye, L. Pujol, and Z. Sodnik, "Nulling interferometer based on an integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 5491,842-849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wehmeier, U. J.

U. J. Wehmeier, M. R. Swain, C. Y. Drouet D’Aubigny, D. R. Golish, and C. K. Walker, "The potential of conductive waveguides for nulling interferometry," Proc. SPIE 5491,1435-1445 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weigelt, G.

R. Petrov, F. Malbet and G. Weigelt, "AMBER, the near-infrared spectro-interferometric three-telescope VLTI instrument," Astron. Astrophys. 464, 1-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wizinowich, P. L.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gu’erin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. LeMignant,M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. L’ena F. Chaffee and S. Vergnole, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311,194 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woillez, J.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gu’erin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. LeMignant,M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. L’ena F. Chaffee and S. Vergnole, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311,194 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zagorodnev, V. N.

Zeni, L.

R. Bernini, S. Campopiano and L. Zeni, "Silicon micromachined hollow optical waveguides for sensing applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,106-110 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J.-E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, "Transmission measurement at 10.6 μm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,011110-011112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Rave, K. Roodenko, and A. Katzir, "Infrared photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,1912-1914 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Astron. Astrophys.

L. Labadie, P. Labeye, P. Kern, I. Schanen, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Modal filtering for nulling interferometry. First single-mode conductive waveguides in the mid-infrared," Astron. Astrophys. 450,1265-1275 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Laurent, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Benech, J.-P. Berger, S. Gluck, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, F. Malbet, and I. Schanen-Duport, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. V. Extension to the K band," Astron. Astrophys. 390,1171-1176 (2002)
[CrossRef]

R. Petrov, F. Malbet and G. Weigelt, "AMBER, the near-infrared spectro-interferometric three-telescope VLTI instrument," Astron. Astrophys. 464, 1-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser.

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet andW. Traub, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 376,L31-L34 (2001).

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J.-P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut and P. Benech, "Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - I. Concept and astronomical applications," Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 138,135-145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

T. Luo, S. Jiang, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Honkanen, S. B. Mendes, and N. Peyghambarian, "Ag+/Na+ exchanged channel waveguides in germanate glass," Electron. Lett. 34,2239-2240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

R. Bernini, S. Campopiano and L. Zeni, "Silicon micromachined hollow optical waveguides for sensing applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,106-110 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

F. E. Vermeulen, C. R. James and A. M Robinson, "Hollow microstructural waveguides for propagation of infrared radiation," J. Lightwave Technol. 9,1053-1060 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

J. Quantum Electron.

E. Garmire, E., T. McMahon and M. Bass, "Flexible infrared waveguides for high-power transmission," J. Quantum Electron. QE-16,23-32 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B

J. Grelin, A. Bouchard, E. Ghibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, "Study of Ag+/Na+ ion-exchange diffusion on germinate glasses: Realization of single-mode waveguides at the wavelength of 1.55μm," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149,190-194 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature Phot. (London)

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. L’erondel, G. Leblond, "Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry," Nature Phot. (London) 1,473-478 (2007).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

M. Benisty, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, P. Labeye, and P. Kern, "The VSI/VITRUV combiner: a phase-shifted four-beam integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 6268,62682D (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Berger, P. Benech, I. Schanen-Duport, G. Maury, F. Malbet and F. Reynaud, "Combining up to eight telescope beams in a single chip," Proc. SPIE 4006,986 - 995 (2000)
[CrossRef]

F. P. Schloerb, J.-P. Berger, N. P. Carleton and P. Hagenauer, "IOTA: recent science and technology," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680I (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier and A. Richichi, "GRAVITY: getting to the event horizon of Sgr A*, " Proc. SPIE 7013,70132A (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Bland-Hawthorn and A. Horton, "Instruments without optics: an integrated photonic spectrograph," Proc. SPIE 6269,62690N (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. A. McAlister, T. A. ten Brummelaar, L. Sturmann, J. Sturmann, N. H. Turner and S. T. Ridgway, "Recent progress at the CHARA interferometric array," Proc. SPIE 6268,62680G (2006).
[CrossRef]

U. J. Wehmeier, M. R. Swain, C. Y. Drouet D’Aubigny, D. R. Golish, and C. K. Walker, "The potential of conductive waveguides for nulling interferometry," Proc. SPIE 5491,1435-1445 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Borde, G. Perrin, T. Nguyen, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, P.-I. Raynal, A. Leger and G. Maze, "10-μm wavefront spatial filtering: first results with chalcogenide fibers," Proc. SPIE 4838,273-279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G.L. Clark and C. Roychoudhuri, "Interferometry through single-mode optical fibers", Proc. SPIE 192,196-203 (1979).

O. Wallner, V. Artjuschenko and R. Flatscher, "Development of silver-halide single-mode fibers for modal filtering in the mid-infrared," Proc. SPIE 5491,636-646 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Weber, M. Barillot, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, P. Labeye, L. Pujol, and Z. Sodnik, "Nulling interferometer based on an integrated optics combiner," Proc. SPIE 5491,842-849 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Science

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gu’erin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. LeMignant,M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. L’ena F. Chaffee and S. Vergnole, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311,194 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

V. Coud’e du Foresto, G. Perrin, J.-M. Mariotti, M. Lacasse and W. Traub, in The FLUOR/IOTA fiber stellar interferometer, F. Malbet, P. Kern, eds. (Bastianelli-Guirimand, 1997), pp.115-125.

F. Malbet, J.-P. Berger, P. Garcia, P. Kern, K. Perraut, M. Benisty, L. Jocou, E. Herwats, J,-B. Lebouquin, P. Labeye, E. Le Coarer and O. Preis, "VITRUV - Imaging close environments of stars and galaxies with the VLTI at milli-arcsec resolution," in The Power of Optical/IR Interferometry: Recent Scientific Results and 2nd Generation VLTI Instrumentation, A. Richichi, F. Delplancke, F. Paresce, A. Chelli, eds. (Springer, 2008), pp.357-369.
[CrossRef]

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical waveguide theory (Chapman and Hall, 1983).

D. L. Lee, Electromagnetic Principles of Integrated Optics (John Wiley and Sons Ltd., 1986)

P. Klocek, Handbook of infrared optical materials (Marcel Dekker inc., 1991).

J. S. Sanghera and I. D. Aggrawal, Infrared fiber optics (CRC Press, 1999).

A. Bjarklev and J. Broeng, Photonic crystal fibres (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004).

V. Artiouchenko, ART Photonics, Optical fibre and fabrication technique for an optical fibre, European Patent EP/01.09.00/EP 00250290 (2000).

R. Flatscher, O. Wallner, V. Artjuschenko, and J. Pereira do Carmo, "Manufacturing of chalcogenide and silverhalide single-mode fibres for modal wavefront filtering for Darwin," Proc. 6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics (2006).

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, "Silver halide single-mode fibers for the middle infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103-1-091103-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Flatscher, Z. Sodnik, K. Ergenzinger, U. Johann, and R. Vink,"Darwin Nulling Interferometer Breadboard I: System Engineering And Measurements," in Towards Other Earths - Darwin/TPF and the Search for Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets, M. Fridlund, ed. (ESA-SP, 2003), pp. 283.

F. Brachet, Study and development of an achromatic phase shifter for nulling interferometry; PhD dissertation (Universit’e Paris XI, 2005).
[PubMed]

L. Labadie, E. Le Coarer, R. Maurand, P. Labeye, P. Kern, B. Arezki, and J.-E. Broquin, "Mid-infrared laser light nulling experiment using single-mode conductive waveguides," 471, 355-360 (2007).

D. Marcuse, Principles of optical fiber measurements (Academic Press, Inc. 1981).

A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, W. L. M. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Pledel, S. Maurugeon, B. Bureau, X. H. Zhang, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo, "Optical characterization of infrared telluride glass fibers for space use," Proc. Internat. Conf. on Space Optics (2008).

L. K. Cheng, A.-J. Faber, W. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Pledel, P. Houizot, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo, "Test results of the infrared single-mode fiber for the DARWIN mission," Proc. SPIE 5905, 59051F-1-59051F-8 (2005).

L. Labadie, Nulling interferometry, integrated optics, infrared instrumentation, extrasolar planets; PhD dissertation (Universit’e Joseph Fourier, 2005).
[PubMed]

R. Flatscher, O. Wallner, and V. Artiouchenko, Single-mode fibres for DARWIN, Summary Report, ESA/ESTEC Contract No. AO/1-4023/01/NL/CK (2007).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Left: principles of hollow metallic waveguides and hollow glass waveguides. In the HGW design, the tubing can be glass or a plastic polymer. Right: refractive index profiles of index-guiding and photonic bandgap (PBG) guiding PCF.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic view of the three main technologies for manufacturing integrated optics

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Left: cross section of a single-mode silver halide fiber characterized by output profile imaging [35]. Right: photograph of a conductive waveguide cross-section with dimensions 10×5 μm. This structure maintains a single polarization direction perpendicular to the longer side [45].

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Left: output profile of a 2.2-m long single-mode silver halide fiber obtained at 10.6μm [35]. Right: sketch of a chalcogenide rib waveguide showing the position of the injection spot, together with output images at 10.6 μm when the spot is centered and de-centered from the rib [40].

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measurement procedures to verify single-mode behavior and spatial filtering of optical fibers. See text for details.

Metrics