Abstract

Astrophotonics lies at the interface of astronomy and photonics. This burgeoning field has emerged over the past decade in response to the increasing demands of astronomical instrumentation. Early successes include: (i) planar waveguides to combine signals from widely spaced telescopes in stellar interferometry; (ii) frequency combs for ultra-high precision spectroscopy to detect planets around nearby stars; (iii) ultra-broadband fibre Bragg gratings to suppress unwanted background; (iv) photonic lanterns that allow single-mode behaviour within a multimode fibre; (v) planar waveguides to miniaturize astronomical spectrographs; (vi) large mode area fibres to generate artificial stars in the upper atmosphere for adaptive optics correction; (vii) liquid crystal polymers in optical vortex coronographs and adaptive optics systems. Astrophotonics, a field that has already created new photonic capabilities, is now extending its reach down to the Rayleigh scattering limit at ultraviolet wavelengths, and out to mid infrared wavelengths beyond 2500nm.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, J. Surdej, "Annular groove phase mask coronograph," Astrophys. J. 633, 1191-1200 (2005)
    [CrossRef]
  2. C.-H. Li, A.J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A.G. Glenday, F.X. Kartner, D.F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, R.L. Walsworth, "A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm/s," Nature 452, 610-612 (2008)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. Froehly, "Coherence and interferometry through optical fibers," ESO proceedings: Scientific importance of high angular resolution at infrared and optical wavelengths, eds. Ulrich and Kjär, pp. 285-293 (1981)
  4. G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Guérin, T. Kotani, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2006)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Vergnole, T. Kotani, G. Perrin, L. Delage, L., F. Reynaud, "Calibration of silica fibres for ‘OHANA: temperature dependence of differential chromatic dispersion," Opt. Commun. 251, 115-123 (2005)
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Mennesson, M. Ollivier, C. Ruilier, "Use of single-mode waveguides to correct the optical defects of a nulling interferometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 596-602 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  7. Q1. P. Kern, J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, "Planar integrated optics and astronomical interferometry," Academie des Sciences Paris Comptes Rendus,  2, 111-124 (2001)
  8. Q2. J. Bland-Hawthorn, A.J. Horton, "Instruments without optics: an integrated photonic spectrograph," SPIE 6269, 21-34 (2006)
  9. Q3. S.C. Barden, W.L. Ramsey, R.J. Truax, "Evaluation of some fibre optical waveguides for astronomy," PASP 93, 154-162 (1981)
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Bland-Hawthorn, M.A. Englund & G. Edvell, "New approach to atmospheric OH suppression using an aperiodic FBG," Opt. Express 12, 5902-5909 (2004)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S.G. Leon-Saval, T.A. Birks, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J., M.A. Englund, "Multimode fibre devices with single-mode performance," Opt. Lett. 19, 2545-2547 (2005)
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

C.-H. Li, A.J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A.G. Glenday, F.X. Kartner, D.F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, R.L. Walsworth, "A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm/s," Nature 452, 610-612 (2008)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Guérin, T. Kotani, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q2. J. Bland-Hawthorn, A.J. Horton, "Instruments without optics: an integrated photonic spectrograph," SPIE 6269, 21-34 (2006)

2005 (3)

S.G. Leon-Saval, T.A. Birks, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J., M.A. Englund, "Multimode fibre devices with single-mode performance," Opt. Lett. 19, 2545-2547 (2005)
[CrossRef]

S. Vergnole, T. Kotani, G. Perrin, L. Delage, L., F. Reynaud, "Calibration of silica fibres for ‘OHANA: temperature dependence of differential chromatic dispersion," Opt. Commun. 251, 115-123 (2005)
[CrossRef]

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, J. Surdej, "Annular groove phase mask coronograph," Astrophys. J. 633, 1191-1200 (2005)
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

Q1. P. Kern, J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, "Planar integrated optics and astronomical interferometry," Academie des Sciences Paris Comptes Rendus,  2, 111-124 (2001)

1981 (1)

Q3. S.C. Barden, W.L. Ramsey, R.J. Truax, "Evaluation of some fibre optical waveguides for astronomy," PASP 93, 154-162 (1981)
[CrossRef]

Absil, O.

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, J. Surdej, "Annular groove phase mask coronograph," Astrophys. J. 633, 1191-1200 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Barden, S.C.

Q3. S.C. Barden, W.L. Ramsey, R.J. Truax, "Evaluation of some fibre optical waveguides for astronomy," PASP 93, 154-162 (1981)
[CrossRef]

Benedick, A.J.

C.-H. Li, A.J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A.G. Glenday, F.X. Kartner, D.F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, R.L. Walsworth, "A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm/s," Nature 452, 610-612 (2008)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berger, J.-P.

Q1. P. Kern, J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, "Planar integrated optics and astronomical interferometry," Academie des Sciences Paris Comptes Rendus,  2, 111-124 (2001)

Birks, T.A.

S.G. Leon-Saval, T.A. Birks, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J., M.A. Englund, "Multimode fibre devices with single-mode performance," Opt. Lett. 19, 2545-2547 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

Q2. J. Bland-Hawthorn, A.J. Horton, "Instruments without optics: an integrated photonic spectrograph," SPIE 6269, 21-34 (2006)

S.G. Leon-Saval, T.A. Birks, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J., M.A. Englund, "Multimode fibre devices with single-mode performance," Opt. Lett. 19, 2545-2547 (2005)
[CrossRef]

J. Bland-Hawthorn, M.A. Englund & G. Edvell, "New approach to atmospheric OH suppression using an aperiodic FBG," Opt. Express 12, 5902-5909 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delage, L.

S. Vergnole, T. Kotani, G. Perrin, L. Delage, L., F. Reynaud, "Calibration of silica fibres for ‘OHANA: temperature dependence of differential chromatic dispersion," Opt. Commun. 251, 115-123 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Edvell, G.

Englund, M.A.

Fendel, P.

C.-H. Li, A.J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A.G. Glenday, F.X. Kartner, D.F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, R.L. Walsworth, "A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm/s," Nature 452, 610-612 (2008)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Glenday, A.G.

C.-H. Li, A.J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A.G. Glenday, F.X. Kartner, D.F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, R.L. Walsworth, "A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm/s," Nature 452, 610-612 (2008)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guérin, J.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Guérin, T. Kotani, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haguenauer, P.

Q1. P. Kern, J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, "Planar integrated optics and astronomical interferometry," Academie des Sciences Paris Comptes Rendus,  2, 111-124 (2001)

Horton, A.J.

Q2. J. Bland-Hawthorn, A.J. Horton, "Instruments without optics: an integrated photonic spectrograph," SPIE 6269, 21-34 (2006)

Kartner, F.X.

C.-H. Li, A.J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A.G. Glenday, F.X. Kartner, D.F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, R.L. Walsworth, "A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm/s," Nature 452, 610-612 (2008)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kern, P.

Q1. P. Kern, J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, "Planar integrated optics and astronomical interferometry," Academie des Sciences Paris Comptes Rendus,  2, 111-124 (2001)

Kotani, T.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Guérin, T. Kotani, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Vergnole, T. Kotani, G. Perrin, L. Delage, L., F. Reynaud, "Calibration of silica fibres for ‘OHANA: temperature dependence of differential chromatic dispersion," Opt. Commun. 251, 115-123 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Lai, O.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Guérin, T. Kotani, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leon-Saval, S.G.

S.G. Leon-Saval, T.A. Birks, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J., M.A. Englund, "Multimode fibre devices with single-mode performance," Opt. Lett. 19, 2545-2547 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Li, C.-H.

C.-H. Li, A.J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A.G. Glenday, F.X. Kartner, D.F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, R.L. Walsworth, "A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm/s," Nature 452, 610-612 (2008)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malbet, F.

Q1. P. Kern, J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, "Planar integrated optics and astronomical interferometry," Academie des Sciences Paris Comptes Rendus,  2, 111-124 (2001)

Mawet, D.

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, J. Surdej, "Annular groove phase mask coronograph," Astrophys. J. 633, 1191-1200 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Mennesson, B.

Ollivier, M.

Perraut, K.

Q1. P. Kern, J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, "Planar integrated optics and astronomical interferometry," Academie des Sciences Paris Comptes Rendus,  2, 111-124 (2001)

Perrin, G.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Guérin, T. Kotani, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Vergnole, T. Kotani, G. Perrin, L. Delage, L., F. Reynaud, "Calibration of silica fibres for ‘OHANA: temperature dependence of differential chromatic dispersion," Opt. Commun. 251, 115-123 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Phillips, D.F.

C.-H. Li, A.J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A.G. Glenday, F.X. Kartner, D.F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, R.L. Walsworth, "A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm/s," Nature 452, 610-612 (2008)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramsey, W.L.

Q3. S.C. Barden, W.L. Ramsey, R.J. Truax, "Evaluation of some fibre optical waveguides for astronomy," PASP 93, 154-162 (1981)
[CrossRef]

Riaud, P.

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, J. Surdej, "Annular groove phase mask coronograph," Astrophys. J. 633, 1191-1200 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Ruilier, C.

Sasselov, D.

C.-H. Li, A.J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A.G. Glenday, F.X. Kartner, D.F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, R.L. Walsworth, "A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm/s," Nature 452, 610-612 (2008)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Surdej, J.

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, J. Surdej, "Annular groove phase mask coronograph," Astrophys. J. 633, 1191-1200 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Szentgyorgyi, A.

C.-H. Li, A.J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A.G. Glenday, F.X. Kartner, D.F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, R.L. Walsworth, "A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm/s," Nature 452, 610-612 (2008)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Truax, R.J.

Q3. S.C. Barden, W.L. Ramsey, R.J. Truax, "Evaluation of some fibre optical waveguides for astronomy," PASP 93, 154-162 (1981)
[CrossRef]

Vergnole, S.

S. Vergnole, T. Kotani, G. Perrin, L. Delage, L., F. Reynaud, "Calibration of silica fibres for ‘OHANA: temperature dependence of differential chromatic dispersion," Opt. Commun. 251, 115-123 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Walsworth, R.L.

C.-H. Li, A.J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A.G. Glenday, F.X. Kartner, D.F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, R.L. Walsworth, "A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm/s," Nature 452, 610-612 (2008)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woillez, J.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Guérin, T. Kotani, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Academie des Sciences Paris Comptes Rendus (1)

Q1. P. Kern, J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, "Planar integrated optics and astronomical interferometry," Academie des Sciences Paris Comptes Rendus,  2, 111-124 (2001)

Astrophys. J. (1)

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, J. Surdej, "Annular groove phase mask coronograph," Astrophys. J. 633, 1191-1200 (2005)
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nature (1)

C.-H. Li, A.J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A.G. Glenday, F.X. Kartner, D.F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, R.L. Walsworth, "A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm/s," Nature 452, 610-612 (2008)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Vergnole, T. Kotani, G. Perrin, L. Delage, L., F. Reynaud, "Calibration of silica fibres for ‘OHANA: temperature dependence of differential chromatic dispersion," Opt. Commun. 251, 115-123 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

S.G. Leon-Saval, T.A. Birks, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J., M.A. Englund, "Multimode fibre devices with single-mode performance," Opt. Lett. 19, 2545-2547 (2005)
[CrossRef]

PASP (1)

Q3. S.C. Barden, W.L. Ramsey, R.J. Truax, "Evaluation of some fibre optical waveguides for astronomy," PASP 93, 154-162 (1981)
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Guérin, T. Kotani, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

SPIE (1)

Q2. J. Bland-Hawthorn, A.J. Horton, "Instruments without optics: an integrated photonic spectrograph," SPIE 6269, 21-34 (2006)

Other (1)

C. Froehly, "Coherence and interferometry through optical fibers," ESO proceedings: Scientific importance of high angular resolution at infrared and optical wavelengths, eds. Ulrich and Kjär, pp. 285-293 (1981)

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