Abstract

We demonstrate efficient self phase modulation, as well as negligible nonlinear absorption, in low loss (<0.06 dB/cm), high index silica glass-based waveguides. Using ~1ps pulses near 1560nm we achieve a 1.5π nonlinear phase shift in an integrated 45cm long spiral waveguide with <60W of peak input power, corresponding to a large nonlinearity (γ) of 220W-1km-1. Further, we observe negligible nonlinear absorption for input intensities > 25 GW/cm2. The high nonlinearity and low linear and nonlinear losses of these waveguides make them promising for nonlinear all-optical signal processing applications.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (3)

2007 (2)

V. G. Ta’eed, N. J. Baker, L. Fu1, K. Finsterbusch, M. R. E. Lamont, D. J. Moss, H. C. Nguyen, B. J. Eggleton, D. Y. Choi, S. Madden and B. Luther-Davies, "Ultrafast all-optical chalcogenide glass photonic circuits," Opt. Express 15, 9205-9221 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson and A. L. Gaeta, "Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip," Nat. Photonics 2, 35-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

2005 (5)

2004 (4)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, "Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, "Role of free carriers from two-photon absorption in Raman amplification in silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745-2747 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ö. Boyraz, P. Koonath, V. Raghunathan and B. Jalali, "All optical switching and continuum generation in silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 4092-4102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Vlasov and S. J. McNab, "Losses in single-mode silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides and bends," Opt. Express 12, 1622-1631 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci and M. Lipson, "Nanotaper for compact mode conversion," Opt. Lett. 28, 1302-1304 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, "Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954-2956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, H.-C. Luan, A. Agarwal, J. Foresi and L. C. Kimerling, "Effect of size and roughness on light transmission in a Si/SiO2 waveguide: experiments and model," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1617-1619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

B. Jalali, S. Yegnanarayanan, T. Yoon, T. Yoshimoto, I. Rendina and F. Coppinger, "Advances in silicon-on-insulator optoelectronics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 938-947 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

I. Moerman, P. P. Van Daele and P. M. Demeester, "A review on fabrication technologies for the monolithic integration of tapers with III-V semiconductor devices," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1308-1320 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, "Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glass fibers and their application to all-optical switching," Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 142-148 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D'Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine and D. A. B. Miller, "GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

T. L. Koch, "Semiconductor photonic integrated circuits," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 27, 641-653 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

Absil, P. P.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, "Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, A.

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, H.-C. Luan, A. Agarwal, J. Foresi and L. C. Kimerling, "Effect of size and roughness on light transmission in a Si/SiO2 waveguide: experiments and model," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1617-1619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Aldridge, J. C.

A. Yalcın, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, "Optical Sensing of Biomolecules Using Microring Resonators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, V. R.

Anthes-Washburn, M.

A. Yalcın, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, "Optical Sensing of Biomolecules Using Microring Resonators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

M. Asobe, "Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glass fibers and their application to all-optical switching," Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 142-148 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bacon, D. D.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D'Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine and D. A. B. Miller, "GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

Baker, N. J.

Beckx, S.

Bienstman, P.

Bogaerts, W.

Borselli, M.

M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson and O. Painter, "Measuring the role of surface chemistry in silicon microphotonics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boyraz, Ö.

Ö. Boyraz, P. Koonath, V. Raghunathan and B. Jalali, "All optical switching and continuum generation in silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 4092-4102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chbouki, N.

A. Yalcın, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, "Optical Sensing of Biomolecules Using Microring Resonators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Chirovsky, L. M. F.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D'Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine and D. A. B. Miller, "GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Christodoulides, D. N.

Chu, S.

M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, R. Morandotti, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, S. Chu, B. Little and D. J. Moss, "Low power continuous-wave nonlinear optics in doped silica glass integrated waveguide structures," Nat. Photonics 2, 737-740 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Yalcın, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, "Optical Sensing of Biomolecules Using Microring Resonators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. T.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, "Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Coppinger, F.

B. Jalali, S. Yegnanarayanan, T. Yoon, T. Yoshimoto, I. Rendina and F. Coppinger, "Advances in silicon-on-insulator optoelectronics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 938-947 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dadap, J. I.

Dahringer, D.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D'Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine and D. A. B. Miller, "GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D'Asaro, L. A.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D'Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine and D. A. B. Miller, "GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

De Angelis, C.

Demeester, P. M.

I. Moerman, P. P. Van Daele and P. M. Demeester, "A review on fabrication technologies for the monolithic integration of tapers with III-V semiconductor devices," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1308-1320 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Desai, T. A.

A. Yalcın, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, "Optical Sensing of Biomolecules Using Microring Resonators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dinu, M.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, "Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954-2956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Duchesne, D.

M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, R. Morandotti, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, S. Chu, B. Little and D. J. Moss, "Low power continuous-wave nonlinear optics in doped silica glass integrated waveguide structures," Nat. Photonics 2, 737-740 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dulkeith, E.

Dumon, P.

Eggleton, B. J.

El-Ganainy, R.

Fejer, M. M.

Ferrera, M.

M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, R. Morandotti, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, S. Chu, B. Little and D. J. Moss, "Low power continuous-wave nonlinear optics in doped silica glass integrated waveguide structures," Nat. Photonics 2, 737-740 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Foresi, J.

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, H.-C. Luan, A. Agarwal, J. Foresi and L. C. Kimerling, "Effect of size and roughness on light transmission in a Si/SiO2 waveguide: experiments and model," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1617-1619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

A.C. Turner, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, "Ultra-low power parametric frequency conversion in a silicon microring resonator," Opt. Express 16, 4881-4887 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson and A. L. Gaeta, "Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip," Nat. Photonics 2, 35-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L.

Fukuda, H.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi and H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232-240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

A.C. Turner, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, "Ultra-low power parametric frequency conversion in a silicon microring resonator," Opt. Express 16, 4881-4887 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson and A. L. Gaeta, "Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip," Nat. Photonics 2, 35-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, H.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, "Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954-2956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Geraghty, D. F.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson and A. L. Gaeta, "Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip," Nat. Photonics 2, 35-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gill, D.

A. Yalcın, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, "Optical Sensing of Biomolecules Using Microring Resonators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, "Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, B. B.

A. Yalcın, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, "Optical Sensing of Biomolecules Using Microring Resonators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Goossen, K. W.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D'Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine and D. A. B. Miller, "GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hagan, D. J.

Harris, J. S.

Hryniewicz, J.

A. Yalcın, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, "Optical Sensing of Biomolecules Using Microring Resonators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hryniewicz, J. V.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, "Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, I-W.

Hui, S. P.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D'Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine and D. A. B. Miller, "GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Itabashi, S.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi and H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232-240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Iwanow, R.

Jalali, B.

Ö. Boyraz, P. Koonath, V. Raghunathan and B. Jalali, "All optical switching and continuum generation in silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 4092-4102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Jalali, S. Yegnanarayanan, T. Yoon, T. Yoshimoto, I. Rendina and F. Coppinger, "Advances in silicon-on-insulator optoelectronics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 938-947 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, F. G.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, "Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, T. J.

M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson and O. Painter, "Measuring the role of surface chemistry in silicon microphotonics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, H.-C. Luan, A. Agarwal, J. Foresi and L. C. Kimerling, "Effect of size and roughness on light transmission in a Si/SiO2 waveguide: experiments and model," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1617-1619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

King, O.

A. Yalcın, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, "Optical Sensing of Biomolecules Using Microring Resonators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, "Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Koch, T. L.

T. L. Koch, "Semiconductor photonic integrated circuits," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 27, 641-653 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Koonath, P.

Ö. Boyraz, P. Koonath, V. Raghunathan and B. Jalali, "All optical switching and continuum generation in silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 4092-4102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kossives, D.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D'Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine and D. A. B. Miller, "GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, P. S.

Lamont, M. R. E.

Lee, K. K.

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, H.-C. Luan, A. Agarwal, J. Foresi and L. C. Kimerling, "Effect of size and roughness on light transmission in a Si/SiO2 waveguide: experiments and model," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1617-1619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Leibenguth, R.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D'Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine and D. A. B. Miller, "GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lentine, A. L.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D'Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine and D. A. B. Miller, "GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Liang, T. K.

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, "Role of free carriers from two-photon absorption in Raman amplification in silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745-2747 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lim, D. R.

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, H.-C. Luan, A. Agarwal, J. Foresi and L. C. Kimerling, "Effect of size and roughness on light transmission in a Si/SiO2 waveguide: experiments and model," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1617-1619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Liscidini, M.

M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, R. Morandotti, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, S. Chu, B. Little and D. J. Moss, "Low power continuous-wave nonlinear optics in doped silica glass integrated waveguide structures," Nat. Photonics 2, 737-740 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Little, B.

M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, R. Morandotti, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, S. Chu, B. Little and D. J. Moss, "Low power continuous-wave nonlinear optics in doped silica glass integrated waveguide structures," Nat. Photonics 2, 737-740 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Little, B. E.

A. Yalcın, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, "Optical Sensing of Biomolecules Using Microring Resonators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, "Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Locatelli, A.

Luan, H.-C.

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, H.-C. Luan, A. Agarwal, J. Foresi and L. C. Kimerling, "Effect of size and roughness on light transmission in a Si/SiO2 waveguide: experiments and model," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1617-1619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Luyssaert, B.

Magi, E. C.

Mansour, K

McNab, S. J.

Miller, D. A. B.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D'Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine and D. A. B. Miller, "GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Modotto, D.

Moerman, I.

I. Moerman, P. P. Van Daele and P. M. Demeester, "A review on fabrication technologies for the monolithic integration of tapers with III-V semiconductor devices," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1308-1320 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Morandotti, R.

M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, R. Morandotti, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, S. Chu, B. Little and D. J. Moss, "Low power continuous-wave nonlinear optics in doped silica glass integrated waveguide structures," Nat. Photonics 2, 737-740 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Siviloglou, S. Suntsov, R. El-Ganainy, R. Iwanow, G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, R. Morandotti, D. Modotto, A. Locatelli, C. De Angelis, F. Pozzi, C. R. Stanley and M. Sorel, "Enhanced third-order nonlinear effects in optical AlGaAs nanowires," Opt. Express 14, 9377-9384 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morita, H.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi and H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232-240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D. J.

M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, R. Morandotti, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, S. Chu, B. Little and D. J. Moss, "Low power continuous-wave nonlinear optics in doped silica glass integrated waveguide structures," Nat. Photonics 2, 737-740 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

Painter, O.

M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson and O. Painter, "Measuring the role of surface chemistry in silicon microphotonics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Panepucci, R. R.

Panoiu, N. C.

Popat, K. C.

A. Yalcın, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, "Optical Sensing of Biomolecules Using Microring Resonators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pozzi, F.

Quochi, F.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, "Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954-2956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Raghunathan, V.

Ö. Boyraz, P. Koonath, V. Raghunathan and B. Jalali, "All optical switching and continuum generation in silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 4092-4102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Razzari, L.

M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, R. Morandotti, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, S. Chu, B. Little and D. J. Moss, "Low power continuous-wave nonlinear optics in doped silica glass integrated waveguide structures," Nat. Photonics 2, 737-740 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rendina, I.

B. Jalali, S. Yegnanarayanan, T. Yoon, T. Yoshimoto, I. Rendina and F. Coppinger, "Advances in silicon-on-insulator optoelectronics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 938-947 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Roelens, M. A. F.

Salem, R.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson and A. L. Gaeta, "Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip," Nat. Photonics 2, 35-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Scaccabarozzi, L.

Seiferth, F.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, "Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shoji, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi and H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232-240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, R. Morandotti, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, S. Chu, B. Little and D. J. Moss, "Low power continuous-wave nonlinear optics in doped silica glass integrated waveguide structures," Nat. Photonics 2, 737-740 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Siviloglou, G. A.

Soileau, M. J.

Sorel, M.

Stanley, C. R.

Stegeman, G. I.

Suntsov, S.

Ta’eed, V. G.

Taillaert, D.

Takahashi, J.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi and H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232-240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, M.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi and H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232-240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tamechika, E.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi and H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232-240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Trakalo, M.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, "Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, H. K.

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, "Role of free carriers from two-photon absorption in Raman amplification in silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745-2747 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tseng, B.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D'Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine and D. A. B. Miller, "GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi and H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232-240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Turner, A. C.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson and A. L. Gaeta, "Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip," Nat. Photonics 2, 35-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Turner, A.C.

Unlu, M. S.

A. Yalcın, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, "Optical Sensing of Biomolecules Using Microring Resonators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Van, V.

A. Yalcın, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, "Optical Sensing of Biomolecules Using Microring Resonators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, "Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Van Campenhout, J.

Van Daele, P. P.

I. Moerman, P. P. Van Daele and P. M. Demeester, "A review on fabrication technologies for the monolithic integration of tapers with III-V semiconductor devices," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1308-1320 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

Van Thourhout, D.

Vlasov, Y. A.

Walker, J. A.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D'Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine and D. A. B. Miller, "GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi and H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232-240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wiaux, V.

Wu, Y. Y.

Yalcin, A.

A. Yalcın, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, "Optical Sensing of Biomolecules Using Microring Resonators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi and H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232-240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z.

M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, R. Morandotti, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, S. Chu, B. Little and D. J. Moss, "Low power continuous-wave nonlinear optics in doped silica glass integrated waveguide structures," Nat. Photonics 2, 737-740 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yegnanarayanan, S.

B. Jalali, S. Yegnanarayanan, T. Yoon, T. Yoshimoto, I. Rendina and F. Coppinger, "Advances in silicon-on-insulator optoelectronics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 938-947 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yeom, D.-I.

Yoon, T.

B. Jalali, S. Yegnanarayanan, T. Yoon, T. Yoshimoto, I. Rendina and F. Coppinger, "Advances in silicon-on-insulator optoelectronics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 938-947 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimoto, T.

B. Jalali, S. Yegnanarayanan, T. Yoon, T. Yoshimoto, I. Rendina and F. Coppinger, "Advances in silicon-on-insulator optoelectronics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 938-947 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, H.-C. Luan, A. Agarwal, J. Foresi and L. C. Kimerling, "Effect of size and roughness on light transmission in a Si/SiO2 waveguide: experiments and model," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1617-1619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson and O. Painter, "Measuring the role of surface chemistry in silicon microphotonics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, "Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954-2956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, "Role of free carriers from two-photon absorption in Raman amplification in silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745-2747 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

T. L. Koch, "Semiconductor photonic integrated circuits," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 27, 641-653 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (4)

I. Moerman, P. P. Van Daele and P. M. Demeester, "A review on fabrication technologies for the monolithic integration of tapers with III-V semiconductor devices," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1308-1320 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. Jalali, S. Yegnanarayanan, T. Yoon, T. Yoshimoto, I. Rendina and F. Coppinger, "Advances in silicon-on-insulator optoelectronics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 938-947 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi and H. Morita, "Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232-240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Yalcın, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, and B. B. Goldberg, "Optical Sensing of Biomolecules Using Microring Resonators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, "Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D'Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine and D. A. B. Miller, "GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (2)

M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, R. Morandotti, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, S. Chu, B. Little and D. J. Moss, "Low power continuous-wave nonlinear optics in doped silica glass integrated waveguide structures," Nat. Photonics 2, 737-740 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson and A. L. Gaeta, "Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip," Nat. Photonics 2, 35-38 (2007).
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Opt. Express (8)

Ö. Boyraz, P. Koonath, V. Raghunathan and B. Jalali, "All optical switching and continuum generation in silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 4092-4102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, L. Scaccabarozzi and J. S. Harris, Jr., P. S. Kuo and M. M. Fejer, "Efficient continuous wave second harmonic generation at 1.55 μm in quasi-phase-matched AlGaAs waveguides," Opt. Express 13, 10742-10748 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Dulkeith, Y. A. Vlasov, X. Chen, N. C. Panoiu and R. M. Osgood, Jr., "Self-phase-modulation in submicron silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," Opt. Express 14, 5524-5534 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Siviloglou, S. Suntsov, R. El-Ganainy, R. Iwanow, G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, R. Morandotti, D. Modotto, A. Locatelli, C. De Angelis, F. Pozzi, C. R. Stanley and M. Sorel, "Enhanced third-order nonlinear effects in optical AlGaAs nanowires," Opt. Express 14, 9377-9384 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. G. Ta’eed, N. J. Baker, L. Fu1, K. Finsterbusch, M. R. E. Lamont, D. J. Moss, H. C. Nguyen, B. J. Eggleton, D. Y. Choi, S. Madden and B. Luther-Davies, "Ultrafast all-optical chalcogenide glass photonic circuits," Opt. Express 15, 9205-9221 (2007).
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[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mat. (1)

M. Lipson, "Switching light on a silicon chip," Opt. Mat. 27, 731-739 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, Ca., 2001).

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R. Hunsperger, Integrated optics: Technology and theory, (Springer-Verlag, New York, NY, 1995).

B. J. Eggleton, S. Radic and D. J. Moss, Nonlinear optics in communications: from crippling impairment to ultrafast tools (Academic Press, Oxford, 2008), Chap. 20.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, 2003), Chap. 5.2.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(left) SEM image of a Hydex® waveguide cross section prior to deposition of the SiO2 upper cladding layer. (right) Modal electric field distribution of the major component for the quasi-TM mode.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Linear transmission out of the 45cm waveguide for coupled peak powers up to 500W.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimentally measured output power spectrum (solid blue lines), and theory (dashed red lines) for different input (coupled) power levels.

Equations (2)

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A eff = [ E ( x , y ) 2 dxdy ] 2 E ( x , y ) 4 dxdy ,
i A z + i α 2 A β 2 2 2 A T 2 + γ A 2 A = 0 ,

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