Abstract

A stable light source obtained using sum-frequency generation (SFG) is developed for high-resolution spectroscopy at 578 nm. Hyperfine transitions of molecular iodine are observed by using the SFG light source with saturation spectroscopy. The light source is frequency stabilized to the observed hyperfine transition and achieves a stability of 2×10-12 for a 1-s averaging time. The absolute frequency of the light source stabilized on the a1 component of the R(37)16–1 transition is determined as 518304551833 (2) kHz. This transition serves as a frequency reference for the 1 S 03 P 0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium (Yb).

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (2)

A. Y. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, C. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, "A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near infrared and yellow spectral ranges," Appl. Phys. B 92, 501-507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Optical lattice induced light shifts in an Yb atomic clock," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Burdack, T. Fox, M. Bode, and I. Freitag, "1 W of stable single-frequency output at 1.03 μm from a novel, monolithic, non-planar Yb:YAG ring laser operating at room temperature," Opt. Express 14, 4363-4367 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, T. Ikegami, S. N. Slyusarev, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, H. Inaba, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical frequency measurement using chirped-mirror-dispersion-controlled mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5051-5062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, "Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0 - 3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, M. Takamoto, R. Higashi, Y. Fukuyama, J. Jiang, and H. Katori, "Frequency measurement of a Sr lattice clock using an SI-second-referenced optical frequency comb linked by a global positioning system (GPS)," Opt. Express 13, 5253-5262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

2003 (4)

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, J. Jiang, R. X. Guo, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, and H. Matsumoto, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 2324-2326 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Quinn, "Practical realization of the definition of the metre, including recommended radiations of other optical frequency standards (2001)," Metrologia 40, 103-133 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, H. Miyazawa, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, "A highly damage-resistant Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide and its application to a polarization-independent wavelength converter," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1327-1333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, "High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659-3661 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

2001 (4)

F.-L. Hong, J. Ye, L. S. Ma, S. Picard, C. J. Borde, and J. L. Hall, "Rotation dependence of electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction in the ground state of molecular iodine by high-resolution laser spectroscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 379-387 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Rotation dependence of the excited-state electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction by high-resolution laser spectroscopy of 127I2," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1416-1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Diddams, T. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, "An optical clock based on a single trapped 199Hg+ ion," Science 293, 825-828 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z. Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I2-stabilized Nd : YAG laser for international comparisons," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

F.-L. Hong and J. Ishikawa, "Hyperfine structures of the R(122) 35-0 and P(84) 33-0 transitions 127I2 near 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 183, 101-108 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. Ye, L. Robertsson, S. Picard, L. S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, "Absolute frequency atlas of molecular I2 lines at 532 nm," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 544-549 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. L. Eickhoff and J. L. Hall, "Optical frequency standard at 532 nm," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 44, 155-158 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1980 (1)

Arie, A.

Asobe, M.

M. Asobe, H. Miyazawa, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, "A highly damage-resistant Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide and its application to a polarization-independent wavelength converter," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1327-1333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Barber, Z. W.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Optical lattice induced light shifts in an Yb atomic clock," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, "Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0 - 3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergquist, J. C.

S. A. Diddams, T. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, "An optical clock based on a single trapped 199Hg+ ion," Science 293, 825-828 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bi, Z. Y.

Bjorklund, G. C.

Bode, M.

Borde, C. J.

Bressel, U.

A. Y. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, C. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, "A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near infrared and yellow spectral ranges," Appl. Phys. B 92, 501-507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Burdack, P.

Byer, R. L.

Chen, L.

Chen, L. S.

Cheng, W. Y.

Cheng, W.-Y.

Curtis, E. A.

S. A. Diddams, T. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, "An optical clock based on a single trapped 199Hg+ ion," Science 293, 825-828 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S.

Diddams, S. A.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Optical lattice induced light shifts in an Yb atomic clock," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, "Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0 - 3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, T. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, "An optical clock based on a single trapped 199Hg+ ion," Science 293, 825-828 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drullinger, R. E.

S. A. Diddams, T. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, "An optical clock based on a single trapped 199Hg+ ion," Science 293, 825-828 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eickhoff, M. L.

M. L. Eickhoff and J. L. Hall, "Optical frequency standard at 532 nm," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 44, 155-158 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eisele, C.

A. Y. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, C. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, "A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near infrared and yellow spectral ranges," Appl. Phys. B 92, 501-507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ernsting, I.

A. Y. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, C. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, "A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near infrared and yellow spectral ranges," Appl. Phys. B 92, 501-507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fortier, T. M.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Optical lattice induced light shifts in an Yb atomic clock," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, "Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0 - 3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fox, T.

Freitag, I.

Fujimura, M.

Fukuyama, Y.

Gubenko, A.

A. Y. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, C. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, "A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near infrared and yellow spectral ranges," Appl. Phys. B 92, 501-507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, R. X.

Gustafson, E. K.

Hall, J. L.

Higashi, R.

Hirata, J.

Hollberg, L.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Optical lattice induced light shifts in an Yb atomic clock," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, "Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0 - 3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, T. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, "An optical clock based on a single trapped 199Hg+ ion," Science 293, 825-828 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, F.-L.

K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, T. Ikegami, S. N. Slyusarev, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, H. Inaba, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical frequency measurement using chirped-mirror-dispersion-controlled mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5051-5062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, M. Takamoto, R. Higashi, Y. Fukuyama, J. Jiang, and H. Katori, "Frequency measurement of a Sr lattice clock using an SI-second-referenced optical frequency comb linked by a global positioning system (GPS)," Opt. Express 13, 5253-5262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, S. Diddams, R. X. Guo, Z. Y. Bi, A. Onae, H. Inaba, J. Ishikawa, K. Okumura, D. Katsuragi, J. Hirata, T. Shimizu, T. Kurosu, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency measurements and hyperfine structure of the R(85)33-0 transition of molecular iodine with a femtosecond optical comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 88-95 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. X. Guo, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Z. Y. Bi, H. Matsumoto, and K. Nakagawa, "Frequency stabilization of a 1319-nm Nd:YAG laser by saturation spectroscopy of molecular iodine," Opt. Lett. 29, 1733-1735 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. X. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency reproducibility of an iodine-stabilized Nd : YAG laser at 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 235, 377-385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, J. Jiang, R. X. Guo, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, and H. Matsumoto, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 2324-2326 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Vibration dependence of the tensor spin-spin and scalar spin-spin hyperfine interactions by precision measurement of hyperfine structures of 127I2 near 532 nm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 946-953 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Hyperfine structure and absolute frequency determination of the R(121)35-0 and P(142)37-0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 212, 89-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ye, L. S. Ma, S. Picard, C. J. Borde, and J. L. Hall, "Rotation dependence of electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction in the ground state of molecular iodine by high-resolution laser spectroscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 379-387 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Rotation dependence of the excited-state electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction by high-resolution laser spectroscopy of 127I2," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1416-1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z. Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I2-stabilized Nd : YAG laser for international comparisons," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong and J. Ishikawa, "Hyperfine structures of the R(122) 35-0 and P(84) 33-0 transitions 127I2 near 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 183, 101-108 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hoyt, C. W.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Optical lattice induced light shifts in an Yb atomic clock," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, "Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0 - 3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ikegami, T.

K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, T. Ikegami, S. N. Slyusarev, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, H. Inaba, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical frequency measurement using chirped-mirror-dispersion-controlled mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5051-5062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Imaeda, M.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, "High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659-3661 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, H.

Ishikawa, J.

K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, T. Ikegami, S. N. Slyusarev, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, H. Inaba, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical frequency measurement using chirped-mirror-dispersion-controlled mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5051-5062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. X. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency reproducibility of an iodine-stabilized Nd : YAG laser at 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 235, 377-385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, S. Diddams, R. X. Guo, Z. Y. Bi, A. Onae, H. Inaba, J. Ishikawa, K. Okumura, D. Katsuragi, J. Hirata, T. Shimizu, T. Kurosu, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency measurements and hyperfine structure of the R(85)33-0 transition of molecular iodine with a femtosecond optical comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 88-95 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Vibration dependence of the tensor spin-spin and scalar spin-spin hyperfine interactions by precision measurement of hyperfine structures of 127I2 near 532 nm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 946-953 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Hyperfine structure and absolute frequency determination of the R(121)35-0 and P(142)37-0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 212, 89-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Rotation dependence of the excited-state electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction by high-resolution laser spectroscopy of 127I2," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1416-1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z. Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I2-stabilized Nd : YAG laser for international comparisons," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong and J. Ishikawa, "Hyperfine structures of the R(122) 35-0 and P(84) 33-0 transitions 127I2 near 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 183, 101-108 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Itano, W. M.

S. A. Diddams, T. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, "An optical clock based on a single trapped 199Hg+ ion," Science 293, 825-828 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iwai, M.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, "High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659-3661 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, J.

Katori, H.

Katsuragi, D.

Knight, J. C.

K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, T. Ikegami, S. N. Slyusarev, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, H. Inaba, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical frequency measurement using chirped-mirror-dispersion-controlled mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5051-5062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koga, Y.

Kovsh, A.

A. Y. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, C. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, "A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near infrared and yellow spectral ranges," Appl. Phys. B 92, 501-507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krestnikov, I.

A. Y. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, C. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, "A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near infrared and yellow spectral ranges," Appl. Phys. B 92, 501-507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kurosu, T.

Kurz, J. R.

Lee, W. D.

S. A. Diddams, T. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, "An optical clock based on a single trapped 199Hg+ ion," Science 293, 825-828 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemke, N. D.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Optical lattice induced light shifts in an Yb atomic clock," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Livshits, D.

A. Y. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, C. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, "A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near infrared and yellow spectral ranges," Appl. Phys. B 92, 501-507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L. S.

Matsumoto, H.

K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, T. Ikegami, S. N. Slyusarev, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, H. Inaba, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical frequency measurement using chirped-mirror-dispersion-controlled mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5051-5062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. X. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency reproducibility of an iodine-stabilized Nd : YAG laser at 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 235, 377-385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, S. Diddams, R. X. Guo, Z. Y. Bi, A. Onae, H. Inaba, J. Ishikawa, K. Okumura, D. Katsuragi, J. Hirata, T. Shimizu, T. Kurosu, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency measurements and hyperfine structure of the R(85)33-0 transition of molecular iodine with a femtosecond optical comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 88-95 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. X. Guo, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Z. Y. Bi, H. Matsumoto, and K. Nakagawa, "Frequency stabilization of a 1319-nm Nd:YAG laser by saturation spectroscopy of molecular iodine," Opt. Lett. 29, 1733-1735 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, J. Jiang, R. X. Guo, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, and H. Matsumoto, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 2324-2326 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Vibration dependence of the tensor spin-spin and scalar spin-spin hyperfine interactions by precision measurement of hyperfine structures of 127I2 near 532 nm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 946-953 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Hyperfine structure and absolute frequency determination of the R(121)35-0 and P(142)37-0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 212, 89-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Rotation dependence of the excited-state electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction by high-resolution laser spectroscopy of 127I2," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1416-1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z. Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I2-stabilized Nd : YAG laser for international comparisons," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mikhrin, S.

A. Y. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, C. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, "A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near infrared and yellow spectral ranges," Appl. Phys. B 92, 501-507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Minoshima, K.

K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, T. Ikegami, S. N. Slyusarev, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, H. Inaba, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical frequency measurement using chirped-mirror-dispersion-controlled mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5051-5062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, J. Jiang, R. X. Guo, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, and H. Matsumoto, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 2324-2326 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyazawa, H.

M. Asobe, H. Miyazawa, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, "A highly damage-resistant Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide and its application to a polarization-independent wavelength converter," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1327-1333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, K.

Nevsky, A. Y.

A. Y. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, C. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, "A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near infrared and yellow spectral ranges," Appl. Phys. B 92, 501-507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, Y.

M. Asobe, H. Miyazawa, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, "A highly damage-resistant Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide and its application to a polarization-independent wavelength converter," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1327-1333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Optical lattice induced light shifts in an Yb atomic clock," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, "Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0 - 3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, T. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, "An optical clock based on a single trapped 199Hg+ ion," Science 293, 825-828 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okhapkin, M.

A. Y. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, C. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, "A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near infrared and yellow spectral ranges," Appl. Phys. B 92, 501-507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Okumura, K.

Onae, A.

K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, T. Ikegami, S. N. Slyusarev, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, H. Inaba, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical frequency measurement using chirped-mirror-dispersion-controlled mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5051-5062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. X. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency reproducibility of an iodine-stabilized Nd : YAG laser at 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 235, 377-385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, S. Diddams, R. X. Guo, Z. Y. Bi, A. Onae, H. Inaba, J. Ishikawa, K. Okumura, D. Katsuragi, J. Hirata, T. Shimizu, T. Kurosu, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency measurements and hyperfine structure of the R(85)33-0 transition of molecular iodine with a femtosecond optical comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 88-95 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. X. Guo, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Z. Y. Bi, H. Matsumoto, and K. Nakagawa, "Frequency stabilization of a 1319-nm Nd:YAG laser by saturation spectroscopy of molecular iodine," Opt. Lett. 29, 1733-1735 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, J. Jiang, R. X. Guo, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, and H. Matsumoto, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 2324-2326 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Vibration dependence of the tensor spin-spin and scalar spin-spin hyperfine interactions by precision measurement of hyperfine structures of 127I2 near 532 nm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 946-953 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Hyperfine structure and absolute frequency determination of the R(121)35-0 and P(142)37-0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 212, 89-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Rotation dependence of the excited-state electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction by high-resolution laser spectroscopy of 127I2," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1416-1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z. Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I2-stabilized Nd : YAG laser for international comparisons," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Parameswaran, K. R.

Pavel, N.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, "High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659-3661 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Picard, S.

Poli, N.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Optical lattice induced light shifts in an Yb atomic clock," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quinn, T. J.

T. J. Quinn, "Practical realization of the definition of the metre, including recommended radiations of other optical frequency standards (2001)," Metrologia 40, 103-133 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Robertsson, L.

J. Ye, L. Robertsson, S. Picard, L. S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, "Absolute frequency atlas of molecular I2 lines at 532 nm," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 544-549 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Roussev, R. V.

Route, R. K.

Russell, P. S. J.

K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, T. Ikegami, S. N. Slyusarev, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, H. Inaba, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical frequency measurement using chirped-mirror-dispersion-controlled mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5051-5062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T. R.

Schiller, S.

A. Y. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, C. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, "A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near infrared and yellow spectral ranges," Appl. Phys. B 92, 501-507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, S. Schiller, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, "Absolute frequency stabilization of diode-laser-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to hyperfine transitions in molecular iodine, " Opt. Lett. 17, 1204-1206 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seta, K.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z. Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I2-stabilized Nd : YAG laser for international comparisons," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, T.

Shoji, I.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, "High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659-3661 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Slyusarev, S. N.

K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, T. Ikegami, S. N. Slyusarev, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, H. Inaba, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical frequency measurement using chirped-mirror-dispersion-controlled mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5051-5062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stalnaker, J. E.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Optical lattice induced light shifts in an Yb atomic clock," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sugiyama, K.

K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, T. Ikegami, S. N. Slyusarev, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, H. Inaba, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical frequency measurement using chirped-mirror-dispersion-controlled mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5051-5062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

M. Asobe, H. Miyazawa, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, "A highly damage-resistant Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide and its application to a polarization-independent wavelength converter," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1327-1333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tadanaga, O.

M. Asobe, H. Miyazawa, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, "A highly damage-resistant Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide and its application to a polarization-independent wavelength converter," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1327-1333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Taichenachev, A. V.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Optical lattice induced light shifts in an Yb atomic clock," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taira, T.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, "High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659-3661 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takamoto, M.

Udem, T.

S. A. Diddams, T. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, "An optical clock based on a single trapped 199Hg+ ion," Science 293, 825-828 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vogel, K. R.

S. A. Diddams, T. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, "An optical clock based on a single trapped 199Hg+ ion," Science 293, 825-828 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, T. Ikegami, S. N. Slyusarev, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, H. Inaba, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical frequency measurement using chirped-mirror-dispersion-controlled mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5051-5062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wineland, D. J.

S. A. Diddams, T. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, "An optical clock based on a single trapped 199Hg+ ion," Science 293, 825-828 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, S.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, "High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659-3661 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Yoda, J.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z. Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I2-stabilized Nd : YAG laser for international comparisons," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, T. H.

Yoshino, T.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, "High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659-3661 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yudin, V. I.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Optical lattice induced light shifts in an Yb atomic clock," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z. Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I2-stabilized Nd : YAG laser for international comparisons," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. X. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency reproducibility of an iodine-stabilized Nd : YAG laser at 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 235, 377-385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Hyperfine structure and absolute frequency determination of the R(121)35-0 and P(142)37-0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 212, 89-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Vibration dependence of the tensor spin-spin and scalar spin-spin hyperfine interactions by precision measurement of hyperfine structures of 127I2 near 532 nm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 946-953 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Y. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, C. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, "A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near infrared and yellow spectral ranges," Appl. Phys. B 92, 501-507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, "High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3659-3661 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Asobe, H. Miyazawa, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, "A highly damage-resistant Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide and its application to a polarization-independent wavelength converter," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1327-1333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (3)

J. Ye, L. Robertsson, S. Picard, L. S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, "Absolute frequency atlas of molecular I2 lines at 532 nm," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 544-549 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Eickhoff and J. L. Hall, "Optical frequency standard at 532 nm," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 44, 155-158 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z. Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I2-stabilized Nd : YAG laser for international comparisons," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (6)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, T. Ikegami, S. N. Slyusarev, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, H. Inaba, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical frequency measurement using chirped-mirror-dispersion-controlled mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5051-5062 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Metrologia (1)

T. J. Quinn, "Practical realization of the definition of the metre, including recommended radiations of other optical frequency standards (2001)," Metrologia 40, 103-133 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

F.-L. Hong and J. Ishikawa, "Hyperfine structures of the R(122) 35-0 and P(84) 33-0 transitions 127I2 near 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 183, 101-108 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. X. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency reproducibility of an iodine-stabilized Nd : YAG laser at 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 235, 377-385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Hyperfine structure and absolute frequency determination of the R(121)35-0 and P(142)37-0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 212, 89-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, "Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0 - 3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Optical lattice induced light shifts in an Yb atomic clock," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

S. A. Diddams, T. Udem, J. C. Bergquist, E. A. Curtis, R. E. Drullinger, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, W. D. Lee, C. W. Oates, K. R. Vogel, and D. J. Wineland, "An optical clock based on a single trapped 199Hg+ ion," Science 293, 825-828 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (5)

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, Atlas Du Spectre D’Absorption de la Molecule D’Iode (Editions de CNRS, Paris, 1978). F.-L. Hong, M. Yasuda, and A. Onae, "A light source for the 1S0 - 3P0 optical clock transition in ytterbium," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CMF4, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=CLEO-2006-CMF4

C. W. Oates, Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, C. W. Hoyt, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, "Stable laser system for probing the clock transition at 578 nm in neutral ytterbium," Proc. 2007 IEEE Int. Freq. Cont. Symp./21st Europ. Freq. Time Forum, Vols 1-4, 1274-1277 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Uetake and Y. Takahashi, Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan (personal communication, 2006).

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, I. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, I. Heavner, and I. Parker, "Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden1S0 - 3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb," Phys. Rev. A 77, 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Porsev, A. Derevianko, and E. N. Fortson, "Possibility of an optical clock using the 6 1S0 - 6 3P0 transition in 171,173Yb atoms held in an optical lattice," Phys. Rev. A 69, 021403(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Frequency atlas of the 127I2 transitions near the 1 S 03 P 0 transition of Yb at 578 nm. The relative intensity of iodine is taken from Ref. [3].

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. PM fiber, polarization-maintaining fiber; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexing; PPLN, periodically poled lithium niobate; WG, waveguide; DM, dichroic mirror; PBS1, PBS2, PBS3, polarization beam splitters; AOM, acousto-optic modulator; EOM, electro-optic modulator; D, detector.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Relation between the input power of the 1030-nm Yb fiber laser and the SFG output power at 578 nm, when the input power of the 1319-nm Nd: YAG laser was 40 mW. The inset shows the phase-matching curve of the SFG when the temperature of the crystal was varied.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Doppler-free spectra of the R(37)16–1 transition of molecular iodine. All 21 hyperfine components are isolated. The inset shows the horizontally expanded signal of the a4 hyperfine component.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Allan deviation of the measured beat frequency between the SFG light locked on the R(37)16–1:a1 transition and the comb locked on an H-maser. For comparison, the Allan deviations of an H-maser (dashed curve), an iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm (dotted curve) [16], and an iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser at 660 nm (solid line) [20] are also shown.

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