Abstract

We propose a simple design of a saturable absorber Q-switched all-fiber ring laser. By locating a saturable absorber fiber in the intensity-enhanced section of a ring resonator, the laser is passively Q-switched. A set of location-dependent rate equations is established for Q-switching modeling. The design has been numerically and experimentally demonstrated using Er3+-doped fiber at the emission wavelength of 1550 nm. A single-mode Q-switched pulse with pulse energy of 0.37 μJ and pulse duration of 218 ns was achieved with 980-nm pump power near 7 mW.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. H. Kee, G. P. Lees and T. P. Newson, "Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 1318-1319 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. A. Álvarez-Chávez, H. L. Offerhaus, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, W. A: Clarckson and D. J. Richardson, "High-energy, high-power ytterbium-doped Q-switched fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 37-39 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Paschotta, R. Haring, E. Gini, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, "Passively Q-switched 0.1-mJ fiber laser system at 1.53 μm," Opt. Lett. 24, 388 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Laroche, A. M. Chardon, J. Nilsson, D. P. Shepherd, and W. A. Clarkson, "Compact diode-pumped passively Q-switched tunable double-clad fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 1980-1982 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Y. Huang, H. C. Liang, K. W. Su, and Y. F. Chen, "High power passively Q-switched ytterbium fiber laser with Cr4+:YAG as a saturable absorber," Opt. Express 15, 473-479 (2007).
  6. P. Roy, D. Pagnoux, L. Mouneu and T. Midavaine, "High efficiency 1.53-μm all-fibre pulsed source based on a Q-switched erbium doped fibre ring laser," Electron. Lett. 33, 1317-1318 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. W. Huang, W. F. Liu and C. C. Yang, "Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1153-1155 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Zalvidea, N.A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J.L. Cruz and M.V. Andrés, "High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 244, 315-319 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Delgado-Pinar, D. Zalvidea, A. Díez, P. Pérez-Millán and M. V. Andrés, "Q-switching of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Express 14, 1106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Kaneda, Y. Hu, C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng and S. Jiang, "Single-frequency, all-fiber Q-switched laser at 1550 nm," presented at OSA Topical Meeting on Advanced Solid-State Photonics, (2004).
  11. N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz and M. V. Andrés, "High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator," Opt. Commun. 210, 361-366 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Pérez-Millán, A. Díez, M. V. Andrés, D. Zalvidea, and R. Duchowicz, "Q-switched all-fiber laser based on magnetostriction modulation of a Bragg grating," Opt. Express 13, 5046-5051 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Dussardier, A. Saissy and L. Tordella, "A passively Q-switched Er3+-doped fiber laser using a Co2+-doped fiber as saturable absorber," 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, p. 562.
  14. L. Luo and P.L. Chu, "Passive Q-switched erbium-doped fibre laser with saturable absorber," Opt. Commun. 161, 257-263 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S.G.C. Vicente, M.A.M. Gamez, A.V. Kir'yanov, Y.O. Barmenkov, M.V. Andres, "Diode-pumped self-Q-switched erbium-doped all-fibre laser," Quantum. Electron. 34, 310-314 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. A. Fotiadi, A. S. Kurkov and I. M. Razdobreev, "All-fiber passively Q-switched Ytterbium laser," 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, p. 515.
  17. A. Siegman, "Passive Saturable Absorber Q-switching," in Chap. 26.3, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986), pp. 1024-1033.

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

P. Pérez-Millán, A. Díez, M. V. Andrés, D. Zalvidea, and R. Duchowicz, "Q-switched all-fiber laser based on magnetostriction modulation of a Bragg grating," Opt. Express 13, 5046-5051 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Zalvidea, N.A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J.L. Cruz and M.V. Andrés, "High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 244, 315-319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S.G.C. Vicente, M.A.M. Gamez, A.V. Kir'yanov, Y.O. Barmenkov, M.V. Andres, "Diode-pumped self-Q-switched erbium-doped all-fibre laser," Quantum. Electron. 34, 310-314 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz and M. V. Andrés, "High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator," Opt. Commun. 210, 361-366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Laroche, A. M. Chardon, J. Nilsson, D. P. Shepherd, and W. A. Clarkson, "Compact diode-pumped passively Q-switched tunable double-clad fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 1980-1982 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

J. A. Álvarez-Chávez, H. L. Offerhaus, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, W. A: Clarckson and D. J. Richardson, "High-energy, high-power ytterbium-doped Q-switched fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 37-39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Huang, W. F. Liu and C. C. Yang, "Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1153-1155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

R. Paschotta, R. Haring, E. Gini, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, "Passively Q-switched 0.1-mJ fiber laser system at 1.53 μm," Opt. Lett. 24, 388 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Luo and P.L. Chu, "Passive Q-switched erbium-doped fibre laser with saturable absorber," Opt. Commun. 161, 257-263 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. H. Kee, G. P. Lees and T. P. Newson, "Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 1318-1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

P. Roy, D. Pagnoux, L. Mouneu and T. Midavaine, "High efficiency 1.53-μm all-fibre pulsed source based on a Q-switched erbium doped fibre ring laser," Electron. Lett. 33, 1317-1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Álvarez-Chávez, J. A.

Andres, M.V.

S.G.C. Vicente, M.A.M. Gamez, A.V. Kir'yanov, Y.O. Barmenkov, M.V. Andres, "Diode-pumped self-Q-switched erbium-doped all-fibre laser," Quantum. Electron. 34, 310-314 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Andrés, M. V.

Andrés, M.V.

D. Zalvidea, N.A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J.L. Cruz and M.V. Andrés, "High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 244, 315-319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barmenkov, Y.O.

S.G.C. Vicente, M.A.M. Gamez, A.V. Kir'yanov, Y.O. Barmenkov, M.V. Andres, "Diode-pumped self-Q-switched erbium-doped all-fibre laser," Quantum. Electron. 34, 310-314 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chardon, A. M.

Chen, Y. F.

Chu, P.L.

L. Luo and P.L. Chu, "Passive Q-switched erbium-doped fibre laser with saturable absorber," Opt. Commun. 161, 257-263 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

Cruz, J. L.

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz and M. V. Andrés, "High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator," Opt. Commun. 210, 361-366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J.L.

D. Zalvidea, N.A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J.L. Cruz and M.V. Andrés, "High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 244, 315-319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Delgado-Pinar, M.

M. Delgado-Pinar, D. Zalvidea, A. Díez, P. Pérez-Millán and M. V. Andrés, "Q-switching of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Express 14, 1106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Zalvidea, N.A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J.L. Cruz and M.V. Andrés, "High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 244, 315-319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Díez, A.

Duchowicz, R.

D. Zalvidea, N.A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J.L. Cruz and M.V. Andrés, "High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 244, 315-319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Pérez-Millán, A. Díez, M. V. Andrés, D. Zalvidea, and R. Duchowicz, "Q-switched all-fiber laser based on magnetostriction modulation of a Bragg grating," Opt. Express 13, 5046-5051 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz and M. V. Andrés, "High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator," Opt. Commun. 210, 361-366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gamez, M.A.M.

S.G.C. Vicente, M.A.M. Gamez, A.V. Kir'yanov, Y.O. Barmenkov, M.V. Andres, "Diode-pumped self-Q-switched erbium-doped all-fibre laser," Quantum. Electron. 34, 310-314 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gini, E.

Haring, R.

Huang, D. W.

D. W. Huang, W. F. Liu and C. C. Yang, "Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1153-1155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. Y.

Kee, H. H.

H. H. Kee, G. P. Lees and T. P. Newson, "Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 1318-1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Kir'yanov, A.V.

S.G.C. Vicente, M.A.M. Gamez, A.V. Kir'yanov, Y.O. Barmenkov, M.V. Andres, "Diode-pumped self-Q-switched erbium-doped all-fibre laser," Quantum. Electron. 34, 310-314 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laroche, M.

Lees, G. P.

H. H. Kee, G. P. Lees and T. P. Newson, "Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 1318-1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H. C.

Liu, W. F.

D. W. Huang, W. F. Liu and C. C. Yang, "Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1153-1155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Luo, L.

L. Luo and P.L. Chu, "Passive Q-switched erbium-doped fibre laser with saturable absorber," Opt. Commun. 161, 257-263 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Melchior, H.

Midavaine, T.

P. Roy, D. Pagnoux, L. Mouneu and T. Midavaine, "High efficiency 1.53-μm all-fibre pulsed source based on a Q-switched erbium doped fibre ring laser," Electron. Lett. 33, 1317-1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mora, J.

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz and M. V. Andrés, "High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator," Opt. Commun. 210, 361-366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mouneu, L.

P. Roy, D. Pagnoux, L. Mouneu and T. Midavaine, "High efficiency 1.53-μm all-fibre pulsed source based on a Q-switched erbium doped fibre ring laser," Electron. Lett. 33, 1317-1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Newson, T. P.

H. H. Kee, G. P. Lees and T. P. Newson, "Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 1318-1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Offerhaus, H. L.

Pagnoux, D.

P. Roy, D. Pagnoux, L. Mouneu and T. Midavaine, "High efficiency 1.53-μm all-fibre pulsed source based on a Q-switched erbium doped fibre ring laser," Electron. Lett. 33, 1317-1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Pérez-Millán, P.

Roy, P.

P. Roy, D. Pagnoux, L. Mouneu and T. Midavaine, "High efficiency 1.53-μm all-fibre pulsed source based on a Q-switched erbium doped fibre ring laser," Electron. Lett. 33, 1317-1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Russo, N. A.

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz and M. V. Andrés, "High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator," Opt. Commun. 210, 361-366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Russo, N.A.

D. Zalvidea, N.A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J.L. Cruz and M.V. Andrés, "High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 244, 315-319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, D. P.

Su, K. W.

Turner, P. W.

Vicente, S.G.C.

S.G.C. Vicente, M.A.M. Gamez, A.V. Kir'yanov, Y.O. Barmenkov, M.V. Andres, "Diode-pumped self-Q-switched erbium-doped all-fibre laser," Quantum. Electron. 34, 310-314 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C. C.

D. W. Huang, W. F. Liu and C. C. Yang, "Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1153-1155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zalvidea, D.

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. H. Kee, G. P. Lees and T. P. Newson, "Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 1318-1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Roy, D. Pagnoux, L. Mouneu and T. Midavaine, "High efficiency 1.53-μm all-fibre pulsed source based on a Q-switched erbium doped fibre ring laser," Electron. Lett. 33, 1317-1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

D. W. Huang, W. F. Liu and C. C. Yang, "Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1153-1155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

D. Zalvidea, N.A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Díez, J.L. Cruz and M.V. Andrés, "High repetition rate acoustic-induced Q-switched all-fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 244, 315-319 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Luo and P.L. Chu, "Passive Q-switched erbium-doped fibre laser with saturable absorber," Opt. Commun. 161, 257-263 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz and M. V. Andrés, "High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator," Opt. Commun. 210, 361-366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Quantum. Electron. (1)

S.G.C. Vicente, M.A.M. Gamez, A.V. Kir'yanov, Y.O. Barmenkov, M.V. Andres, "Diode-pumped self-Q-switched erbium-doped all-fibre laser," Quantum. Electron. 34, 310-314 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. A. Fotiadi, A. S. Kurkov and I. M. Razdobreev, "All-fiber passively Q-switched Ytterbium laser," 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, p. 515.

A. Siegman, "Passive Saturable Absorber Q-switching," in Chap. 26.3, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986), pp. 1024-1033.

B. Dussardier, A. Saissy and L. Tordella, "A passively Q-switched Er3+-doped fiber laser using a Co2+-doped fiber as saturable absorber," 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, p. 562.

Y. Kaneda, Y. Hu, C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng and S. Jiang, "Single-frequency, all-fiber Q-switched laser at 1550 nm," presented at OSA Topical Meeting on Advanced Solid-State Photonics, (2004).

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