Abstract

We present a high-repetition-rate, femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier (OPCPA). Its seed signal is obtained by difference frequency generation from the two-branch output of a commercially available Er: fiber laser amplifier. The optical parametric amplifier is pumped by a commercially available diode-pumped solid-state laser. In a two-stage amplification setup we have achieved a gain of 100’000, resulting in ~1 μJ femtosecond mid-infrared pulses in the wavelength range between 3 and 4 μm and an amplification bandwidth of >300 nm at a repetition rate of 100 kHz. The pulses have been compressed to 92 fs by a 4-prism compressor.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  3. J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, "High-Power Ultrafast Fiber Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233-244 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "High repetition rate fiber amplifier pumped sub-20 fs optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 15, 16729-16736 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Steinmann, A. Killi, G. Palmer, T. Binhammer, and U. Morgner, "Generation of few-cycle pulses directly from a MHz-NOPA," Opt. Express 14, 10627-10630 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Marangoni, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, G. Cerullo, A. Steinmann, and U. Morgner, "Near-infrared optical parametric amplifier at 1 MHz directly pumped by a femtosecond oscillator," Opt. Lett. 32, 1489-1491 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and strechted pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, G. H. C. New, and K. Osvay, "Analysis and optimization of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2945-2956 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, "Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd/sup 3+/ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173-180 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. Erny, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, "High-Repetition-Rate Femtosecond Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplifier in the Mid-Infrared," submitted (2008).
  22. B. Proctor, and F. Wise, "Quartz prism sequence for reduction of cubic phase in a modelocked Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 1295-1297 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. F. J. Duarte, "Generalized multiple-prism dispersion theory for pulse compression in ultrafast dye lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 19, 223-229 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  24. R. L. Fork, O. E. Martinez, and J. P. Gordon, "Negative dispersion using pairs of prisms," Opt. Lett. 9, 150-152 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. R. Trebino, and D. J. Kane, "Using phase retrieval to measure the intensity and phase of ultrashort pulses: frequency-resolved optical gating," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1101-1111 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M. Charbonneau-Lefort, B. Afeyan, and M. M. Fejer, "Optical parametric amplifiers using nonuniform quasi-phase-matched gratings. II. Space-time evolution of light pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 680-697 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. Charbonneau-Lefort, B. Afeyan, and M. M. Fejer, "Optical parametric amplifiers using chirped quasi-phase-matching gratings I: practical design formulas," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 463-480 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2008

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, "Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science," Nat. Photonics 2, 599-604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Erny, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, "High-Repetition-Rate Femtosecond Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplifier in the Mid-Infrared," submitted (2008).

M. Charbonneau-Lefort, B. Afeyan, and M. M. Fejer, "Optical parametric amplifiers using chirped quasi-phase-matching gratings I: practical design formulas," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 463-480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Charbonneau-Lefort, B. Afeyan, and M. M. Fejer, "Optical parametric amplifiers using nonuniform quasi-phase-matched gratings. II. Space-time evolution of light pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 680-697 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

A. Steinmann, A. Killi, G. Palmer, T. Binhammer, and U. Morgner, "Generation of few-cycle pulses directly from a MHz-NOPA," Opt. Express 14, 10627-10630 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, "High-Power Ultrafast Fiber Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233-244 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, "Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd/sup 3+/ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173-180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

2002

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, G. H. C. New, and K. Osvay, "Analysis and optimization of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2945-2956 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

1993

1992

B. Proctor, and F. Wise, "Quartz prism sequence for reduction of cubic phase in a modelocked Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 1295-1297 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and strechted pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, "Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817-827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987

F. J. Duarte, "Generalized multiple-prism dispersion theory for pulse compression in ultrafast dye lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 19, 223-229 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984

Adler, F.

Afeyan, B.

Arisholm, G.

Baer, C. R. E.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, "Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science," Nat. Photonics 2, 599-604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bakker, H. J.

Baltuska, A.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, "Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd/sup 3+/ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173-180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

Binhammer, T.

Bloom, D. M.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, "Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817-827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brida, D.

Cerullo, G.

Charbonneau-Lefort, M.

Cirmi, G.

Deng, Y.

Duarte, F. J.

F. J. Duarte, "Generalized multiple-prism dispersion theory for pulse compression in ultrafast dye lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 19, 223-229 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and strechted pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Emmerichs, U.

Erny, C.

Fejer, M. M.

Fork, R. L.

Fuji, T.

T. Fuji and T. Suzuki, "Generation of sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 32, 3330-3332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, "Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd/sup 3+/ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173-180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallmann, L.

C. Erny, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, "High-Repetition-Rate Femtosecond Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplifier in the Mid-Infrared," submitted (2008).

Gingras, G.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, "Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science," Nat. Photonics 2, 599-604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

Grosche, G.

Hädrich, S.

Hashimoto, S.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, "Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science," Nat. Photonics 2, 599-604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hauri, C. P.

Ishii, N.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, "Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd/sup 3+/ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173-180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jonusauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and strechted pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D. J.

Keller, U.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, "Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science," Nat. Photonics 2, 599-604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Erny, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, "High-Repetition-Rate Femtosecond Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplifier in the Mid-Infrared," submitted (2008).

C. Erny, K. Moutzouris, J. Biegert, D. Kühlke, F. Adler, A. Leitenstorfer, and U. Keller, "Mid-infrared difference-frequency generation of ultrashort pulses tunable between 3.2 and 4.8 µm from a compact fiber source," Opt. Lett. 32, 1138-1140 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, P. Schlup, G. Arisholm, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Phase-preserving chirped-pulse optical parametric amplification to 17.3 fs directly from a Ti:sapphire oscillator," Opt. Lett. 29, 1369-1371 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Killi, A.

Knox, W. H.

Kobayashi, T.

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kohler, S.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, "Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd/sup 3+/ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173-180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, "Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd/sup 3+/ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173-180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kühlke, D.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Limpert, J.

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "High repetition rate fiber amplifier pumped sub-20 fs optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 15, 16729-16736 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, "High-Power Ultrafast Fiber Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233-244 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lipphardt, B.

Lu, F.

Manzoni, C.

Marangoni, M.

Marchese, S. V.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, "Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science," Nat. Photonics 2, 599-604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, O. E.

Matousek, P.

Morgner, U.

Moutzouris, K.

New, G. H. C.

Osellame, R.

Osvay, K.

Palmer, G.

Piskarskas, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and strechted pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Proctor, B.

Ramponi, R.

Rodwell, M. J. W.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, "Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817-827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Röser, F.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, "High-Power Ultrafast Fiber Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233-244 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ross, I. N.

Rothhardt, J.

Schimpf, D. N.

Schlup, P.

Schmid, K.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, "Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd/sup 3+/ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173-180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schnatz, H.

Schreiber, T.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, "High-Power Ultrafast Fiber Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233-244 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Silvestri, S. D.

Steinmann, A.

Steinmeyer, G.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Südmeyer, T.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, "Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science," Nat. Photonics 2, 599-604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

Tauser, F.

Teisset, C. Y.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, "Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd/sup 3+/ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173-180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

Tünnermann, A.

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "High repetition rate fiber amplifier pumped sub-20 fs optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 15, 16729-16736 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, "High-Power Ultrafast Fiber Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233-244 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Veisz, L.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, "Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd/sup 3+/ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173-180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, "Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817-827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F.

Witzel, B.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, "Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science," Nat. Photonics 2, 599-604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Woutersen, S.

Appl. Phys. B

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

High-Repetition-Rate Femtosecond Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplifier in the Mid-Infrared

C. Erny, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, "High-Repetition-Rate Femtosecond Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplifier in the Mid-Infrared," submitted (2008).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, "Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817-827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, "Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd/sup 3+/ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173-180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic setup of our OPCPA system. The three nonlinear optical stages DFG, OPA 1, and OPA 2 are based on MgO:PPLN crystals with lengths of 2 mm, 3 mm, and 1.4 mm, respectively. Lenses in the pump beam are not shown. (HWP, half-wave plate; PBS, polarizing beam splitter cube; HNLF, highly nonlinear fiber; FFS, fiber amplifier system).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured and normalized mid-infrared spectra directly after the DFG seed source (left), after the first amplification stage (middle) and after the second amplification stage (right). All spectra were recorded with a scanning monochromator equipped with a HgCdTe (MCT) photodiode connected to a lock-in amplifier. The solid lines correspond to the OPCPA operating at a center wavelength of 3.5 μm, whereas the dashed lines show operation at 3.7 μm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

4-prism compressor setup based on two pairs of silicon prisms (P1 and P2).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured FROG trace (left) with retrieved pulse shape and phase (right)

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