Abstract

By using a tunable filter with tunability of both bandwidth and wavelength and a very sharp filter roll-off, considerable improvement of all optical Wavelength Conversion, based on Cross Gain and Phase Modulation effects in a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier and spectral slicing, is shown. At 40 Gb/s slicing of blue spectral components is shown to result in a small penalty of 0.7 dB, with a minimal eye broadening, and at 80Gb/s the low demonstrated 0.5 dB penalty is a dramatic improvement over previously reported wavelength converters using the same principal. Additionally, we give for the first time quantitative results for the case of red spectral slicing at 40Gb/s which we found to have only 0.5dB penalty and a narrower time response, as anticipated by previously published theoretical papers. Numerical simulations for the dependence of the eye opening on the filter characteristics highlight the importance of the combination of a sharp filter roll-off and a broad passband

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
  3. • . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, X. Shu,J. Bennion, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free 320-Gb/s All-Optical Wavelength Conversion using a single Semiconductor Optical Amplifier," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007)
    [CrossRef]
  4. • . M.L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gbit/s using bandpass filtering," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  5. • . J. Leuthold, D. M. Marom, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf, and C. R. Giles, "All-Optical Wavelength Conversion Using a Pulse Reformatting Optical Filter," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 186-192 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  6. • . L. Bramerie, A. Clark, G. Girault, S. Lobo, M. Gay, C. Guignard, V. Roncin, B. Kennedy, P. Maguire, S. Feve, B. Clouet, F. Ginovart, L. P. Barry, and J. C. Simon, "Investigation of SOA-based wavelength conversion at 80 Gb/s using bandpass filtering," Proc. CLEO 2006, CMT7 (2006)
  7. • . O. Raz, N. Calabretta, J. Herrera, E. Tangdiongga, and H. J. S Dorren, "Low Penalty 80Gb/s Non-Inverted Wavelength Conversion Using a Broad Rectangular Shaped Optical Filter," Proc. ECOC 2008, P.2.18 (2008)
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    [CrossRef]
  9. • . M.L. Nielsen, J. Mørk, R. Suzuki, J. Sakaguchi, and Y. Ueno, "Experimental and theoretical investigation of the impact of ultra-fast carrier dynamics on high-speed SOA-based all-optical switches," Opt. Express,  14, 331-347 (2006)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. • . J. Mark and J. Mork, "Sub-picosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: Experiment and theory," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281-2283 (1992)
    [CrossRef]
  11. • . J. Mork and J. Mark, "Carrier heating in InGaAsP laser amplifiers due to two-photon absorption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2206-2208 (1994)
    [CrossRef]
  12. • . H. J. S. Dorren, G. D. Khoe, and D. Lenstra, "All-optical switching of an ultrashort pulse using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a Sagnac-interferometric arrangement," Opt. Comm. 205, 247-252 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  13. • Q1. H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, L. Yong, M. T. Hill, and G. D. Khoe, "Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories," J. Quantum Electron. 39, 141-148 (2003)
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

• . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J.S. Dorren, "80 Gbit/s Wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 487-489 (2005)
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

• . M.L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gbit/s using bandpass filtering," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003)
[CrossRef]

• Q1. H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, L. Yong, M. T. Hill, and G. D. Khoe, "Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories," J. Quantum Electron. 39, 141-148 (2003)
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

• . H. J. S. Dorren, G. D. Khoe, and D. Lenstra, "All-optical switching of an ultrashort pulse using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a Sagnac-interferometric arrangement," Opt. Comm. 205, 247-252 (2002)
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

• . J. Mork and A. Mecozzi, "Theory of the ultrafast optical response of active semiconductor waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. A 13, 1803-1815 (1996)
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

• . J. Mork and J. Mark, "Carrier heating in InGaAsP laser amplifiers due to two-photon absorption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2206-2208 (1994)
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

• . J. Mark and J. Mork, "Sub-picosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: Experiment and theory," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281-2283 (1992)
[CrossRef]

Bennion, J.

Ben-Yoo, S. J.

Cabot, S.

Dagens, B.

• . M.L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gbit/s using bandpass filtering," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003)
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

• . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, X. Shu,J. Bennion, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free 320-Gb/s All-Optical Wavelength Conversion using a single Semiconductor Optical Amplifier," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007)
[CrossRef]

• . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J.S. Dorren, "80 Gbit/s Wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 487-489 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H. J. S.

• . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, X. Shu,J. Bennion, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free 320-Gb/s All-Optical Wavelength Conversion using a single Semiconductor Optical Amplifier," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007)
[CrossRef]

• Q1. H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, L. Yong, M. T. Hill, and G. D. Khoe, "Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories," J. Quantum Electron. 39, 141-148 (2003)
[CrossRef]

• . H. J. S. Dorren, G. D. Khoe, and D. Lenstra, "All-optical switching of an ultrashort pulse using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a Sagnac-interferometric arrangement," Opt. Comm. 205, 247-252 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H. J.S.

• . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J.S. Dorren, "80 Gbit/s Wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 487-489 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Giles, C. R.

Hill, M. T.

• Q1. H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, L. Yong, M. T. Hill, and G. D. Khoe, "Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories," J. Quantum Electron. 39, 141-148 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Jaques, J. J.

Khoe, G. D.

• . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, X. Shu,J. Bennion, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free 320-Gb/s All-Optical Wavelength Conversion using a single Semiconductor Optical Amplifier," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007)
[CrossRef]

• . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J.S. Dorren, "80 Gbit/s Wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 487-489 (2005)
[CrossRef]

• Q1. H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, L. Yong, M. T. Hill, and G. D. Khoe, "Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories," J. Quantum Electron. 39, 141-148 (2003)
[CrossRef]

• . H. J. S. Dorren, G. D. Khoe, and D. Lenstra, "All-optical switching of an ultrashort pulse using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a Sagnac-interferometric arrangement," Opt. Comm. 205, 247-252 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Koonen, A. M. J.

Lavigne, B.

• . M.L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gbit/s using bandpass filtering," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Lenstra, D.

• Q1. H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, L. Yong, M. T. Hill, and G. D. Khoe, "Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories," J. Quantum Electron. 39, 141-148 (2003)
[CrossRef]

• . H. J. S. Dorren, G. D. Khoe, and D. Lenstra, "All-optical switching of an ultrashort pulse using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a Sagnac-interferometric arrangement," Opt. Comm. 205, 247-252 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

Li, Z.

• . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, X. Shu,J. Bennion, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free 320-Gb/s All-Optical Wavelength Conversion using a single Semiconductor Optical Amplifier," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007)
[CrossRef]

• . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J.S. Dorren, "80 Gbit/s Wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 487-489 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

• . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, X. Shu,J. Bennion, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free 320-Gb/s All-Optical Wavelength Conversion using a single Semiconductor Optical Amplifier," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007)
[CrossRef]

• . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J.S. Dorren, "80 Gbit/s Wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 487-489 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Mark, J.

• . J. Mork and J. Mark, "Carrier heating in InGaAsP laser amplifiers due to two-photon absorption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2206-2208 (1994)
[CrossRef]

• . J. Mark and J. Mork, "Sub-picosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: Experiment and theory," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281-2283 (1992)
[CrossRef]

Marom, D. M.

Mecozzi, A.

• . J. Mork and A. Mecozzi, "Theory of the ultrafast optical response of active semiconductor waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. A 13, 1803-1815 (1996)
[CrossRef]

Mork, J.

• . J. Mork and A. Mecozzi, "Theory of the ultrafast optical response of active semiconductor waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. A 13, 1803-1815 (1996)
[CrossRef]

• . J. Mork and J. Mark, "Carrier heating in InGaAsP laser amplifiers due to two-photon absorption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2206-2208 (1994)
[CrossRef]

• . J. Mark and J. Mork, "Sub-picosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: Experiment and theory," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281-2283 (1992)
[CrossRef]

Mørk, J.

Nielsen, M.L.

Ryf, R.

Sakaguchi, J.

Shu, X.

Suzuki, R.

Tangdiongga, E.

• . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, X. Shu,J. Bennion, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free 320-Gb/s All-Optical Wavelength Conversion using a single Semiconductor Optical Amplifier," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007)
[CrossRef]

• . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J.S. Dorren, "80 Gbit/s Wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 487-489 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Ueno, Y.

Yong, L.

• Q1. H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, L. Yong, M. T. Hill, and G. D. Khoe, "Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories," J. Quantum Electron. 39, 141-148 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

• . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J.S. Dorren, "80 Gbit/s Wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 487-489 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

• . J. Mark and J. Mork, "Sub-picosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: Experiment and theory," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281-2283 (1992)
[CrossRef]

• . J. Mork and J. Mark, "Carrier heating in InGaAsP laser amplifiers due to two-photon absorption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2206-2208 (1994)
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

• . M.L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gbit/s using bandpass filtering," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003)
[CrossRef]

• . Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J.S. Dorren, "80 Gbit/s Wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 487-489 (2005)
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. A (1)

• . J. Mork and A. Mecozzi, "Theory of the ultrafast optical response of active semiconductor waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. A 13, 1803-1815 (1996)
[CrossRef]

J. Quantum Electron. (1)

• Q1. H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, L. Yong, M. T. Hill, and G. D. Khoe, "Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories," J. Quantum Electron. 39, 141-148 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Comm. (1)

• . H. J. S. Dorren, G. D. Khoe, and D. Lenstra, "All-optical switching of an ultrashort pulse using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a Sagnac-interferometric arrangement," Opt. Comm. 205, 247-252 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (2)

• . L. Bramerie, A. Clark, G. Girault, S. Lobo, M. Gay, C. Guignard, V. Roncin, B. Kennedy, P. Maguire, S. Feve, B. Clouet, F. Ginovart, L. P. Barry, and J. C. Simon, "Investigation of SOA-based wavelength conversion at 80 Gb/s using bandpass filtering," Proc. CLEO 2006, CMT7 (2006)

• . O. Raz, N. Calabretta, J. Herrera, E. Tangdiongga, and H. J. S Dorren, "Low Penalty 80Gb/s Non-Inverted Wavelength Conversion Using a Broad Rectangular Shaped Optical Filter," Proc. ECOC 2008, P.2.18 (2008)

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Gain and frequency shift, experienced by the probe signal

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simulation results showing the dependence of pulse width on the filter Bandwidth

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Simulation results showing the dependence of Eye opening and Pulse width on the filter slope

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental set-up (for 40Gb/s experiments the 40:80 Mux and EAM Gating are not used)

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Filtered and non-filtered spectra’s at the SOA output

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

BER (left) and eye patterns for B2B (top) and Red and Blue filtered (middle and bottom respectively) Wavelength converted signals

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Spectra of the converted signal at the output of the SOA before and after the filter

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

BER (left) and eye patterns for B2B (blue, top right) and Wavelength converted signal (red, bottom right) respectively

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Main operation parameters for both blue and red filtering scenarios

Metrics