Abstract

We have measured optical power and wavelength polarization bistability in a 1550nm-Vertical Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser (VCSEL) subject to orthogonally-polarized optical injection into the orthogonal polarization of the fundamental transverse mode. Optical bistability with very wide hysteresis cycles, up to four times wider than previously reported results has been measured for both the optical power and wavelength domain. We also report the experimental observation of three different shapes of polarization bistability, anticlockwise, clockwise and X-Shape bistability, all of them with wide hysteresis cycles. This rich variety of behaviour at the important wavelength of 1550 nm offers promise for the use of VCSELs for all-optical signal processing and optical switching/routing applications.

© 2009 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  23. A. Hurtado, A. Gonzalez-Marcos, J. A. Martin-Pereda, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a distributed feedback semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEE Proc., Optoelectron. 153(1), 21–27 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  24. P. Pakdeevanich and M. J. Adams, “Measurements and modelling of reflective bistability in 1.55μm laser diode amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1894–1903 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. Hurtado, A. Gonzalez-Marcos, and J. A. Martin-Pereda, “Modeling reflective bistability in a vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(3), 376–383 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (5)

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Different forms of wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1.55 microm vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonally polarized optical injection,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Quirce, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Very wide hysteresis cycles in 1550nm-VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1193–1195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Wavelength Polarization Switching and Bistability in a 1550nm-VCSEL subject to Polarized Optical Injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1084–1086 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, “All-optical flip-flop operation of VCSOA,” Electron. Lett. 45(2), 127–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Zhang and S. F. Yu, “Optical Flip-Flop using Bistable Vertical-Cavity Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers with Anti-Resonant Reflecting Optical Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(21), 4703–4710 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 779–781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a 1550nm VCSEL under single orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 911–917 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, M. Gomez-Molina, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization bistability in 1550 nm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 895–902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Marki, S. Moro, D. R. Jorgesen, P. Wen, and S. C. Esener, “Cascadable optical inversion using 1550nm VCSEL,” Electron. Lett. 44(4), 292–293 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75(2), 023804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with 1.55μm VCSOA,” Electron. Lett. 43(16), 887–888 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

F. Koyama, “Recent advances of VCSEL photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4502–4513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, J. Buesa, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Polarization switching bistability and dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38(4-6), 429–443 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Gonzalez-Marcos, J. A. Martin-Pereda, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a distributed feedback semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEE Proc., Optoelectron. 153(1), 21–27 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M.-R. Park, O.-K. Kwon, W.-S. Han, K.-H. Lee, S.-J. Park, and B.-S. Yoo, “All-monolithic 1.55μm InAlGaAs/InP vertical cavity surface emitting lasers grown by metal organic chemical vapour deposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(1), L8–L10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. Hurtado, A. Gonzalez-Marcos, and J. A. Martin-Pereda, “Modeling reflective bistability in a vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(3), 376–383 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

P. Pakdeevanich and M. J. Adams, “Switching powers for optical bistability in a semiconductor laser above and below threshold,” Opt. Commun. 176(1-3), 195–198 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Pure frequency-polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers subject to optical injection,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2019–2020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

P. Pakdeevanich and M. J. Adams, “Measurements and modelling of reflective bistability in 1.55μm laser diode amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1894–1903 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, and M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

Adams, M. J.

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Wavelength Polarization Switching and Bistability in a 1550nm-VCSEL subject to Polarized Optical Injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1084–1086 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Different forms of wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1.55 microm vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonally polarized optical injection,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a 1550nm VCSEL under single orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 911–917 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with 1.55μm VCSOA,” Electron. Lett. 43(16), 887–888 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Gonzalez-Marcos, J. A. Martin-Pereda, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a distributed feedback semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEE Proc., Optoelectron. 153(1), 21–27 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Pakdeevanich and M. J. Adams, “Switching powers for optical bistability in a semiconductor laser above and below threshold,” Opt. Commun. 176(1-3), 195–198 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Pakdeevanich and M. J. Adams, “Measurements and modelling of reflective bistability in 1.55μm laser diode amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1894–1903 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

Asom, M. T.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, and M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Buesa, J.

I. Gatare, J. Buesa, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Polarization switching bistability and dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38(4-6), 429–443 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dagenais, M.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, and M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Esener, S. C.

C. F. Marki, S. Moro, D. R. Jorgesen, P. Wen, and S. C. Esener, “Cascadable optical inversion using 1550nm VCSEL,” Electron. Lett. 44(4), 292–293 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Focht, M. W.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, and M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gatare, I.

I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75(2), 023804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, J. Buesa, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Polarization switching bistability and dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38(4-6), 429–443 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ghisoni, M.

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Pure frequency-polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers subject to optical injection,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2019–2020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gomez-Molina, M.

A. Valle, M. Gomez-Molina, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization bistability in 1550 nm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 895–902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gonzalez-Marcos, A.

A. Hurtado, A. Gonzalez-Marcos, J. A. Martin-Pereda, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a distributed feedback semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEE Proc., Optoelectron. 153(1), 21–27 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Gonzalez-Marcos, and J. A. Martin-Pereda, “Modeling reflective bistability in a vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(3), 376–383 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guth, G. D.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, and M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Halonen, J.

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Pure frequency-polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers subject to optical injection,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2019–2020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Han, W.-S.

M.-R. Park, O.-K. Kwon, W.-S. Han, K.-H. Lee, S.-J. Park, and B.-S. Yoo, “All-monolithic 1.55μm InAlGaAs/InP vertical cavity surface emitting lasers grown by metal organic chemical vapour deposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(1), L8–L10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Henning, I. D.

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Wavelength Polarization Switching and Bistability in a 1550nm-VCSEL subject to Polarized Optical Injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1084–1086 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Different forms of wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1.55 microm vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonally polarized optical injection,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a 1550nm VCSEL under single orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 911–917 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with 1.55μm VCSOA,” Electron. Lett. 43(16), 887–888 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hong, Y.

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Pure frequency-polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers subject to optical injection,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2019–2020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hurtado, A.

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Wavelength Polarization Switching and Bistability in a 1550nm-VCSEL subject to Polarized Optical Injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1084–1086 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Different forms of wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1.55 microm vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonally polarized optical injection,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a 1550nm VCSEL under single orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 911–917 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with 1.55μm VCSOA,” Electron. Lett. 43(16), 887–888 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Gonzalez-Marcos, J. A. Martin-Pereda, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a distributed feedback semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEE Proc., Optoelectron. 153(1), 21–27 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Gonzalez-Marcos, and J. A. Martin-Pereda, “Modeling reflective bistability in a vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(3), 376–383 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

Jeong, K. H.

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 779–781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, and M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jorgesen, D. R.

C. F. Marki, S. Moro, D. R. Jorgesen, P. Wen, and S. C. Esener, “Cascadable optical inversion using 1550nm VCSEL,” Electron. Lett. 44(4), 292–293 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, A. M.

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, “All-optical flip-flop operation of VCSOA,” Electron. Lett. 45(2), 127–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. H.

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 779–781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kojima, K.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, and M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, F.

Kwon, O.-K.

M.-R. Park, O.-K. Kwon, W.-S. Han, K.-H. Lee, S.-J. Park, and B.-S. Yoo, “All-monolithic 1.55μm InAlGaAs/InP vertical cavity surface emitting lasers grown by metal organic chemical vapour deposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(1), L8–L10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Larsson, A.

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Pure frequency-polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers subject to optical injection,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2019–2020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.-H.

M.-R. Park, O.-K. Kwon, W.-S. Han, K.-H. Lee, S.-J. Park, and B.-S. Yoo, “All-monolithic 1.55μm InAlGaAs/InP vertical cavity surface emitting lasers grown by metal organic chemical vapour deposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(1), L8–L10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. H.

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 779–781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 779–781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leibenguth, R. E.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, and M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Marki, C. F.

C. F. Marki, S. Moro, D. R. Jorgesen, P. Wen, and S. C. Esener, “Cascadable optical inversion using 1550nm VCSEL,” Electron. Lett. 44(4), 292–293 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Pereda, J. A.

A. Hurtado, A. Gonzalez-Marcos, J. A. Martin-Pereda, and M. J. Adams, “Two-wavelength switching with a distributed feedback semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEE Proc., Optoelectron. 153(1), 21–27 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Gonzalez-Marcos, and J. A. Martin-Pereda, “Modeling reflective bistability in a vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(3), 376–383 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Maywar, D. N.

Morgan, R. A.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, and M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Moro, S.

C. F. Marki, S. Moro, D. R. Jorgesen, P. Wen, and S. C. Esener, “Cascadable optical inversion using 1550nm VCSEL,” Electron. Lett. 44(4), 292–293 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, Y.

Pakdeevanich, P.

P. Pakdeevanich and M. J. Adams, “Switching powers for optical bistability in a semiconductor laser above and below threshold,” Opt. Commun. 176(1-3), 195–198 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Pakdeevanich and M. J. Adams, “Measurements and modelling of reflective bistability in 1.55μm laser diode amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1894–1903 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z. G.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, and M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Panajotov, K.

I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75(2), 023804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, J. Buesa, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Polarization switching bistability and dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38(4-6), 429–443 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, M.-R.

M.-R. Park, O.-K. Kwon, W.-S. Han, K.-H. Lee, S.-J. Park, and B.-S. Yoo, “All-monolithic 1.55μm InAlGaAs/InP vertical cavity surface emitting lasers grown by metal organic chemical vapour deposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(1), L8–L10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.-J.

M.-R. Park, O.-K. Kwon, W.-S. Han, K.-H. Lee, S.-J. Park, and B.-S. Yoo, “All-monolithic 1.55μm InAlGaAs/InP vertical cavity surface emitting lasers grown by metal organic chemical vapour deposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(1), L8–L10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pesquera, L.

A. Quirce, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Very wide hysteresis cycles in 1550nm-VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1193–1195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, M. Gomez-Molina, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization bistability in 1550 nm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 895–902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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A. Quirce, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Very wide hysteresis cycles in 1550nm-VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1193–1195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75(2), 023804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, J. Buesa, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Polarization switching bistability and dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38(4-6), 429–443 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shore, K. A.

K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 779–781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Pure frequency-polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers subject to optical injection,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2019–2020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

I. Gatare, J. Buesa, H. Thienpont, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Polarization switching bistability and dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonal optical injection,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38(4-6), 429–443 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Valle, A.

A. Quirce, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Very wide hysteresis cycles in 1550nm-VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1193–1195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, M. Gomez-Molina, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization bistability in 1550 nm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 895–902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wen, P.

C. F. Marki, S. Moro, D. R. Jorgesen, P. Wen, and S. C. Esener, “Cascadable optical inversion using 1550nm VCSEL,” Electron. Lett. 44(4), 292–293 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5 μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 779–781 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, B.-S.

M.-R. Park, O.-K. Kwon, W.-S. Han, K.-H. Lee, S.-J. Park, and B.-S. Yoo, “All-monolithic 1.55μm InAlGaAs/InP vertical cavity surface emitting lasers grown by metal organic chemical vapour deposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(1), L8–L10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, S. F.

Zhang, W. L.

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Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, “Pure frequency-polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers subject to optical injection,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2019–2020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Marki, S. Moro, D. R. Jorgesen, P. Wen, and S. C. Esener, “Cascadable optical inversion using 1550nm VCSEL,” Electron. Lett. 44(4), 292–293 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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A. Quirce, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Very wide hysteresis cycles in 1550nm-VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1193–1195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, and M. J. Adams, “Wavelength Polarization Switching and Bistability in a 1550nm-VCSEL subject to Polarized Optical Injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1084–1086 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75(2), 023804 (2007).
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T. Katayama, T. Kitazawa, and H. Kawaguchi, “All-optical flip-flop operation using 1.55 μm polarization bistable VCSELs,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS 2008), CME5, San Jose, USA, May 5, 2008.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup used for the orthogonal optical injection in a 1550nm-VCSEL.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) L-I curve and (b) and spectrum of the 1550 nm-VCSEL.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

I/O power characteristic for different levels of applied bias current and constant initial wavelength detuning of 0.15 nm for the (a) parallel and the (b) orthogonal polarization mode. (c) Width of the hysteresis cycle vs. applied bias current.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

I/O power characteristic for the output of the orthogonal polarization mode for three different levels of initial wavelength detuning of (a) 0.07nm, (b) 0.118nm and (c) 0.15nm and with constant bias current of 6mA (3.66 x Ith).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output power of (a) the parallel and (b) the orthogonal polarization mode of the VCSEL as a function of the initial wavelength detuning when increasing (solid lines) and decreasing (dashed lines) λML, with Pin = 2.5 mW and applied bias current of 6 mA.

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