Abstract

We have realized a single atom trap using a magneto-optical trap (MOT) with a high magnetic field gradient and a small optical dipole trap. Using this trap, we demonstrate the excitation to a highly excited Rydberg state (n=43) with a single Rubidium atom.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. Neuhauser, M. Hohenstatt, P. E. Toschek, and H. Dehmelt, "Localized visible Ba+ mono-ion oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 22,1137-1140 (1980).
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  3. M. Weber, J. Volz, and K. Saucke, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, "Analysis of a single-atom dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 73,043406 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, "Sub-poissonian loading of single atoms in a microscopic dipole trap," Nature 411,1024-1027 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Zoller, "Quantum optics: Tricks with a single photon," Nature 404,340-341 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Khudaverdyan, W. Alt, I. Dotsenko, T. Kampschulte, K. Lenhard, A. Rauschenbeutel, S. Reick, K. Sch¨orner, A. Widera, and D. Meschede, "Controlled insertion and retrieval of atoms coupled to a high-finesse optical resonator," New J. Phys. 10,073023 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, M. Khudaverdyan, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Neutral atom quantum register," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93,150501 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. B. Blinov, D. L. Moehring, L. M. Duan, and C. Monroe, "Observation of entanglement between a single trapped atom and a single photon," Nature 428,153-157 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. O. Mandel, M. Greiner, A. Widera, T. Rom, T. W. H¨ansch, and I. Bloch, "Controlled collisions for multi-particle entanglement of optically trapped atoms," Nature 425,937-940 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Saffman and T. G. Walker, "Analysis of a quantum logic device based on dipole-dipole interactions of optically trapped Rydberg atoms," Phys. Rev. A 72,022347 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Coté, and M. D. Lukin, "Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,2208-2211 (2000).
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  14. E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms," Nature Phys. 5,110-114 (2009).
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  15. A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime," Nature Phys. 5,115-118 (2009).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, and T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, "Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,4713-4716 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. M. Reetz-Lamour, T. Amthor, J. Deiglmayr, and M. Weidem¨uller, "Rabi oscillations and excitation trapping in the coherent excitation of a mesoscopic frozen Rydberg gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,253001 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. Y. R. P. Sortais, H. Marion, C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, M. Lamare, P. Fournet, C. Armellin, R. Mercier, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Diffraction-limited optics for single-atom manipulation," Phys. Rev. A 75,013406 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S. Chu, L. Hollberg, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Cable, and A. Ashkin, "Three-dimensional viscous confinement and cooling of atoms by resonance radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,48-51 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. K. Nakagawa, Y. Tamaki, M. Fukusen, The 63rd Japanese physics society conference, March, 2008.
  24. A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams, "Coherent optical detection of highly excited Rydberg states using Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,113003 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms," Nature Phys. 5,110-114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime," Nature Phys. 5,115-118 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

T. A. Johnson, E. Urban, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Rabi oscillations between ground and Rydberg states with dipole-dipole atomic interactions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,113003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Reetz-Lamour, T. Amthor, J. Deiglmayr, and M. Weidem¨uller, "Rabi oscillations and excitation trapping in the coherent excitation of a mesoscopic frozen Rydberg gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,253001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Khudaverdyan, W. Alt, I. Dotsenko, T. Kampschulte, K. Lenhard, A. Rauschenbeutel, S. Reick, K. Sch¨orner, A. Widera, and D. Meschede, "Controlled insertion and retrieval of atoms coupled to a high-finesse optical resonator," New J. Phys. 10,073023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Møller, L. B. Madsen, and K. Mølmer, "Quantum gates and multiparticle entanglement by Rydberg excitation blockade and adiabatic passage," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,170504 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams, "Coherent optical detection of highly excited Rydberg states using Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,113003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. R. P. Sortais, H. Marion, C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, M. Lamare, P. Fournet, C. Armellin, R. Mercier, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Diffraction-limited optics for single-atom manipulation," Phys. Rev. A 75,013406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. Weber, J. Volz, and K. Saucke, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, "Analysis of a single-atom dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 73,043406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

M. Saffman and T. G. Walker, "Analysis of a quantum logic device based on dipole-dipole interactions of optically trapped Rydberg atoms," Phys. Rev. A 72,022347 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Kuhr, W. Alt, D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Analysis of dephasing mechanisms in a standing-wave dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 72,023406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Dotsenko, W. Alt, M. Khudaverdyan, S. Kuhr, D. Meschede, Y. Miroshnychenko, D. Schrader, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Submicrometer position control of single trapped neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,033002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, M. Khudaverdyan, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Neutral atom quantum register," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93,150501 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. B. Blinov, D. L. Moehring, L. M. Duan, and C. Monroe, "Observation of entanglement between a single trapped atom and a single photon," Nature 428,153-157 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

O. Mandel, M. Greiner, A. Widera, T. Rom, T. W. H¨ansch, and I. Bloch, "Controlled collisions for multi-particle entanglement of optically trapped atoms," Nature 425,937-940 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, R. Coté, L. M. Duan, D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Dipole blockade and quantum information processing in mesoscopic atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87,037901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, "Sub-poissonian loading of single atoms in a microscopic dipole trap," Nature 411,1024-1027 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

P. Zoller, "Quantum optics: Tricks with a single photon," Nature 404,340-341 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Coté, and M. D. Lukin, "Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,2208-2211 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, and T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, "Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,4713-4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1985 (1)

S. Chu, L. Hollberg, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Cable, and A. Ashkin, "Three-dimensional viscous confinement and cooling of atoms by resonance radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,48-51 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (1)

W. Neuhauser, M. Hohenstatt, P. E. Toschek, and H. Dehmelt, "Localized visible Ba+ mono-ion oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 22,1137-1140 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Adams, C. S.

A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams, "Coherent optical detection of highly excited Rydberg states using Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,113003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alt, W.

M. Khudaverdyan, W. Alt, I. Dotsenko, T. Kampschulte, K. Lenhard, A. Rauschenbeutel, S. Reick, K. Sch¨orner, A. Widera, and D. Meschede, "Controlled insertion and retrieval of atoms coupled to a high-finesse optical resonator," New J. Phys. 10,073023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kuhr, W. Alt, D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Analysis of dephasing mechanisms in a standing-wave dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 72,023406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Dotsenko, W. Alt, M. Khudaverdyan, S. Kuhr, D. Meschede, Y. Miroshnychenko, D. Schrader, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Submicrometer position control of single trapped neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,033002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amthor, T.

M. Reetz-Lamour, T. Amthor, J. Deiglmayr, and M. Weidem¨uller, "Rabi oscillations and excitation trapping in the coherent excitation of a mesoscopic frozen Rydberg gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,253001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Armellin, C.

Y. R. P. Sortais, H. Marion, C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, M. Lamare, P. Fournet, C. Armellin, R. Mercier, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Diffraction-limited optics for single-atom manipulation," Phys. Rev. A 75,013406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

S. Chu, L. Hollberg, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Cable, and A. Ashkin, "Three-dimensional viscous confinement and cooling of atoms by resonance radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,48-51 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

S. Chu, L. Hollberg, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Cable, and A. Ashkin, "Three-dimensional viscous confinement and cooling of atoms by resonance radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,48-51 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blinov, B. B.

B. B. Blinov, D. L. Moehring, L. M. Duan, and C. Monroe, "Observation of entanglement between a single trapped atom and a single photon," Nature 428,153-157 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bloch, I.

O. Mandel, M. Greiner, A. Widera, T. Rom, T. W. H¨ansch, and I. Bloch, "Controlled collisions for multi-particle entanglement of optically trapped atoms," Nature 425,937-940 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Browaeys, A.

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime," Nature Phys. 5,115-118 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. P. Sortais, H. Marion, C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, M. Lamare, P. Fournet, C. Armellin, R. Mercier, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Diffraction-limited optics for single-atom manipulation," Phys. Rev. A 75,013406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cable, A.

S. Chu, L. Hollberg, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Cable, and A. Ashkin, "Three-dimensional viscous confinement and cooling of atoms by resonance radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,48-51 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chotia, A.

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime," Nature Phys. 5,115-118 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

S. Chu, L. Hollberg, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Cable, and A. Ashkin, "Three-dimensional viscous confinement and cooling of atoms by resonance radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,48-51 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cirac, J. I.

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, R. Coté, L. M. Duan, D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Dipole blockade and quantum information processing in mesoscopic atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87,037901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Coté, and M. D. Lukin, "Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,2208-2211 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Comparat, D.

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime," Nature Phys. 5,115-118 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Coté, R.

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, R. Coté, L. M. Duan, D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Dipole blockade and quantum information processing in mesoscopic atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87,037901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Coté, and M. D. Lukin, "Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,2208-2211 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dehmelt, H.

W. Neuhauser, M. Hohenstatt, P. E. Toschek, and H. Dehmelt, "Localized visible Ba+ mono-ion oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 22,1137-1140 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Deiglmayr, J.

M. Reetz-Lamour, T. Amthor, J. Deiglmayr, and M. Weidem¨uller, "Rabi oscillations and excitation trapping in the coherent excitation of a mesoscopic frozen Rydberg gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,253001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dotsenko, I.

M. Khudaverdyan, W. Alt, I. Dotsenko, T. Kampschulte, K. Lenhard, A. Rauschenbeutel, S. Reick, K. Sch¨orner, A. Widera, and D. Meschede, "Controlled insertion and retrieval of atoms coupled to a high-finesse optical resonator," New J. Phys. 10,073023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kuhr, W. Alt, D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Analysis of dephasing mechanisms in a standing-wave dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 72,023406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Dotsenko, W. Alt, M. Khudaverdyan, S. Kuhr, D. Meschede, Y. Miroshnychenko, D. Schrader, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Submicrometer position control of single trapped neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,033002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, M. Khudaverdyan, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Neutral atom quantum register," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93,150501 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, L. M.

B. B. Blinov, D. L. Moehring, L. M. Duan, and C. Monroe, "Observation of entanglement between a single trapped atom and a single photon," Nature 428,153-157 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, R. Coté, L. M. Duan, D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Dipole blockade and quantum information processing in mesoscopic atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87,037901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, R. Coté, L. M. Duan, D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Dipole blockade and quantum information processing in mesoscopic atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87,037901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fournet, P.

Y. R. P. Sortais, H. Marion, C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, M. Lamare, P. Fournet, C. Armellin, R. Mercier, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Diffraction-limited optics for single-atom manipulation," Phys. Rev. A 75,013406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gaëtan, A.

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime," Nature Phys. 5,115-118 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime," Nature Phys. 5,115-118 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. P. Sortais, H. Marion, C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, M. Lamare, P. Fournet, C. Armellin, R. Mercier, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Diffraction-limited optics for single-atom manipulation," Phys. Rev. A 75,013406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, "Sub-poissonian loading of single atoms in a microscopic dipole trap," Nature 411,1024-1027 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greiner, M.

O. Mandel, M. Greiner, A. Widera, T. Rom, T. W. H¨ansch, and I. Bloch, "Controlled collisions for multi-particle entanglement of optically trapped atoms," Nature 425,937-940 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H¨ansch, T. W.

O. Mandel, M. Greiner, A. Widera, T. Rom, T. W. H¨ansch, and I. Bloch, "Controlled collisions for multi-particle entanglement of optically trapped atoms," Nature 425,937-940 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Henage, T.

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms," Nature Phys. 5,110-114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Johnson, E. Urban, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Rabi oscillations between ground and Rydberg states with dipole-dipole atomic interactions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,113003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirano, T.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, and T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, "Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,4713-4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hohenstatt, M.

W. Neuhauser, M. Hohenstatt, P. E. Toschek, and H. Dehmelt, "Localized visible Ba+ mono-ion oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 22,1137-1140 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

S. Chu, L. Hollberg, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Cable, and A. Ashkin, "Three-dimensional viscous confinement and cooling of atoms by resonance radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,48-51 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, Z.

Isenhower, L.

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms," Nature Phys. 5,110-114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Johnson, E. Urban, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Rabi oscillations between ground and Rydberg states with dipole-dipole atomic interactions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,113003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jackson, T. R.

A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams, "Coherent optical detection of highly excited Rydberg states using Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,113003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jaksch, D.

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, R. Coté, L. M. Duan, D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Dipole blockade and quantum information processing in mesoscopic atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87,037901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Coté, and M. D. Lukin, "Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,2208-2211 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, T. A.

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms," Nature Phys. 5,110-114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Johnson, E. Urban, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Rabi oscillations between ground and Rydberg states with dipole-dipole atomic interactions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,113003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kampschulte, T.

M. Khudaverdyan, W. Alt, I. Dotsenko, T. Kampschulte, K. Lenhard, A. Rauschenbeutel, S. Reick, K. Sch¨orner, A. Widera, and D. Meschede, "Controlled insertion and retrieval of atoms coupled to a high-finesse optical resonator," New J. Phys. 10,073023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Khudaverdyan, M.

M. Khudaverdyan, W. Alt, I. Dotsenko, T. Kampschulte, K. Lenhard, A. Rauschenbeutel, S. Reick, K. Sch¨orner, A. Widera, and D. Meschede, "Controlled insertion and retrieval of atoms coupled to a high-finesse optical resonator," New J. Phys. 10,073023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Dotsenko, W. Alt, M. Khudaverdyan, S. Kuhr, D. Meschede, Y. Miroshnychenko, D. Schrader, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Submicrometer position control of single trapped neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,033002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, M. Khudaverdyan, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Neutral atom quantum register," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93,150501 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimble, H. J.

Kuga, T.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, and T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, "Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,4713-4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kuhr, S.

S. Kuhr, W. Alt, D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Analysis of dephasing mechanisms in a standing-wave dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 72,023406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Dotsenko, W. Alt, M. Khudaverdyan, S. Kuhr, D. Meschede, Y. Miroshnychenko, D. Schrader, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Submicrometer position control of single trapped neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,033002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurtsiefer, C.

M. Weber, J. Volz, and K. Saucke, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, "Analysis of a single-atom dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 73,043406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lamare, M.

Y. R. P. Sortais, H. Marion, C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, M. Lamare, P. Fournet, C. Armellin, R. Mercier, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Diffraction-limited optics for single-atom manipulation," Phys. Rev. A 75,013406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lance, A. M.

Y. R. P. Sortais, H. Marion, C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, M. Lamare, P. Fournet, C. Armellin, R. Mercier, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Diffraction-limited optics for single-atom manipulation," Phys. Rev. A 75,013406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lenhard, K.

M. Khudaverdyan, W. Alt, I. Dotsenko, T. Kampschulte, K. Lenhard, A. Rauschenbeutel, S. Reick, K. Sch¨orner, A. Widera, and D. Meschede, "Controlled insertion and retrieval of atoms coupled to a high-finesse optical resonator," New J. Phys. 10,073023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lukin, M. D.

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, R. Coté, L. M. Duan, D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Dipole blockade and quantum information processing in mesoscopic atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87,037901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Coté, and M. D. Lukin, "Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,2208-2211 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madsen, L. B.

D. Møller, L. B. Madsen, and K. Mølmer, "Quantum gates and multiparticle entanglement by Rydberg excitation blockade and adiabatic passage," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,170504 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mandel, O.

O. Mandel, M. Greiner, A. Widera, T. Rom, T. W. H¨ansch, and I. Bloch, "Controlled collisions for multi-particle entanglement of optically trapped atoms," Nature 425,937-940 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marion, H.

Y. R. P. Sortais, H. Marion, C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, M. Lamare, P. Fournet, C. Armellin, R. Mercier, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Diffraction-limited optics for single-atom manipulation," Phys. Rev. A 75,013406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mercier, R.

Y. R. P. Sortais, H. Marion, C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, M. Lamare, P. Fournet, C. Armellin, R. Mercier, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Diffraction-limited optics for single-atom manipulation," Phys. Rev. A 75,013406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meschede, D.

M. Khudaverdyan, W. Alt, I. Dotsenko, T. Kampschulte, K. Lenhard, A. Rauschenbeutel, S. Reick, K. Sch¨orner, A. Widera, and D. Meschede, "Controlled insertion and retrieval of atoms coupled to a high-finesse optical resonator," New J. Phys. 10,073023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kuhr, W. Alt, D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Analysis of dephasing mechanisms in a standing-wave dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 72,023406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Dotsenko, W. Alt, M. Khudaverdyan, S. Kuhr, D. Meschede, Y. Miroshnychenko, D. Schrader, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Submicrometer position control of single trapped neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,033002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, M. Khudaverdyan, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Neutral atom quantum register," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93,150501 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Messin, G.

Y. R. P. Sortais, H. Marion, C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, M. Lamare, P. Fournet, C. Armellin, R. Mercier, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Diffraction-limited optics for single-atom manipulation," Phys. Rev. A 75,013406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miroshnychenko, Y.

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime," Nature Phys. 5,115-118 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Dotsenko, W. Alt, M. Khudaverdyan, S. Kuhr, D. Meschede, Y. Miroshnychenko, D. Schrader, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Submicrometer position control of single trapped neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,033002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kuhr, W. Alt, D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Analysis of dephasing mechanisms in a standing-wave dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 72,023406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, M. Khudaverdyan, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Neutral atom quantum register," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93,150501 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moehring, D. L.

B. B. Blinov, D. L. Moehring, L. M. Duan, and C. Monroe, "Observation of entanglement between a single trapped atom and a single photon," Nature 428,153-157 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mohapatra, A. K.

A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams, "Coherent optical detection of highly excited Rydberg states using Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,113003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Møller, D.

D. Møller, L. B. Madsen, and K. Mølmer, "Quantum gates and multiparticle entanglement by Rydberg excitation blockade and adiabatic passage," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,170504 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mølmer, K.

D. Møller, L. B. Madsen, and K. Mølmer, "Quantum gates and multiparticle entanglement by Rydberg excitation blockade and adiabatic passage," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,170504 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monroe, C.

B. B. Blinov, D. L. Moehring, L. M. Duan, and C. Monroe, "Observation of entanglement between a single trapped atom and a single photon," Nature 428,153-157 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neuhauser, W.

W. Neuhauser, M. Hohenstatt, P. E. Toschek, and H. Dehmelt, "Localized visible Ba+ mono-ion oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 22,1137-1140 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Pillet, P.

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime," Nature Phys. 5,115-118 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Protsenko, I.

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, "Sub-poissonian loading of single atoms in a microscopic dipole trap," Nature 411,1024-1027 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rauschenbeutel, A.

M. Khudaverdyan, W. Alt, I. Dotsenko, T. Kampschulte, K. Lenhard, A. Rauschenbeutel, S. Reick, K. Sch¨orner, A. Widera, and D. Meschede, "Controlled insertion and retrieval of atoms coupled to a high-finesse optical resonator," New J. Phys. 10,073023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kuhr, W. Alt, D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Analysis of dephasing mechanisms in a standing-wave dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 72,023406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Dotsenko, W. Alt, M. Khudaverdyan, S. Kuhr, D. Meschede, Y. Miroshnychenko, D. Schrader, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Submicrometer position control of single trapped neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,033002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, M. Khudaverdyan, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Neutral atom quantum register," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93,150501 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reetz-Lamour, M.

M. Reetz-Lamour, T. Amthor, J. Deiglmayr, and M. Weidem¨uller, "Rabi oscillations and excitation trapping in the coherent excitation of a mesoscopic frozen Rydberg gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,253001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reick, S.

M. Khudaverdyan, W. Alt, I. Dotsenko, T. Kampschulte, K. Lenhard, A. Rauschenbeutel, S. Reick, K. Sch¨orner, A. Widera, and D. Meschede, "Controlled insertion and retrieval of atoms coupled to a high-finesse optical resonator," New J. Phys. 10,073023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reymond, G.

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, "Sub-poissonian loading of single atoms in a microscopic dipole trap," Nature 411,1024-1027 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rolston, S. L.

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Coté, and M. D. Lukin, "Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,2208-2211 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rom, T.

O. Mandel, M. Greiner, A. Widera, T. Rom, T. W. H¨ansch, and I. Bloch, "Controlled collisions for multi-particle entanglement of optically trapped atoms," Nature 425,937-940 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saffman, M.

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms," Nature Phys. 5,110-114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Johnson, E. Urban, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Rabi oscillations between ground and Rydberg states with dipole-dipole atomic interactions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,113003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Saffman and T. G. Walker, "Analysis of a quantum logic device based on dipole-dipole interactions of optically trapped Rydberg atoms," Phys. Rev. A 72,022347 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sasada, H.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, and T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, "Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,4713-4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Saucke, K.

M. Weber, J. Volz, and K. Saucke, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, "Analysis of a single-atom dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 73,043406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sch¨orner, K.

M. Khudaverdyan, W. Alt, I. Dotsenko, T. Kampschulte, K. Lenhard, A. Rauschenbeutel, S. Reick, K. Sch¨orner, A. Widera, and D. Meschede, "Controlled insertion and retrieval of atoms coupled to a high-finesse optical resonator," New J. Phys. 10,073023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schlosser, N.

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, "Sub-poissonian loading of single atoms in a microscopic dipole trap," Nature 411,1024-1027 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schrader, D.

I. Dotsenko, W. Alt, M. Khudaverdyan, S. Kuhr, D. Meschede, Y. Miroshnychenko, D. Schrader, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Submicrometer position control of single trapped neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,033002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kuhr, W. Alt, D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Analysis of dephasing mechanisms in a standing-wave dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 72,023406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, M. Khudaverdyan, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Neutral atom quantum register," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93,150501 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimizu, Y.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, and T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, "Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,4713-4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shiokawa, N.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, and T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, "Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,4713-4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sortais, Y. R. P.

Y. R. P. Sortais, H. Marion, C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, M. Lamare, P. Fournet, C. Armellin, R. Mercier, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Diffraction-limited optics for single-atom manipulation," Phys. Rev. A 75,013406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Torii, Y.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, and T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, "Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,4713-4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Toschek, P. E.

W. Neuhauser, M. Hohenstatt, P. E. Toschek, and H. Dehmelt, "Localized visible Ba+ mono-ion oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 22,1137-1140 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Tuchendler, C.

Y. R. P. Sortais, H. Marion, C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, M. Lamare, P. Fournet, C. Armellin, R. Mercier, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Diffraction-limited optics for single-atom manipulation," Phys. Rev. A 75,013406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Urban, E.

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms," Nature Phys. 5,110-114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Johnson, E. Urban, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Rabi oscillations between ground and Rydberg states with dipole-dipole atomic interactions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,113003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Viteau, M.

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime," Nature Phys. 5,115-118 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Volz, J.

M. Weber, J. Volz, and K. Saucke, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, "Analysis of a single-atom dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 73,043406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Walker, T. G.

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms," Nature Phys. 5,110-114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Johnson, E. Urban, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Rabi oscillations between ground and Rydberg states with dipole-dipole atomic interactions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,113003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Saffman and T. G. Walker, "Analysis of a quantum logic device based on dipole-dipole interactions of optically trapped Rydberg atoms," Phys. Rev. A 72,022347 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M.

M. Weber, J. Volz, and K. Saucke, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, "Analysis of a single-atom dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 73,043406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weidem¨uller, M.

M. Reetz-Lamour, T. Amthor, J. Deiglmayr, and M. Weidem¨uller, "Rabi oscillations and excitation trapping in the coherent excitation of a mesoscopic frozen Rydberg gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,253001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinfurter, H.

M. Weber, J. Volz, and K. Saucke, C. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, "Analysis of a single-atom dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 73,043406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Widera, A.

M. Khudaverdyan, W. Alt, I. Dotsenko, T. Kampschulte, K. Lenhard, A. Rauschenbeutel, S. Reick, K. Sch¨orner, A. Widera, and D. Meschede, "Controlled insertion and retrieval of atoms coupled to a high-finesse optical resonator," New J. Phys. 10,073023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Mandel, M. Greiner, A. Widera, T. Rom, T. W. H¨ansch, and I. Bloch, "Controlled collisions for multi-particle entanglement of optically trapped atoms," Nature 425,937-940 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilk, T.

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime," Nature Phys. 5,115-118 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yavuz, D. D.

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms," Nature Phys. 5,110-114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Johnson, E. Urban, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Rabi oscillations between ground and Rydberg states with dipole-dipole atomic interactions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,113003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zoller, P.

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, R. Coté, L. M. Duan, D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Dipole blockade and quantum information processing in mesoscopic atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87,037901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Coté, and M. D. Lukin, "Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,2208-2211 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zoller, "Quantum optics: Tricks with a single photon," Nature 404,340-341 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (4)

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, "Sub-poissonian loading of single atoms in a microscopic dipole trap," Nature 411,1024-1027 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zoller, "Quantum optics: Tricks with a single photon," Nature 404,340-341 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. B. Blinov, D. L. Moehring, L. M. Duan, and C. Monroe, "Observation of entanglement between a single trapped atom and a single photon," Nature 428,153-157 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Mandel, M. Greiner, A. Widera, T. Rom, T. W. H¨ansch, and I. Bloch, "Controlled collisions for multi-particle entanglement of optically trapped atoms," Nature 425,937-940 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature Phys. (2)

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, "Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms," Nature Phys. 5,110-114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime," Nature Phys. 5,115-118 (2009).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

M. Khudaverdyan, W. Alt, I. Dotsenko, T. Kampschulte, K. Lenhard, A. Rauschenbeutel, S. Reick, K. Sch¨orner, A. Widera, and D. Meschede, "Controlled insertion and retrieval of atoms coupled to a high-finesse optical resonator," New J. Phys. 10,073023 (2008).
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Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (5)

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S. Kuhr, W. Alt, D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, "Analysis of dephasing mechanisms in a standing-wave dipole trap," Phys. Rev. A 72,023406 (2005).
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Y. R. P. Sortais, H. Marion, C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, M. Lamare, P. Fournet, C. Armellin, R. Mercier, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, "Diffraction-limited optics for single-atom manipulation," Phys. Rev. A 75,013406 (2007).
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Other (1)

K. Nakagawa, Y. Tamaki, M. Fukusen, The 63rd Japanese physics society conference, March, 2008.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Set up of single atom trap (top view). Rubidium atoms are contained in the glass cell. A single atom is trapped in the MOT with the MOT beams and the high magnetic field generated by quadruple coil. The fluorescence from the atom is focused by the aspherical lens. The image of atoms is taken by the CCD camera and the fluorescence signal from the atoms is accumulated by the Avalanche Photo Diode (APD).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The upper images are of 0~2 trapped atoms taken by the CCD camera (exposure time 1 s) with cooling laser detuning -6 MHz. The lower curve is the fluorescence signal detected by the APD and the corresponding atom number. The single atom level is around 2500 photon counts/100ms.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The upper image shows the experimental sequence for atoms transferred between the MOT and the FORT. The lower is the photon counting signal from the APD. The MOT is on for 1300 ms and off for 400 ms while the FORT is on for 500 ms and off for 1200 ms. The MOT and FORT overlap for 100 ms. Loss of atoms is caused by atom collisions in the MOT and in the FORT. The transfer efficiency of a single atom between MOT and FORT is around 95%.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measuring the temperature of a single atom confined in the dipole trap by fitting an exponential decay curve to the release trap loss probability data. The error bars are ±10% of the normalized data.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Configuration of the injection of the 780nm coupling laser and the 480nm pump laser. (a) Energy level and the corresponding excitation laser from the ground state to the Rydberg state. Here, Δ=400 MHz. (b) The coupling laser and the pump laser are injected along opposite directions of the dipole trap axis.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Configuration of sequence for single atom Rabi oscillation measurement.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Spectrum of the two photon transition resonance from the ground state to the Rydberg state (n=43). Squares show the experimental normalized data. The red curve is a Lorentzian function fitted to the data. The error bars are typically ±10% of the data.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Rabi oscillations of a single atom between the ground state and Rydberg state (n=43) with Rydberg interactions in dipole trap. The effective power of coupling laser and pump blue laser is 2 µW and 2 mW, respectively. The waist radius is about 42 µm and 9 µm respectively. Squares are the experimental data. Each data point is the normalized average of more than 10 single atom experiments. We fit the data with the function y0+Asin(Ω t+ϕ) e -t/τ . Error bar is ±10% of the data.

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