Abstract

We present a novel method to measure the chromatic dispersion of fibers with lengths of several kilometers. The technique is based on a rapidly swept Fourier domain mode locked laser driven at 50kHz repetition rate. Amplitude modulation with 400MHz and phase analysis yield the dispersion values over a 130nm continuous wavelength tuning range covering C and L band. The high acquisition speed of 10µs for individual wavelength-resolved traces Δt(λ) can reduce effects caused by thermal drift and acoustic vibrations. It enables real-time monitoring with update rates >100Hz even when averaging several hundred acquisitions for improved accuracy.

© 2009 OSA

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  1. R. Huber, M. Wojtkowski, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Fourier Domain Mode Locking (FDML): A new laser operating regime and applications for optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 14(8), 3225–3237 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. R. Biedermann, W. Wieser, C. M. Eigenwillig, T. Klein, and R. Huber, “Dispersion, coherence and noise of Fourier domain mode locked lasers,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9947–9961 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. M. Andrews, Y. Chen, M. L. Onozato, S. W. Huang, D. C. Adler, R. A. Huber, J. Jiang, S. E. Barry, A. E. Cable, and J. G. Fujimoto, “High-resolution optical coherence tomography imaging of the living kidney,” Lab. Invest. 88(4), 441–449 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. W. Huang, A. D. Aguirre, R. A. Huber, D. C. Adler, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Swept source optical coherence microscopy using a Fourier domain mode-locked laser,” Opt. Express 15(10), 6210–6217 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. W. Jenkins, D. C. Adler, M. Gargesha, R. Huber, F. Rothenberg, J. Belding, M. Watanabe, D. L. Wilson, J. G. Fujimoto, and A. M. Rollins, “Ultrahigh-speed optical coherence tomography imaging and visualization of the embryonic avian heart using a buffered Fourier Domain Mode Locked laser,” Opt. Express 15(10), 6251–6267 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. J. Jung, C. S. Kim, M. Y. Jeong, M. K. Kim, M. Y. Jeon, W. Jung, and Z. P. Chen, “Characterization of FBG sensor interrogation based on a FDML wavelength swept laser,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16552–16560 (2008).
  7. L. A. Kranendonk, X. An, A. W. Caswell, R. E. Herold, S. T. Sanders, R. Huber, J. G. Fujimoto, Y. Okura, and Y. Urata, “High speed engine gas thermometry by Fourier-domain mode-locked laser absorption spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15115–15128 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. A. Kranendonk, R. Huber, J. G. Fujimoto, and S. T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile H2O absorption spectrometer for thermometry of general combustion gases,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 31(1), 783–790 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and S. Seikai, “Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 404–407 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Y. Lee and D. Y. Kim, “Versatile chromatic dispersion measurement of a single mode fiber using spectral white light interferometry,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11608–11615 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Benner, “Optical Fiber Dispersion Measurement Using Color Center Laser,” Electron. Lett. 27(19), 1748–1750 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. G. Cohen, “Comparison of Single-Mode Fiber Dispersion Measurement Techniques,” J. Lightwave Technol. 3(5), 958–966 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. G. Cohen and C. Lin, “Pulse delay measurements in zero material dispersion wavelength region for optical fibers,” Appl. Opt. 16(12), 3136–3139 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Lin, L. G. Cohen, W. G. French, and H. M. Presby, “Measuring Dispersion in Single-Mode Fibers in the 1.1-1.3-mu-m Spectral Region - Pulse Synchronization Technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 33–36 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Sugimura and K. Daikoku, “Wavelength Dispersion of Optical Fibers Directly Measured by Difference Method” in the 0.8-1.6 mu-m Range,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50(3), 343–346 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. Christensen, J. Mark, G. Jacobsen, and E. Bo̸dtker, “Simpel dispersion measurement technique with high resolution,” Electron. Lett. 29, 132–134 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Ryu, Y. Horiuchi, and K. Mochizuki, “Novel Chromatic Dispersion Measurement Method Over Continuous Gigahertz Tuning Range,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1177–1180 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Hult, R. S. Watt, and C. F. Kaminski, “Dispersion measurement in optical fibers using supercontinuum pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(3), 820–824 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. S. Abedin, “Rapid, cost-effective measurement of chromatic dispersion of optical fibre over 1440-1625 nm using Sagnac interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 41(8), 469–471 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Fujise, M. Kuwazuru, M. Nunokawa, and Y. Iwamoto, “Highly Accurate Long-Span Chromatic Dispersion Measurement System by a New Physe-Shift Technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(6), 751–758 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  21. B. R. Biedermann, W. Wieser, C. M. Eigenwillig, G. Palte, D. C. Adler, V. J. Srinivasan, J. G. Fujimoto, and R. Huber, “Real time en face Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography with direct hardware frequency demodulation,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2556–2558 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, and N. Onodera, “Measurement of the chromatic dispersion of an optical fiber by use of a Sagnac interferometer employing asymmetric modulation,” Opt. Lett. 25(5), 299–301 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

2007 (5)

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

K. S. Abedin, “Rapid, cost-effective measurement of chromatic dispersion of optical fibre over 1440-1625 nm using Sagnac interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 41(8), 469–471 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1993 (1)

B. Christensen, J. Mark, G. Jacobsen, and E. Bo̸dtker, “Simpel dispersion measurement technique with high resolution,” Electron. Lett. 29, 132–134 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

A. Benner, “Optical Fiber Dispersion Measurement Using Color Center Laser,” Electron. Lett. 27(19), 1748–1750 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

S. Ryu, Y. Horiuchi, and K. Mochizuki, “Novel Chromatic Dispersion Measurement Method Over Continuous Gigahertz Tuning Range,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1177–1180 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

M. Fujise, M. Kuwazuru, M. Nunokawa, and Y. Iwamoto, “Highly Accurate Long-Span Chromatic Dispersion Measurement System by a New Physe-Shift Technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(6), 751–758 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

L. G. Cohen, “Comparison of Single-Mode Fiber Dispersion Measurement Techniques,” J. Lightwave Technol. 3(5), 958–966 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and S. Seikai, “Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 404–407 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

C. Lin, L. G. Cohen, W. G. French, and H. M. Presby, “Measuring Dispersion in Single-Mode Fibers in the 1.1-1.3-mu-m Spectral Region - Pulse Synchronization Technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 33–36 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

A. Sugimura and K. Daikoku, “Wavelength Dispersion of Optical Fibers Directly Measured by Difference Method” in the 0.8-1.6 mu-m Range,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50(3), 343–346 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

Abedin, K. S.

K. S. Abedin, “Rapid, cost-effective measurement of chromatic dispersion of optical fibre over 1440-1625 nm using Sagnac interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 41(8), 469–471 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, and N. Onodera, “Measurement of the chromatic dispersion of an optical fiber by use of a Sagnac interferometer employing asymmetric modulation,” Opt. Lett. 25(5), 299–301 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Adler, D. C.

Aguirre, A. D.

An, X.

Andrews, P. M.

P. M. Andrews, Y. Chen, M. L. Onozato, S. W. Huang, D. C. Adler, R. A. Huber, J. Jiang, S. E. Barry, A. E. Cable, and J. G. Fujimoto, “High-resolution optical coherence tomography imaging of the living kidney,” Lab. Invest. 88(4), 441–449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barry, S. E.

P. M. Andrews, Y. Chen, M. L. Onozato, S. W. Huang, D. C. Adler, R. A. Huber, J. Jiang, S. E. Barry, A. E. Cable, and J. G. Fujimoto, “High-resolution optical coherence tomography imaging of the living kidney,” Lab. Invest. 88(4), 441–449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Belding, J.

Benner, A.

A. Benner, “Optical Fiber Dispersion Measurement Using Color Center Laser,” Electron. Lett. 27(19), 1748–1750 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Biedermann, B. R.

Bo?dtker, E.

B. Christensen, J. Mark, G. Jacobsen, and E. Bo̸dtker, “Simpel dispersion measurement technique with high resolution,” Electron. Lett. 29, 132–134 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cable, A. E.

P. M. Andrews, Y. Chen, M. L. Onozato, S. W. Huang, D. C. Adler, R. A. Huber, J. Jiang, S. E. Barry, A. E. Cable, and J. G. Fujimoto, “High-resolution optical coherence tomography imaging of the living kidney,” Lab. Invest. 88(4), 441–449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Caswell, A. W.

Chen, Y.

P. M. Andrews, Y. Chen, M. L. Onozato, S. W. Huang, D. C. Adler, R. A. Huber, J. Jiang, S. E. Barry, A. E. Cable, and J. G. Fujimoto, “High-resolution optical coherence tomography imaging of the living kidney,” Lab. Invest. 88(4), 441–449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. P.

Christensen, B.

B. Christensen, J. Mark, G. Jacobsen, and E. Bo̸dtker, “Simpel dispersion measurement technique with high resolution,” Electron. Lett. 29, 132–134 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, L. G.

L. G. Cohen, “Comparison of Single-Mode Fiber Dispersion Measurement Techniques,” J. Lightwave Technol. 3(5), 958–966 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C. Lin, L. G. Cohen, W. G. French, and H. M. Presby, “Measuring Dispersion in Single-Mode Fibers in the 1.1-1.3-mu-m Spectral Region - Pulse Synchronization Technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 33–36 (1980).
[CrossRef]

L. G. Cohen and C. Lin, “Pulse delay measurements in zero material dispersion wavelength region for optical fibers,” Appl. Opt. 16(12), 3136–3139 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Daikoku, K.

A. Sugimura and K. Daikoku, “Wavelength Dispersion of Optical Fibers Directly Measured by Difference Method” in the 0.8-1.6 mu-m Range,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50(3), 343–346 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Eigenwillig, C. M.

French, W. G.

C. Lin, L. G. Cohen, W. G. French, and H. M. Presby, “Measuring Dispersion in Single-Mode Fibers in the 1.1-1.3-mu-m Spectral Region - Pulse Synchronization Technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 33–36 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

B. R. Biedermann, W. Wieser, C. M. Eigenwillig, G. Palte, D. C. Adler, V. J. Srinivasan, J. G. Fujimoto, and R. Huber, “Real time en face Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography with direct hardware frequency demodulation,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2556–2558 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Andrews, Y. Chen, M. L. Onozato, S. W. Huang, D. C. Adler, R. A. Huber, J. Jiang, S. E. Barry, A. E. Cable, and J. G. Fujimoto, “High-resolution optical coherence tomography imaging of the living kidney,” Lab. Invest. 88(4), 441–449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Jenkins, D. C. Adler, M. Gargesha, R. Huber, F. Rothenberg, J. Belding, M. Watanabe, D. L. Wilson, J. G. Fujimoto, and A. M. Rollins, “Ultrahigh-speed optical coherence tomography imaging and visualization of the embryonic avian heart using a buffered Fourier Domain Mode Locked laser,” Opt. Express 15(10), 6251–6267 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Kranendonk, X. An, A. W. Caswell, R. E. Herold, S. T. Sanders, R. Huber, J. G. Fujimoto, Y. Okura, and Y. Urata, “High speed engine gas thermometry by Fourier-domain mode-locked laser absorption spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15115–15128 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Kranendonk, R. Huber, J. G. Fujimoto, and S. T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile H2O absorption spectrometer for thermometry of general combustion gases,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 31(1), 783–790 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Huang, A. D. Aguirre, R. A. Huber, D. C. Adler, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Swept source optical coherence microscopy using a Fourier domain mode-locked laser,” Opt. Express 15(10), 6210–6217 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Huber, M. Wojtkowski, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Fourier Domain Mode Locking (FDML): A new laser operating regime and applications for optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 14(8), 3225–3237 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fujise, M.

M. Fujise, M. Kuwazuru, M. Nunokawa, and Y. Iwamoto, “Highly Accurate Long-Span Chromatic Dispersion Measurement System by a New Physe-Shift Technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(6), 751–758 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Gargesha, M.

Herold, R. E.

Horiuchi, Y.

S. Ryu, Y. Horiuchi, and K. Mochizuki, “Novel Chromatic Dispersion Measurement Method Over Continuous Gigahertz Tuning Range,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1177–1180 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. W.

P. M. Andrews, Y. Chen, M. L. Onozato, S. W. Huang, D. C. Adler, R. A. Huber, J. Jiang, S. E. Barry, A. E. Cable, and J. G. Fujimoto, “High-resolution optical coherence tomography imaging of the living kidney,” Lab. Invest. 88(4), 441–449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Huang, A. D. Aguirre, R. A. Huber, D. C. Adler, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Swept source optical coherence microscopy using a Fourier domain mode-locked laser,” Opt. Express 15(10), 6210–6217 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huber, R.

B. R. Biedermann, W. Wieser, C. M. Eigenwillig, T. Klein, and R. Huber, “Dispersion, coherence and noise of Fourier domain mode locked lasers,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9947–9961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Biedermann, W. Wieser, C. M. Eigenwillig, G. Palte, D. C. Adler, V. J. Srinivasan, J. G. Fujimoto, and R. Huber, “Real time en face Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography with direct hardware frequency demodulation,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2556–2558 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Jenkins, D. C. Adler, M. Gargesha, R. Huber, F. Rothenberg, J. Belding, M. Watanabe, D. L. Wilson, J. G. Fujimoto, and A. M. Rollins, “Ultrahigh-speed optical coherence tomography imaging and visualization of the embryonic avian heart using a buffered Fourier Domain Mode Locked laser,” Opt. Express 15(10), 6251–6267 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Kranendonk, X. An, A. W. Caswell, R. E. Herold, S. T. Sanders, R. Huber, J. G. Fujimoto, Y. Okura, and Y. Urata, “High speed engine gas thermometry by Fourier-domain mode-locked laser absorption spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15115–15128 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Kranendonk, R. Huber, J. G. Fujimoto, and S. T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile H2O absorption spectrometer for thermometry of general combustion gases,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 31(1), 783–790 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Huber, M. Wojtkowski, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Fourier Domain Mode Locking (FDML): A new laser operating regime and applications for optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 14(8), 3225–3237 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huber, R. A.

P. M. Andrews, Y. Chen, M. L. Onozato, S. W. Huang, D. C. Adler, R. A. Huber, J. Jiang, S. E. Barry, A. E. Cable, and J. G. Fujimoto, “High-resolution optical coherence tomography imaging of the living kidney,” Lab. Invest. 88(4), 441–449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Huang, A. D. Aguirre, R. A. Huber, D. C. Adler, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Swept source optical coherence microscopy using a Fourier domain mode-locked laser,” Opt. Express 15(10), 6210–6217 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hult, J.

Hyodo, M.

Iwamoto, Y.

M. Fujise, M. Kuwazuru, M. Nunokawa, and Y. Iwamoto, “Highly Accurate Long-Span Chromatic Dispersion Measurement System by a New Physe-Shift Technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(6), 751–758 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Jacobsen, G.

B. Christensen, J. Mark, G. Jacobsen, and E. Bo̸dtker, “Simpel dispersion measurement technique with high resolution,” Electron. Lett. 29, 132–134 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jenkins, M. W.

Jeon, M. Y.

Jeong, M. Y.

Jiang, J.

P. M. Andrews, Y. Chen, M. L. Onozato, S. W. Huang, D. C. Adler, R. A. Huber, J. Jiang, S. E. Barry, A. E. Cable, and J. G. Fujimoto, “High-resolution optical coherence tomography imaging of the living kidney,” Lab. Invest. 88(4), 441–449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jung, E. J.

Jung, W.

Kaminski, C. F.

Kim, C. S.

Kim, D. Y.

Kim, M. K.

Klein, T.

Kranendonk, L. A.

L. A. Kranendonk, X. An, A. W. Caswell, R. E. Herold, S. T. Sanders, R. Huber, J. G. Fujimoto, Y. Okura, and Y. Urata, “High speed engine gas thermometry by Fourier-domain mode-locked laser absorption spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15115–15128 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Kranendonk, R. Huber, J. G. Fujimoto, and S. T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile H2O absorption spectrometer for thermometry of general combustion gases,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 31(1), 783–790 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuwazuru, M.

M. Fujise, M. Kuwazuru, M. Nunokawa, and Y. Iwamoto, “Highly Accurate Long-Span Chromatic Dispersion Measurement System by a New Physe-Shift Technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(6), 751–758 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. Y.

Lin, C.

C. Lin, L. G. Cohen, W. G. French, and H. M. Presby, “Measuring Dispersion in Single-Mode Fibers in the 1.1-1.3-mu-m Spectral Region - Pulse Synchronization Technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 33–36 (1980).
[CrossRef]

L. G. Cohen and C. Lin, “Pulse delay measurements in zero material dispersion wavelength region for optical fibers,” Appl. Opt. 16(12), 3136–3139 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Mark, J.

B. Christensen, J. Mark, G. Jacobsen, and E. Bo̸dtker, “Simpel dispersion measurement technique with high resolution,” Electron. Lett. 29, 132–134 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mochizuki, K.

S. Ryu, Y. Horiuchi, and K. Mochizuki, “Novel Chromatic Dispersion Measurement Method Over Continuous Gigahertz Tuning Range,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1177–1180 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nunokawa, M.

M. Fujise, M. Kuwazuru, M. Nunokawa, and Y. Iwamoto, “Highly Accurate Long-Span Chromatic Dispersion Measurement System by a New Physe-Shift Technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(6), 751–758 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Okura, Y.

Onodera, N.

Onozato, M. L.

P. M. Andrews, Y. Chen, M. L. Onozato, S. W. Huang, D. C. Adler, R. A. Huber, J. Jiang, S. E. Barry, A. E. Cable, and J. G. Fujimoto, “High-resolution optical coherence tomography imaging of the living kidney,” Lab. Invest. 88(4), 441–449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Palte, G.

Presby, H. M.

C. Lin, L. G. Cohen, W. G. French, and H. M. Presby, “Measuring Dispersion in Single-Mode Fibers in the 1.1-1.3-mu-m Spectral Region - Pulse Synchronization Technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 33–36 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Rollins, A. M.

Rothenberg, F.

Ryu, S.

S. Ryu, Y. Horiuchi, and K. Mochizuki, “Novel Chromatic Dispersion Measurement Method Over Continuous Gigahertz Tuning Range,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1177–1180 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sanders, S. T.

L. A. Kranendonk, X. An, A. W. Caswell, R. E. Herold, S. T. Sanders, R. Huber, J. G. Fujimoto, Y. Okura, and Y. Urata, “High speed engine gas thermometry by Fourier-domain mode-locked laser absorption spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15115–15128 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Kranendonk, R. Huber, J. G. Fujimoto, and S. T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile H2O absorption spectrometer for thermometry of general combustion gases,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 31(1), 783–790 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Seikai, S.

M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and S. Seikai, “Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 404–407 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, N.

M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and S. Seikai, “Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 404–407 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Srinivasan, V. J.

Sugimura, A.

A. Sugimura and K. Daikoku, “Wavelength Dispersion of Optical Fibers Directly Measured by Difference Method” in the 0.8-1.6 mu-m Range,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50(3), 343–346 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Tateda, M.

M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and S. Seikai, “Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 404–407 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Urata, Y.

Watanabe, M.

Watt, R. S.

Wieser, W.

Wilson, D. L.

Wojtkowski, M.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (3)

K. S. Abedin, “Rapid, cost-effective measurement of chromatic dispersion of optical fibre over 1440-1625 nm using Sagnac interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 41(8), 469–471 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Christensen, J. Mark, G. Jacobsen, and E. Bo̸dtker, “Simpel dispersion measurement technique with high resolution,” Electron. Lett. 29, 132–134 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Benner, “Optical Fiber Dispersion Measurement Using Color Center Laser,” Electron. Lett. 27(19), 1748–1750 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and S. Seikai, “Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 404–407 (1981).
[CrossRef]

C. Lin, L. G. Cohen, W. G. French, and H. M. Presby, “Measuring Dispersion in Single-Mode Fibers in the 1.1-1.3-mu-m Spectral Region - Pulse Synchronization Technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 33–36 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

L. G. Cohen, “Comparison of Single-Mode Fiber Dispersion Measurement Techniques,” J. Lightwave Technol. 3(5), 958–966 (1985).
[CrossRef]

S. Ryu, Y. Horiuchi, and K. Mochizuki, “Novel Chromatic Dispersion Measurement Method Over Continuous Gigahertz Tuning Range,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1177–1180 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujise, M. Kuwazuru, M. Nunokawa, and Y. Iwamoto, “Highly Accurate Long-Span Chromatic Dispersion Measurement System by a New Physe-Shift Technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(6), 751–758 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Hult, R. S. Watt, and C. F. Kaminski, “Dispersion measurement in optical fibers using supercontinuum pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(3), 820–824 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lab. Invest. (1)

P. M. Andrews, Y. Chen, M. L. Onozato, S. W. Huang, D. C. Adler, R. A. Huber, J. Jiang, S. E. Barry, A. E. Cable, and J. G. Fujimoto, “High-resolution optical coherence tomography imaging of the living kidney,” Lab. Invest. 88(4), 441–449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

S. W. Huang, A. D. Aguirre, R. A. Huber, D. C. Adler, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Swept source optical coherence microscopy using a Fourier domain mode-locked laser,” Opt. Express 15(10), 6210–6217 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Jenkins, D. C. Adler, M. Gargesha, R. Huber, F. Rothenberg, J. Belding, M. Watanabe, D. L. Wilson, J. G. Fujimoto, and A. M. Rollins, “Ultrahigh-speed optical coherence tomography imaging and visualization of the embryonic avian heart using a buffered Fourier Domain Mode Locked laser,” Opt. Express 15(10), 6251–6267 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Kranendonk, X. An, A. W. Caswell, R. E. Herold, S. T. Sanders, R. Huber, J. G. Fujimoto, Y. Okura, and Y. Urata, “High speed engine gas thermometry by Fourier-domain mode-locked laser absorption spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15115–15128 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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R. Huber, M. Wojtkowski, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Fourier Domain Mode Locking (FDML): A new laser operating regime and applications for optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 14(8), 3225–3237 (2006).
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J. Y. Lee and D. Y. Kim, “Versatile chromatic dispersion measurement of a single mode fiber using spectral white light interferometry,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11608–11615 (2006).
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Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. Combust. Inst. (1)

L. A. Kranendonk, R. Huber, J. G. Fujimoto, and S. T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile H2O absorption spectrometer for thermometry of general combustion gases,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 31(1), 783–790 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. Sugimura and K. Daikoku, “Wavelength Dispersion of Optical Fibers Directly Measured by Difference Method” in the 0.8-1.6 mu-m Range,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50(3), 343–346 (1979).
[CrossRef]

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