Abstract

A new fiber-optic pH sensor based on a thin-core fiber modal interferometer with electrostatic self-assembled nanocoating is presented. After inserting a segment of thin-core fiber into a standard single-mode fiber, high-order cladding modes are excited and interfere with the core mode to form an in-fiber modal interferometer. The side surface of the sensor is then deposited with poly(allylamine hydrochloride) and poly(acrylic acid) nanocoating by electrostatic self-assembly technique. A fast and linear response is obtained in either acid or alkali solution (in the pH range 2.5 to 10) with resolution of 0.013 pH unit.

© 2009 OSA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. Lehmann, G. Schwotzer, P. Czerney, and G. J. Mohr, “Fiber-optic pH meter using NIR dye,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 29(1–3), 392–400 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. A. Wallace, N. Elliott, M. Uttamlal, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and M. Campbell, “Development of a quasi-distributed optical fibre pH sensor using a covalently bound indicator,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 882–886 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. O. B. Miled, A. B. Ouada, and J. Livage, “pH sensor based on a detection sol–gel layer onto optical fiber,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 21(1–2), 183–188 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. K. Sharma and B. D. Gupta, “Fabrication and characterization of a fiber-optic pH sensor for the pH range 2 to 13,” Fiber Int. Opt. 23(4), 327–335 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Goicoechea, C. R. Zamarreño, I. R. Matías, and F. J. Arregui, “Optical fiber pH sensors based on layer-by-layer electrostatic self-assembled neutral red,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 132(1), 305–311 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. H. Yang and L. L. Wang, “Fluorescence pH probe based on microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16478–16483 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-25-16478 .
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Safavi and M. Bagheri, “Novel optical pH sensor for high and low pH values,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1–3), 143–150 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. D. Gupta and S. Sharma, “A long-range fiber optic pH sensor prepared by dye doped sol-gel immobilization technique,” Opt. Commun. 154(5–6), 282–284 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. D. Gupta and S. Sharma, “Fabrication and characterization of pH sensor based on side polished single mode optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 216(4–6), 299–303 (2002).
  10. S. Dong, M. Luo, G. Peng, and W. Cheng, “Broad range pH sensor based on sol–gel entrapped indicators on fibre optic,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 129(1), 94–98 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. B. Thompson and J. R. Lakowicz, “Fiber optic pH sensor based on phase fluorescence lifetimes,” Anal. Chem. 65(7), 853–856 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, “Distributed pH and water detection using fiber-optic sensors and hydrogels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(7), 1415–1420 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Goicoechea, C. R. Zamarreño, I. R. Matías, and F. J. Arregui, “Utilization of white light interferometry in pH sensing applications by mean of the fabrication of nanostructured cavities,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 138(2), 613–618 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. M. Corres, I. del Villar, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, “Fiber-optic pH-sensors in long-period fiber gratings using electrostatic self-assembly,” Opt. Lett. 32(1), 29–31 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2009

J. Goicoechea, C. R. Zamarreño, I. R. Matías, and F. J. Arregui, “Utilization of white light interferometry in pH sensing applications by mean of the fabrication of nanostructured cavities,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 138(2), 613–618 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

S. Dong, M. Luo, G. Peng, and W. Cheng, “Broad range pH sensor based on sol–gel entrapped indicators on fibre optic,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 129(1), 94–98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Goicoechea, C. R. Zamarreño, I. R. Matías, and F. J. Arregui, “Optical fiber pH sensors based on layer-by-layer electrostatic self-assembled neutral red,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 132(1), 305–311 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2004

N. K. Sharma and B. D. Gupta, “Fabrication and characterization of a fiber-optic pH sensor for the pH range 2 to 13,” Fiber Int. Opt. 23(4), 327–335 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. Safavi and M. Bagheri, “Novel optical pH sensor for high and low pH values,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1–3), 143–150 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

B. D. Gupta and S. Sharma, “Fabrication and characterization of pH sensor based on side polished single mode optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 216(4–6), 299–303 (2002).

O. B. Miled, A. B. Ouada, and J. Livage, “pH sensor based on a detection sol–gel layer onto optical fiber,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 21(1–2), 183–188 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

P. A. Wallace, N. Elliott, M. Uttamlal, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and M. Campbell, “Development of a quasi-distributed optical fibre pH sensor using a covalently bound indicator,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 882–886 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

B. D. Gupta and S. Sharma, “A long-range fiber optic pH sensor prepared by dye doped sol-gel immobilization technique,” Opt. Commun. 154(5–6), 282–284 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, “Distributed pH and water detection using fiber-optic sensors and hydrogels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(7), 1415–1420 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Lehmann, G. Schwotzer, P. Czerney, and G. J. Mohr, “Fiber-optic pH meter using NIR dye,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 29(1–3), 392–400 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

R. B. Thompson and J. R. Lakowicz, “Fiber optic pH sensor based on phase fluorescence lifetimes,” Anal. Chem. 65(7), 853–856 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Arregui, F. J.

J. Goicoechea, C. R. Zamarreño, I. R. Matías, and F. J. Arregui, “Utilization of white light interferometry in pH sensing applications by mean of the fabrication of nanostructured cavities,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 138(2), 613–618 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Goicoechea, C. R. Zamarreño, I. R. Matías, and F. J. Arregui, “Optical fiber pH sensors based on layer-by-layer electrostatic self-assembled neutral red,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 132(1), 305–311 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bagheri, M.

A. Safavi and M. Bagheri, “Novel optical pH sensor for high and low pH values,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1–3), 143–150 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, M.

P. A. Wallace, N. Elliott, M. Uttamlal, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and M. Campbell, “Development of a quasi-distributed optical fibre pH sensor using a covalently bound indicator,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 882–886 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, W.

S. Dong, M. Luo, G. Peng, and W. Cheng, “Broad range pH sensor based on sol–gel entrapped indicators on fibre optic,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 129(1), 94–98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Culshaw, B.

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, “Distributed pH and water detection using fiber-optic sensors and hydrogels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(7), 1415–1420 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Czerney, P.

H. Lehmann, G. Schwotzer, P. Czerney, and G. J. Mohr, “Fiber-optic pH meter using NIR dye,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 29(1–3), 392–400 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dong, S.

S. Dong, M. Luo, G. Peng, and W. Cheng, “Broad range pH sensor based on sol–gel entrapped indicators on fibre optic,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 129(1), 94–98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Elliott, N.

P. A. Wallace, N. Elliott, M. Uttamlal, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and M. Campbell, “Development of a quasi-distributed optical fibre pH sensor using a covalently bound indicator,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 882–886 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Goicoechea, J.

J. Goicoechea, C. R. Zamarreño, I. R. Matías, and F. J. Arregui, “Utilization of white light interferometry in pH sensing applications by mean of the fabrication of nanostructured cavities,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 138(2), 613–618 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Goicoechea, C. R. Zamarreño, I. R. Matías, and F. J. Arregui, “Optical fiber pH sensors based on layer-by-layer electrostatic self-assembled neutral red,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 132(1), 305–311 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Graham, N. B.

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, “Distributed pH and water detection using fiber-optic sensors and hydrogels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(7), 1415–1420 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, B. D.

N. K. Sharma and B. D. Gupta, “Fabrication and characterization of a fiber-optic pH sensor for the pH range 2 to 13,” Fiber Int. Opt. 23(4), 327–335 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Gupta and S. Sharma, “Fabrication and characterization of pH sensor based on side polished single mode optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 216(4–6), 299–303 (2002).

B. D. Gupta and S. Sharma, “A long-range fiber optic pH sensor prepared by dye doped sol-gel immobilization technique,” Opt. Commun. 154(5–6), 282–284 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Holmes-Smith, A. S.

P. A. Wallace, N. Elliott, M. Uttamlal, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and M. Campbell, “Development of a quasi-distributed optical fibre pH sensor using a covalently bound indicator,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 882–886 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, S.

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, “Distributed pH and water detection using fiber-optic sensors and hydrogels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(7), 1415–1420 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Konstantaki, M.

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, “Distributed pH and water detection using fiber-optic sensors and hydrogels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(7), 1415–1420 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lakowicz, J. R.

R. B. Thompson and J. R. Lakowicz, “Fiber optic pH sensor based on phase fluorescence lifetimes,” Anal. Chem. 65(7), 853–856 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lehmann, H.

H. Lehmann, G. Schwotzer, P. Czerney, and G. J. Mohr, “Fiber-optic pH meter using NIR dye,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 29(1–3), 392–400 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Livage, J.

O. B. Miled, A. B. Ouada, and J. Livage, “pH sensor based on a detection sol–gel layer onto optical fiber,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 21(1–2), 183–188 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Luo, M.

S. Dong, M. Luo, G. Peng, and W. Cheng, “Broad range pH sensor based on sol–gel entrapped indicators on fibre optic,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 129(1), 94–98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Matías, I. R.

J. Goicoechea, C. R. Zamarreño, I. R. Matías, and F. J. Arregui, “Utilization of white light interferometry in pH sensing applications by mean of the fabrication of nanostructured cavities,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 138(2), 613–618 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Goicoechea, C. R. Zamarreño, I. R. Matías, and F. J. Arregui, “Optical fiber pH sensors based on layer-by-layer electrostatic self-assembled neutral red,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 132(1), 305–311 (2008).
[CrossRef]

McKenzie, I.

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, “Distributed pH and water detection using fiber-optic sensors and hydrogels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(7), 1415–1420 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Michie, W. C.

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, “Distributed pH and water detection using fiber-optic sensors and hydrogels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(7), 1415–1420 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Miled, O. B.

O. B. Miled, A. B. Ouada, and J. Livage, “pH sensor based on a detection sol–gel layer onto optical fiber,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 21(1–2), 183–188 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mohr, G. J.

H. Lehmann, G. Schwotzer, P. Czerney, and G. J. Mohr, “Fiber-optic pH meter using NIR dye,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 29(1–3), 392–400 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Moran, C.

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, “Distributed pH and water detection using fiber-optic sensors and hydrogels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(7), 1415–1420 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ouada, A. B.

O. B. Miled, A. B. Ouada, and J. Livage, “pH sensor based on a detection sol–gel layer onto optical fiber,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 21(1–2), 183–188 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peng, G.

S. Dong, M. Luo, G. Peng, and W. Cheng, “Broad range pH sensor based on sol–gel entrapped indicators on fibre optic,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 129(1), 94–98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Safavi, A.

A. Safavi and M. Bagheri, “Novel optical pH sensor for high and low pH values,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1–3), 143–150 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schwotzer, G.

H. Lehmann, G. Schwotzer, P. Czerney, and G. J. Mohr, “Fiber-optic pH meter using NIR dye,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 29(1–3), 392–400 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, N. K.

N. K. Sharma and B. D. Gupta, “Fabrication and characterization of a fiber-optic pH sensor for the pH range 2 to 13,” Fiber Int. Opt. 23(4), 327–335 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, S.

B. D. Gupta and S. Sharma, “Fabrication and characterization of pH sensor based on side polished single mode optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 216(4–6), 299–303 (2002).

B. D. Gupta and S. Sharma, “A long-range fiber optic pH sensor prepared by dye doped sol-gel immobilization technique,” Opt. Commun. 154(5–6), 282–284 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, R. B.

R. B. Thompson and J. R. Lakowicz, “Fiber optic pH sensor based on phase fluorescence lifetimes,” Anal. Chem. 65(7), 853–856 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Uttamlal, M.

P. A. Wallace, N. Elliott, M. Uttamlal, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and M. Campbell, “Development of a quasi-distributed optical fibre pH sensor using a covalently bound indicator,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 882–886 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wallace, P. A.

P. A. Wallace, N. Elliott, M. Uttamlal, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and M. Campbell, “Development of a quasi-distributed optical fibre pH sensor using a covalently bound indicator,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 882–886 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. L.

Yang, X. H.

Zamarreño, C. R.

J. Goicoechea, C. R. Zamarreño, I. R. Matías, and F. J. Arregui, “Utilization of white light interferometry in pH sensing applications by mean of the fabrication of nanostructured cavities,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 138(2), 613–618 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Goicoechea, C. R. Zamarreño, I. R. Matías, and F. J. Arregui, “Optical fiber pH sensors based on layer-by-layer electrostatic self-assembled neutral red,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 132(1), 305–311 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem.

R. B. Thompson and J. R. Lakowicz, “Fiber optic pH sensor based on phase fluorescence lifetimes,” Anal. Chem. 65(7), 853–856 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fiber Int. Opt.

N. K. Sharma and B. D. Gupta, “Fabrication and characterization of a fiber-optic pH sensor for the pH range 2 to 13,” Fiber Int. Opt. 23(4), 327–335 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

W. C. Michie, B. Culshaw, M. Konstantaki, I. McKenzie, S. Kelly, N. B. Graham, and C. Moran, “Distributed pH and water detection using fiber-optic sensors and hydrogels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(7), 1415–1420 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. C

O. B. Miled, A. B. Ouada, and J. Livage, “pH sensor based on a detection sol–gel layer onto optical fiber,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 21(1–2), 183–188 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol.

P. A. Wallace, N. Elliott, M. Uttamlal, A. S. Holmes-Smith, and M. Campbell, “Development of a quasi-distributed optical fibre pH sensor using a covalently bound indicator,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(7), 882–886 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

B. D. Gupta and S. Sharma, “A long-range fiber optic pH sensor prepared by dye doped sol-gel immobilization technique,” Opt. Commun. 154(5–6), 282–284 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Gupta and S. Sharma, “Fabrication and characterization of pH sensor based on side polished single mode optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 216(4–6), 299–303 (2002).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Sens. Actuators B Chem.

J. Goicoechea, C. R. Zamarreño, I. R. Matías, and F. J. Arregui, “Optical fiber pH sensors based on layer-by-layer electrostatic self-assembled neutral red,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 132(1), 305–311 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Dong, M. Luo, G. Peng, and W. Cheng, “Broad range pH sensor based on sol–gel entrapped indicators on fibre optic,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 129(1), 94–98 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Safavi and M. Bagheri, “Novel optical pH sensor for high and low pH values,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1–3), 143–150 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Goicoechea, C. R. Zamarreño, I. R. Matías, and F. J. Arregui, “Utilization of white light interferometry in pH sensing applications by mean of the fabrication of nanostructured cavities,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 138(2), 613–618 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Lehmann, G. Schwotzer, P. Czerney, and G. J. Mohr, “Fiber-optic pH meter using NIR dye,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 29(1–3), 392–400 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics