Abstract

We demonstrate for the first time to our knowledge intra-cavity frequency doubling (ICFD) of an edge-emitter diode laser using a 10 mm-long 5.0 μm periodically poled LiNbO3 (PPLN) crystal. An optical output power of 33 mW second harmonic blue light at 490.5 nm is generated at 1.0 A injection current, equivalent to an overall wall-plug efficiency of 1.8%. The measured M 2 values of blue beam are 1.7 and 2.4 along the fast and slow axis.

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2007 (1)

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

2005 (1)

J. L. A. Chilla, H. Zhou, E. Weiss, A. L. Caprara, Q. Shou, S. V. Govorkov, M. K. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “Blue & Green Optically-Pumped. Semiconductor Lasers for Display,” Proc. SPIE 5740, 41–47 ( 2005).

2004 (2)

A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, J. P. Watson, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, B. Moran, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “532-nm laser sources based on intracavity frequency doubling of extended-cavity surface emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 151–156 ( 2004).

J. P. Watson, A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “Laser sources at 460 nm based on intracavity doubling of extended cavity surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 116–121 ( 2004).

2003 (1)

A. V. Shchegrov, D. Lee, J. P. Watson, A. Umbrasas, E. M. Strzelecka, M. K. Liebman, C. A. Amsden, A. Lewis, V. V. Doan, B. D. Moran, J. G. McInerney, and A. Mooradian, “488 nm coherent emission by intracavity frequency doubling of extended cavity surface-emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4994, 197–205 ( 2003).

1999 (1)

D. Fluck, “Theory on phase-matched second-harmonic generation in biaxial planar waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(1), 53–59 ( 1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “42%-efficient single-pass cw second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 22(24), 1834–1836 ( 1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “Design and characteristics of high-power (>0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063–1065 ( 1997).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 ( 1968).
[Crossref]

Amsden, C. A.

A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, J. P. Watson, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, B. Moran, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “532-nm laser sources based on intracavity frequency doubling of extended-cavity surface emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 151–156 ( 2004).

J. P. Watson, A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “Laser sources at 460 nm based on intracavity doubling of extended cavity surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 116–121 ( 2004).

A. V. Shchegrov, D. Lee, J. P. Watson, A. Umbrasas, E. M. Strzelecka, M. K. Liebman, C. A. Amsden, A. Lewis, V. V. Doan, B. D. Moran, J. G. McInerney, and A. Mooradian, “488 nm coherent emission by intracavity frequency doubling of extended cavity surface-emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4994, 197–205 ( 2003).

Baer, T.

Batchko, R. G.

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 ( 1968).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

Caprara, A. L.

J. L. A. Chilla, H. Zhou, E. Weiss, A. L. Caprara, Q. Shou, S. V. Govorkov, M. K. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “Blue & Green Optically-Pumped. Semiconductor Lasers for Display,” Proc. SPIE 5740, 41–47 ( 2005).

Carey, G.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Carey, G. P.

J. P. Watson, A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “Laser sources at 460 nm based on intracavity doubling of extended cavity surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 116–121 ( 2004).

A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, J. P. Watson, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, B. Moran, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “532-nm laser sources based on intracavity frequency doubling of extended-cavity surface emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 151–156 ( 2004).

Carico, R.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Chilla, J. L. A.

J. L. A. Chilla, H. Zhou, E. Weiss, A. L. Caprara, Q. Shou, S. V. Govorkov, M. K. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “Blue & Green Optically-Pumped. Semiconductor Lasers for Display,” Proc. SPIE 5740, 41–47 ( 2005).

Dato, R.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Doan, V. V.

A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, J. P. Watson, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, B. Moran, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “532-nm laser sources based on intracavity frequency doubling of extended-cavity surface emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 151–156 ( 2004).

J. P. Watson, A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “Laser sources at 460 nm based on intracavity doubling of extended cavity surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 116–121 ( 2004).

A. V. Shchegrov, D. Lee, J. P. Watson, A. Umbrasas, E. M. Strzelecka, M. K. Liebman, C. A. Amsden, A. Lewis, V. V. Doan, B. D. Moran, J. G. McInerney, and A. Mooradian, “488 nm coherent emission by intracavity frequency doubling of extended cavity surface-emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4994, 197–205 ( 2003).

Dudley, J.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Fejer, M. M.

Fluck, D.

D. Fluck, “Theory on phase-matched second-harmonic generation in biaxial planar waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(1), 53–59 ( 1999).
[Crossref]

Giaretta, G.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Govorkov, S. V.

J. L. A. Chilla, H. Zhou, E. Weiss, A. L. Caprara, Q. Shou, S. V. Govorkov, M. K. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “Blue & Green Optically-Pumped. Semiconductor Lasers for Display,” Proc. SPIE 5740, 41–47 ( 2005).

Ha, W.

A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, J. P. Watson, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, B. Moran, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “532-nm laser sources based on intracavity frequency doubling of extended-cavity surface emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 151–156 ( 2004).

J. P. Watson, A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “Laser sources at 460 nm based on intracavity doubling of extended cavity surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 116–121 ( 2004).

Hakimi, F.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “Design and characteristics of high-power (>0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063–1065 ( 1997).
[Crossref]

Hallstein, S.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Hofler, J.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Hu, F.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Jansen, M.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 ( 1968).
[Crossref]

Kocort, C.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Krueger, J.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Kuznetsov, M.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “Design and characteristics of high-power (>0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063–1065 ( 1997).
[Crossref]

Lee, D.

A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, J. P. Watson, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, B. Moran, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “532-nm laser sources based on intracavity frequency doubling of extended-cavity surface emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 151–156 ( 2004).

J. P. Watson, A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “Laser sources at 460 nm based on intracavity doubling of extended cavity surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 116–121 ( 2004).

A. V. Shchegrov, D. Lee, J. P. Watson, A. Umbrasas, E. M. Strzelecka, M. K. Liebman, C. A. Amsden, A. Lewis, V. V. Doan, B. D. Moran, J. G. McInerney, and A. Mooradian, “488 nm coherent emission by intracavity frequency doubling of extended cavity surface-emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4994, 197–205 ( 2003).

Lewis, A.

J. P. Watson, A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “Laser sources at 460 nm based on intracavity doubling of extended cavity surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 116–121 ( 2004).

A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, J. P. Watson, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, B. Moran, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “532-nm laser sources based on intracavity frequency doubling of extended-cavity surface emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 151–156 ( 2004).

A. V. Shchegrov, D. Lee, J. P. Watson, A. Umbrasas, E. M. Strzelecka, M. K. Liebman, C. A. Amsden, A. Lewis, V. V. Doan, B. D. Moran, J. G. McInerney, and A. Mooradian, “488 nm coherent emission by intracavity frequency doubling of extended cavity surface-emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4994, 197–205 ( 2003).

Liebman, M. K.

A. V. Shchegrov, D. Lee, J. P. Watson, A. Umbrasas, E. M. Strzelecka, M. K. Liebman, C. A. Amsden, A. Lewis, V. V. Doan, B. D. Moran, J. G. McInerney, and A. Mooradian, “488 nm coherent emission by intracavity frequency doubling of extended cavity surface-emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4994, 197–205 ( 2003).

Lim, S.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

McInerney, J. G.

A. V. Shchegrov, D. Lee, J. P. Watson, A. Umbrasas, E. M. Strzelecka, M. K. Liebman, C. A. Amsden, A. Lewis, V. V. Doan, B. D. Moran, J. G. McInerney, and A. Mooradian, “488 nm coherent emission by intracavity frequency doubling of extended cavity surface-emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4994, 197–205 ( 2003).

McKinnon, N.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Miller, G. D.

Mooradian, A.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

J. P. Watson, A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “Laser sources at 460 nm based on intracavity doubling of extended cavity surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 116–121 ( 2004).

A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, J. P. Watson, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, B. Moran, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “532-nm laser sources based on intracavity frequency doubling of extended-cavity surface emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 151–156 ( 2004).

A. V. Shchegrov, D. Lee, J. P. Watson, A. Umbrasas, E. M. Strzelecka, M. K. Liebman, C. A. Amsden, A. Lewis, V. V. Doan, B. D. Moran, J. G. McInerney, and A. Mooradian, “488 nm coherent emission by intracavity frequency doubling of extended cavity surface-emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4994, 197–205 ( 2003).

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “Design and characteristics of high-power (>0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063–1065 ( 1997).
[Crossref]

Moran, B.

A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, J. P. Watson, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, B. Moran, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “532-nm laser sources based on intracavity frequency doubling of extended-cavity surface emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 151–156 ( 2004).

Moran, B. D.

A. V. Shchegrov, D. Lee, J. P. Watson, A. Umbrasas, E. M. Strzelecka, M. K. Liebman, C. A. Amsden, A. Lewis, V. V. Doan, B. D. Moran, J. G. McInerney, and A. Mooradian, “488 nm coherent emission by intracavity frequency doubling of extended cavity surface-emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4994, 197–205 ( 2003).

Niven, G.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Okuno, Y.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Reed, M. K.

J. L. A. Chilla, H. Zhou, E. Weiss, A. L. Caprara, Q. Shou, S. V. Govorkov, M. K. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “Blue & Green Optically-Pumped. Semiconductor Lasers for Display,” Proc. SPIE 5740, 41–47 ( 2005).

Shchegrov, A. V.

A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, J. P. Watson, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, B. Moran, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “532-nm laser sources based on intracavity frequency doubling of extended-cavity surface emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 151–156 ( 2004).

J. P. Watson, A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “Laser sources at 460 nm based on intracavity doubling of extended cavity surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 116–121 ( 2004).

A. V. Shchegrov, D. Lee, J. P. Watson, A. Umbrasas, E. M. Strzelecka, M. K. Liebman, C. A. Amsden, A. Lewis, V. V. Doan, B. D. Moran, J. G. McInerney, and A. Mooradian, “488 nm coherent emission by intracavity frequency doubling of extended cavity surface-emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4994, 197–205 ( 2003).

Shou, Q.

J. L. A. Chilla, H. Zhou, E. Weiss, A. L. Caprara, Q. Shou, S. V. Govorkov, M. K. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “Blue & Green Optically-Pumped. Semiconductor Lasers for Display,” Proc. SPIE 5740, 41–47 ( 2005).

Spinelli, L.

J. L. A. Chilla, H. Zhou, E. Weiss, A. L. Caprara, Q. Shou, S. V. Govorkov, M. K. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “Blue & Green Optically-Pumped. Semiconductor Lasers for Display,” Proc. SPIE 5740, 41–47 ( 2005).

Sprague, R.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “Design and characteristics of high-power (>0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063–1065 ( 1997).
[Crossref]

Strzelecka, E. M.

A. V. Shchegrov, D. Lee, J. P. Watson, A. Umbrasas, E. M. Strzelecka, M. K. Liebman, C. A. Amsden, A. Lewis, V. V. Doan, B. D. Moran, J. G. McInerney, and A. Mooradian, “488 nm coherent emission by intracavity frequency doubling of extended cavity surface-emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4994, 197–205 ( 2003).

Tandon, A.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Tulloch, W. M.

Umbrasas, A.

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

J. P. Watson, A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “Laser sources at 460 nm based on intracavity doubling of extended cavity surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 116–121 ( 2004).

A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, J. P. Watson, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, B. Moran, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “532-nm laser sources based on intracavity frequency doubling of extended-cavity surface emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 151–156 ( 2004).

A. V. Shchegrov, D. Lee, J. P. Watson, A. Umbrasas, E. M. Strzelecka, M. K. Liebman, C. A. Amsden, A. Lewis, V. V. Doan, B. D. Moran, J. G. McInerney, and A. Mooradian, “488 nm coherent emission by intracavity frequency doubling of extended cavity surface-emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4994, 197–205 ( 2003).

Watson, J. P.

A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, J. P. Watson, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, B. Moran, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “532-nm laser sources based on intracavity frequency doubling of extended-cavity surface emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 151–156 ( 2004).

J. P. Watson, A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “Laser sources at 460 nm based on intracavity doubling of extended cavity surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 116–121 ( 2004).

A. V. Shchegrov, D. Lee, J. P. Watson, A. Umbrasas, E. M. Strzelecka, M. K. Liebman, C. A. Amsden, A. Lewis, V. V. Doan, B. D. Moran, J. G. McInerney, and A. Mooradian, “488 nm coherent emission by intracavity frequency doubling of extended cavity surface-emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4994, 197–205 ( 2003).

Weise, D. R.

Weiss, E.

J. L. A. Chilla, H. Zhou, E. Weiss, A. L. Caprara, Q. Shou, S. V. Govorkov, M. K. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “Blue & Green Optically-Pumped. Semiconductor Lasers for Display,” Proc. SPIE 5740, 41–47 ( 2005).

Zhou, H.

J. L. A. Chilla, H. Zhou, E. Weiss, A. L. Caprara, Q. Shou, S. V. Govorkov, M. K. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “Blue & Green Optically-Pumped. Semiconductor Lasers for Display,” Proc. SPIE 5740, 41–47 ( 2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Fluck, “Theory on phase-matched second-harmonic generation in biaxial planar waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(1), 53–59 ( 1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “Design and characteristics of high-power (>0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063–1065 ( 1997).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 ( 1968).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. SID (1)

A. Mooradian, G. Carey, R. Carico, R. Dato, J. Dudley, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, J. Hofler, F. Hu, M. Jansen, C. Kocort, J. Krueger, S. Lim, N. McKinnon, G. Niven, Y. Okuno, A. Tandon, and A. Umbrasas, “Surface-emitting-diode lasers and laser arrays for displays,” J. SID 15, 805–809 ( 2007).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (4)

J. L. A. Chilla, H. Zhou, E. Weiss, A. L. Caprara, Q. Shou, S. V. Govorkov, M. K. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “Blue & Green Optically-Pumped. Semiconductor Lasers for Display,” Proc. SPIE 5740, 41–47 ( 2005).

A. V. Shchegrov, D. Lee, J. P. Watson, A. Umbrasas, E. M. Strzelecka, M. K. Liebman, C. A. Amsden, A. Lewis, V. V. Doan, B. D. Moran, J. G. McInerney, and A. Mooradian, “488 nm coherent emission by intracavity frequency doubling of extended cavity surface-emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4994, 197–205 ( 2003).

A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, J. P. Watson, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, B. Moran, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “532-nm laser sources based on intracavity frequency doubling of extended-cavity surface emitting diode lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 151–156 ( 2004).

J. P. Watson, A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, D. Lee, C. A. Amsden, W. Ha, G. P. Carey, V. V. Doan, A. Lewis, and A. Mooradian, “Laser sources at 460 nm based on intracavity doubling of extended cavity surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 116–121 ( 2004).

Other (5)

M. Jansen, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrov, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE, 6135, 61350T.1–61350T.6 (2006).

Y. Hirano, S. Yamamoto, Y. Akino, A. Nakamura, T. Yagi, H. Sugiura, and T. Yanagisawa, “High Performance Micro Green Laser for Laser TV,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper WE1. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ASSP-2009-WE1

Y. Hirano, S. Yamamoto, Y. Koyata, M. Imaki, M. Okano, T. Hamaguchi, A. Nakamura, T. Yagi, and T. Yanagisawa, “Highly Efficient Planar-Waveguide Green Laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CPDA3. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=CLEO-2008-CPDA3

P. W. Milonni, and J. H. Eberly, Lasers (Wiley InterScience, 1988).

W. P. Risk, T. R. Gosnell, and A. V. Nurmikko, Compact Blue-Green Lasers (Cambridge University Press, 2003).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simplified diode laser ICFD layout

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical set-up of ICFD based on an edge emitting diode laser using a PPLN bulk crystal

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SHG conversion for different cavity (coupling) losses.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectrum of a generated blue light at an injection current of 1.0 A with an output power of 33 mW.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Caustic of the blue beam for both axes at an optical output power of 33 mW. The hyperbolic fit corresponds to a beam quality of M 2=1.7 in the fast axis (blue squares) and M 2=2.4 in the slow axis (black dots).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

PPLN crystal temperature dependence of blue light outputs.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters in laser diode ICFD model

Equations (13)

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d n d t = I e β q n n τ
d q d t = β q n σ q K q 2
β n = c l L g ( ν ) = c l L ( λ 2 A 8 π n 1 2 ) 1 δ ν 0 V g n
σ = c l L g t = c l L [ 1 2 l ( 1 r 0 r L ) + α g + α c ]
α c = ln ( 1 γ ) / L
I e β n q n τ = 0
β q n σ q K q 2 = 0
P 2 ω = 2 K q 0 2 h ν
P o p t = q 0 c L h ν
P 2 ω = 2 χ P o p t 2
χ = 8 π 2 ε 0 c λ 2 d e f f 2 n 2 ω n ω 2 2 n ω λ l p exp ( α + l p ) h ( α , β , κ , ξ , μ )
P 2 ω = 2 h ν 4 β 2 τ 2 [ ( K + σ β τ ) K ( K + σ β τ ) 2 K 4 β τ ( σ β I e τ ) ] 2
K = χ c 2 h ν L 2

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