Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate complete compensation of pulse broadening in an amplifier-based slow light system. The configuration of the delay line basically consists of two stages: a conventional Brillouin slow light system and a nonlinear regeneration element. Signal pulses experienced both time delay and temporal broadening through the Brillouin delay line and then the delayed pulses were delivered into a nonlinear optical loop mirror. Due to the nonlinear response of the transmission of the fiber loop, the inevitably broadened pulses were moderately compressed in the output of the loop, without loss in the capacity to delay the pulses. The overall result is that, for the maximum delay, the width of the pulse could be kept below the input width while the time delays introduced by the slow light element were preserved. Using this delay line, a signal pulse with duration of 27 ns at full width at half maximum was delayed up to 1.3-bits without suffering from signal distortion.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2009 (3)

2008 (3)

2007 (3)

S. Chin, M. G. Herraez, and L. Thevenaz, “Simple technique to achieve fast light in gain regime using Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express,  15, 10814–10821 ( 2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Zadok, O. Raz, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, “Optically Controlled Low-Distortion Delay of GHz-Wide Radio-Frequency Signals Using Slow Light in Fibers,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 462–464 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

D. A. B. Miller, “Fundamental Limit to Linear One-Dimensional Slow Light Structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 203903 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

J. T. Mok, C, M. Sterke, I. C. M. Littler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Dispersionless slow light using gap solitons,” Nature 2, 775–780 ( 2006).

S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, M. F. Yanik, and S. Fan, “Dynamically tuned coupled-resonator delay lines can be nearly dispersion free,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1985–1987 ( 2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (5)

M. G. Herráez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thévenaz, “Arbitrary-bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers,” Opt. Express,  14, 1395–1400 ( 2005).
[Crossref]

M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, and D. J. Gauthier, “Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay,” Opt. Express 13, 9995–10002 ( 2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378–2384 ( 2005).

R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, and A. E. Willner, “Maximum time delay achievable on propagation through a slow-light medium,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 023801 ( 2005).
[Crossref]

J. B. Khurgin, “Optical buffers based on slow light in electromagnetically induced transparent media and coupled resonator structures: Comparative analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 22, 1062–1073 ( 2005).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

1988 (1)

Ammann, M. J.

Boyd, R. W.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378–2384 ( 2005).

R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, and A. E. Willner, “Maximum time delay achievable on propagation through a slow-light medium,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 023801 ( 2005).
[Crossref]

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, “‘Slow’ and ‘Fast’ light,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed., (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2002), Vol. 43, Chap. 6, pp. 497–530.
[Crossref]

Chin, S.

Dawes, A. M. C.

Doran, N. J.

Eggleton, B. J.

J. T. Mok, C, M. Sterke, I. C. M. Littler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Dispersionless slow light using gap solitons,” Nature 2, 775–780 ( 2006).

Eyal, A.

A. Zadok, O. Raz, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, “Optically Controlled Low-Distortion Delay of GHz-Wide Radio-Frequency Signals Using Slow Light in Fibers,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 462–464 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

Gaeta, A. L.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378–2384 ( 2005).

R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, and A. E. Willner, “Maximum time delay achievable on propagation through a slow-light medium,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 023801 ( 2005).
[Crossref]

Gauthier, D. J.

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, and D. J. Gauthier, “Optimal pump profile designs for broadband SBS slow-light systems,” Opt. Express 16, 2764–2777 ( 2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, and D. J. Gauthier, “Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay,” Opt. Express 13, 9995–10002 ( 2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, and A. E. Willner, “Maximum time delay achievable on propagation through a slow-light medium,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 023801 ( 2005).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378–2384 ( 2005).

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, “‘Slow’ and ‘Fast’ light,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed., (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2002), Vol. 43, Chap. 6, pp. 497–530.
[Crossref]

Gonzalez-Herraez, M.

M. Gonzalez-Herraez and L. Thévenaz “Physical limits to broadening compensation in linear slow light systems,” Optics Express 17, 4732–4739 ( 2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Henker, R.

Herraez, M. G.

Herráez, M. G.

Khurgin, J. B.

J. B. Khurgin, “Optical buffers based on slow light in electromagnetically induced transparent media and coupled resonator structures: Comparative analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 22, 1062–1073 ( 2005).
[Crossref]

J. B. Khurgin and R. S. Tucker, Slow light: Science and applications (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2009).

Lee, M.

Littler, I. C. M.

J. T. Mok, C, M. Sterke, I. C. M. Littler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Dispersionless slow light using gap solitons,” Nature 2, 775–780 ( 2006).

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, “Fundamental Limit to Linear One-Dimensional Slow Light Structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 203903 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Mok, J. T.

J. T. Mok, C, M. Sterke, I. C. M. Littler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Dispersionless slow light using gap solitons,” Nature 2, 775–780 ( 2006).

Neifeld, M. A.

Okawachi, Y.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378–2384 ( 2005).

Pant, R.

Povinelli, M. L.

Preussler, S.

Raz, O.

A. Zadok, O. Raz, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, “Optically Controlled Low-Distortion Delay of GHz-Wide Radio-Frequency Signals Using Slow Light in Fibers,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 462–464 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Sandhu, S.

Schneider, T.

Schwarzbacher, A. T.

Sharping, J. E.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378–2384 ( 2005).

Smith, K.

Song, K. Y.

Stenner, M. D.

Sterke, C, M.

J. T. Mok, C, M. Sterke, I. C. M. Littler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Dispersionless slow light using gap solitons,” Nature 2, 775–780 ( 2006).

Thevenaz, L.

Thévenaz, L.

M. Gonzalez-Herraez and L. Thévenaz “Physical limits to broadening compensation in linear slow light systems,” Optics Express 17, 4732–4739 ( 2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. G. Herráez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thévenaz, “Arbitrary-bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers,” Opt. Express,  14, 1395–1400 ( 2005).
[Crossref]

Tucker, R. S.

J. B. Khurgin and R. S. Tucker, Slow light: Science and applications (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2009).

Tur, M.

A. Zadok, O. Raz, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, “Optically Controlled Low-Distortion Delay of GHz-Wide Radio-Frequency Signals Using Slow Light in Fibers,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 462–464 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Wiatrek, A.

Wigley, P. G. H.

Willner, A. E.

R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, and A. E. Willner, “Maximum time delay achievable on propagation through a slow-light medium,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 023801 ( 2005).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378–2384 ( 2005).

Wood, D.

Yanik, M. F.

Zadok, A.

A. Zadok, O. Raz, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, “Optically Controlled Low-Distortion Delay of GHz-Wide Radio-Frequency Signals Using Slow Light in Fibers,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 462–464 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378–2384 ( 2005).

M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, and D. J. Gauthier, “Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay,” Opt. Express 13, 9995–10002 ( 2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

J. B. Khurgin, “Optical buffers based on slow light in electromagnetically induced transparent media and coupled resonator structures: Comparative analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 22, 1062–1073 ( 2005).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

J. T. Mok, C, M. Sterke, I. C. M. Littler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Dispersionless slow light using gap solitons,” Nature 2, 775–780 ( 2006).

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Optics Express (1)

M. Gonzalez-Herraez and L. Thévenaz “Physical limits to broadening compensation in linear slow light systems,” Optics Express 17, 4732–4739 ( 2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Zadok, O. Raz, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, “Optically Controlled Low-Distortion Delay of GHz-Wide Radio-Frequency Signals Using Slow Light in Fibers,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 462–464 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, and A. E. Willner, “Maximum time delay achievable on propagation through a slow-light medium,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 023801 ( 2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. A. B. Miller, “Fundamental Limit to Linear One-Dimensional Slow Light Structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 203903 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378–2384 ( 2005).

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, “‘Slow’ and ‘Fast’ light,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed., (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2002), Vol. 43, Chap. 6, pp. 497–530.
[Crossref]

J. B. Khurgin and R. S. Tucker, Slow light: Science and applications (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2009).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of an attenuation imbalanced nonlinear optical fiber loop to compress the shape of a pulse. E 1 and E 2 present clock and counter-clock wise electric fields of signals, respectively. DSF; dispersion shifted fiber, PC; polarization controller and α; an attenuation factor.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup to produce non-broadening pulse delays, by combining a nonlinear generation element with a typical Brillouin slow light system. EDFA; erbium doped fiber amplifier, EOM; electro-optic modulator, FBG; fiber Bragg grating, VOA; variable optical attenuator, DSF; dispersion shifted fiber, PC; polarization controller and α; an attenuation factor.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Normalized waveforms of pulses that experienced time delays through SBS slow light and (b) normalized waveforms of transmitted pulses through a saturable absorber, showing noticeable pulse compression.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Factional delays and broadening factors of signal pulses, respectively, with square and star symbols as a function of signal gain when the nonlinear loop mirror is present (filled symbols) or absent (opened symbols).

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