Abstract

We demonstrate a compact hybrid structure red-green-ultraviolet three-color laser consisting of three distinct semiconductor nanowires (CdSe, CdS and ZnO) attached to a silica microfiber, which is pumped by 355 nm wavelength laser pulses. The exciting of the nanowires and the collection of the photoluminescence (PL) are implemented by means of evanescent coupling through the same silica microfiber. When pump energy higher than 1.3 μJ, three spatially and spectrally distinct lasing groups can be measured at the same output port simultaneously. The approach can be extended to other materials to produce hybrid lasers that cover ultraviolet to near infrared spectral regions.

© 2009 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. A. Zimmler, J. M. Bao, F. Capasso, S. Muller, and C. Ronning, “Laser action in nanowires: observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(5), 051101 (2008).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

2008

M. K. Seo, J. K. Yang, K. Y. Jeong, H. G. Park, F. Qian, H. S. Ee, Y. S. No, and Y. H. Leet, “Modal characteristics in a single-nanowire cavity with a triangular cross section,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4534–4538 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang and M. Loncar, “Ultra-high quality factor optical resonators based on semiconductor nanowires,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17400–17409 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Zimmler, J. M. Bao, F. Capasso, S. Muller, and C. Ronning, “Laser action in nanowires: observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(5), 051101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Qian, Y. Li, S. Gradecak, H. G. Park, Y. Dong, Y. Ding, Z. L. Wang, and C. M. Lieber, “Multi-quantum-well nanowire heterostructures for wavelength-controlled lasers,” Nat. Mater. 7(9), 701–706 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. G. Park, C. J. Barrelet, Y. Wu, B. Tian, F. Qian, and C. M. Lieber, “A wavelength-selective photonic-crystal waveguide coupled to a nanowire light source,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 622–626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Wang, J. Fu, M. Qiu, K. J. Huang, Z. Ma, and L. M. Tong, “Modeling endface output patterns of optical micro/nanofibers,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8887–8895 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

Y. K. Liu, J. A. Zapien, Y. Y. Shan, H. Tang, C. S. Lee, and S. T. Lee, “Wavelength-tunable lasing in single-crystal CdS1−XSeX nanoribbons,” Nanotechnology 18(36), 365606 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Pan, G. Xing, Z. Ni, W. Ji, Y. P. Feng, Z. Tang, D. H. C. Chua, J. Lin, and Z. Shen, “Stimulated emission of CdS nanowires grown by thermal evaporation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(19), 193105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. O’Carroll, I. Lieberwirth, and G. Redmond, “Microcavity effects and optically pumped lasing in single conjugated polymer nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(3), 180–184 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

A. H. Chin, S. Vaddiraju, A. V. Maslov, C. Z. Ning, M. K. Sunkara, and M. Meyyappan, “Near-infrared semiconductor subwavelength-wire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 163115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Barrelet, J. M. Bao, M. Loncar, H. G. Park, F. Capasso, and C. M. Lieber, “Hybrid single-nanowire photonic crystal and microresonator structures,” Nano Lett. 6(1), 11–15 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Jie, W. J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, X. M. Meng, Y. Q. Li, and S. T. Lee, “Photoconductive characteristics of single-crystal CdS nanoribbons,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 1887–1892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

Y. Huang, X. Duan, and C. M. Lieber, “Nanowires for integrated multicolor nanophotonics,” Small 1(1), 142–147 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Ma and Z. L. Wang, “Road map for the controlled synthesis of CdSe nanowires, nanobelts, and nanosaws— a step towards nanomanufacturing,” Adv. Mater. 17(21), 1–6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, “Nanowire photonic circuit elements,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 1981–1985 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, and C. M. Lieber, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature 421(6920), 241–245 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. T. Ng, B. Chen, J. Li, J. Han, M. Meyyappan, J. Wu, S. X. Li, and E. E. Haller, “Optical properties of single-crystalline ZnO nanowires on m-sapphire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(13), 2023–2025 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Maslov and C. Z. Ning, “Reflection of guided modes in a semiconductor nanowire laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1237–1239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agarwal, R.

X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, and C. M. Lieber, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature 421(6920), 241–245 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, J. M.

M. A. Zimmler, J. M. Bao, F. Capasso, S. Muller, and C. Ronning, “Laser action in nanowires: observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(5), 051101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Barrelet, J. M. Bao, M. Loncar, H. G. Park, F. Capasso, and C. M. Lieber, “Hybrid single-nanowire photonic crystal and microresonator structures,” Nano Lett. 6(1), 11–15 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barrelet, C. J.

H. G. Park, C. J. Barrelet, Y. Wu, B. Tian, F. Qian, and C. M. Lieber, “A wavelength-selective photonic-crystal waveguide coupled to a nanowire light source,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 622–626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Barrelet, J. M. Bao, M. Loncar, H. G. Park, F. Capasso, and C. M. Lieber, “Hybrid single-nanowire photonic crystal and microresonator structures,” Nano Lett. 6(1), 11–15 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, “Nanowire photonic circuit elements,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 1981–1985 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

M. A. Zimmler, J. M. Bao, F. Capasso, S. Muller, and C. Ronning, “Laser action in nanowires: observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(5), 051101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Barrelet, J. M. Bao, M. Loncar, H. G. Park, F. Capasso, and C. M. Lieber, “Hybrid single-nanowire photonic crystal and microresonator structures,” Nano Lett. 6(1), 11–15 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, B.

H. T. Ng, B. Chen, J. Li, J. Han, M. Meyyappan, J. Wu, S. X. Li, and E. E. Haller, “Optical properties of single-crystalline ZnO nanowires on m-sapphire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(13), 2023–2025 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chin, A. H.

A. H. Chin, S. Vaddiraju, A. V. Maslov, C. Z. Ning, M. K. Sunkara, and M. Meyyappan, “Near-infrared semiconductor subwavelength-wire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 163115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chua, D. H. C.

H. Pan, G. Xing, Z. Ni, W. Ji, Y. P. Feng, Z. Tang, D. H. C. Chua, J. Lin, and Z. Shen, “Stimulated emission of CdS nanowires grown by thermal evaporation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(19), 193105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y.

F. Qian, Y. Li, S. Gradecak, H. G. Park, Y. Dong, Y. Ding, Z. L. Wang, and C. M. Lieber, “Multi-quantum-well nanowire heterostructures for wavelength-controlled lasers,” Nat. Mater. 7(9), 701–706 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, Y.

F. Qian, Y. Li, S. Gradecak, H. G. Park, Y. Dong, Y. Ding, Z. L. Wang, and C. M. Lieber, “Multi-quantum-well nanowire heterostructures for wavelength-controlled lasers,” Nat. Mater. 7(9), 701–706 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, X.

Y. Huang, X. Duan, and C. M. Lieber, “Nanowires for integrated multicolor nanophotonics,” Small 1(1), 142–147 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, and C. M. Lieber, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature 421(6920), 241–245 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ee, H. S.

M. K. Seo, J. K. Yang, K. Y. Jeong, H. G. Park, F. Qian, H. S. Ee, Y. S. No, and Y. H. Leet, “Modal characteristics in a single-nanowire cavity with a triangular cross section,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4534–4538 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fang, W.

Feick, H.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feng, Y. P.

H. Pan, G. Xing, Z. Ni, W. Ji, Y. P. Feng, Z. Tang, D. H. C. Chua, J. Lin, and Z. Shen, “Stimulated emission of CdS nanowires grown by thermal evaporation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(19), 193105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fu, J.

Gradecak, S.

F. Qian, Y. Li, S. Gradecak, H. G. Park, Y. Dong, Y. Ding, Z. L. Wang, and C. M. Lieber, “Multi-quantum-well nanowire heterostructures for wavelength-controlled lasers,” Nat. Mater. 7(9), 701–706 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greytak, A. B.

C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, “Nanowire photonic circuit elements,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 1981–1985 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haller, E. E.

H. T. Ng, B. Chen, J. Li, J. Han, M. Meyyappan, J. Wu, S. X. Li, and E. E. Haller, “Optical properties of single-crystalline ZnO nanowires on m-sapphire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(13), 2023–2025 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Han, J.

H. T. Ng, B. Chen, J. Li, J. Han, M. Meyyappan, J. Wu, S. X. Li, and E. E. Haller, “Optical properties of single-crystalline ZnO nanowires on m-sapphire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(13), 2023–2025 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z. F.

Huang, K. J.

Huang, M. H.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.

Y. Huang, X. Duan, and C. M. Lieber, “Nanowires for integrated multicolor nanophotonics,” Small 1(1), 142–147 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, and C. M. Lieber, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature 421(6920), 241–245 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeong, K. Y.

M. K. Seo, J. K. Yang, K. Y. Jeong, H. G. Park, F. Qian, H. S. Ee, Y. S. No, and Y. H. Leet, “Modal characteristics in a single-nanowire cavity with a triangular cross section,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4534–4538 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ji, W.

H. Pan, G. Xing, Z. Ni, W. Ji, Y. P. Feng, Z. Tang, D. H. C. Chua, J. Lin, and Z. Shen, “Stimulated emission of CdS nanowires grown by thermal evaporation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(19), 193105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

J. S. Jie, W. J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, X. M. Meng, Y. Q. Li, and S. T. Lee, “Photoconductive characteristics of single-crystal CdS nanoribbons,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 1887–1892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jie, J. S.

J. S. Jie, W. J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, X. M. Meng, Y. Q. Li, and S. T. Lee, “Photoconductive characteristics of single-crystal CdS nanoribbons,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 1887–1892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kind, H.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, C. S.

Y. K. Liu, J. A. Zapien, Y. Y. Shan, H. Tang, C. S. Lee, and S. T. Lee, “Wavelength-tunable lasing in single-crystal CdS1−XSeX nanoribbons,” Nanotechnology 18(36), 365606 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. T.

Y. K. Liu, J. A. Zapien, Y. Y. Shan, H. Tang, C. S. Lee, and S. T. Lee, “Wavelength-tunable lasing in single-crystal CdS1−XSeX nanoribbons,” Nanotechnology 18(36), 365606 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Jie, W. J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, X. M. Meng, Y. Q. Li, and S. T. Lee, “Photoconductive characteristics of single-crystal CdS nanoribbons,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 1887–1892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leet, Y. H.

M. K. Seo, J. K. Yang, K. Y. Jeong, H. G. Park, F. Qian, H. S. Ee, Y. S. No, and Y. H. Leet, “Modal characteristics in a single-nanowire cavity with a triangular cross section,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4534–4538 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, J.

H. T. Ng, B. Chen, J. Li, J. Han, M. Meyyappan, J. Wu, S. X. Li, and E. E. Haller, “Optical properties of single-crystalline ZnO nanowires on m-sapphire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(13), 2023–2025 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, S. X.

H. T. Ng, B. Chen, J. Li, J. Han, M. Meyyappan, J. Wu, S. X. Li, and E. E. Haller, “Optical properties of single-crystalline ZnO nanowires on m-sapphire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(13), 2023–2025 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

F. Qian, Y. Li, S. Gradecak, H. G. Park, Y. Dong, Y. Ding, Z. L. Wang, and C. M. Lieber, “Multi-quantum-well nanowire heterostructures for wavelength-controlled lasers,” Nat. Mater. 7(9), 701–706 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y. Q.

J. S. Jie, W. J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, X. M. Meng, Y. Q. Li, and S. T. Lee, “Photoconductive characteristics of single-crystal CdS nanoribbons,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 1887–1892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lieber, C. M.

F. Qian, Y. Li, S. Gradecak, H. G. Park, Y. Dong, Y. Ding, Z. L. Wang, and C. M. Lieber, “Multi-quantum-well nanowire heterostructures for wavelength-controlled lasers,” Nat. Mater. 7(9), 701–706 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. G. Park, C. J. Barrelet, Y. Wu, B. Tian, F. Qian, and C. M. Lieber, “A wavelength-selective photonic-crystal waveguide coupled to a nanowire light source,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 622–626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Barrelet, J. M. Bao, M. Loncar, H. G. Park, F. Capasso, and C. M. Lieber, “Hybrid single-nanowire photonic crystal and microresonator structures,” Nano Lett. 6(1), 11–15 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Huang, X. Duan, and C. M. Lieber, “Nanowires for integrated multicolor nanophotonics,” Small 1(1), 142–147 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, “Nanowire photonic circuit elements,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 1981–1985 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, and C. M. Lieber, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature 421(6920), 241–245 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lieberwirth, I.

D. O’Carroll, I. Lieberwirth, and G. Redmond, “Microcavity effects and optically pumped lasing in single conjugated polymer nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(3), 180–184 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

H. Pan, G. Xing, Z. Ni, W. Ji, Y. P. Feng, Z. Tang, D. H. C. Chua, J. Lin, and Z. Shen, “Stimulated emission of CdS nanowires grown by thermal evaporation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(19), 193105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. K.

Y. K. Liu, J. A. Zapien, Y. Y. Shan, H. Tang, C. S. Lee, and S. T. Lee, “Wavelength-tunable lasing in single-crystal CdS1−XSeX nanoribbons,” Nanotechnology 18(36), 365606 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Loncar, M.

Y. Zhang and M. Loncar, “Ultra-high quality factor optical resonators based on semiconductor nanowires,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17400–17409 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Barrelet, J. M. Bao, M. Loncar, H. G. Park, F. Capasso, and C. M. Lieber, “Hybrid single-nanowire photonic crystal and microresonator structures,” Nano Lett. 6(1), 11–15 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, C.

C. Ma and Z. L. Wang, “Road map for the controlled synthesis of CdSe nanowires, nanobelts, and nanosaws— a step towards nanomanufacturing,” Adv. Mater. 17(21), 1–6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Z.

Mao, S.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maslov, A. V.

A. H. Chin, S. Vaddiraju, A. V. Maslov, C. Z. Ning, M. K. Sunkara, and M. Meyyappan, “Near-infrared semiconductor subwavelength-wire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 163115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Maslov and C. Z. Ning, “Reflection of guided modes in a semiconductor nanowire laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1237–1239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X. M.

J. S. Jie, W. J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, X. M. Meng, Y. Q. Li, and S. T. Lee, “Photoconductive characteristics of single-crystal CdS nanoribbons,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 1887–1892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meyyappan, M.

A. H. Chin, S. Vaddiraju, A. V. Maslov, C. Z. Ning, M. K. Sunkara, and M. Meyyappan, “Near-infrared semiconductor subwavelength-wire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 163115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Ng, B. Chen, J. Li, J. Han, M. Meyyappan, J. Wu, S. X. Li, and E. E. Haller, “Optical properties of single-crystalline ZnO nanowires on m-sapphire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(13), 2023–2025 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Muller, S.

M. A. Zimmler, J. M. Bao, F. Capasso, S. Muller, and C. Ronning, “Laser action in nanowires: observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(5), 051101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ng, H. T.

H. T. Ng, B. Chen, J. Li, J. Han, M. Meyyappan, J. Wu, S. X. Li, and E. E. Haller, “Optical properties of single-crystalline ZnO nanowires on m-sapphire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(13), 2023–2025 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ni, Z.

H. Pan, G. Xing, Z. Ni, W. Ji, Y. P. Feng, Z. Tang, D. H. C. Chua, J. Lin, and Z. Shen, “Stimulated emission of CdS nanowires grown by thermal evaporation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(19), 193105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ning, C. Z.

A. H. Chin, S. Vaddiraju, A. V. Maslov, C. Z. Ning, M. K. Sunkara, and M. Meyyappan, “Near-infrared semiconductor subwavelength-wire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 163115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Maslov and C. Z. Ning, “Reflection of guided modes in a semiconductor nanowire laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1237–1239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

No, Y. S.

M. K. Seo, J. K. Yang, K. Y. Jeong, H. G. Park, F. Qian, H. S. Ee, Y. S. No, and Y. H. Leet, “Modal characteristics in a single-nanowire cavity with a triangular cross section,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4534–4538 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Carroll, D.

D. O’Carroll, I. Lieberwirth, and G. Redmond, “Microcavity effects and optically pumped lasing in single conjugated polymer nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(3), 180–184 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, H.

H. Pan, G. Xing, Z. Ni, W. Ji, Y. P. Feng, Z. Tang, D. H. C. Chua, J. Lin, and Z. Shen, “Stimulated emission of CdS nanowires grown by thermal evaporation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(19), 193105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. G.

H. G. Park, C. J. Barrelet, Y. Wu, B. Tian, F. Qian, and C. M. Lieber, “A wavelength-selective photonic-crystal waveguide coupled to a nanowire light source,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 622–626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Qian, Y. Li, S. Gradecak, H. G. Park, Y. Dong, Y. Ding, Z. L. Wang, and C. M. Lieber, “Multi-quantum-well nanowire heterostructures for wavelength-controlled lasers,” Nat. Mater. 7(9), 701–706 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. K. Seo, J. K. Yang, K. Y. Jeong, H. G. Park, F. Qian, H. S. Ee, Y. S. No, and Y. H. Leet, “Modal characteristics in a single-nanowire cavity with a triangular cross section,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4534–4538 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Barrelet, J. M. Bao, M. Loncar, H. G. Park, F. Capasso, and C. M. Lieber, “Hybrid single-nanowire photonic crystal and microresonator structures,” Nano Lett. 6(1), 11–15 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qian, F.

F. Qian, Y. Li, S. Gradecak, H. G. Park, Y. Dong, Y. Ding, Z. L. Wang, and C. M. Lieber, “Multi-quantum-well nanowire heterostructures for wavelength-controlled lasers,” Nat. Mater. 7(9), 701–706 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. G. Park, C. J. Barrelet, Y. Wu, B. Tian, F. Qian, and C. M. Lieber, “A wavelength-selective photonic-crystal waveguide coupled to a nanowire light source,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 622–626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Seo, J. K. Yang, K. Y. Jeong, H. G. Park, F. Qian, H. S. Ee, Y. S. No, and Y. H. Leet, “Modal characteristics in a single-nanowire cavity with a triangular cross section,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4534–4538 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, M.

Redmond, G.

D. O’Carroll, I. Lieberwirth, and G. Redmond, “Microcavity effects and optically pumped lasing in single conjugated polymer nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(3), 180–184 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ronning, C.

M. A. Zimmler, J. M. Bao, F. Capasso, S. Muller, and C. Ronning, “Laser action in nanowires: observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(5), 051101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Russo, R.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seo, M. K.

M. K. Seo, J. K. Yang, K. Y. Jeong, H. G. Park, F. Qian, H. S. Ee, Y. S. No, and Y. H. Leet, “Modal characteristics in a single-nanowire cavity with a triangular cross section,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4534–4538 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shan, Y. Y.

Y. K. Liu, J. A. Zapien, Y. Y. Shan, H. Tang, C. S. Lee, and S. T. Lee, “Wavelength-tunable lasing in single-crystal CdS1−XSeX nanoribbons,” Nanotechnology 18(36), 365606 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Z.

H. Pan, G. Xing, Z. Ni, W. Ji, Y. P. Feng, Z. Tang, D. H. C. Chua, J. Lin, and Z. Shen, “Stimulated emission of CdS nanowires grown by thermal evaporation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(19), 193105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sunkara, M. K.

A. H. Chin, S. Vaddiraju, A. V. Maslov, C. Z. Ning, M. K. Sunkara, and M. Meyyappan, “Near-infrared semiconductor subwavelength-wire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 163115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tang, H.

Y. K. Liu, J. A. Zapien, Y. Y. Shan, H. Tang, C. S. Lee, and S. T. Lee, “Wavelength-tunable lasing in single-crystal CdS1−XSeX nanoribbons,” Nanotechnology 18(36), 365606 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Z.

H. Pan, G. Xing, Z. Ni, W. Ji, Y. P. Feng, Z. Tang, D. H. C. Chua, J. Lin, and Z. Shen, “Stimulated emission of CdS nanowires grown by thermal evaporation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(19), 193105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tian, B.

H. G. Park, C. J. Barrelet, Y. Wu, B. Tian, F. Qian, and C. M. Lieber, “A wavelength-selective photonic-crystal waveguide coupled to a nanowire light source,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 622–626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tong, L. M.

Vaddiraju, S.

A. H. Chin, S. Vaddiraju, A. V. Maslov, C. Z. Ning, M. K. Sunkara, and M. Meyyappan, “Near-infrared semiconductor subwavelength-wire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 163115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. S.

Wang, Z. L.

F. Qian, Y. Li, S. Gradecak, H. G. Park, Y. Dong, Y. Ding, Z. L. Wang, and C. M. Lieber, “Multi-quantum-well nanowire heterostructures for wavelength-controlled lasers,” Nat. Mater. 7(9), 701–706 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Ma and Z. L. Wang, “Road map for the controlled synthesis of CdSe nanowires, nanobelts, and nanosaws— a step towards nanomanufacturing,” Adv. Mater. 17(21), 1–6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weber, E.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, J.

H. T. Ng, B. Chen, J. Li, J. Han, M. Meyyappan, J. Wu, S. X. Li, and E. E. Haller, “Optical properties of single-crystalline ZnO nanowires on m-sapphire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(13), 2023–2025 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

H. G. Park, C. J. Barrelet, Y. Wu, B. Tian, F. Qian, and C. M. Lieber, “A wavelength-selective photonic-crystal waveguide coupled to a nanowire light source,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 622–626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xing, G.

H. Pan, G. Xing, Z. Ni, W. Ji, Y. P. Feng, Z. Tang, D. H. C. Chua, J. Lin, and Z. Shen, “Stimulated emission of CdS nanowires grown by thermal evaporation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(19), 193105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yan, H.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, J. K.

M. K. Seo, J. K. Yang, K. Y. Jeong, H. G. Park, F. Qian, H. S. Ee, Y. S. No, and Y. H. Leet, “Modal characteristics in a single-nanowire cavity with a triangular cross section,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4534–4538 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, P.

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, H. K.

Zapien, J. A.

Y. K. Liu, J. A. Zapien, Y. Y. Shan, H. Tang, C. S. Lee, and S. T. Lee, “Wavelength-tunable lasing in single-crystal CdS1−XSeX nanoribbons,” Nanotechnology 18(36), 365606 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. J.

J. S. Jie, W. J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, X. M. Meng, Y. Q. Li, and S. T. Lee, “Photoconductive characteristics of single-crystal CdS nanoribbons,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 1887–1892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

Zimmler, M. A.

M. A. Zimmler, J. M. Bao, F. Capasso, S. Muller, and C. Ronning, “Laser action in nanowires: observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(5), 051101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

C. Ma and Z. L. Wang, “Road map for the controlled synthesis of CdSe nanowires, nanobelts, and nanosaws— a step towards nanomanufacturing,” Adv. Mater. 17(21), 1–6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Pan, G. Xing, Z. Ni, W. Ji, Y. P. Feng, Z. Tang, D. H. C. Chua, J. Lin, and Z. Shen, “Stimulated emission of CdS nanowires grown by thermal evaporation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(19), 193105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Ng, B. Chen, J. Li, J. Han, M. Meyyappan, J. Wu, S. X. Li, and E. E. Haller, “Optical properties of single-crystalline ZnO nanowires on m-sapphire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(13), 2023–2025 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Maslov and C. Z. Ning, “Reflection of guided modes in a semiconductor nanowire laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1237–1239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Zimmler, J. M. Bao, F. Capasso, S. Muller, and C. Ronning, “Laser action in nanowires: observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(5), 051101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Chin, S. Vaddiraju, A. V. Maslov, C. Z. Ning, M. K. Sunkara, and M. Meyyappan, “Near-infrared semiconductor subwavelength-wire lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 163115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

J. S. Jie, W. J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, X. M. Meng, Y. Q. Li, and S. T. Lee, “Photoconductive characteristics of single-crystal CdS nanoribbons,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 1887–1892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, “Nanowire photonic circuit elements,” Nano Lett. 4(10), 1981–1985 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Barrelet, J. M. Bao, M. Loncar, H. G. Park, F. Capasso, and C. M. Lieber, “Hybrid single-nanowire photonic crystal and microresonator structures,” Nano Lett. 6(1), 11–15 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. K. Seo, J. K. Yang, K. Y. Jeong, H. G. Park, F. Qian, H. S. Ee, Y. S. No, and Y. H. Leet, “Modal characteristics in a single-nanowire cavity with a triangular cross section,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4534–4538 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology

Y. K. Liu, J. A. Zapien, Y. Y. Shan, H. Tang, C. S. Lee, and S. T. Lee, “Wavelength-tunable lasing in single-crystal CdS1−XSeX nanoribbons,” Nanotechnology 18(36), 365606 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater.

F. Qian, Y. Li, S. Gradecak, H. G. Park, Y. Dong, Y. Ding, Z. L. Wang, and C. M. Lieber, “Multi-quantum-well nanowire heterostructures for wavelength-controlled lasers,” Nat. Mater. 7(9), 701–706 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol.

D. O’Carroll, I. Lieberwirth, and G. Redmond, “Microcavity effects and optically pumped lasing in single conjugated polymer nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(3), 180–184 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics

H. G. Park, C. J. Barrelet, Y. Wu, B. Tian, F. Qian, and C. M. Lieber, “A wavelength-selective photonic-crystal waveguide coupled to a nanowire light source,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 622–626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature

X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, and C. M. Lieber, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature 421(6920), 241–245 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Science

M. H. Huang, S. Mao, H. Feick, H. Yan, Y. Wu, H. Kind, E. Weber, R. Russo, and P. Yang, “Room-temperature ultraviolet nanowire nanolasers,” Science 292(5523), 1897–1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Small

Y. Huang, X. Duan, and C. M. Lieber, “Nanowires for integrated multicolor nanophotonics,” Small 1(1), 142–147 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

E. D. Palik, Hand book of optical constants of solids II (Academic Press, London, 1985).

O. Svelto, Principles of lasers (Plenum, New York, 1998).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) (a) Scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of a 153-μm-length 977-nm-diameter CdSe nanowire attached to a 3.3-μm-diameter silica microfiber. (b) SEM image of a 66.7-μm-length 370-nm-diameter CdS nanowire attached to the same silica microfiber. (c) SEM image of a 72.6-μm-length 306-nm-diameter ZnO nanowire attached to the same silica microfiber. (d) Schematic configuration of the red-green-ultraviolet three-color laser. (e) CCD image of the hybrid structure pumped by 355 nm wavelength laser pulses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Emission spectra of the three-color laser under different pump energy. The structure used here is the same one as shown in Fig. 1(e).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Close-up view spectra for the three distinct nanowire lasing groups of the hybrid laser. (b) Peak intensity vs pump energy of the hybrid structure laser for the three lasing groups. The structure used here is the same one as shown in Fig. 1(e).

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Q = L κ / ln | R 2 |
η = 1 [ ( 2.4 e 1 / V ) 2 / V 3 ]
V = κ ( d / 2 ) ( n 2 n o 2 ) 0.5

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