Abstract

1.55-μm single-mode VCSEL frequency chirp behavior is investigated in under-threshold and above-threshold operating conditions for different VCSEL-to-VCSEL injection locking configurations with respect to free-running case. We experimentally evaluated the capability of adjusting the frequency chirp, reducing its value and inverting the sign. The control over the frequency chirp is obtained changing the wavelength detuning and power injection ratio between the VCSEL master and the VCSEL slave. Advantages of the chirp inversion are demonstrated for 10 Gb/s error-free propagation at 1.55-μm over 40-km standard single mode fiber without any dispersion compensation.

© 2009 OSA

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  1. A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL Transmission Performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for Metro Access Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(12), 778–780 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. M. Liu, H. F. Chen, X. J. Meng, and T. B. Simpson, “Modulation bandwidth, noise, and stability of a semiconductor laser subject to strong injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(10), 1325–1327 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. Annovazzi-Lodi, A. Scire, M. Sorel, and S. Donati, “Dynamic behavior and locking of a semiconductor laser subjected to external injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(12), 2350–2357 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Chrostowski, C.-H. Chang, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Enhancement of Dynamic range in 1.55μm VCSELs using Injection Locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 498–500 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M.-C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow,, “40 GHz Bandwidth and 64 GHz Resonance Frequency in Injection-Locked 1.55μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1200–1208 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 1386–1393 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. Zhang, X. Zhao, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, and C. Ming, Wu, M. C. Amann, C.J. Chang-Hasnain, and A. E. Willner, “Adjustable Chirp Injection-Locked 1.55μm VCSELs for Enhanced Chromatic Dispersion Compensation at 10 Gb/s,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (San Diego Convention Center, 2008).
  8. D. Parekh, and X. Bo Zhang, Zhao, Y. Yue, W. Hofmann, M.C. Amann, A.E. Willner and C.J. Chang-Hasnain, “90-km single-mode fiber transmission of 10-Gb/s multimode VCSELs under optical injection locking,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (San Diego Convention Center, 2009).
  9. M. Ortsiefer, W. Hofmann, E. Ronneberg, A. Boletti, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, C. Neumeyr, G. Bohm, M. Martinelli, and M. C. Amann, “High speed 1.3 μm VCSELs for 12.5 Gbit/s optical interconnects,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 974–975 (2008).
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  11. W. Schmid, C. Jung, B. Weigi, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Delayed self-heterodyne linewidth measurement of VCSELs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(10), 1288–1290 (1996).
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    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Laverdière, A. Fekecs, and M. Tetu, “A New Method for Measuring Time-Resolved Frequency Chirp of High Bit Rate Sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 446–448 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL Transmission Performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for Metro Access Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

M. Ortsiefer, W. Hofmann, E. Ronneberg, A. Boletti, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, C. Neumeyr, G. Bohm, M. Martinelli, and M. C. Amann, “High speed 1.3 μm VCSELs for 12.5 Gbit/s optical interconnects,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 974–975 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M.-C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow,, “40 GHz Bandwidth and 64 GHz Resonance Frequency in Injection-Locked 1.55μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 1386–1393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Chrostowski, C.-H. Chang, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Enhancement of Dynamic range in 1.55μm VCSELs using Injection Locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 498–500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Shau, H. Halbritter, F. Riemenschneider, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, G. Bohm, M. Maute, P. Meissner, and M.-C. Amann, “Linewidth of InP-based 1.55 lm VCSELs with buried tunnel junction,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1728 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Laverdière, A. Fekecs, and M. Tetu, “A New Method for Measuring Time-Resolved Frequency Chirp of High Bit Rate Sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 446–448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, A. Scire, M. Sorel, and S. Donati, “Dynamic behavior and locking of a semiconductor laser subjected to external injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(12), 2350–2357 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. M. Liu, H. F. Chen, X. J. Meng, and T. B. Simpson, “Modulation bandwidth, noise, and stability of a semiconductor laser subject to strong injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(10), 1325–1327 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

W. Schmid, C. Jung, B. Weigi, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Delayed self-heterodyne linewidth measurement of VCSELs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(10), 1288–1290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Amann, M. C.

M. Ortsiefer, W. Hofmann, E. Ronneberg, A. Boletti, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, C. Neumeyr, G. Bohm, M. Martinelli, and M. C. Amann, “High speed 1.3 μm VCSELs for 12.5 Gbit/s optical interconnects,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 974–975 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Amann, M.-C.

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M.-C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow,, “40 GHz Bandwidth and 64 GHz Resonance Frequency in Injection-Locked 1.55μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Shau, H. Halbritter, F. Riemenschneider, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, G. Bohm, M. Maute, P. Meissner, and M.-C. Amann, “Linewidth of InP-based 1.55 lm VCSELs with buried tunnel junction,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1728 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Annovazzi-Lodi, V.

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, A. Scire, M. Sorel, and S. Donati, “Dynamic behavior and locking of a semiconductor laser subjected to external injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(12), 2350–2357 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boffi, P.

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL Transmission Performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for Metro Access Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortsiefer, W. Hofmann, E. Ronneberg, A. Boletti, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, C. Neumeyr, G. Bohm, M. Martinelli, and M. C. Amann, “High speed 1.3 μm VCSELs for 12.5 Gbit/s optical interconnects,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 974–975 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bohm, G.

M. Ortsiefer, W. Hofmann, E. Ronneberg, A. Boletti, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, C. Neumeyr, G. Bohm, M. Martinelli, and M. C. Amann, “High speed 1.3 μm VCSELs for 12.5 Gbit/s optical interconnects,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 974–975 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Shau, H. Halbritter, F. Riemenschneider, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, G. Bohm, M. Maute, P. Meissner, and M.-C. Amann, “Linewidth of InP-based 1.55 lm VCSELs with buried tunnel junction,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1728 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Boletti, A.

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL Transmission Performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for Metro Access Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortsiefer, W. Hofmann, E. Ronneberg, A. Boletti, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, C. Neumeyr, G. Bohm, M. Martinelli, and M. C. Amann, “High speed 1.3 μm VCSELs for 12.5 Gbit/s optical interconnects,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 974–975 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.-H.

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 1386–1393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Chrostowski, C.-H. Chang, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Enhancement of Dynamic range in 1.55μm VCSELs using Injection Locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 498–500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

L. Chrostowski, C.-H. Chang, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Enhancement of Dynamic range in 1.55μm VCSELs using Injection Locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 498–500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 1386–1393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. F.

J. M. Liu, H. F. Chen, X. J. Meng, and T. B. Simpson, “Modulation bandwidth, noise, and stability of a semiconductor laser subject to strong injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(10), 1325–1327 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chow, W. W.

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M.-C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow,, “40 GHz Bandwidth and 64 GHz Resonance Frequency in Injection-Locked 1.55μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chrostowski, L.

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M.-C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow,, “40 GHz Bandwidth and 64 GHz Resonance Frequency in Injection-Locked 1.55μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 1386–1393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Chrostowski, C.-H. Chang, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Enhancement of Dynamic range in 1.55μm VCSELs using Injection Locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 498–500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Donati, S.

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, A. Scire, M. Sorel, and S. Donati, “Dynamic behavior and locking of a semiconductor laser subjected to external injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(12), 2350–2357 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ebeling, K. J.

W. Schmid, C. Jung, B. Weigi, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Delayed self-heterodyne linewidth measurement of VCSELs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(10), 1288–1290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Faraji, B.

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M.-C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow,, “40 GHz Bandwidth and 64 GHz Resonance Frequency in Injection-Locked 1.55μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fekecs, A.

C. Laverdière, A. Fekecs, and M. Tetu, “A New Method for Measuring Time-Resolved Frequency Chirp of High Bit Rate Sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 446–448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gatto, A.

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL Transmission Performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for Metro Access Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortsiefer, W. Hofmann, E. Ronneberg, A. Boletti, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, C. Neumeyr, G. Bohm, M. Martinelli, and M. C. Amann, “High speed 1.3 μm VCSELs for 12.5 Gbit/s optical interconnects,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 974–975 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Halbritter, H.

R. Shau, H. Halbritter, F. Riemenschneider, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, G. Bohm, M. Maute, P. Meissner, and M.-C. Amann, “Linewidth of InP-based 1.55 lm VCSELs with buried tunnel junction,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1728 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, W.

M. Ortsiefer, W. Hofmann, E. Ronneberg, A. Boletti, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, C. Neumeyr, G. Bohm, M. Martinelli, and M. C. Amann, “High speed 1.3 μm VCSELs for 12.5 Gbit/s optical interconnects,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 974–975 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M.-C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow,, “40 GHz Bandwidth and 64 GHz Resonance Frequency in Injection-Locked 1.55μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jung, C.

W. Schmid, C. Jung, B. Weigi, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Delayed self-heterodyne linewidth measurement of VCSELs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(10), 1288–1290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Laverdière, C.

C. Laverdière, A. Fekecs, and M. Tetu, “A New Method for Measuring Time-Resolved Frequency Chirp of High Bit Rate Sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 446–448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. M.

J. M. Liu, H. F. Chen, X. J. Meng, and T. B. Simpson, “Modulation bandwidth, noise, and stability of a semiconductor laser subject to strong injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(10), 1325–1327 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL Transmission Performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for Metro Access Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortsiefer, W. Hofmann, E. Ronneberg, A. Boletti, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, C. Neumeyr, G. Bohm, M. Martinelli, and M. C. Amann, “High speed 1.3 μm VCSELs for 12.5 Gbit/s optical interconnects,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 974–975 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maute, M.

R. Shau, H. Halbritter, F. Riemenschneider, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, G. Bohm, M. Maute, P. Meissner, and M.-C. Amann, “Linewidth of InP-based 1.55 lm VCSELs with buried tunnel junction,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1728 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meissner, P.

R. Shau, H. Halbritter, F. Riemenschneider, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, G. Bohm, M. Maute, P. Meissner, and M.-C. Amann, “Linewidth of InP-based 1.55 lm VCSELs with buried tunnel junction,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1728 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X. J.

J. M. Liu, H. F. Chen, X. J. Meng, and T. B. Simpson, “Modulation bandwidth, noise, and stability of a semiconductor laser subject to strong injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(10), 1325–1327 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Michalzik, R.

W. Schmid, C. Jung, B. Weigi, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Delayed self-heterodyne linewidth measurement of VCSELs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(10), 1288–1290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Neumeyr, C.

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL Transmission Performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for Metro Access Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortsiefer, W. Hofmann, E. Ronneberg, A. Boletti, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, C. Neumeyr, G. Bohm, M. Martinelli, and M. C. Amann, “High speed 1.3 μm VCSELs for 12.5 Gbit/s optical interconnects,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 974–975 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ortsiefer, M.

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL Transmission Performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for Metro Access Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortsiefer, W. Hofmann, E. Ronneberg, A. Boletti, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, C. Neumeyr, G. Bohm, M. Martinelli, and M. C. Amann, “High speed 1.3 μm VCSELs for 12.5 Gbit/s optical interconnects,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 974–975 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Shau, H. Halbritter, F. Riemenschneider, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, G. Bohm, M. Maute, P. Meissner, and M.-C. Amann, “Linewidth of InP-based 1.55 lm VCSELs with buried tunnel junction,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1728 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reiner, G.

W. Schmid, C. Jung, B. Weigi, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Delayed self-heterodyne linewidth measurement of VCSELs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(10), 1288–1290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Riemenschneider, F.

R. Shau, H. Halbritter, F. Riemenschneider, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, G. Bohm, M. Maute, P. Meissner, and M.-C. Amann, “Linewidth of InP-based 1.55 lm VCSELs with buried tunnel junction,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1728 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ronneberg, E.

M. Ortsiefer, W. Hofmann, E. Ronneberg, A. Boletti, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, C. Neumeyr, G. Bohm, M. Martinelli, and M. C. Amann, “High speed 1.3 μm VCSELs for 12.5 Gbit/s optical interconnects,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 974–975 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rönneberg, E.

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL Transmission Performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for Metro Access Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rosskopf, J.

M. Ortsiefer, W. Hofmann, E. Ronneberg, A. Boletti, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, C. Neumeyr, G. Bohm, M. Martinelli, and M. C. Amann, “High speed 1.3 μm VCSELs for 12.5 Gbit/s optical interconnects,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 974–975 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Shau, H. Halbritter, F. Riemenschneider, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, G. Bohm, M. Maute, P. Meissner, and M.-C. Amann, “Linewidth of InP-based 1.55 lm VCSELs with buried tunnel junction,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1728 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, W.

W. Schmid, C. Jung, B. Weigi, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Delayed self-heterodyne linewidth measurement of VCSELs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(10), 1288–1290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Scire, A.

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, A. Scire, M. Sorel, and S. Donati, “Dynamic behavior and locking of a semiconductor laser subjected to external injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(12), 2350–2357 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shau, R.

M. Ortsiefer, W. Hofmann, E. Ronneberg, A. Boletti, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, C. Neumeyr, G. Bohm, M. Martinelli, and M. C. Amann, “High speed 1.3 μm VCSELs for 12.5 Gbit/s optical interconnects,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 974–975 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Shau, H. Halbritter, F. Riemenschneider, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, G. Bohm, M. Maute, P. Meissner, and M.-C. Amann, “Linewidth of InP-based 1.55 lm VCSELs with buried tunnel junction,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1728 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, T. B.

J. M. Liu, H. F. Chen, X. J. Meng, and T. B. Simpson, “Modulation bandwidth, noise, and stability of a semiconductor laser subject to strong injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(10), 1325–1327 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sorel, M.

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, A. Scire, M. Sorel, and S. Donati, “Dynamic behavior and locking of a semiconductor laser subjected to external injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(12), 2350–2357 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tetu, M.

C. Laverdière, A. Fekecs, and M. Tetu, “A New Method for Measuring Time-Resolved Frequency Chirp of High Bit Rate Sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 446–448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weigi, B.

W. Schmid, C. Jung, B. Weigi, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Delayed self-heterodyne linewidth measurement of VCSELs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(10), 1288–1290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wieczorek, S.

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M.-C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow,, “40 GHz Bandwidth and 64 GHz Resonance Frequency in Injection-Locked 1.55μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. Ortsiefer, W. Hofmann, E. Ronneberg, A. Boletti, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, C. Neumeyr, G. Bohm, M. Martinelli, and M. C. Amann, “High speed 1.3 μm VCSELs for 12.5 Gbit/s optical interconnects,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 974–975 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Shau, H. Halbritter, F. Riemenschneider, M. Ortsiefer, J. Rosskopf, G. Bohm, M. Maute, P. Meissner, and M.-C. Amann, “Linewidth of InP-based 1.55 lm VCSELs with buried tunnel junction,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1728 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, A. Scire, M. Sorel, and S. Donati, “Dynamic behavior and locking of a semiconductor laser subjected to external injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(12), 2350–2357 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Chrostowski, B. Faraji, W. Hofmann, M.-C. Amann, S. Wieczorek, and W. W. Chow,, “40 GHz Bandwidth and 64 GHz Resonance Frequency in Injection-Locked 1.55μm VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1200–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 1386–1393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

L. Chrostowski, C.-H. Chang, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Enhancement of Dynamic range in 1.55μm VCSELs using Injection Locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 498–500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Other (4)

Dennis Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice Hall,).

M. Ortsiefer, M. Grau, J. Rosskopf, R. Shau, K. Windhorn, E. Rönneberg, G. Böhm, W. Hofmann, O. Dier, and M.-C. Amann, “InP-based VCSELs with Buried Tunnel Junction for Optical Communication and Sensing in the 1.3-2.3 μm Wavelength Range,” in Proceedings of IEEE Semiconductor Laser Conference, (Waikoloa, HI, USA, 2006), pp. 113–114.

B. Zhang, X. Zhao, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, and C. Ming, Wu, M. C. Amann, C.J. Chang-Hasnain, and A. E. Willner, “Adjustable Chirp Injection-Locked 1.55μm VCSELs for Enhanced Chromatic Dispersion Compensation at 10 Gb/s,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (San Diego Convention Center, 2008).

D. Parekh, and X. Bo Zhang, Zhao, Y. Yue, W. Hofmann, M.C. Amann, A.E. Willner and C.J. Chang-Hasnain, “90-km single-mode fiber transmission of 10-Gb/s multimode VCSELs under optical injection locking,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (San Diego Convention Center, 2009).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Linewidth vs. inverse output power at different temperatures. At 20°C (blue line), at 40°C (red line) and at 70°C (green line).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for chirp (bottom) and propagation measurements (top) over 40-km SSMF link.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Real-time chirp measurement (blue line) respect to intensity pattern (red line) for free-running VCSEL in under-threshold operation (a), for injection-locked VCSEL with ΔP = 4 dB, Δλ = 0.27 nm (b), for ΔP = 4 dB, Δλ = 0.24 nm (c) and for ΔP = 2 dB, Δλ = 0.24nm (d).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Real-time chirp measurement (blue line) respect to intensity pattern (red line) for free-running VCSEL in above-threshold configuration (a) and for injection-locked VCSEL with ΔP = 3.8dB, Δλ = 0.22nm (b).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Eye diagrams in BTB configuration without injection (a) and with injection (c). Eye diagrams after 40-km SSMF without injection (b) and with injection (d). (e) BER curves vs received power for BTB configuration without injection-locking (blue line), with injection-locking (red line) and after 40km of SSMF propagation with injection-locking (green line).

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