Abstract

We present the room temperature Q-switched performances of a Ho:LuAG laser operated at 2.1µm. At the repetition rate of 10kHz, the maximum average output power of 9.9W with a slope efficiency of 69.9% relative to absorbed pump power was obtained in Ho:LuAG laser. Also, the minimum pulse width of 33.0 ns was obtained, corresponding to the peak power was 30.0kW.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 629-636(2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. A. Budni, C. R. Ibach, S. D. Setzler, E. J. Gustafson, R. T. Castro, and E. P. Chicklis, "50-mJ, Q-switched, 2.09- μm holmium laser resonantly pumped by a diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1016-1018 (2003)
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, "A simple model for the prediction of thermal conductivity in pure and doped insulating crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355-1357 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  21. V. Kushawaha, Y. Chen, Y. Yan, and L. Major, "High-efficiency continuous-wave diode-pumped Tm: Ho: LuAG laser at 2.1 µm," Appl. Phys. B 62, 109-111 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "Single-mode Tm and Tm, Ho:LuAG laser for LIDAR applications," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285-290(2004)
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. D. W. Hart, M. Jani, and N. P. Barnes, "Room-temperature lasing of end-pumped Ho:Lu3Al5O12," Opt. Lett. 21, 728-730 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, "Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals," Phys. Rev. B 74, 035103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, "High-power laser performance of a-cut and c-cut Yb:LuVO4 crystals," Opt. Lett. 31, 3294-3296 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. M. Walsh, G. W. Grew, and N. P. Barnes, "Energy levels and intensity parameters of Ho3+ ions in Y3Al5O12 and Lu3Al5O12," J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 67, 1567-1582(2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "Single-mode Tm and Tm, Ho:LuAG laser for LIDAR applications," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285-290(2004)
[CrossRef]

Y. Kuwano,K. Suda, N. Ishizawa, and T. Yamada. "Crystals Growth and Properties of (Lu,Y)3Al5O12," Journal of Cryst. Growth 260, 159-165 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Koch, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Y. Beyon, F. Amzajerdian, J. R. Yu, R. E. Davis, S. Ismail, S. Vay, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, "Coherent Differential Absorption Lidar Measurements of CO2," Appl. Opt. 43, 5092-5099 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

2000 (2)

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, C. A. Miller, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "Efficient mid-infrared laser using 1.9-μm-pumped Ho:YAG and ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 723-728 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 629-636(2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

D. N. Patel, B. R. Reddy, S. K. Nash-Stevenson, "Spectroscopic and two-photon upconversion studies of Ho3+-doped Lu3Al5O12," Opt. Mat. 10, 225-234 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

D. W. Hart, M. Jani, and N. P. Barnes, "Room-temperature lasing of end-pumped Ho:Lu3Al5O12," Opt. Lett. 21, 728-730 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Tonelli, M. Falconieri, A. Lanzi, G. Salvetti, and A. Toncelli, "Comparison of Tm-sensitized Ho:YAG and Ho:YLF crystals for a laser-pumped 2 μm CW oscillator," Opt. Commun. 129, 62-68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. Kushawaha, Y. Chen, Y. Yan, and L. Major, "High-efficiency continuous-wave diode-pumped Tm: Ho: LuAG laser at 2.1 µm," Appl. Phys. B 62, 109-111 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Amzajerdian, F.

Armstrong, D.

Asai, K.

Barnes, B. W.

Barnes, N. P.

Beyon, J. Y.

Budni, P. A.

Castro, R. T.

Cerný, P.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, "Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals," Phys. Rev. B 74, 035103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

V. Kushawaha, Y. Chen, Y. Yan, and L. Major, "High-efficiency continuous-wave diode-pumped Tm: Ho: LuAG laser at 2.1 µm," Appl. Phys. B 62, 109-111 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chicklis, E. P.

Davis, R. E.

Dergachev, A.

Dominiak-Dzik, G.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, "Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals," Phys. Rev. B 74, 035103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dong, J.

Dong, Q.

Drake, T.

Duan, X. M.

Dubois, M.

Eichhorn, M.

Falconieri, M.

M. Tonelli, M. Falconieri, A. Lanzi, G. Salvetti, and A. Toncelli, "Comparison of Tm-sensitized Ho:YAG and Ho:YLF crystals for a laser-pumped 2 μm CW oscillator," Opt. Commun. 129, 62-68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Faye, D.

Filer, E. D.

Fournier, D.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, "A simple model for the prediction of thermal conductivity in pure and doped insulating crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355-1357 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gaumé, R.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, "A simple model for the prediction of thermal conductivity in pure and doped insulating crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355-1357 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grew, G. W.

B. M. Walsh, G. W. Grew, and N. P. Barnes, "Energy levels and intensity parameters of Ho3+ ions in Y3Al5O12 and Lu3Al5O12," J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 67, 1567-1582(2006).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

Gustafson, E. J.

Hart, D. W.

Heumann, E.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "Single-mode Tm and Tm, Ho:LuAG laser for LIDAR applications," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285-290(2004)
[CrossRef]

Higuchi, M.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, "Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals," Phys. Rev. B 74, 035103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hirth, A.

Huber, G.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "Single-mode Tm and Tm, Ho:LuAG laser for LIDAR applications," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285-290(2004)
[CrossRef]

Ibach, C. R.

Ishizawa, N.

Y. Kuwano,K. Suda, N. Ishizawa, and T. Yamada. "Crystals Growth and Properties of (Lu,Y)3Al5O12," Journal of Cryst. Growth 260, 159-165 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ismail, S.

Jani, M.

Jelínková, H.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, "Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals," Phys. Rev. B 74, 035103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

Ju, Y. L.

Kaminskii, A. A.

Kavaya, M. J.

Kieleck, C.

Koch, G. J.

Kokta, M. R.

Kushawaha, V.

V. Kushawaha, Y. Chen, Y. Yan, and L. Major, "High-efficiency continuous-wave diode-pumped Tm: Ho: LuAG laser at 2.1 µm," Appl. Phys. B 62, 109-111 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kuwano, Y.

Y. Kuwano,K. Suda, N. Ishizawa, and T. Yamada. "Crystals Growth and Properties of (Lu,Y)3Al5O12," Journal of Cryst. Growth 260, 159-165 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lallier, E.

Lanzi, A.

M. Tonelli, M. Falconieri, A. Lanzi, G. Salvetti, and A. Toncelli, "Comparison of Tm-sensitized Ho:YAG and Ho:YLF crystals for a laser-pumped 2 μm CW oscillator," Opt. Commun. 129, 62-68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lemons, M. L.

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 629-636(2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, C. A. Miller, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "Efficient mid-infrared laser using 1.9-μm-pumped Ho:YAG and ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 723-728 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, L. J.

Lisiecki, R.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, "Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals," Phys. Rev. B 74, 035103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Major, L.

V. Kushawaha, Y. Chen, Y. Yan, and L. Major, "High-efficiency continuous-wave diode-pumped Tm: Ho: LuAG laser at 2.1 µm," Appl. Phys. B 62, 109-111 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miller, C. A.

Mosto, J. R.

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, C. A. Miller, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "Efficient mid-infrared laser using 1.9-μm-pumped Ho:YAG and ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 723-728 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 629-636(2000).
[CrossRef]

Naranjo, F. L.

Nash-Stevenson, S. K.

D. N. Patel, B. R. Reddy, S. K. Nash-Stevenson, "Spectroscopic and two-photon upconversion studies of Ho3+-doped Lu3Al5O12," Opt. Mat. 10, 225-234 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Patel, D. N.

D. N. Patel, B. R. Reddy, S. K. Nash-Stevenson, "Spectroscopic and two-photon upconversion studies of Ho3+-doped Lu3Al5O12," Opt. Mat. 10, 225-234 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Petros, M.

Petrov, V.

Pomeranz, L. A.

Reddy, B. R.

D. N. Patel, B. R. Reddy, S. K. Nash-Stevenson, "Spectroscopic and two-photon upconversion studies of Ho3+-doped Lu3Al5O12," Opt. Mat. 10, 225-234 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, W. J.

Roger, J. P.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, "A simple model for the prediction of thermal conductivity in pure and doped insulating crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355-1357 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, "Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals," Phys. Rev. B 74, 035103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Salvetti, G.

M. Tonelli, M. Falconieri, A. Lanzi, G. Salvetti, and A. Toncelli, "Comparison of Tm-sensitized Ho:YAG and Ho:YLF crystals for a laser-pumped 2 μm CW oscillator," Opt. Commun. 129, 62-68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Scholle, K.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "Single-mode Tm and Tm, Ho:LuAG laser for LIDAR applications," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285-290(2004)
[CrossRef]

Setzler, S. D.

Singh, U. N.

Smith, A.

Sobczyk, M.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, "Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals," Phys. Rev. B 74, 035103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Solarz, P.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, "Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals," Phys. Rev. B 74, 035103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Suda, K.

Y. Kuwano,K. Suda, N. Ishizawa, and T. Yamada. "Crystals Growth and Properties of (Lu,Y)3Al5O12," Journal of Cryst. Growth 260, 159-165 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sudesh, V.

Šulc, J.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, "Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals," Phys. Rev. B 74, 035103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Toncelli, A.

M. Tonelli, M. Falconieri, A. Lanzi, G. Salvetti, and A. Toncelli, "Comparison of Tm-sensitized Ho:YAG and Ho:YLF crystals for a laser-pumped 2 μm CW oscillator," Opt. Commun. 129, 62-68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

M. Tonelli, M. Falconieri, A. Lanzi, G. Salvetti, and A. Toncelli, "Comparison of Tm-sensitized Ho:YAG and Ho:YLF crystals for a laser-pumped 2 μm CW oscillator," Opt. Commun. 129, 62-68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

Urata, Y.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, "Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals," Phys. Rev. B 74, 035103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vay, S.

Viana, B.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, "A simple model for the prediction of thermal conductivity in pure and doped insulating crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355-1357 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, D.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, "A simple model for the prediction of thermal conductivity in pure and doped insulating crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355-1357 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Walsh, B. M.

B. M. Walsh, G. W. Grew, and N. P. Barnes, "Energy levels and intensity parameters of Ho3+ ions in Y3Al5O12 and Lu3Al5O12," J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 67, 1567-1582(2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, T. H.

Wang, Y. Z.

Yamada, T.

Y. Kuwano,K. Suda, N. Ishizawa, and T. Yamada. "Crystals Growth and Properties of (Lu,Y)3Al5O12," Journal of Cryst. Growth 260, 159-165 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yan, Y.

V. Kushawaha, Y. Chen, Y. Yan, and L. Major, "High-efficiency continuous-wave diode-pumped Tm: Ho: LuAG laser at 2.1 µm," Appl. Phys. B 62, 109-111 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X. T.

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Yu, J. R.

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Zheng, L. L.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

V. Kushawaha, Y. Chen, Y. Yan, and L. Major, "High-efficiency continuous-wave diode-pumped Tm: Ho: LuAG laser at 2.1 µm," Appl. Phys. B 62, 109-111 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, "A simple model for the prediction of thermal conductivity in pure and doped insulating crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355-1357 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Other (4)

I. Moskalev, V. Fedorov, S. Mirov, A. Babushkin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, and N. Platonov, "Efficient Ho:YAG Laser Resonantly Pumped by Tm-Fiber Laser," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper TuB10.

G. Renz, M. Klose, C. Reiter, F. Massmann, and H. Voss, "A High Energy Tm:YLF-Fiber-Laser (1.9µm) Pumped Ho:YAG MOPA (2.09µm) Laser System," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper WD3.

A. Dergachev, P. F. Moulton, and T. E. Drake, "High-power, high-energy Ho:YLF laser pumped with Tm:fiber laser, " in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (TOPS), C. Denman and I. Sorokina, eds., Vol. 98 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper 608.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, and T. J. Axenson, "Tm:YLF Pumped Ho:YAG and Ho:LuAG Lasers," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuB13.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the Q-switched Ho:LuAG laser

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output power of Ho:LuAG laser a)CW b) Q-switched at PRF of 10kHz.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The beam radius of the Ho:LuAG laser. Inset, typical 2D beam profiles.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Average output power as a function of temperature of crystal-holder.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The pulse width versus absorbed pump power at repetition rate of 10 kHz

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Pulse profile of minimum pulse width at PRF of 10 kHz.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

The dependence of pulse width on the different repetition rate at absorbed pump power of 10.3W.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Output wavelengths of Ho:LuAG laser a) transmittance of 29% b) transmittance of 51%.

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