Abstract

We investigate the influence of THG-cut KDP crystal orientation on laser damage at 1064 nm under nanosecond pulses. Since laser damage is now assumed to initiate on precursor defects, this study makes a connection between these nanodefects (throughout a mesoscopic description) and the influence of their orientation on laser damage. Some investigations have already been carried out in various crystals and particularly for KDP, indicating propagation direction and polarization dependences. We performed experiments for two orthogonal positions of the crystal and results clearly indicate that KDP crystal laser damage depends on its orientation. We carried out further investigations on the effect of the polarization orientation, by rotating the crystal around the propagation axis. We then obtained the evolution of the damage probability as a function of the rotation angle. To account for these experimental results, we propose a laser damage model based on ellipsoid-shaped defects. This modeling is a refined implementation of the DMT model (Drude Mie Thermal) [Dyan et al., J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1087-1095 (2008)], by introducing absorption efficiency calculations for an ellipsoidal geometry. Modeling simulations are in good agreement with experimental results.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  4. M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, H. Piombini, H. Mathis, J. Capoulade, and J. Y. Natoli, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 267, 154-161 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, "Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Appl. Opt. 42, 5483-5495 (2003).
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    [CrossRef]
  9. J. B. Trenholme, M. D. Feit, and A. Rubenchik, "Size-selection initiation model extended to include shape and random factors," Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910X (2006).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. P. Demange, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, H. B. Radousky, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "The energy coupling efficiency of multiwavelength laser pulses to damage initiating defects in deuterated KH2PO4 non linear crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083122 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  31. C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchick, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 87401 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  32. J. Y. Natoli, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, and B. Bertussi, "Influence of laser beam size and wavelength in the determination of LIDT and associated laser damage precursor densities in KH2PO4," Proc. SPIE 6720, 672016 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2009

S. Reyné, M. Loiseau, G. Duchateau, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, "Towards a better understanding of multi-wavelength effect on KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7361, 73610Z (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095701 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Duchateau, "Simple models for laser-induced damage and conditioning of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by nanosecond pulses," Opt. Express 17, 10434-10456 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

A. Dyan, F. Enguehard, S. Lallich, H. Piombini, and G. Duchateau, "Scaling laws in laser-induced potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystal damage by nanosecond pulses at 3ω," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1087-1095 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Draine and P. J. Flatau, "The discrete dipole approximation for periodic targets: theory and tests," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 2693-2703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. R. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, "Laser-induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials," Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E-1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Demange, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, H. B. Radousky, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "The energy coupling efficiency of multiwavelength laser pulses to damage initiating defects in deuterated KH2PO4 non linear crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083122 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

P. Demange, R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage initiation in DKDP crystals," Opt. Express 14, 5313-5328 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, H. Piombini, H. Mathis, J. Capoulade, and J. Y. Natoli, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 267, 154-161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Trenholme, M. D. Feit, and A. Rubenchik, "Size-selection initiation model extended to include shape and random factors," Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910X (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, "Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling, and laser conditioning," Proc. SPIE 5273, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchick, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 87401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and H. B. Radousky, "Bulk defect formations in KH2PO4 crystals investigated using fluorescence microscopy," Phys. Rev. B 67, 224102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Wavelength dependence of laser-induced damage: determining the damage initiation mechanisms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 127402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, "Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Appl. Opt. 42, 5483-5495 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

2001

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, "Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 180, 255-262 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, and T. Sasaki, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

N. Zaitseva, J. Atherton, R. Rozsa, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, M. Runkel, R. Ryon, and L. James, "Design and benefits of continuous filtration in rapid growth of large KDP and DKDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 197, 911-920 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, R. Torres, and M. Yan, "The effect of impurities and supersaturation on the rapid growth of KDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 204, 512-524 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994

B. T. Draine and P. J. Flatau, "Discrete-dipole approximation for scattering calculations," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1491-1499 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1970

R. W. Hopper and D. R. Uhlmann, "Mechanisms of inclusion damage in laser glass," J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4023-4037 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Albrecht, H.

Atherton, J.

N. Zaitseva, J. Atherton, R. Rozsa, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, M. Runkel, R. Ryon, and L. James, "Design and benefits of continuous filtration in rapid growth of large KDP and DKDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 197, 911-920 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bercegol, H.

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095701 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bertussi, B.

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095701 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. R. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, "Laser-induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials," Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E-1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Natoli, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, and B. Bertussi, "Influence of laser beam size and wavelength in the determination of LIDT and associated laser damage precursor densities in KH2PO4," Proc. SPIE 6720, 672016 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, H. Piombini, H. Mathis, J. Capoulade, and J. Y. Natoli, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 267, 154-161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, A. K.

Capoulade, J.

J. Y. Natoli, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, and B. Bertussi, "Influence of laser beam size and wavelength in the determination of LIDT and associated laser damage precursor densities in KH2PO4," Proc. SPIE 6720, 672016 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, H. Piombini, H. Mathis, J. Capoulade, and J. Y. Natoli, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 267, 154-161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carman, L.

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, R. Torres, and M. Yan, "The effect of impurities and supersaturation on the rapid growth of KDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 204, 512-524 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Zaitseva, J. Atherton, R. Rozsa, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, M. Runkel, R. Ryon, and L. James, "Design and benefits of continuous filtration in rapid growth of large KDP and DKDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 197, 911-920 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Carman, L. M.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, "Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 180, 255-262 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Carr, C. W.

P. Demange, R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage initiation in DKDP crystals," Opt. Express 14, 5313-5328 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Demange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Multiwavelength investigation of laser-damage performance in potassium dihydrogen phosphate after laser annealing," Opt. Lett. 30, 221-223 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchick, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 87401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Wavelength dependence of laser-induced damage: determining the damage initiation mechanisms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 127402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ciapponi, A.

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. R. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, "Laser-induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials," Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E-1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Commandré, M.

Damiani, D.

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. R. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, "Laser-induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials," Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E-1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, H. Piombini, H. Mathis, J. Capoulade, and J. Y. Natoli, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 267, 154-161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De Yoreo, J. J.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, "Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 180, 255-262 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dehaven, M. R.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, "Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 180, 255-262 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Demange, P.

Demos, S. G.

P. Demange, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, H. B. Radousky, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "The energy coupling efficiency of multiwavelength laser pulses to damage initiating defects in deuterated KH2PO4 non linear crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083122 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Demange, R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage initiation in DKDP crystals," Opt. Express 14, 5313-5328 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Demange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Multiwavelength investigation of laser-damage performance in potassium dihydrogen phosphate after laser annealing," Opt. Lett. 30, 221-223 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchick, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 87401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Wavelength dependence of laser-induced damage: determining the damage initiation mechanisms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 127402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and H. B. Radousky, "Bulk defect formations in KH2PO4 crystals investigated using fluorescence microscopy," Phys. Rev. B 67, 224102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos and M. Staggs, "Application of fluorescence microscopy for noninvasive detection of surface contamination and precursors to laser-induced damage," Appl. Opt. 41, 1977-1983 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Donval, T.

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095701 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Draine, B. T.

B. T. Draine and P. J. Flatau, "The discrete dipole approximation for periodic targets: theory and tests," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 2693-2703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Draine and P. J. Flatau, "Discrete-dipole approximation for scattering calculations," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1491-1499 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Duchateau, G.

Dyan, A.

Enguehard, F.

Feit, M. D.

P. Demange, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, H. B. Radousky, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "The energy coupling efficiency of multiwavelength laser pulses to damage initiating defects in deuterated KH2PO4 non linear crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083122 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Trenholme, M. D. Feit, and A. Rubenchik, "Size-selection initiation model extended to include shape and random factors," Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910X (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, "Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling, and laser conditioning," Proc. SPIE 5273, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchick, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 87401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, "Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Appl. Opt. 42, 5483-5495 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flatau, P. J.

B. T. Draine and P. J. Flatau, "The discrete dipole approximation for periodic targets: theory and tests," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 2693-2703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Draine and P. J. Flatau, "Discrete-dipole approximation for scattering calculations," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1491-1499 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Floyd, R. L.

Fujita, H.

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, and T. Sasaki, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hawley-Fedder, R. A.

Hildenbrand, A.

Hopper, R. W.

R. W. Hopper and D. R. Uhlmann, "Mechanisms of inclusion damage in laser glass," J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4023-4037 (1970).
[CrossRef]

James, L.

N. Zaitseva, J. Atherton, R. Rozsa, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, M. Runkel, R. Ryon, and L. James, "Design and benefits of continuous filtration in rapid growth of large KDP and DKDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 197, 911-920 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jitsuno, T.

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, and T. Sasaki, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lallich, S.

Lamaignère, L.

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095701 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Reyné, M. Loiseau, G. Duchateau, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, "Towards a better understanding of multi-wavelength effect on KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7361, 73610Z (2009).
[CrossRef]

Land, T. A.

Loiseau, M.

S. Reyné, M. Loiseau, G. Duchateau, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, "Towards a better understanding of multi-wavelength effect on KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7361, 73610Z (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095701 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mathis, H.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, H. Piombini, H. Mathis, J. Capoulade, and J. Y. Natoli, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 267, 154-161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meslin, C.

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095701 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, and T. Sasaki, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Natoli, J. Y.

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. R. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, "Laser-induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials," Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E-1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Wagner, A. Hildenbrand, J. Y. Natoli, M. Commandré, F. Théodore, and H. Albrecht, "Laser damage resistance of RbTiOPO4: evidence of polarization dependent anisotropy," Opt. Express 15, 13849-13857 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Y. Natoli, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, and B. Bertussi, "Influence of laser beam size and wavelength in the determination of LIDT and associated laser damage precursor densities in KH2PO4," Proc. SPIE 6720, 672016 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, H. Piombini, H. Mathis, J. Capoulade, and J. Y. Natoli, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 267, 154-161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Natoli, J.-Y.

S. Reyné, M. Loiseau, G. Duchateau, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, "Towards a better understanding of multi-wavelength effect on KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7361, 73610Z (2009).
[CrossRef]

Negres, R. A.

Palmier, S.

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. R. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, "Laser-induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials," Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E-1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Piombini, H.

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. R. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, "Laser-induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials," Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E-1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Dyan, F. Enguehard, S. Lallich, H. Piombini, and G. Duchateau, "Scaling laws in laser-induced potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystal damage by nanosecond pulses at 3ω," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1087-1095 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Natoli, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, and B. Bertussi, "Influence of laser beam size and wavelength in the determination of LIDT and associated laser damage precursor densities in KH2PO4," Proc. SPIE 6720, 672016 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, H. Piombini, H. Mathis, J. Capoulade, and J. Y. Natoli, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 267, 154-161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pommiès, M.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, H. Piombini, H. Mathis, J. Capoulade, and J. Y. Natoli, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 267, 154-161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Poncetta, J. C.

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095701 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Radousky, H. B.

P. Demange, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, H. B. Radousky, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "The energy coupling efficiency of multiwavelength laser pulses to damage initiating defects in deuterated KH2PO4 non linear crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083122 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Demange, R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage initiation in DKDP crystals," Opt. Express 14, 5313-5328 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Demange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Multiwavelength investigation of laser-damage performance in potassium dihydrogen phosphate after laser annealing," Opt. Lett. 30, 221-223 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchick, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 87401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Wavelength dependence of laser-induced damage: determining the damage initiation mechanisms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 127402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and H. B. Radousky, "Bulk defect formations in KH2PO4 crystals investigated using fluorescence microscopy," Phys. Rev. B 67, 224102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Razé, G.

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095701 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Reyné, S.

S. Reyné, M. Loiseau, G. Duchateau, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, "Towards a better understanding of multi-wavelength effect on KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7361, 73610Z (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rozsa, R.

N. Zaitseva, J. Atherton, R. Rozsa, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, M. Runkel, R. Ryon, and L. James, "Design and benefits of continuous filtration in rapid growth of large KDP and DKDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 197, 911-920 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchick, A. M.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchick, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 87401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A.

J. B. Trenholme, M. D. Feit, and A. Rubenchik, "Size-selection initiation model extended to include shape and random factors," Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910X (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A. M.

P. Demange, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, H. B. Radousky, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "The energy coupling efficiency of multiwavelength laser pulses to damage initiating defects in deuterated KH2PO4 non linear crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083122 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, "Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling, and laser conditioning," Proc. SPIE 5273, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, "Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Appl. Opt. 42, 5483-5495 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Runkel, M.

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, "Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Appl. Opt. 42, 5483-5495 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Zaitseva, J. Atherton, R. Rozsa, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, M. Runkel, R. Ryon, and L. James, "Design and benefits of continuous filtration in rapid growth of large KDP and DKDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 197, 911-920 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ryon, R.

N. Zaitseva, J. Atherton, R. Rozsa, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, M. Runkel, R. Ryon, and L. James, "Design and benefits of continuous filtration in rapid growth of large KDP and DKDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 197, 911-920 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, and T. Sasaki, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Siekhaus, W. J.

Smolsky, I.

N. Zaitseva, J. Atherton, R. Rozsa, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, M. Runkel, R. Ryon, and L. James, "Design and benefits of continuous filtration in rapid growth of large KDP and DKDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 197, 911-920 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, R. Torres, and M. Yan, "The effect of impurities and supersaturation on the rapid growth of KDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 204, 512-524 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Spears, H. R.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, "Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 180, 255-262 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Staggs, M.

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and H. B. Radousky, "Bulk defect formations in KH2PO4 crystals investigated using fluorescence microscopy," Phys. Rev. B 67, 224102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos and M. Staggs, "Application of fluorescence microscopy for noninvasive detection of surface contamination and precursors to laser-induced damage," Appl. Opt. 41, 1977-1983 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Théodore, F.

Torres, R.

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, R. Torres, and M. Yan, "The effect of impurities and supersaturation on the rapid growth of KDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 204, 512-524 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Trenholme, J. B.

J. B. Trenholme, M. D. Feit, and A. Rubenchik, "Size-selection initiation model extended to include shape and random factors," Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910X (2006).
[CrossRef]

Uhlmann, D. R.

R. W. Hopper and D. R. Uhlmann, "Mechanisms of inclusion damage in laser glass," J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4023-4037 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Vital, R. L.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, "Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 180, 255-262 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, F. R.

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. R. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, "Laser-induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials," Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E-1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Wagner, A. Hildenbrand, J. Y. Natoli, M. Commandré, F. Théodore, and H. Albrecht, "Laser damage resistance of RbTiOPO4: evidence of polarization dependent anisotropy," Opt. Express 15, 13849-13857 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, M.

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, R. Torres, and M. Yan, "The effect of impurities and supersaturation on the rapid growth of KDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 204, 512-524 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, H.

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, and T. Sasaki, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimura, M.

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, and T. Sasaki, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zaitseva, N.

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, R. Torres, and M. Yan, "The effect of impurities and supersaturation on the rapid growth of KDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 204, 512-524 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Zaitseva, J. Atherton, R. Rozsa, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, M. Runkel, R. Ryon, and L. James, "Design and benefits of continuous filtration in rapid growth of large KDP and DKDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 197, 911-920 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zaitseva, N. P.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, "Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 180, 255-262 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys.

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, and T. Sasaki, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

P. Demange, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, H. B. Radousky, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "The energy coupling efficiency of multiwavelength laser pulses to damage initiating defects in deuterated KH2PO4 non linear crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083122 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Hopper and D. R. Uhlmann, "Mechanisms of inclusion damage in laser glass," J. Appl. Phys. 41, 4023-4037 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

N. Zaitseva, J. Atherton, R. Rozsa, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, M. Runkel, R. Ryon, and L. James, "Design and benefits of continuous filtration in rapid growth of large KDP and DKDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 197, 911-920 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, "Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 180, 255-262 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, R. Torres, and M. Yan, "The effect of impurities and supersaturation on the rapid growth of KDP crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 204, 512-524 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Meas. Sci. Technol.

L. Lamaignère, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Razé, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095701 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, H. Piombini, H. Mathis, J. Capoulade, and J. Y. Natoli, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 267, 154-161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and H. B. Radousky, "Bulk defect formations in KH2PO4 crystals investigated using fluorescence microscopy," Phys. Rev. B 67, 224102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Wavelength dependence of laser-induced damage: determining the damage initiation mechanisms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 127402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchick, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 87401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

J. Y. Natoli, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, and B. Bertussi, "Influence of laser beam size and wavelength in the determination of LIDT and associated laser damage precursor densities in KH2PO4," Proc. SPIE 6720, 672016 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Reyné, M. Loiseau, G. Duchateau, J.-Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, "Towards a better understanding of multi-wavelength effect on KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7361, 73610Z (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. R. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, "Laser-induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials," Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E-1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, "Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling, and laser conditioning," Proc. SPIE 5273, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Trenholme, M. D. Feit, and A. Rubenchik, "Size-selection initiation model extended to include shape and random factors," Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910X (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other

ISO Standard No 11254-1:2000; ISO Standard No 11254-2:2001

1. N. P. Zaitseva, I. L. Smolsky, L. Carman, R. Ryon, and Z. U. Rek, "Connection between filtration of solution during growth and defect structure of KDP group crystals," 1998 SSRL Activity Report, Experimental progress Reports 7, 434-437 (1998).

H. S. Carslaw and J. C. Jaeger, Conduction of heat in solids (Oxford Science Publications, 2nd ed, 1959).

H. C. Van de Hulst, Light scattering by small particles (Dover publications, Inc., New York, 1981).

B. T. Draine and P. J. Flatau, "User guide for the discrete dipole approximation code DDScat 7.0," http://arxiv.org/abs/0809.0337.

N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (World Scientific, 4th ed, 1965).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme of BLANCO facility (see more details in [15])

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Scheme of the metrology set-up for the energy measurements of 1ω and 2ω beams. For spatial measurements, set-up is slightly modified. Image of the beam at the exit window is ensured through a 4-f set-up. A coupled system “waveplate + polarizer” adapted for each path is inserted in each path to adjust energy on the CCD cameras.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Evolution of the laser damage density as a function of 1ω fluence. Blue triangles correspond to ordinary position and red squares to extraordinary position. Fitting curve (dotted points) is given by a power law. Inset: Representation of the two orthogonal test positions of the KDP crystal. In this configuration, the rotation angle Ω is 90° between these positions. o.a. is the optical axis of the crystal.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Correlation between 1ω and 2ω energy transmission at the exit of the crystal as a function of Ω, with fluence F 1ω =16.5 J/cm2 at the entrance. This correlation is highlighted by black arrows, corresponding to peaks of SHG. (b) Evolution of crystal losses (by reflections, intrinsic absorption, etc) as a function of Ω, for different 1ω-fluences.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Evolution of laser damage probability as a function of Ω, for two different 1ω fluences. Blue triangles and red squares respectively correspond to F 1ω =19 J/cm2 and F 1ω =24.5 J/cm2, with scale on the vertical left axis. The vertical right axis represents the 2ω fluence level obtained by SHG as a function of Ω. The corresponding curves (blue and red dashes) are plotted to conveniently identify the correlation between peaks of SHG and damage probability enhancements (see black arrows).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Geometries proposed for modeling: (a) a sphere, which is the standard geometry used, (b) the oblate ellipsoid (flattened shape) and (c) the prolate ellipsoid (elongated shape). The value of the aspect ratio (between major and minor axis) is set to 2.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Evolution of the laser damage probability as a function of Ω for two fluences: 19 J/cm2 and 24.5 J/cm2. The according modeling curves are plotted in dashed lines. Inset: Evolution of the absorption efficiency coefficient Qabs as a function of Ω for aeff =100 nm, which is the equivalent size of an ellipsoid associated with the volume of a sphere whose radius a is 100 nm. Results are obtained from DDScat 7.0 code for the prolate configuration.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Definition of the set of parameters for the DMT code at 1064 nm

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I ( 2 ω , l ) = 2 ω 2 d eff 2 l 2 n 2 ω n ω c 3 ε 0 ( sin ( Δ k . l 2 ) Δ k . l 2 ) 2 I 2 ( ω ) .
ρ ( F ) = a _ ( F ) a + ( F ) D def ( a ) . da
D def ( a ) = C def a p + 1
F c γ . ( T c T 0 ) Q abs ( a c ) . τ x

Metrics