Abstract

We investigated the influence of self-diffraction effect on femtosecond cross pump-probe optical Kerr shutter (OKS) measurements for fast response and slow response materials, respectively. In the slow response material of CS2, a fast response resulted from self-diffraction effect was observed in the time-resolved OKS signals, and the signal intensity showed different pump power dependences at different delay time. For the fast response material of bismuth oxide (BI) glass, the pump power dependence of OKS signals varied when the polarization angle was varied. The pump power dependences of OKS signals for the both materials showed that, the OKS signals resulted mainly from laser induced birefringence effect at low pump powers, and the contribution of self-diffraction effect to OKS signals was enhanced with increasing the pump power.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2009

L. Yan, J. Yue, J. Si, S. Jia, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Polarization Dependence of Femtosecond Optical Kerr Signals in Bismuth Glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1606–1608 ( 2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2006

S. Juodkazis, E. Gaizauskas, V. Jarutis, J. Reif, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, “Optical third harmonic generation during femtosecond pulse diffraction in a Bragg grating,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(1), 50–53 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Juodkazis, T. Kondo, H. Misawa, A. Rode, M. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, “Photo-structuring of As(2)S(3) glass by femtosecond irradiation,” Opt. Express 14(17), 7751–7756 ( 2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, K. Hirao, “Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 431(4-6), 332–336 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

2002

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 ( 2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

1994

1993

R. Righini, “Ultrafast optical Kerr effect in liquids and solids,” Science 262(5138), 1386–1390 ( 1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

C. Kalpouzos, W. T. Lotshaw, D. McMorrow, G. A. Kenney, “Femtosecond laser-induced Kerr responses in liquid carbon disulfide,” J. Phys. Chem. 91(8), 2028–2030 ( 1987).
[CrossRef]

Ajayan, P. M.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 ( 2002).
[CrossRef]

Béjot, P.

Bonacina, L.

Brodeur, A.

Chen, F.

L. Yan, J. Yue, J. Si, S. Jia, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Polarization Dependence of Femtosecond Optical Kerr Signals in Bismuth Glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1606–1608 ( 2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 ( 2002).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

Fujiwara, S.

Gaizauskas, E.

S. Juodkazis, E. Gaizauskas, V. Jarutis, J. Reif, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, “Optical third harmonic generation during femtosecond pulse diffraction in a Bragg grating,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(1), 50–53 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

Gundlach, L.

Guo, J.

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, K. Hirao, “Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 431(4-6), 332–336 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, K. Hirao, “Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 431(4-6), 332–336 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, Y. Kondo, K. Hirao, “Mechanism of a terahertz optical Kerr shutter with a gold nanoparticle system,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68(12), 3810–3812 ( 1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, Y. Shimizugawa, K. Hirao, “Third-order optical nonlinearities and their ultrafast response in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(11), 1904–1908 ( 1999).
[CrossRef]

Hou, X.

L. Yan, J. Yue, J. Si, S. Jia, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Polarization Dependence of Femtosecond Optical Kerr Signals in Bismuth Glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1606–1608 ( 2009).
[CrossRef]

Hua, B.

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, K. Hirao, “Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 431(4-6), 332–336 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

Inouye, H.

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, Y. Kondo, K. Hirao, “Mechanism of a terahertz optical Kerr shutter with a gold nanoparticle system,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68(12), 3810–3812 ( 1999).
[CrossRef]

Jarutis, V.

S. Juodkazis, E. Gaizauskas, V. Jarutis, J. Reif, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, “Optical third harmonic generation during femtosecond pulse diffraction in a Bragg grating,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(1), 50–53 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

Jia, S.

L. Yan, J. Yue, J. Si, S. Jia, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Polarization Dependence of Femtosecond Optical Kerr Signals in Bismuth Glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1606–1608 ( 2009).
[CrossRef]

Juodkazis, S.

S. Juodkazis, T. Kondo, H. Misawa, A. Rode, M. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, “Photo-structuring of As(2)S(3) glass by femtosecond irradiation,” Opt. Express 14(17), 7751–7756 ( 2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Juodkazis, E. Gaizauskas, V. Jarutis, J. Reif, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, “Optical third harmonic generation during femtosecond pulse diffraction in a Bragg grating,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(1), 50–53 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaino, T.

Kalpouzos, C.

C. Kalpouzos, W. T. Lotshaw, D. McMorrow, G. A. Kenney, “Femtosecond laser-induced Kerr responses in liquid carbon disulfide,” J. Phys. Chem. 91(8), 2028–2030 ( 1987).
[CrossRef]

Kanbara, H.

Kasparian, J.

Kenney, G. A.

C. Kalpouzos, W. T. Lotshaw, D. McMorrow, G. A. Kenney, “Femtosecond laser-induced Kerr responses in liquid carbon disulfide,” J. Phys. Chem. 91(8), 2028–2030 ( 1987).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, H.

Kondo, T.

Kondo, Y.

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, Y. Kondo, K. Hirao, “Mechanism of a terahertz optical Kerr shutter with a gold nanoparticle system,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68(12), 3810–3812 ( 1999).
[CrossRef]

Kubodera, K.

Kurihara, T.

Lotshaw, W. T.

C. Kalpouzos, W. T. Lotshaw, D. McMorrow, G. A. Kenney, “Femtosecond laser-induced Kerr responses in liquid carbon disulfide,” J. Phys. Chem. 91(8), 2028–2030 ( 1987).
[CrossRef]

Lu, T.-M.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 ( 2002).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Matsuo, S.

S. Juodkazis, E. Gaizauskas, V. Jarutis, J. Reif, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, “Optical third harmonic generation during femtosecond pulse diffraction in a Bragg grating,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(1), 50–53 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

McMorrow, D.

C. Kalpouzos, W. T. Lotshaw, D. McMorrow, G. A. Kenney, “Femtosecond laser-induced Kerr responses in liquid carbon disulfide,” J. Phys. Chem. 91(8), 2028–2030 ( 1987).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

S. Juodkazis, T. Kondo, H. Misawa, A. Rode, M. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, “Photo-structuring of As(2)S(3) glass by femtosecond irradiation,” Opt. Express 14(17), 7751–7756 ( 2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Juodkazis, E. Gaizauskas, V. Jarutis, J. Reif, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, “Optical third harmonic generation during femtosecond pulse diffraction in a Bragg grating,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(1), 50–53 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

Moret, M.

Ooba, N.

Petit, Y.

Piotrowiak, P.

Qian, G.

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, K. Hirao, “Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 431(4-6), 332–336 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, K. Hirao, “Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 431(4-6), 332–336 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

Raravikar, N. R.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 ( 2002).
[CrossRef]

Reif, J.

S. Juodkazis, E. Gaizauskas, V. Jarutis, J. Reif, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, “Optical third harmonic generation during femtosecond pulse diffraction in a Bragg grating,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(1), 50–53 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

Righini, R.

R. Righini, “Ultrafast optical Kerr effect in liquids and solids,” Science 262(5138), 1386–1390 ( 1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rode, A.

Samoc, M.

Schadler, L. S.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 ( 2002).
[CrossRef]

Shimizugawa, Y.

Si, J.

L. Yan, J. Yue, J. Si, S. Jia, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Polarization Dependence of Femtosecond Optical Kerr Signals in Bismuth Glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1606–1608 ( 2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, K. Hirao, “Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 431(4-6), 332–336 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

Tanahashi, I.

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, Y. Kondo, K. Hirao, “Mechanism of a terahertz optical Kerr shutter with a gold nanoparticle system,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68(12), 3810–3812 ( 1999).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, Y. Kondo, K. Hirao, “Mechanism of a terahertz optical Kerr shutter with a gold nanoparticle system,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68(12), 3810–3812 ( 1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, Y. Shimizugawa, K. Hirao, “Third-order optical nonlinearities and their ultrafast response in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(11), 1904–1908 ( 1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 ( 2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, K. Hirao, “Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 431(4-6), 332–336 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, K. Hirao, “Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 431(4-6), 332–336 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J.-P.

Yan, L.

L. Yan, J. Yue, J. Si, S. Jia, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Polarization Dependence of Femtosecond Optical Kerr Signals in Bismuth Glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1606–1608 ( 2009).
[CrossRef]

Yue, J.

L. Yan, J. Yue, J. Si, S. Jia, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Polarization Dependence of Femtosecond Optical Kerr Signals in Bismuth Glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1606–1608 ( 2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 ( 2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.-P.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 ( 2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 ( 2002).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, K. Hirao, “Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 431(4-6), 332–336 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

L. Yan, J. Yue, J. Si, S. Jia, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Polarization Dependence of Femtosecond Optical Kerr Signals in Bismuth Glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1606–1608 ( 2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Chem.

C. Kalpouzos, W. T. Lotshaw, D. McMorrow, G. A. Kenney, “Femtosecond laser-induced Kerr responses in liquid carbon disulfide,” J. Phys. Chem. 91(8), 2028–2030 ( 1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.

S. Juodkazis, E. Gaizauskas, V. Jarutis, J. Reif, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, “Optical third harmonic generation during femtosecond pulse diffraction in a Bragg grating,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(1), 50–53 ( 2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, Y. Kondo, K. Hirao, “Mechanism of a terahertz optical Kerr shutter with a gold nanoparticle system,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68(12), 3810–3812 ( 1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Science

R. Righini, “Ultrafast optical Kerr effect in liquids and solids,” Science 262(5138), 1386–1390 ( 1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer, Berlin, 1986).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Time-resolved signals of CS2. (a), OKS signals when the pump power was kept at 1 mW, 2 mW, 3 mW, and 4 mW, respectively. (b), OKS and self-diffraction signals when the pump power was kept at 5 mW.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pump power dependence of OKS signals in CS2 when the delay time between the pump and probe pulses was kept at 0 fs, 250 fs, and 500 fs, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time-resolved measurements of the self-diffraction and OKS signals of BI glass.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pump power dependences of OKS signals of BI glass at different polarization angles.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The dependence of self-diffraction and OKS signals on the polarization angle between the pump and probe beams.

Equations (2)

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I = I 0 sin 2 ( Δ ϕ / 2 ) sin 2 ( 2 θ ) .
Δ ϕ = 2 π n 2 B ( K e r r ) L e f f λ p I g .

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