Abstract

We consider amplitude and phase characteristics of light reflected under the Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) conditions and study their sensitivities to refractive index changes associated with biological and chemical sensing. Our analysis shows that phase can provide at least two orders of magnitude better detection limit due to the following reasons: (i) Maximal phase changes occur in the very dip of the SPR curve where the vector of probing electric field is maximal, whereas maximal amplitude changes are observed on the resonance slopes: this provides a one order of magnitude larger sensitivity of phase to refractive index variations; (ii) Under a proper design of a detection scheme, phase noises can be orders of magnitude lower compared to amplitude ones, which results in a much better signal-to-noise ratio; (iii) Phase offers much better possibilities for signal averaging and filtering, as well as for image treatment. Applying a phase-sensitive SPR polarimetry scheme and using gas calibration model, we experimentally demonstrate the detection limit of 10−8 RIU, which is about two orders of magnitude better compared to amplitude-sensitive schemes. Finally, we show how phase can be employed for filtering and treatment of images in order to improve signal-to-noise ratio even in relatively noisy detection schemes. Combining a much better physical sensitivity and a possibility of imaging and sensing in micro-arrays, phase-sensitive methodologies promise a substantial upgrade of currently available SPR technology.

© 2009 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, “Biosensing with surface plasmon resonance - how it all started,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 10(8), 1–9 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Schuck, “Use of surface plasmon resonance to probe the equilibrium and dynamic aspects of interactions between biological macromolecules,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 26(1), 541–566 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. B. M. Schasfoort, and A. J. Tudos, eds., Handbook of Surface Plasmon Resonance (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2008).
  4. B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrum, “Surface plasmon resonance for gas detection and biosensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 4(1), 299–304 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. L. Melendez, R. Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K. A. Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. S. Yee, C. E. Furlong, and R. G. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. M. Zhang and D. Uttamchandani, “Optical chemical sensing employing surface plasmon resonance,” Electron. Lett. 24, 1469–1470 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Karlsson, “SPR for molecular interaction analysis: a review of emerging application areas,” J. Mol. Recognit. 17(3), 151–161 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, “Interferometer based on a surface-plasmon resonance for sensor applications,” Quantum Electron. 27(7), 653–654 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometer for bio- and chemical-sensors,” Opt. Commun. 150(1-6), 5–8 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. V. Kabashin, P. I. Nikitin, and A. A. Beloglazov, “A method of examining biological, biochemical and chemical characteristics of a medium and apparatus for its embodiment,” PCT Patent WO 98/57149 (1998); US 6 628 376 (2003).
  11. A. N. Grigorenko, P. I. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase Jumps and Interferometric Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(25), 3917–3919 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. I. Nikitin, A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, M. V. Valeiko, A. I. Savchuk, and O. A. Savchuk, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Interferometry for Micro-Array Biosensing,” Sens. Actuators 85(1-3), 189–193 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. Abeles, “Surface Electromagnetic Waves Ellipsometry,” Surf. Sci. 56, 237–251 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Born, and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2002).
  16. A. G. Notcovich, V. Zhuk, and S. G. Lipson, “Surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(13), 1665–1667 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on the measurement of differential phase,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(10), 3534–3539 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. P. Ho and W. W. Lam, “Application of differential phase measurement technique to surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 96(3), 554–559 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, and Y. Zibo, “Simulation and analysis of surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 91(1-3), 285–290 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Highly sensitive differential phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on the Mach-Zehnder configuration,” Opt. Lett. 29(20), 2378–2380 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. K. Sheridan, R. D. Harris, P. N. Bartlett, and J. S. Wilkinson, “Phase interrogation of an integrated optical SPR sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 97(1), 114–121 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  22. E. V. Alieva and V. N. Konopsky, “Biosensor based on surface plasmon interferometry independent on variations of liquid’s refraction index,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 99(1), 90–97 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Y.-D. Su, S.-J. Chen, and T.-L. Yeh, “Common-path phase-shift interferometry surface plasmon resonance imaging system,” Opt. Lett. 30(12), 1488–1490 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, W. Xing, D. Xiang, L. Wei, and Z. Xinsheng, “A surface plasmon resonance imaging interferometry for protein micro-array detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 108(1-2), 765–771 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  25. S.-J. Chen, Y. D. Su, F.-M. Hsiu, C.-Y. Tsou, and Y.-K. Chen, “Surface plasmon resonance phase-shift interferometry: real-time DNA microarray hybridization analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(3), 034005 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Real-time optical biosensor based on differential phase measurement of surface plasmon resonance,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(10), 2177–2180 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. J. L. Hall, S. Petropavlovskikh, and O. Nilsen, “Polarization-based Interferometric Detector,” US Patent 7, 233 396 (2006).
  28. J.-Y. Lee, H.-C. Shih, C.-T. Hong, and T. K. Chou, “Measurement of refractive index change by surface plasmon resonance and phase quadrature interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 276(2), 283–287 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  29. W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, C. L. Wong, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensor incorporated in a Michelson Interferometer with enhanced sensitivity,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(1), 70–73 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  30. H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Sensitivity enhancement based on application of multi-pass interferometry in phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 491–496 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  31. W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Improving the sensitivity limit of surface plasmon resonance biosensors by detecting mixed interference signals,” Appl. Opt. 46(33), 8068–8073 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, T. T. Yu, Y. K. Suen, W. W. Chow, S. Y. Wu, W. C. Law, W. Yuan, W. J. Li, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Two-dimensional biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Appl. Opt. 46(12), 2325–2332 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, Q. L. Chen, W. Yuan, and S. Y. Wu, “Real-time protein biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance differential phase imaging,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(4), 606–612 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. T. Konig, M. Weidemuller, and A. Hemmerich, “Real-time phase-shift detection of the surface plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 545–549 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  35. G. Nemova, A. V. Kabashin, and R. Kashyap, “Surface Plasmon Polariton Mach-Zehnder refractive index sensor,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(10), 1673–1677 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  36. S. Y. Wu and H. P. Ho, “Single-beam self-referenced phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance sensor with high detection resolution,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 6(3), 176–178 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  37. I. R. Hooper and J. R. Sambles, “Differential ellipsometric surface plasmon resonance sensors with liquid crystal polarization modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(15), 3017–3019 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  38. H. P. Chiang, J. L. Lin, R. Chang, S. Y. Su, and P. T. Leung, “High-resolution angular measurement using surface-plasmon-resonance via phase interrogation at optimal incident wavelengths,” Opt. Lett. 30(20), 2727–2729 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. R. Naraoka and K. Kajikawa, “Phase detection of surface plasmon resonance using rotating analyzer method,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(2), 952–956 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  40. I. R. Hooper, J. R. Sambles, M. C. Pitter, and M. G. Somekh, “Phase sensitive array detection with polarization modulated differential sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 119(2), 651–655 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  41. H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photo-elastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 114(1), 80–84 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  42. P. P. Markowicz, W. C. Law, A. Baev, P. Prasad, S. Patskovsky, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase-sensitive time-modulated SPR polarimetry for wide dynamic range biosensing,” Opt. Express 15, 1745 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. W.-C. Law, P. Markowicz, K.-T. Yong, I. Roy, A. Baev, S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, H. P. Ho, and P. N. Prasad, “Wide dynamic range phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on measuring the modulation harmonics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(5), 627–632 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  44. S. Patskovsky, R. Jacquemart, M. Meunier, G. De Crescenzo, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase-sensitive spatially-modulated SPR Polarimetry for Detection of Biomolecular Interactions,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 133, 628–631 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  45. S. Patskovsky, M. Maisonneuve, M. Meunier, and A. V. Kabashin, “Mechanical modulation method for ultrasensitive phase measurements in photonics biosensing,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21305–21314 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  46. C. E. Stewart, I. R. Hooper, and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon differential ellipsometry of aqueous solutions for bio-chemical sensing,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(10), 105408–105415 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  47. W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong c, H. P Ho, S. Y Wu, Y. K Suen, and S. K Kong,“Polarization-sensitive surface plasmon enhanced ellipsometry biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 151(1), 23–28 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  48. C. M. Wu, Z. C. Jian, S. F. Joe, and L. B. Chang, “High-sensitivity sensor based on surface Plasmon resonance and heterodyne interferometry,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 92(1-2), 133–136 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  49. W. C. Kuo, C. Chou, and H. T. Wu, “Optical heterodyne surface-plasmon resonance biosensor,” Opt. Lett. 28(15), 1329–1331 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  50. C.-M. Wu and M.-C. Pao, “Sensitivity-tunable optical sensors based on surface plasmon resonance and phase detection,” Opt. Express 12(15), 3509–3514 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  51. C. Chou, H.-T. Wu, Y.-C. Huang, W. C. Kuo, and Y. L. Chen, “Characteristics of a paired surface plasma waves biosensor,” Opt. Express 14(10), 4307–4315 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  52. Y.-C. Li, Y.-F. Chang, L.-C. Su, and C. Chou, “Differential-phase surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 80(14), 5590–5595 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  53. S. Patskovsky, M. Meunier, and A. V. Kabashin, “Surface plasmon resonance polarizator for biosensing and imaging,” Opt. Commun. 281(21), 5492–5496 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  54. A. V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, and P. I. Nikitin, “Phase-polarization contrast for SPR biosensors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 13, 1263–1269 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  55. J. Homola and S. S. Yee, “Novel polarization control scheme for spectral surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 51(1-3), 331–339 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  56. A. V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, and P. I. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance bio- and chemical sensors with phase-polarisation contrast,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 51–56 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  57. M. Piliarik, H. Vaisocherová, and J. Homola, “A new surface plasmon resonance sensor for high-throughput screening applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(10), 2104–2110 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  58. B. Ran and S. G. Lipson, “Comparison between sensitivities of phase and intensity detection in surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5641–5650 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  59. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
  60. http://www.capovani.com/dp/cat/107/63160/iinfo.cfm?LCl=986&TVTID=0&TItemNo=0&ItemNo=422&q=2
  61. A. Waksberg and J. Wood, “Noise power spectrum characteristics for an HeNe laser operating under various discharge conditions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 40(10), 1306–1313 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  62. K. G. Baigent, D. A. Shaddock, M. B. Gray, and D. E. McClelland, “Laser stabilisation for the measurement of thermal Noise,” Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 32(3), 399–409 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  63. G. Keiser, Optical Communications Essentials, (McGraw-Hill, 2003).
  64. J. M. Liu, Photonic devices, (University press, Cambridge, 2005).
  65. M. W. Wang, F. H. Tsai, and Y. F. Chao, “In situ calibration technique for photoelastic modulator in ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 455–456, 78–83 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  66. www.luxpop.com
  67. www.bioptics.com

2009 (1)

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong c, H. P Ho, S. Y Wu, Y. K Suen, and S. K Kong,“Polarization-sensitive surface plasmon enhanced ellipsometry biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 151(1), 23–28 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (9)

Y.-C. Li, Y.-F. Chang, L.-C. Su, and C. Chou, “Differential-phase surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 80(14), 5590–5595 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Patskovsky, M. Meunier, and A. V. Kabashin, “Surface plasmon resonance polarizator for biosensing and imaging,” Opt. Commun. 281(21), 5492–5496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, Q. L. Chen, W. Yuan, and S. Y. Wu, “Real-time protein biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance differential phase imaging,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(4), 606–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Konig, M. Weidemuller, and A. Hemmerich, “Real-time phase-shift detection of the surface plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 545–549 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Stewart, I. R. Hooper, and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon differential ellipsometry of aqueous solutions for bio-chemical sensing,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(10), 105408–105415 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Patskovsky, R. Jacquemart, M. Meunier, G. De Crescenzo, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase-sensitive spatially-modulated SPR Polarimetry for Detection of Biomolecular Interactions,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 133, 628–631 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Wu and H. P. Ho, “Single-beam self-referenced phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance sensor with high detection resolution,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 6(3), 176–178 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Nemova, A. V. Kabashin, and R. Kashyap, “Surface Plasmon Polariton Mach-Zehnder refractive index sensor,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(10), 1673–1677 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Patskovsky, M. Maisonneuve, M. Meunier, and A. V. Kabashin, “Mechanical modulation method for ultrasensitive phase measurements in photonics biosensing,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21305–21314 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (7)

W.-C. Law, P. Markowicz, K.-T. Yong, I. Roy, A. Baev, S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, H. P. Ho, and P. N. Prasad, “Wide dynamic range phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on measuring the modulation harmonics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(5), 627–632 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Markowicz, W. C. Law, A. Baev, P. Prasad, S. Patskovsky, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase-sensitive time-modulated SPR polarimetry for wide dynamic range biosensing,” Opt. Express 15, 1745 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, T. T. Yu, Y. K. Suen, W. W. Chow, S. Y. Wu, W. C. Law, W. Yuan, W. J. Li, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Two-dimensional biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Appl. Opt. 46(12), 2325–2332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Improving the sensitivity limit of surface plasmon resonance biosensors by detecting mixed interference signals,” Appl. Opt. 46(33), 8068–8073 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-Y. Lee, H.-C. Shih, C.-T. Hong, and T. K. Chou, “Measurement of refractive index change by surface plasmon resonance and phase quadrature interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 276(2), 283–287 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, C. L. Wong, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensor incorporated in a Michelson Interferometer with enhanced sensitivity,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(1), 70–73 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Sensitivity enhancement based on application of multi-pass interferometry in phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 491–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

I. R. Hooper, J. R. Sambles, M. C. Pitter, and M. G. Somekh, “Phase sensitive array detection with polarization modulated differential sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 119(2), 651–655 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photo-elastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 114(1), 80–84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Chou, H.-T. Wu, Y.-C. Huang, W. C. Kuo, and Y. L. Chen, “Characteristics of a paired surface plasma waves biosensor,” Opt. Express 14(10), 4307–4315 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ran and S. G. Lipson, “Comparison between sensitivities of phase and intensity detection in surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5641–5650 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (7)

Y.-D. Su, S.-J. Chen, and T.-L. Yeh, “Common-path phase-shift interferometry surface plasmon resonance imaging system,” Opt. Lett. 30(12), 1488–1490 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. P. Chiang, J. L. Lin, R. Chang, S. Y. Su, and P. T. Leung, “High-resolution angular measurement using surface-plasmon-resonance via phase interrogation at optimal incident wavelengths,” Opt. Lett. 30(20), 2727–2729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Piliarik, H. Vaisocherová, and J. Homola, “A new surface plasmon resonance sensor for high-throughput screening applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(10), 2104–2110 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Naraoka and K. Kajikawa, “Phase detection of surface plasmon resonance using rotating analyzer method,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(2), 952–956 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, W. Xing, D. Xiang, L. Wei, and Z. Xinsheng, “A surface plasmon resonance imaging interferometry for protein micro-array detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 108(1-2), 765–771 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S.-J. Chen, Y. D. Su, F.-M. Hsiu, C.-Y. Tsou, and Y.-K. Chen, “Surface plasmon resonance phase-shift interferometry: real-time DNA microarray hybridization analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(3), 034005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Real-time optical biosensor based on differential phase measurement of surface plasmon resonance,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(10), 2177–2180 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (7)

R. Karlsson, “SPR for molecular interaction analysis: a review of emerging application areas,” J. Mol. Recognit. 17(3), 151–161 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. R. Hooper and J. R. Sambles, “Differential ellipsometric surface plasmon resonance sensors with liquid crystal polarization modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(15), 3017–3019 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Sheridan, R. D. Harris, P. N. Bartlett, and J. S. Wilkinson, “Phase interrogation of an integrated optical SPR sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 97(1), 114–121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Alieva and V. N. Konopsky, “Biosensor based on surface plasmon interferometry independent on variations of liquid’s refraction index,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 99(1), 90–97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Wang, F. H. Tsai, and Y. F. Chao, “In situ calibration technique for photoelastic modulator in ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 455–456, 78–83 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C.-M. Wu and M.-C. Pao, “Sensitivity-tunable optical sensors based on surface plasmon resonance and phase detection,” Opt. Express 12(15), 3509–3514 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Highly sensitive differential phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on the Mach-Zehnder configuration,” Opt. Lett. 29(20), 2378–2380 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (4)

W. C. Kuo, C. Chou, and H. T. Wu, “Optical heterodyne surface-plasmon resonance biosensor,” Opt. Lett. 28(15), 1329–1331 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Wu, Z. C. Jian, S. F. Joe, and L. B. Chang, “High-sensitivity sensor based on surface Plasmon resonance and heterodyne interferometry,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 92(1-2), 133–136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho and W. W. Lam, “Application of differential phase measurement technique to surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 96(3), 554–559 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, and Y. Zibo, “Simulation and analysis of surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 91(1-3), 285–290 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on the measurement of differential phase,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(10), 3534–3539 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. I. Nikitin, A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, M. V. Valeiko, A. I. Savchuk, and O. A. Savchuk, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Interferometry for Micro-Array Biosensing,” Sens. Actuators 85(1-3), 189–193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Notcovich, V. Zhuk, and S. G. Lipson, “Surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(13), 1665–1667 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Baigent, D. A. Shaddock, M. B. Gray, and D. E. McClelland, “Laser stabilisation for the measurement of thermal Noise,” Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 32(3), 399–409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

A. V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, and P. I. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance bio- and chemical sensors with phase-polarisation contrast,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 51–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Grigorenko, P. I. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase Jumps and Interferometric Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(25), 3917–3919 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometer for bio- and chemical-sensors,” Opt. Commun. 150(1-6), 5–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, and P. I. Nikitin, “Phase-polarization contrast for SPR biosensors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 13, 1263–1269 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Homola and S. S. Yee, “Novel polarization control scheme for spectral surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 51(1-3), 331–339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, “Interferometer based on a surface-plasmon resonance for sensor applications,” Quantum Electron. 27(7), 653–654 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Schuck, “Use of surface plasmon resonance to probe the equilibrium and dynamic aspects of interactions between biological macromolecules,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 26(1), 541–566 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

J. L. Melendez, R. Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K. A. Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. S. Yee, C. E. Furlong, and R. G. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, “Biosensing with surface plasmon resonance - how it all started,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 10(8), 1–9 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

L. M. Zhang and D. Uttamchandani, “Optical chemical sensing employing surface plasmon resonance,” Electron. Lett. 24, 1469–1470 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrum, “Surface plasmon resonance for gas detection and biosensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 4(1), 299–304 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

F. Abeles, “Surface Electromagnetic Waves Ellipsometry,” Surf. Sci. 56, 237–251 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

A. Waksberg and J. Wood, “Noise power spectrum characteristics for an HeNe laser operating under various discharge conditions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 40(10), 1306–1313 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Abeles, F.

F. Abeles, “Surface Electromagnetic Waves Ellipsometry,” Surf. Sci. 56, 237–251 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Alieva, E. V.

E. V. Alieva and V. N. Konopsky, “Biosensor based on surface plasmon interferometry independent on variations of liquid’s refraction index,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 99(1), 90–97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baev, A.

W.-C. Law, P. Markowicz, K.-T. Yong, I. Roy, A. Baev, S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, H. P. Ho, and P. N. Prasad, “Wide dynamic range phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on measuring the modulation harmonics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(5), 627–632 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Markowicz, W. C. Law, A. Baev, P. Prasad, S. Patskovsky, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase-sensitive time-modulated SPR polarimetry for wide dynamic range biosensing,” Opt. Express 15, 1745 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baigent, K. G.

K. G. Baigent, D. A. Shaddock, M. B. Gray, and D. E. McClelland, “Laser stabilisation for the measurement of thermal Noise,” Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 32(3), 399–409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bartholomew, D. U.

J. L. Melendez, R. Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K. A. Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. S. Yee, C. E. Furlong, and R. G. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bartlett, P. N.

A. K. Sheridan, R. D. Harris, P. N. Bartlett, and J. S. Wilkinson, “Phase interrogation of an integrated optical SPR sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 97(1), 114–121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beloglazov, A. A.

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. I. Nikitin, A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, M. V. Valeiko, A. I. Savchuk, and O. A. Savchuk, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Interferometry for Micro-Array Biosensing,” Sens. Actuators 85(1-3), 189–193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, and P. I. Nikitin, “Phase-polarization contrast for SPR biosensors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 13, 1263–1269 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carr, R.

J. L. Melendez, R. Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K. A. Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. S. Yee, C. E. Furlong, and R. G. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chang, L. B.

C. M. Wu, Z. C. Jian, S. F. Joe, and L. B. Chang, “High-sensitivity sensor based on surface Plasmon resonance and heterodyne interferometry,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 92(1-2), 133–136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R.

Chang, Y.-F.

Y.-C. Li, Y.-F. Chang, L.-C. Su, and C. Chou, “Differential-phase surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 80(14), 5590–5595 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chao, Y. F.

M. W. Wang, F. H. Tsai, and Y. F. Chao, “In situ calibration technique for photoelastic modulator in ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 455–456, 78–83 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q. L.

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, Q. L. Chen, W. Yuan, and S. Y. Wu, “Real-time protein biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance differential phase imaging,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(4), 606–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, S.-J.

Y.-D. Su, S.-J. Chen, and T.-L. Yeh, “Common-path phase-shift interferometry surface plasmon resonance imaging system,” Opt. Lett. 30(12), 1488–1490 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-J. Chen, Y. D. Su, F.-M. Hsiu, C.-Y. Tsou, and Y.-K. Chen, “Surface plasmon resonance phase-shift interferometry: real-time DNA microarray hybridization analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(3), 034005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. L.

Chen, Y.-K.

S.-J. Chen, Y. D. Su, F.-M. Hsiu, C.-Y. Tsou, and Y.-K. Chen, “Surface plasmon resonance phase-shift interferometry: real-time DNA microarray hybridization analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(3), 034005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiang, H. P.

Chou, C.

Chou, T. K.

J.-Y. Lee, H.-C. Shih, C.-T. Hong, and T. K. Chou, “Measurement of refractive index change by surface plasmon resonance and phase quadrature interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 276(2), 283–287 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chow, W. W.

De Crescenzo, G.

S. Patskovsky, R. Jacquemart, M. Meunier, G. De Crescenzo, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase-sensitive spatially-modulated SPR Polarimetry for Detection of Biomolecular Interactions,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 133, 628–631 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dingxin, W.

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, W. Xing, D. Xiang, L. Wei, and Z. Xinsheng, “A surface plasmon resonance imaging interferometry for protein micro-array detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 108(1-2), 765–771 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, and Y. Zibo, “Simulation and analysis of surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 91(1-3), 285–290 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Elkind, J.

J. L. Melendez, R. Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K. A. Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. S. Yee, C. E. Furlong, and R. G. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Furlong, C. E.

J. L. Melendez, R. Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K. A. Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. S. Yee, C. E. Furlong, and R. G. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gray, M. B.

K. G. Baigent, D. A. Shaddock, M. B. Gray, and D. E. McClelland, “Laser stabilisation for the measurement of thermal Noise,” Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 32(3), 399–409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Grigorenko, A. N.

P. I. Nikitin, A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, M. V. Valeiko, A. I. Savchuk, and O. A. Savchuk, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Interferometry for Micro-Array Biosensing,” Sens. Actuators 85(1-3), 189–193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Grigorenko, P. I. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase Jumps and Interferometric Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(25), 3917–3919 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harris, R. D.

A. K. Sheridan, R. D. Harris, P. N. Bartlett, and J. S. Wilkinson, “Phase interrogation of an integrated optical SPR sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 97(1), 114–121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hemmerich, A.

T. Konig, M. Weidemuller, and A. Hemmerich, “Real-time phase-shift detection of the surface plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 545–549 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ho, H. P

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong c, H. P Ho, S. Y Wu, Y. K Suen, and S. K Kong,“Polarization-sensitive surface plasmon enhanced ellipsometry biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 151(1), 23–28 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ho, H. P.

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong c, H. P Ho, S. Y Wu, Y. K Suen, and S. K Kong,“Polarization-sensitive surface plasmon enhanced ellipsometry biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 151(1), 23–28 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, Q. L. Chen, W. Yuan, and S. Y. Wu, “Real-time protein biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance differential phase imaging,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(4), 606–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Wu and H. P. Ho, “Single-beam self-referenced phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance sensor with high detection resolution,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 6(3), 176–178 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, C. L. Wong, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensor incorporated in a Michelson Interferometer with enhanced sensitivity,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(1), 70–73 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W.-C. Law, P. Markowicz, K.-T. Yong, I. Roy, A. Baev, S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, H. P. Ho, and P. N. Prasad, “Wide dynamic range phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on measuring the modulation harmonics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(5), 627–632 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, T. T. Yu, Y. K. Suen, W. W. Chow, S. Y. Wu, W. C. Law, W. Yuan, W. J. Li, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Two-dimensional biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Appl. Opt. 46(12), 2325–2332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Sensitivity enhancement based on application of multi-pass interferometry in phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 491–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Improving the sensitivity limit of surface plasmon resonance biosensors by detecting mixed interference signals,” Appl. Opt. 46(33), 8068–8073 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photo-elastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 114(1), 80–84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Real-time optical biosensor based on differential phase measurement of surface plasmon resonance,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(10), 2177–2180 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Highly sensitive differential phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on the Mach-Zehnder configuration,” Opt. Lett. 29(20), 2378–2380 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. P. Ho and W. W. Lam, “Application of differential phase measurement technique to surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 96(3), 554–559 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on the measurement of differential phase,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(10), 3534–3539 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Homola, J.

M. Piliarik, H. Vaisocherová, and J. Homola, “A new surface plasmon resonance sensor for high-throughput screening applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(10), 2104–2110 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Homola and S. S. Yee, “Novel polarization control scheme for spectral surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 51(1-3), 331–339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hong, C.-T.

J.-Y. Lee, H.-C. Shih, C.-T. Hong, and T. K. Chou, “Measurement of refractive index change by surface plasmon resonance and phase quadrature interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 276(2), 283–287 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hooper, I. R.

C. E. Stewart, I. R. Hooper, and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon differential ellipsometry of aqueous solutions for bio-chemical sensing,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(10), 105408–105415 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. R. Hooper, J. R. Sambles, M. C. Pitter, and M. G. Somekh, “Phase sensitive array detection with polarization modulated differential sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 119(2), 651–655 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. R. Hooper and J. R. Sambles, “Differential ellipsometric surface plasmon resonance sensors with liquid crystal polarization modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(15), 3017–3019 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hsiu, F.-M.

S.-J. Chen, Y. D. Su, F.-M. Hsiu, C.-Y. Tsou, and Y.-K. Chen, “Surface plasmon resonance phase-shift interferometry: real-time DNA microarray hybridization analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(3), 034005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.-C.

Jacquemart, R.

S. Patskovsky, R. Jacquemart, M. Meunier, G. De Crescenzo, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase-sensitive spatially-modulated SPR Polarimetry for Detection of Biomolecular Interactions,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 133, 628–631 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jian, Z. C.

C. M. Wu, Z. C. Jian, S. F. Joe, and L. B. Chang, “High-sensitivity sensor based on surface Plasmon resonance and heterodyne interferometry,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 92(1-2), 133–136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Joe, S. F.

C. M. Wu, Z. C. Jian, S. F. Joe, and L. B. Chang, “High-sensitivity sensor based on surface Plasmon resonance and heterodyne interferometry,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 92(1-2), 133–136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kabashin, A. V.

S. Patskovsky, M. Maisonneuve, M. Meunier, and A. V. Kabashin, “Mechanical modulation method for ultrasensitive phase measurements in photonics biosensing,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21305–21314 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Nemova, A. V. Kabashin, and R. Kashyap, “Surface Plasmon Polariton Mach-Zehnder refractive index sensor,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(10), 1673–1677 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Patskovsky, R. Jacquemart, M. Meunier, G. De Crescenzo, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase-sensitive spatially-modulated SPR Polarimetry for Detection of Biomolecular Interactions,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 133, 628–631 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Patskovsky, M. Meunier, and A. V. Kabashin, “Surface plasmon resonance polarizator for biosensing and imaging,” Opt. Commun. 281(21), 5492–5496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Markowicz, W. C. Law, A. Baev, P. Prasad, S. Patskovsky, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase-sensitive time-modulated SPR polarimetry for wide dynamic range biosensing,” Opt. Express 15, 1745 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.-C. Law, P. Markowicz, K.-T. Yong, I. Roy, A. Baev, S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, H. P. Ho, and P. N. Prasad, “Wide dynamic range phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on measuring the modulation harmonics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(5), 627–632 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. N. Grigorenko, P. I. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase Jumps and Interferometric Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(25), 3917–3919 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, and P. I. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance bio- and chemical sensors with phase-polarisation contrast,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 51–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometer for bio- and chemical-sensors,” Opt. Commun. 150(1-6), 5–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, and P. I. Nikitin, “Phase-polarization contrast for SPR biosensors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 13, 1263–1269 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, “Interferometer based on a surface-plasmon resonance for sensor applications,” Quantum Electron. 27(7), 653–654 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kajikawa, K.

R. Naraoka and K. Kajikawa, “Phase detection of surface plasmon resonance using rotating analyzer method,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(2), 952–956 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, R.

R. Karlsson, “SPR for molecular interaction analysis: a review of emerging application areas,” J. Mol. Recognit. 17(3), 151–161 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kashyap, R.

Kochergin, V. E.

A. V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, and P. I. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance bio- and chemical sensors with phase-polarisation contrast,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 51–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, and P. I. Nikitin, “Phase-polarization contrast for SPR biosensors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 13, 1263–1269 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kong, S. K.

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, Q. L. Chen, W. Yuan, and S. Y. Wu, “Real-time protein biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance differential phase imaging,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(4), 606–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, T. T. Yu, Y. K. Suen, W. W. Chow, S. Y. Wu, W. C. Law, W. Yuan, W. J. Li, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Two-dimensional biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Appl. Opt. 46(12), 2325–2332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, C. L. Wong, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensor incorporated in a Michelson Interferometer with enhanced sensitivity,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(1), 70–73 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Improving the sensitivity limit of surface plasmon resonance biosensors by detecting mixed interference signals,” Appl. Opt. 46(33), 8068–8073 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Sensitivity enhancement based on application of multi-pass interferometry in phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 491–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photo-elastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 114(1), 80–84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Real-time optical biosensor based on differential phase measurement of surface plasmon resonance,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(10), 2177–2180 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Highly sensitive differential phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on the Mach-Zehnder configuration,” Opt. Lett. 29(20), 2378–2380 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kong c, S. K.

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong c, H. P Ho, S. Y Wu, Y. K Suen, and S. K Kong,“Polarization-sensitive surface plasmon enhanced ellipsometry biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 151(1), 23–28 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kong,, S. K

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong c, H. P Ho, S. Y Wu, Y. K Suen, and S. K Kong,“Polarization-sensitive surface plasmon enhanced ellipsometry biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 151(1), 23–28 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Konig, T.

T. Konig, M. Weidemuller, and A. Hemmerich, “Real-time phase-shift detection of the surface plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 545–549 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Konopsky, V. N.

E. V. Alieva and V. N. Konopsky, “Biosensor based on surface plasmon interferometry independent on variations of liquid’s refraction index,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 99(1), 90–97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuhne, C.

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kukanskis, K. A.

J. L. Melendez, R. Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K. A. Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. S. Yee, C. E. Furlong, and R. G. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, W. C.

Lam, W. W.

H. P. Ho and W. W. Lam, “Application of differential phase measurement technique to surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 96(3), 554–559 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on the measurement of differential phase,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(10), 3534–3539 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Law, W. C.

Law, W.-C.

W.-C. Law, P. Markowicz, K.-T. Yong, I. Roy, A. Baev, S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, H. P. Ho, and P. N. Prasad, “Wide dynamic range phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on measuring the modulation harmonics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(5), 627–632 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Lee, H.-C. Shih, C.-T. Hong, and T. K. Chou, “Measurement of refractive index change by surface plasmon resonance and phase quadrature interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 276(2), 283–287 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leung, P. T.

Li, W. J.

Li, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Li, Y.-F. Chang, L.-C. Su, and C. Chou, “Differential-phase surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 80(14), 5590–5595 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liedberg, B.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, “Biosensing with surface plasmon resonance - how it all started,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 10(8), 1–9 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrum, “Surface plasmon resonance for gas detection and biosensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 4(1), 299–304 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, C. L. Wong, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensor incorporated in a Michelson Interferometer with enhanced sensitivity,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(1), 70–73 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, T. T. Yu, Y. K. Suen, W. W. Chow, S. Y. Wu, W. C. Law, W. Yuan, W. J. Li, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Two-dimensional biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Appl. Opt. 46(12), 2325–2332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Sensitivity enhancement based on application of multi-pass interferometry in phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 491–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Improving the sensitivity limit of surface plasmon resonance biosensors by detecting mixed interference signals,” Appl. Opt. 46(33), 8068–8073 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photo-elastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 114(1), 80–84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Real-time optical biosensor based on differential phase measurement of surface plasmon resonance,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(10), 2177–2180 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Highly sensitive differential phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on the Mach-Zehnder configuration,” Opt. Lett. 29(20), 2378–2380 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, J. L.

Lipson, S. G.

B. Ran and S. G. Lipson, “Comparison between sensitivities of phase and intensity detection in surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5641–5650 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Notcovich, V. Zhuk, and S. G. Lipson, “Surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(13), 1665–1667 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. H.

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photo-elastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 114(1), 80–84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lundstrom, I.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, “Biosensing with surface plasmon resonance - how it all started,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 10(8), 1–9 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lundstrum, I.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrum, “Surface plasmon resonance for gas detection and biosensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 4(1), 299–304 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Maisonneuve, M.

Markowicz, P.

W.-C. Law, P. Markowicz, K.-T. Yong, I. Roy, A. Baev, S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, H. P. Ho, and P. N. Prasad, “Wide dynamic range phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on measuring the modulation harmonics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(5), 627–632 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Markowicz, P. P.

McClelland, D. E.

K. G. Baigent, D. A. Shaddock, M. B. Gray, and D. E. McClelland, “Laser stabilisation for the measurement of thermal Noise,” Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 32(3), 399–409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Melendez, J. L.

J. L. Melendez, R. Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K. A. Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. S. Yee, C. E. Furlong, and R. G. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Meunier, M.

S. Patskovsky, M. Maisonneuve, M. Meunier, and A. V. Kabashin, “Mechanical modulation method for ultrasensitive phase measurements in photonics biosensing,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21305–21314 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Patskovsky, M. Meunier, and A. V. Kabashin, “Surface plasmon resonance polarizator for biosensing and imaging,” Opt. Commun. 281(21), 5492–5496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Patskovsky, R. Jacquemart, M. Meunier, G. De Crescenzo, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase-sensitive spatially-modulated SPR Polarimetry for Detection of Biomolecular Interactions,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 133, 628–631 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Naraoka, R.

R. Naraoka and K. Kajikawa, “Phase detection of surface plasmon resonance using rotating analyzer method,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(2), 952–956 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nemova, G.

Nikitin, P. I.

P. I. Nikitin, A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, M. V. Valeiko, A. I. Savchuk, and O. A. Savchuk, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Interferometry for Micro-Array Biosensing,” Sens. Actuators 85(1-3), 189–193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Grigorenko, P. I. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase Jumps and Interferometric Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(25), 3917–3919 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, and P. I. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance bio- and chemical sensors with phase-polarisation contrast,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 51–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometer for bio- and chemical-sensors,” Opt. Commun. 150(1-6), 5–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, and P. I. Nikitin, “Phase-polarization contrast for SPR biosensors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 13, 1263–1269 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, “Interferometer based on a surface-plasmon resonance for sensor applications,” Quantum Electron. 27(7), 653–654 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Notcovich, A. G.

A. G. Notcovich, V. Zhuk, and S. G. Lipson, “Surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(13), 1665–1667 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nylander, C.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, “Biosensing with surface plasmon resonance - how it all started,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 10(8), 1–9 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrum, “Surface plasmon resonance for gas detection and biosensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 4(1), 299–304 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Pao, M.-C.

Patskovsky, S.

S. Patskovsky, R. Jacquemart, M. Meunier, G. De Crescenzo, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase-sensitive spatially-modulated SPR Polarimetry for Detection of Biomolecular Interactions,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 133, 628–631 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Patskovsky, M. Meunier, and A. V. Kabashin, “Surface plasmon resonance polarizator for biosensing and imaging,” Opt. Commun. 281(21), 5492–5496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Patskovsky, M. Maisonneuve, M. Meunier, and A. V. Kabashin, “Mechanical modulation method for ultrasensitive phase measurements in photonics biosensing,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21305–21314 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Markowicz, W. C. Law, A. Baev, P. Prasad, S. Patskovsky, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase-sensitive time-modulated SPR polarimetry for wide dynamic range biosensing,” Opt. Express 15, 1745 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.-C. Law, P. Markowicz, K.-T. Yong, I. Roy, A. Baev, S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, H. P. Ho, and P. N. Prasad, “Wide dynamic range phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on measuring the modulation harmonics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(5), 627–632 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piliarik, M.

M. Piliarik, H. Vaisocherová, and J. Homola, “A new surface plasmon resonance sensor for high-throughput screening applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(10), 2104–2110 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pitter, M. C.

I. R. Hooper, J. R. Sambles, M. C. Pitter, and M. G. Somekh, “Phase sensitive array detection with polarization modulated differential sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 119(2), 651–655 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P.

Prasad, P. N.

W.-C. Law, P. Markowicz, K.-T. Yong, I. Roy, A. Baev, S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, H. P. Ho, and P. N. Prasad, “Wide dynamic range phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on measuring the modulation harmonics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(5), 627–632 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ran, B.

Roy, I.

W.-C. Law, P. Markowicz, K.-T. Yong, I. Roy, A. Baev, S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, H. P. Ho, and P. N. Prasad, “Wide dynamic range phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on measuring the modulation harmonics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(5), 627–632 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salzer, R.

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sambles, J. R.

C. E. Stewart, I. R. Hooper, and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon differential ellipsometry of aqueous solutions for bio-chemical sensing,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(10), 105408–105415 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. R. Hooper, J. R. Sambles, M. C. Pitter, and M. G. Somekh, “Phase sensitive array detection with polarization modulated differential sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 119(2), 651–655 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. R. Hooper and J. R. Sambles, “Differential ellipsometric surface plasmon resonance sensors with liquid crystal polarization modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(15), 3017–3019 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Savchuk, A. I.

P. I. Nikitin, A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, M. V. Valeiko, A. I. Savchuk, and O. A. Savchuk, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Interferometry for Micro-Array Biosensing,” Sens. Actuators 85(1-3), 189–193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Savchuk, O. A.

P. I. Nikitin, A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, M. V. Valeiko, A. I. Savchuk, and O. A. Savchuk, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Interferometry for Micro-Array Biosensing,” Sens. Actuators 85(1-3), 189–193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schuck, P.

P. Schuck, “Use of surface plasmon resonance to probe the equilibrium and dynamic aspects of interactions between biological macromolecules,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 26(1), 541–566 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shaddock, D. A.

K. G. Baigent, D. A. Shaddock, M. B. Gray, and D. E. McClelland, “Laser stabilisation for the measurement of thermal Noise,” Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 32(3), 399–409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sheridan, A. K.

A. K. Sheridan, R. D. Harris, P. N. Bartlett, and J. S. Wilkinson, “Phase interrogation of an integrated optical SPR sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 97(1), 114–121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shih, H.-C.

J.-Y. Lee, H.-C. Shih, C.-T. Hong, and T. K. Chou, “Measurement of refractive index change by surface plasmon resonance and phase quadrature interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 276(2), 283–287 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Somekh, M. G.

I. R. Hooper, J. R. Sambles, M. C. Pitter, and M. G. Somekh, “Phase sensitive array detection with polarization modulated differential sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 119(2), 651–655 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Steiner, G.

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, C. E.

C. E. Stewart, I. R. Hooper, and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon differential ellipsometry of aqueous solutions for bio-chemical sensing,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(10), 105408–105415 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Su, L.-C.

Y.-C. Li, Y.-F. Chang, L.-C. Su, and C. Chou, “Differential-phase surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 80(14), 5590–5595 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su, S. Y.

Su, Y. D.

S.-J. Chen, Y. D. Su, F.-M. Hsiu, C.-Y. Tsou, and Y.-K. Chen, “Surface plasmon resonance phase-shift interferometry: real-time DNA microarray hybridization analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(3), 034005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su, Y.-D.

Suen, Y. K

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong c, H. P Ho, S. Y Wu, Y. K Suen, and S. K Kong,“Polarization-sensitive surface plasmon enhanced ellipsometry biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 151(1), 23–28 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suen, Y. K.

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong c, H. P Ho, S. Y Wu, Y. K Suen, and S. K Kong,“Polarization-sensitive surface plasmon enhanced ellipsometry biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 151(1), 23–28 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, Q. L. Chen, W. Yuan, and S. Y. Wu, “Real-time protein biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance differential phase imaging,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(4), 606–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, T. T. Yu, Y. K. Suen, W. W. Chow, S. Y. Wu, W. C. Law, W. Yuan, W. J. Li, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Two-dimensional biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Appl. Opt. 46(12), 2325–2332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Sensitivity enhancement based on application of multi-pass interferometry in phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 491–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Improving the sensitivity limit of surface plasmon resonance biosensors by detecting mixed interference signals,” Appl. Opt. 46(33), 8068–8073 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsai, F. H.

M. W. Wang, F. H. Tsai, and Y. F. Chao, “In situ calibration technique for photoelastic modulator in ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 455–456, 78–83 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsou, C.-Y.

S.-J. Chen, Y. D. Su, F.-M. Hsiu, C.-Y. Tsou, and Y.-K. Chen, “Surface plasmon resonance phase-shift interferometry: real-time DNA microarray hybridization analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(3), 034005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uttamchandani, D.

L. M. Zhang and D. Uttamchandani, “Optical chemical sensing employing surface plasmon resonance,” Electron. Lett. 24, 1469–1470 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Vaisocherová, H.

M. Piliarik, H. Vaisocherová, and J. Homola, “A new surface plasmon resonance sensor for high-throughput screening applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(10), 2104–2110 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valeiko, M. V.

P. I. Nikitin, A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, M. V. Valeiko, A. I. Savchuk, and O. A. Savchuk, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Interferometry for Micro-Array Biosensing,” Sens. Actuators 85(1-3), 189–193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Waksberg, A.

A. Waksberg and J. Wood, “Noise power spectrum characteristics for an HeNe laser operating under various discharge conditions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 40(10), 1306–1313 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M. W.

M. W. Wang, F. H. Tsai, and Y. F. Chao, “In situ calibration technique for photoelastic modulator in ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 455–456, 78–83 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wei, L.

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, W. Xing, D. Xiang, L. Wei, and Z. Xinsheng, “A surface plasmon resonance imaging interferometry for protein micro-array detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 108(1-2), 765–771 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weidemuller, M.

T. Konig, M. Weidemuller, and A. Hemmerich, “Real-time phase-shift detection of the surface plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 545–549 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, J. S.

A. K. Sheridan, R. D. Harris, P. N. Bartlett, and J. S. Wilkinson, “Phase interrogation of an integrated optical SPR sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 97(1), 114–121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wong, C. L.

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, Q. L. Chen, W. Yuan, and S. Y. Wu, “Real-time protein biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance differential phase imaging,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(4), 606–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, T. T. Yu, Y. K. Suen, W. W. Chow, S. Y. Wu, W. C. Law, W. Yuan, W. J. Li, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Two-dimensional biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Appl. Opt. 46(12), 2325–2332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, C. L. Wong, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensor incorporated in a Michelson Interferometer with enhanced sensitivity,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(1), 70–73 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Sensitivity enhancement based on application of multi-pass interferometry in phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 491–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wong, S. P.

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photo-elastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 114(1), 80–84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wood, J.

A. Waksberg and J. Wood, “Noise power spectrum characteristics for an HeNe laser operating under various discharge conditions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 40(10), 1306–1313 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Woodbury, R. G.

J. L. Melendez, R. Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K. A. Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. S. Yee, C. E. Furlong, and R. G. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. M.

C. M. Wu, Z. C. Jian, S. F. Joe, and L. B. Chang, “High-sensitivity sensor based on surface Plasmon resonance and heterodyne interferometry,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 92(1-2), 133–136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.-M.

Wu, H. T.

Wu, H.-T.

Wu, S. Y

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong c, H. P Ho, S. Y Wu, Y. K Suen, and S. K Kong,“Polarization-sensitive surface plasmon enhanced ellipsometry biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 151(1), 23–28 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. Y.

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong c, H. P Ho, S. Y Wu, Y. K Suen, and S. K Kong,“Polarization-sensitive surface plasmon enhanced ellipsometry biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 151(1), 23–28 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, Q. L. Chen, W. Yuan, and S. Y. Wu, “Real-time protein biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance differential phase imaging,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(4), 606–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Wu and H. P. Ho, “Single-beam self-referenced phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance sensor with high detection resolution,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 6(3), 176–178 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, T. T. Yu, Y. K. Suen, W. W. Chow, S. Y. Wu, W. C. Law, W. Yuan, W. J. Li, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Two-dimensional biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Appl. Opt. 46(12), 2325–2332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Sensitivity enhancement based on application of multi-pass interferometry in phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 491–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photo-elastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 114(1), 80–84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Real-time optical biosensor based on differential phase measurement of surface plasmon resonance,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(10), 2177–2180 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Highly sensitive differential phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on the Mach-Zehnder configuration,” Opt. Lett. 29(20), 2378–2380 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on the measurement of differential phase,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(10), 3534–3539 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, D.

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, W. Xing, D. Xiang, L. Wei, and Z. Xinsheng, “A surface plasmon resonance imaging interferometry for protein micro-array detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 108(1-2), 765–771 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xing, W.

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, W. Xing, D. Xiang, L. Wei, and Z. Xinsheng, “A surface plasmon resonance imaging interferometry for protein micro-array detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 108(1-2), 765–771 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xinglong, Y.

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, W. Xing, D. Xiang, L. Wei, and Z. Xinsheng, “A surface plasmon resonance imaging interferometry for protein micro-array detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 108(1-2), 765–771 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, and Y. Zibo, “Simulation and analysis of surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 91(1-3), 285–290 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xinsheng, Z.

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, W. Xing, D. Xiang, L. Wei, and Z. Xinsheng, “A surface plasmon resonance imaging interferometry for protein micro-array detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 108(1-2), 765–771 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yee, S. S.

J. Homola and S. S. Yee, “Novel polarization control scheme for spectral surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 51(1-3), 331–339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Melendez, R. Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K. A. Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. S. Yee, C. E. Furlong, and R. G. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, T.-L.

Yong, K.-T.

W.-C. Law, P. Markowicz, K.-T. Yong, I. Roy, A. Baev, S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, H. P. Ho, and P. N. Prasad, “Wide dynamic range phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on measuring the modulation harmonics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(5), 627–632 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, T. T.

Yuan, W.

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong c, H. P Ho, S. Y Wu, Y. K Suen, and S. K Kong,“Polarization-sensitive surface plasmon enhanced ellipsometry biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 151(1), 23–28 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, Q. L. Chen, W. Yuan, and S. Y. Wu, “Real-time protein biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance differential phase imaging,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(4), 606–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, T. T. Yu, Y. K. Suen, W. W. Chow, S. Y. Wu, W. C. Law, W. Yuan, W. J. Li, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Two-dimensional biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Appl. Opt. 46(12), 2325–2332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, C. L. Wong, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensor incorporated in a Michelson Interferometer with enhanced sensitivity,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(1), 70–73 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Sensitivity enhancement based on application of multi-pass interferometry in phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 491–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Improving the sensitivity limit of surface plasmon resonance biosensors by detecting mixed interference signals,” Appl. Opt. 46(33), 8068–8073 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, L. M.

L. M. Zhang and D. Uttamchandani, “Optical chemical sensing employing surface plasmon resonance,” Electron. Lett. 24, 1469–1470 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zhuk, V.

A. G. Notcovich, V. Zhuk, and S. G. Lipson, “Surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(13), 1665–1667 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zibo, Y.

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, and Y. Zibo, “Simulation and analysis of surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 91(1-3), 285–290 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (1)

Y.-C. Li, Y.-F. Chang, L.-C. Su, and C. Chou, “Differential-phase surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 80(14), 5590–5595 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. (1)

P. Schuck, “Use of surface plasmon resonance to probe the equilibrium and dynamic aspects of interactions between biological macromolecules,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 26(1), 541–566 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Konig, M. Weidemuller, and A. Hemmerich, “Real-time phase-shift detection of the surface plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 545–549 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

I. R. Hooper and J. R. Sambles, “Differential ellipsometric surface plasmon resonance sensors with liquid crystal polarization modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(15), 3017–3019 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Grigorenko, P. I. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase Jumps and Interferometric Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(25), 3917–3919 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Notcovich, V. Zhuk, and S. G. Lipson, “Surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(13), 1665–1667 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (6)

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, “Biosensing with surface plasmon resonance - how it all started,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 10(8), 1–9 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Real-time optical biosensor based on differential phase measurement of surface plasmon resonance,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(10), 2177–2180 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, Q. L. Chen, W. Yuan, and S. Y. Wu, “Real-time protein biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance differential phase imaging,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(4), 606–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, and P. I. Nikitin, “Phase-polarization contrast for SPR biosensors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 13, 1263–1269 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Piliarik, H. Vaisocherová, and J. Homola, “A new surface plasmon resonance sensor for high-throughput screening applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(10), 2104–2110 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.-C. Law, P. Markowicz, K.-T. Yong, I. Roy, A. Baev, S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, H. P. Ho, and P. N. Prasad, “Wide dynamic range phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on measuring the modulation harmonics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(5), 627–632 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. M. Zhang and D. Uttamchandani, “Optical chemical sensing employing surface plasmon resonance,” Electron. Lett. 24, 1469–1470 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gen. Relativ. Gravit. (1)

K. G. Baigent, D. A. Shaddock, M. B. Gray, and D. E. McClelland, “Laser stabilisation for the measurement of thermal Noise,” Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 32(3), 399–409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, C. L. Wong, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensor incorporated in a Michelson Interferometer with enhanced sensitivity,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(1), 70–73 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

S.-J. Chen, Y. D. Su, F.-M. Hsiu, C.-Y. Tsou, and Y.-K. Chen, “Surface plasmon resonance phase-shift interferometry: real-time DNA microarray hybridization analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(3), 034005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mol. Recognit. (1)

R. Karlsson, “SPR for molecular interaction analysis: a review of emerging application areas,” J. Mol. Recognit. 17(3), 151–161 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

C. E. Stewart, I. R. Hooper, and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon differential ellipsometry of aqueous solutions for bio-chemical sensing,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(10), 105408–105415 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (5)

H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Sensitivity enhancement based on application of multi-pass interferometry in phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 491–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometer for bio- and chemical-sensors,” Opt. Commun. 150(1-6), 5–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Lee, H.-C. Shih, C.-T. Hong, and T. K. Chou, “Measurement of refractive index change by surface plasmon resonance and phase quadrature interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 276(2), 283–287 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Patskovsky, M. Meunier, and A. V. Kabashin, “Surface plasmon resonance polarizator for biosensing and imaging,” Opt. Commun. 281(21), 5492–5496 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, “Interferometer based on a surface-plasmon resonance for sensor applications,” Quantum Electron. 27(7), 653–654 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on the measurement of differential phase,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(10), 3534–3539 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Waksberg and J. Wood, “Noise power spectrum characteristics for an HeNe laser operating under various discharge conditions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 40(10), 1306–1313 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators (1)

P. I. Nikitin, A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, M. V. Valeiko, A. I. Savchuk, and O. A. Savchuk, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Interferometry for Micro-Array Biosensing,” Sens. Actuators 85(1-3), 189–193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators A Phys. (1)

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, S. K. Kong c, H. P Ho, S. Y Wu, Y. K Suen, and S. K Kong,“Polarization-sensitive surface plasmon enhanced ellipsometry biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 151(1), 23–28 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B Chem. (14)

C. M. Wu, Z. C. Jian, S. F. Joe, and L. B. Chang, “High-sensitivity sensor based on surface Plasmon resonance and heterodyne interferometry,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 92(1-2), 133–136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Naraoka and K. Kajikawa, “Phase detection of surface plasmon resonance using rotating analyzer method,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(2), 952–956 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. R. Hooper, J. R. Sambles, M. C. Pitter, and M. G. Somekh, “Phase sensitive array detection with polarization modulated differential sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 119(2), 651–655 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu, X. H. Liu, S. P. Wong, C. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photo-elastic modulation technique,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 114(1), 80–84 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Sheridan, R. D. Harris, P. N. Bartlett, and J. S. Wilkinson, “Phase interrogation of an integrated optical SPR sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 97(1), 114–121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Alieva and V. N. Konopsky, “Biosensor based on surface plasmon interferometry independent on variations of liquid’s refraction index,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 99(1), 90–97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho and W. W. Lam, “Application of differential phase measurement technique to surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 96(3), 554–559 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, and Y. Zibo, “Simulation and analysis of surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 91(1-3), 285–290 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, W. Xing, D. Xiang, L. Wei, and Z. Xinsheng, “A surface plasmon resonance imaging interferometry for protein micro-array detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 108(1-2), 765–771 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrum, “Surface plasmon resonance for gas detection and biosensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 4(1), 299–304 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Melendez, R. Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K. A. Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. S. Yee, C. E. Furlong, and R. G. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Patskovsky, R. Jacquemart, M. Meunier, G. De Crescenzo, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase-sensitive spatially-modulated SPR Polarimetry for Detection of Biomolecular Interactions,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 133, 628–631 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola and S. S. Yee, “Novel polarization control scheme for spectral surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 51(1-3), 331–339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, and P. I. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance bio- and chemical sensors with phase-polarisation contrast,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 51–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Surf. Sci. (1)

F. Abeles, “Surface Electromagnetic Waves Ellipsometry,” Surf. Sci. 56, 237–251 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

M. W. Wang, F. H. Tsai, and Y. F. Chao, “In situ calibration technique for photoelastic modulator in ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 455–456, 78–83 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (10)

www.luxpop.com

www.bioptics.com

G. Keiser, Optical Communications Essentials, (McGraw-Hill, 2003).

J. M. Liu, Photonic devices, (University press, Cambridge, 2005).

M. Born, and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2002).

R. B. M. Schasfoort, and A. J. Tudos, eds., Handbook of Surface Plasmon Resonance (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2008).

A. V. Kabashin, P. I. Nikitin, and A. A. Beloglazov, “A method of examining biological, biochemical and chemical characteristics of a medium and apparatus for its embodiment,” PCT Patent WO 98/57149 (1998); US 6 628 376 (2003).

J. L. Hall, S. Petropavlovskikh, and O. Nilsen, “Polarization-based Interferometric Detector,” US Patent 7, 233 396 (2006).

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

http://www.capovani.com/dp/cat/107/63160/iinfo.cfm?LCl=986&TVTID=0&TItemNo=0&ItemNo=422&q=2

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics of SPR biosensor

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematics of electric vector changes under SPR; (b) Reflectivity (dashed) and phase (solid) as functions of the angle of incidence under the optimal thickness of the SPR-supporting gold

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity noise of the (a) HeNe laser normalized to shot noise for different discharge currents [61]; (b) Nd laser for the pumping frequency of 1 mW [62]

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Approximate diagram of amplitude and phase noises of various light sources. Amplitude noises were taken from specifications of commercial light sources, while phase noises were either taken from the specifications or estimated from the coherence length of the sources

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Schematics of PEM-based polarimetry scheme for phase-sensitive measurements; (b) Angular dependences of reflectivity (dashed) and phase (solid) for bare Biacore slides at different pumping wavelengths (632.8 and 670 nm) measured by ellipsometry (Woollam Inc.)

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Response of the system under the replacement of pure N2 by 2.5%Ar/97.5%N2 mixture

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Interferometric SPR imaging of a god film (a), gold film half covered by thiol (b), gold film fully covered by thiol (c); (d) and (e) show non-averaged and radial-averaged line scan of image (c), respectively.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

F 1 = A J 1 ( M ) cos ( φ )
F 2 = A J 2 ( M ) sin ( φ )
tan ( φ ) = F 2 J 1 ( M ) / ( F 1 J 2 ( M ) )

Metrics