Abstract

This article reports on the successful stabilization of the carrier-envelope phase of a 1-kHz laser system that includes a large grating stretcher, a regenerative amplifier, a multipass amplifier and a grating compressor. Phase stability for pulse energies up to 6 mJ is demonstrated using electronic feedback to the oscillator locking electronics as well as feedback via an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Polonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V.S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-cycle nonlinear optics," Science 20, 1614-1617 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan,M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi. T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Assion, G. Tempea, E. Goulielmakis, and M. Uiberacker, "Attosecond sources: Few-cycle laser amplifiers bridge the gap between femto- and attosecond ranges," Laser Focus World 75, (2008).
  9. L. Canova, X. Chen, A. Trisorio, A. Jullien, A. Assion, G. Tempea, N. Forget, T. Oksenhelder, and R. Lopez-Martens, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization and control using a transmission grating compressor and an AOPDF," Opt. Lett. 34, 1333 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K.-H. Hong, J. Lee, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Morou, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization of high-contrast femtosecond laser pulses with relativistic intensity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 031113 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. Li, E. Moon, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, P. Ranitovic, C. M. Maharjan, C. Lewis Cocke, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, "Precision control of carrier-envelope phase in grating based chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Express 14, 11468-11476 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Cotel, A. Soujeff, R. Czarny, L. Heng, and V. Moro, "CEP stabilization of a 3.5mJ, 5 kHz femtosecond laser based on gratings stretcher/compressor and regenerative amplifier," ATTO-09 conference abstract, Manhattan, KS USA (2009).
  17. T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolinski, Th. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms," New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Swoboda, T. Fordell, K. Klünder, M. Miranda, J. M. Dahlström, J. Mauritsson, A. L’Huillier, and M. Gisselbrecht, "Resonantly Enhanced Two-Photon Ionization of Helium Studied by an Attosecond Pulse Train," UFO VII/HFSW XIII conference abstract, Arcachon, France (2009).
  19. N. Forget, L. Canova, X. Chen, A. Jullien, and R. López-Martens, "Closed loop carrier-envelope phase stabilization with an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter," Opt. Lett., in press.
  20. H. Wang, C. Li, J. Tackett, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Power locking of high-repetition-rate chirped pulse amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 89, 275 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (4)

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, G. Tempea, E. Goulielmakis, and M. Uiberacker, "Attosecond sources: Few-cycle laser amplifiers bridge the gap between femto- and attosecond ranges," Laser Focus World 75, (2008).

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V.S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-cycle nonlinear optics," Science 20, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan,M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (4)

C. Li, E. Moon, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, P. Ranitovic, C. M. Maharjan, C. Lewis Cocke, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, "Precision control of carrier-envelope phase in grating based chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Express 14, 11468-11476 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Gagnon, I. Thomann, A. Paul, A.L. Lytle, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and A. S. Sandhu, "Long term carrier-envelope phase stability from a grating-based, chirped pulse amplifier," Opt. Lett. 31, 1866-1868 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Hong, J. Lee, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Morou, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization of high-contrast femtosecond laser pulses with relativistic intensity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 031113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolinski, Th. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms," New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi. T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (3)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Polonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Apolinski, A.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolinski, Th. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms," New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Aquila, A. L.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V.S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-cycle nonlinear optics," Science 20, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Assion, A.

L. Canova, X. Chen, A. Trisorio, A. Jullien, A. Assion, G. Tempea, N. Forget, T. Oksenhelder, and R. Lopez-Martens, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization and control using a transmission grating compressor and an AOPDF," Opt. Lett. 34, 1333 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Assion, G. Tempea, E. Goulielmakis, and M. Uiberacker, "Attosecond sources: Few-cycle laser amplifiers bridge the gap between femto- and attosecond ranges," Laser Focus World 75, (2008).

Attwood, D. T.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V.S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-cycle nonlinear optics," Science 20, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi. T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Calegari, F.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Canova, L.

L. Canova, X. Chen, A. Trisorio, A. Jullien, A. Assion, G. Tempea, N. Forget, T. Oksenhelder, and R. Lopez-Martens, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization and control using a transmission grating compressor and an AOPDF," Opt. Lett. 34, 1333 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Forget, L. Canova, X. Chen, A. Jullien, and R. López-Martens, "Closed loop carrier-envelope phase stabilization with an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter," Opt. Lett., in press.

Chang, Z.

H. Wang, C. Li, J. Tackett, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Power locking of high-repetition-rate chirped pulse amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 89, 275 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan,M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, E. Moon, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, P. Ranitovic, C. M. Maharjan, C. Lewis Cocke, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, "Precision control of carrier-envelope phase in grating based chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Express 14, 11468-11476 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

L. Canova, X. Chen, A. Trisorio, A. Jullien, A. Assion, G. Tempea, N. Forget, T. Oksenhelder, and R. Lopez-Martens, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization and control using a transmission grating compressor and an AOPDF," Opt. Lett. 34, 1333 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Forget, L. Canova, X. Chen, A. Jullien, and R. López-Martens, "Closed loop carrier-envelope phase stabilization with an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter," Opt. Lett., in press.

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Forget, N.

L. Canova, X. Chen, A. Trisorio, A. Jullien, A. Assion, G. Tempea, N. Forget, T. Oksenhelder, and R. Lopez-Martens, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization and control using a transmission grating compressor and an AOPDF," Opt. Lett. 34, 1333 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Forget, L. Canova, X. Chen, A. Jullien, and R. López-Martens, "Closed loop carrier-envelope phase stabilization with an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter," Opt. Lett., in press.

Fuji, T.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolinski, Th. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms," New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gagnon, E.

Gagnon, J.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V.S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-cycle nonlinear optics," Science 20, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gilbertson, S.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan,M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, C.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolinski, Th. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms," New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, Ch.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi. T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

A. Assion, G. Tempea, E. Goulielmakis, and M. Uiberacker, "Attosecond sources: Few-cycle laser amplifiers bridge the gap between femto- and attosecond ranges," Laser Focus World 75, (2008).

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V.S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-cycle nonlinear optics," Science 20, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi. T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gullikson, E. M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V.S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-cycle nonlinear optics," Science 20, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolinski, Th. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms," New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T.W.

A. Polonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi. T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofstetter, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V.S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-cycle nonlinear optics," Science 20, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi. T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Polonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Homma, T.

Hong, K.-H.

T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Nam, K.-H. Hong, T. J. Yu, and J. H. Sung, "Stabilization and control of the carrier-envelope phase of high-power femtosecond laser pulses using the direct locking technique," Opt. Express 15, 104-112 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Hong, J. Lee, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Morou, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization of high-contrast femtosecond laser pulses with relativistic intensity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 031113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hou, B.

K.-H. Hong, J. Lee, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Morou, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization of high-contrast femtosecond laser pulses with relativistic intensity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 031113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Imran, T.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jullien, A.

L. Canova, X. Chen, A. Trisorio, A. Jullien, A. Assion, G. Tempea, N. Forget, T. Oksenhelder, and R. Lopez-Martens, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization and control using a transmission grating compressor and an AOPDF," Opt. Lett. 34, 1333 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Forget, L. Canova, X. Chen, A. Jullien, and R. López-Martens, "Closed loop carrier-envelope phase stabilization with an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter," Opt. Lett., in press.

Kakehata, M.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Khan, S. D.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan,M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V.S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-cycle nonlinear optics," Science 20, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V.S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-cycle nonlinear optics," Science 20, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, Y.

Koyama, Y.

Krausz, F.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V.S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-cycle nonlinear optics," Science 20, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolinski, Th. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms," New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Polonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

K.-H. Hong, J. Lee, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Morou, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization of high-contrast femtosecond laser pulses with relativistic intensity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 031113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. S.

Lewis Cocke, C.

Li, C.

H. Wang, C. Li, J. Tackett, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Power locking of high-repetition-rate chirped pulse amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 89, 275 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan,M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, E. Moon, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, P. Ranitovic, C. M. Maharjan, C. Lewis Cocke, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, "Precision control of carrier-envelope phase in grating based chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Express 14, 11468-11476 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lopez-Martens, R.

López-Martens, R.

N. Forget, L. Canova, X. Chen, A. Jullien, and R. López-Martens, "Closed loop carrier-envelope phase stabilization with an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter," Opt. Lett., in press.

Lytle, A.L.

Maharjan, C. M.

Mashiko, H.

H. Wang, C. Li, J. Tackett, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Power locking of high-repetition-rate chirped pulse amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 89, 275 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan,M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, E. Moon, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, P. Ranitovic, C. M. Maharjan, C. Lewis Cocke, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, "Precision control of carrier-envelope phase in grating based chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Express 14, 11468-11476 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moon, E.

H. Wang, C. Li, J. Tackett, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Power locking of high-repetition-rate chirped pulse amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 89, 275 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan,M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, E. Moon, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, P. Ranitovic, C. M. Maharjan, C. Lewis Cocke, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, "Precision control of carrier-envelope phase in grating based chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Express 14, 11468-11476 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morou, G. A.

K.-H. Hong, J. Lee, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Morou, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization of high-contrast femtosecond laser pulses with relativistic intensity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 031113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Nakamura, C. M.

Nakamura, S.

Nam, C. H.

Nees, J. A.

K.-H. Hong, J. Lee, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Morou, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization of high-contrast femtosecond laser pulses with relativistic intensity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 031113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nishijima, K.

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oksenhelder, T.

Okubo, K.

Paul, A.

Paulus, G. G.

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Polonski, A.

A. Polonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Poppe, A.

A. Polonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Power, E.

K.-H. Hong, J. Lee, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Morou, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization of high-contrast femtosecond laser pulses with relativistic intensity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 031113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ranitovic, P.

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rauschenberger, J.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolinski, Th. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms," New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandhu, A. S.

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schultze, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V.S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-cycle nonlinear optics," Science 20, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scrinzi, A.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi. T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shakya, M. M.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan,M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

A. Polonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sung, J. H.

Tackett, J.

H. Wang, C. Li, J. Tackett, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Power locking of high-repetition-rate chirped pulse amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 89, 275 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takada, H.

Takahashi, H.

Takamiya, H.

Tempea, G.

L. Canova, X. Chen, A. Trisorio, A. Jullien, A. Assion, G. Tempea, N. Forget, T. Oksenhelder, and R. Lopez-Martens, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization and control using a transmission grating compressor and an AOPDF," Opt. Lett. 34, 1333 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Assion, G. Tempea, E. Goulielmakis, and M. Uiberacker, "Attosecond sources: Few-cycle laser amplifiers bridge the gap between femto- and attosecond ranges," Laser Focus World 75, (2008).

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolinski, Th. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms," New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Polonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Thomann, I.

Torizuka, K.

Trisorio, A.

Udem, Th.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolinski, Th. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms," New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi. T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Polonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

A. Assion, G. Tempea, E. Goulielmakis, and M. Uiberacker, "Attosecond sources: Few-cycle laser amplifiers bridge the gap between femto- and attosecond ranges," Laser Focus World 75, (2008).

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V.S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-cycle nonlinear optics," Science 20, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi. T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velotta, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Villoresi, P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, C. Li, J. Tackett, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Power locking of high-repetition-rate chirped pulse amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 89, 275 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. S.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolinski, Th. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms," New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi. T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V.S.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V.S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-cycle nonlinear optics," Science 20, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, T. J.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. Wang, C. Li, J. Tackett, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Power locking of high-repetition-rate chirped pulse amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 89, 275 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K.-H. Hong, J. Lee, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Morou, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization of high-contrast femtosecond laser pulses with relativistic intensity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 031113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laser Focus World (1)

A. Assion, G. Tempea, E. Goulielmakis, and M. Uiberacker, "Attosecond sources: Few-cycle laser amplifiers bridge the gap between femto- and attosecond ranges," Laser Focus World 75, (2008).

Nature (1)

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi. T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolinski, Th. Udem, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms," New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan,M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Polonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (3)

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 20, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V.S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Single-cycle nonlinear optics," Science 20, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

M. Swoboda, T. Fordell, K. Klünder, M. Miranda, J. M. Dahlström, J. Mauritsson, A. L’Huillier, and M. Gisselbrecht, "Resonantly Enhanced Two-Photon Ionization of Helium Studied by an Attosecond Pulse Train," UFO VII/HFSW XIII conference abstract, Arcachon, France (2009).

A. Cotel, A. Soujeff, R. Czarny, L. Heng, and V. Moro, "CEP stabilization of a 3.5mJ, 5 kHz femtosecond laser based on gratings stretcher/compressor and regenerative amplifier," ATTO-09 conference abstract, Manhattan, KS USA (2009).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Simplified laser setup: AOM: acousto-optic modulator; OSC: oscillator; APD: avalanche photodiode; PD: photodiode; AOPDF: acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter; ISO: optical isolator; SP: spectrometer; PC: personal computer. Electrical connections are indicated with dashed lines and slow loop feedback paths in purple. (b) Cryocooler setup in the multipass amplifier. The vibrating cryocooler is mounted on a separate tripod completely isolated from the optical table.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) In-loop, single shot CEP jitter at a pulse energy of 6 mJ with slow loop feedback applied to the AOPDF (red dots in the background) and to the oscillator locking electronics (black dots). (b) Histograms of the data in (a) show gaussian distributions with a standard deviation of 510 mrad and 470 mrad. (c) CEP control using the AOPDF at an output energy of 4.2 mJ is demonstrated by spelling ”Lund”.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Measured in-loop phase jitter (mrad) for different feedback schemes and at different pumping conditions. The data is single-shot with approximately every fourth pulse recorder over a time span of 15 minutes.

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