Abstract

Based on enhanced upconversion, we demonstrate a highly efficient method for converting a full image from one part of the electromagnetic spectrum into a new desired wavelength region. By illuminating a metal transmission mask with a 765 nm Gaussian beam to create an image and subsequently focusing the image inside a nonlinear PPKTP crystal located in the high intra-cavity field of a 1342 nm solid-state Nd:YVO4 laser, an upconverted image at 488 nm is generated. We have experimentally achieved an upconversion efficiency of 40% under CW conditions. The proposed technique can be further adapted for high efficiency mid-infrared image upconversion where direct and fast detection is difficult or impossible to perform with existing detector technologies.

© 2009 OSA

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  1. R. A. Andrews, “Wide angular aperture image up-conversion,” J. Quantum Electron. 5(11), 548–550 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. H. Firester, “Image upconversion: Part III*,” J. Appl. Phys. 41(2), 703–709 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. Chiou, “Geometric Optics Theory of Parametric Image Upconversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 42(5), 1985–1993 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Falk and Y. C. See, “Internal CW parametric upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 100–101 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. E. Midwinter, “Infrared up conversion in lithium-niobate with large bandwidth and solid acceptance angle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 14(1), 29–32 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Devaux, A. Mosset, E. Lantz, S. Monneret, and H. Le Gall, “Image upconversion from the visible to the UV domain: application to dynamic UV microstereolithography,” Appl. Opt. 40(28), 4953–4957 (2001), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-40-28-4953 .
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Karamehmedović, C. Pedersen, O. B. Jensen, and P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, “Nonlinear beam clean-up using resonantly enhanced sum-frequency mixing,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 409–413 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. J. Stothard, M. H. Dunn, and C. F. Rae, “Hyperspectral imaging of gases with a continuous-wave pump-enhanced optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 12(5), 947–955 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-5-947 .
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. W. Goodman, “Introduction to Fourier Optics” (Third edition), Robers & Company Publishers (2005).
  12. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric Interaction of Focused Gaussian Light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3640 (1968).
    [CrossRef]

2009

E. Karamehmedović, C. Pedersen, O. B. Jensen, and P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, “Nonlinear beam clean-up using resonantly enhanced sum-frequency mixing,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 409–413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

2004

2001

1980

S. Guha and J. Falk, “The effects of focusing in the three-frequency parametric up converter,” J. Appl. Phys. 51(1), 50–60 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1978

J. Falk and Y. C. See, “Internal CW parametric upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 100–101 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1971

W. Chiou, “Geometric Optics Theory of Parametric Image Upconversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 42(5), 1985–1993 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970

A. H. Firester, “Image upconversion: Part III*,” J. Appl. Phys. 41(2), 703–709 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969

R. A. Andrews, “Wide angular aperture image up-conversion,” J. Quantum Electron. 5(11), 548–550 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Midwinter, “Infrared up conversion in lithium-niobate with large bandwidth and solid acceptance angle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 14(1), 29–32 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric Interaction of Focused Gaussian Light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3640 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, M. T.

Andrews, R. A.

R. A. Andrews, “Wide angular aperture image up-conversion,” J. Quantum Electron. 5(11), 548–550 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric Interaction of Focused Gaussian Light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3640 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Chiou, W.

W. Chiou, “Geometric Optics Theory of Parametric Image Upconversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 42(5), 1985–1993 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, F.

Dunn, M. H.

Falk, J.

S. Guha and J. Falk, “The effects of focusing in the three-frequency parametric up converter,” J. Appl. Phys. 51(1), 50–60 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Falk and Y. C. See, “Internal CW parametric upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 100–101 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Firester, A. H.

A. H. Firester, “Image upconversion: Part III*,” J. Appl. Phys. 41(2), 703–709 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Guha, S.

S. Guha and J. Falk, “The effects of focusing in the three-frequency parametric up converter,” J. Appl. Phys. 51(1), 50–60 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, O. B.

E. Karamehmedović, C. Pedersen, O. B. Jensen, and P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, “Nonlinear beam clean-up using resonantly enhanced sum-frequency mixing,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 409–413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Karamehmedovic, E.

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric Interaction of Focused Gaussian Light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3640 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Lantz, E.

Le Gall, H.

Midwinter, J. E.

J. E. Midwinter, “Infrared up conversion in lithium-niobate with large bandwidth and solid acceptance angle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 14(1), 29–32 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Monneret, S.

Mosset, A.

Pedersen, C.

Rae, C. F.

See, Y. C.

J. Falk and Y. C. See, “Internal CW parametric upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 100–101 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Stothard, D. J.

Tidemand-Lichtenberg, P.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

E. Karamehmedović, C. Pedersen, O. B. Jensen, and P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, “Nonlinear beam clean-up using resonantly enhanced sum-frequency mixing,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 409–413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Falk and Y. C. See, “Internal CW parametric upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 100–101 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Midwinter, “Infrared up conversion in lithium-niobate with large bandwidth and solid acceptance angle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 14(1), 29–32 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

S. Guha and J. Falk, “The effects of focusing in the three-frequency parametric up converter,” J. Appl. Phys. 51(1), 50–60 (1980).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Firester, “Image upconversion: Part III*,” J. Appl. Phys. 41(2), 703–709 (1970).
[CrossRef]

W. Chiou, “Geometric Optics Theory of Parametric Image Upconversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 42(5), 1985–1993 (1971).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric Interaction of Focused Gaussian Light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3640 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Quantum Electron.

R. A. Andrews, “Wide angular aperture image up-conversion,” J. Quantum Electron. 5(11), 548–550 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

J. W. Goodman, “Introduction to Fourier Optics” (Third edition), Robers & Company Publishers (2005).

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