Abstract

We demonstrate the first gain-switched, singly doped, single-mode holmium-doped silicate glass fibre laser that operates at 2.106µm. Using a gain-switched 1.909-µm thulium-doped fibre laser as the pump source, output pulses of energy 3.2 µJ and pulse duration of 150 ns were generated at 80 kHz and slope efficiency of 44%. Pulse stacking within the holmium-doped fibre laser resulted in significantly shorter 70 ns pulses.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Holmium fiber laser based on the heavily doped active fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6 (9), 661–664 ( 2009).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. D. Agger and J. H. Povlsen, “Emission and absorption cross section of thulium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Lett. 14 (1), 50–57 ( 2006)
  3. S. D. Jackson, “Midinfrared Holmium Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(2), 187–191 ( 2006).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. D. Jackson, F. Bugge, and G. Erbert, “High-power and highly efficient diode-cladding-pumped Ho3+-doped silica fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32 (22), 3349–3351 ( 2007).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, “High-pulse-energy, actively Q-switched Tm3+, Ho3+-codoped silica 2µm fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1044 ( 2008)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman Soliton Source Using Mode-Locked Tm-Ho Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 ( 2007).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, “High-pulse-energy actively Q-switched Tm3+-doped silica 2 µm fiber laser pumped at 792 nm,” Opt. Lett. 32 (19), 2780–2782 ( 2007).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. Jiang and P. Taebati, “Stable 10 ns, kilowatt peak-power pulse generation from a gain-switched Tm-doped fiber laber,” Opt. Lett. 32 (13), 1797–1799 ( 2007).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. E. French, D. J. W. Brown, D. S. Knowles, and J. A. Piper, “Pulse-stacking technique for enhanced performance of a solid-state laser pumped by a high-pulse-rate source,” Appl. Opt. 37 (3), 536–539 ( 1998).
    [Crossref]

2009 (1)

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Holmium fiber laser based on the heavily doped active fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6 (9), 661–664 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (4)

S. D. Jackson, F. Bugge, and G. Erbert, “High-power and highly efficient diode-cladding-pumped Ho3+-doped silica fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32 (22), 3349–3351 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman Soliton Source Using Mode-Locked Tm-Ho Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, “High-pulse-energy actively Q-switched Tm3+-doped silica 2 µm fiber laser pumped at 792 nm,” Opt. Lett. 32 (19), 2780–2782 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

M. Jiang and P. Taebati, “Stable 10 ns, kilowatt peak-power pulse generation from a gain-switched Tm-doped fiber laber,” Opt. Lett. 32 (13), 1797–1799 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

S. D. Agger and J. H. Povlsen, “Emission and absorption cross section of thulium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Lett. 14 (1), 50–57 ( 2006)

S. D. Jackson, “Midinfrared Holmium Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(2), 187–191 ( 2006).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. E. French, D. J. W. Brown, D. S. Knowles, and J. A. Piper, “Pulse-stacking technique for enhanced performance of a solid-state laser pumped by a high-pulse-rate source,” Appl. Opt. 37 (3), 536–539 ( 1998).
[Crossref]

Agger, S. D.

S. D. Agger and J. H. Povlsen, “Emission and absorption cross section of thulium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Lett. 14 (1), 50–57 ( 2006)

Brown, D. J. W.

S. E. French, D. J. W. Brown, D. S. Knowles, and J. A. Piper, “Pulse-stacking technique for enhanced performance of a solid-state laser pumped by a high-pulse-rate source,” Appl. Opt. 37 (3), 536–539 ( 1998).
[Crossref]

Bugge, F.

S. D. Jackson, F. Bugge, and G. Erbert, “High-power and highly efficient diode-cladding-pumped Ho3+-doped silica fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32 (22), 3349–3351 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Holmium fiber laser based on the heavily doped active fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6 (9), 661–664 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Eichhorn, M.

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, “High-pulse-energy, actively Q-switched Tm3+, Ho3+-codoped silica 2µm fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1044 ( 2008)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, “High-pulse-energy actively Q-switched Tm3+-doped silica 2 µm fiber laser pumped at 792 nm,” Opt. Lett. 32 (19), 2780–2782 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Erbert, G.

S. D. Jackson, F. Bugge, and G. Erbert, “High-power and highly efficient diode-cladding-pumped Ho3+-doped silica fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32 (22), 3349–3351 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

French, S. E.

S. E. French, D. J. W. Brown, D. S. Knowles, and J. A. Piper, “Pulse-stacking technique for enhanced performance of a solid-state laser pumped by a high-pulse-rate source,” Appl. Opt. 37 (3), 536–539 ( 1998).
[Crossref]

Guina, M.

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman Soliton Source Using Mode-Locked Tm-Ho Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Hakulinen, T.

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman Soliton Source Using Mode-Locked Tm-Ho Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Jackson, S. D.

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, “High-pulse-energy, actively Q-switched Tm3+, Ho3+-codoped silica 2µm fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1044 ( 2008)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. D. Jackson, F. Bugge, and G. Erbert, “High-power and highly efficient diode-cladding-pumped Ho3+-doped silica fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32 (22), 3349–3351 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, “High-pulse-energy actively Q-switched Tm3+-doped silica 2 µm fiber laser pumped at 792 nm,” Opt. Lett. 32 (19), 2780–2782 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson, “Midinfrared Holmium Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(2), 187–191 ( 2006).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M.

M. Jiang and P. Taebati, “Stable 10 ns, kilowatt peak-power pulse generation from a gain-switched Tm-doped fiber laber,” Opt. Lett. 32 (13), 1797–1799 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Kivistö, S.

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman Soliton Source Using Mode-Locked Tm-Ho Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Knowles, D. S.

S. E. French, D. J. W. Brown, D. S. Knowles, and J. A. Piper, “Pulse-stacking technique for enhanced performance of a solid-state laser pumped by a high-pulse-rate source,” Appl. Opt. 37 (3), 536–539 ( 1998).
[Crossref]

Kurkov, A. S.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Holmium fiber laser based on the heavily doped active fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6 (9), 661–664 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Marakulin, A. V.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Holmium fiber laser based on the heavily doped active fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6 (9), 661–664 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Medvedkov, O. I.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Holmium fiber laser based on the heavily doped active fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6 (9), 661–664 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Minashina, L. A.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Holmium fiber laser based on the heavily doped active fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6 (9), 661–664 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman Soliton Source Using Mode-Locked Tm-Ho Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Piper, J. A.

S. E. French, D. J. W. Brown, D. S. Knowles, and J. A. Piper, “Pulse-stacking technique for enhanced performance of a solid-state laser pumped by a high-pulse-rate source,” Appl. Opt. 37 (3), 536–539 ( 1998).
[Crossref]

Povlsen, J. H.

S. D. Agger and J. H. Povlsen, “Emission and absorption cross section of thulium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Lett. 14 (1), 50–57 ( 2006)

Pyrkov, Yu. N.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Holmium fiber laser based on the heavily doped active fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6 (9), 661–664 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Sholokhov, E. M.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Holmium fiber laser based on the heavily doped active fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6 (9), 661–664 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Taebati, P.

M. Jiang and P. Taebati, “Stable 10 ns, kilowatt peak-power pulse generation from a gain-switched Tm-doped fiber laber,” Opt. Lett. 32 (13), 1797–1799 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Tsvetkov, V. B.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Holmium fiber laser based on the heavily doped active fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6 (9), 661–664 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

S. E. French, D. J. W. Brown, D. S. Knowles, and J. A. Piper, “Pulse-stacking technique for enhanced performance of a solid-state laser pumped by a high-pulse-rate source,” Appl. Opt. 37 (3), 536–539 ( 1998).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. D. Jackson, “Midinfrared Holmium Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(2), 187–191 ( 2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman Soliton Source Using Mode-Locked Tm-Ho Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. V. Dvoyrin, Yu. N. Pyrkov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Holmium fiber laser based on the heavily doped active fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6 (9), 661–664 ( 2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (5)

S. D. Agger and J. H. Povlsen, “Emission and absorption cross section of thulium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Lett. 14 (1), 50–57 ( 2006)

S. D. Jackson, F. Bugge, and G. Erbert, “High-power and highly efficient diode-cladding-pumped Ho3+-doped silica fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32 (22), 3349–3351 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, “High-pulse-energy, actively Q-switched Tm3+, Ho3+-codoped silica 2µm fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1044 ( 2008)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, “High-pulse-energy actively Q-switched Tm3+-doped silica 2 µm fiber laser pumped at 792 nm,” Opt. Lett. 32 (19), 2780–2782 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

M. Jiang and P. Taebati, “Stable 10 ns, kilowatt peak-power pulse generation from a gain-switched Tm-doped fiber laber,” Opt. Lett. 32 (13), 1797–1799 ( 2007).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the gain-switched Ho3+-doped fibre laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured pulse sequence from the 1.55 µm source, the Tm3+-doped fibre laser and the pulse-stacked Ho3+-doped fibre laser.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

All-fibre Tm3+-doped fibre laser output power and spectrum.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Ho3+-doped fibre laser output power and spectra.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1: Summary of the output properties for the 1.55µm source, Tm3+-doped fibre laser and Ho3+-doped fibre laser.

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