Abstract

A novel two-dimensional (2-D) periodic structure on the ablated hole wall is formed by using the method of single-beam femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a titanium target. This 2-D structure on the ablated surface, after consecutive irradiation of 10000 pulses, presents different spatial periods which characters a 1500 nm period along the hole wall in the vertical direction and a 400 nm period in the azimuthal direction of the hole. The reported experimental results can be well interpreted by a prophetic theoretical model of Bonch-Bruevich (A. M. Bonch-Bruevich et al., Opt. Eng. 31, 718 (1992)).

© 2009 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Tomita, Y. Fukumori, K. Kinoshita, S. Matsuo, and S. Hashimoto, “Observation of laser-induced surface waves on flat silicon surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013104 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. M. Hsu, T. Crawford, C. Maunders, G. A. Botton, and H. K. Haugen, “Cross-sectional study of periodic surface structures on gallium phosphide induced by ultrashort laser pulse irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 221112 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, “Mechanisms of ultrafast laser-induced deep-subwavelength gratings on graphite and diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125436 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(3), 034908 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. M. Li and J. T. Xu, “Self-organized nanostructure by a femtosecond laser on silicon,” Laser Phys. 19(1), 121–124 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Shinoda, R. R. Gattass, and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser-induced formation of nanometer-width grooves on synthetic single-crystal diamond surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(5), 053102 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. C. Wang and C. L. Guo, “Formation of extraordinarily uniform periodic structures on the metals induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(2), 023511 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Q. Z. Zhao, S. Malzer, and L. J. Wang, “Formation of subwavelength periodic structures on tungsten induced by ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1932–1934 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Le Harzic, H. Schuck, D. Sauer, T. Anhut, I. Riemann, and K. König, “Sub-100 nm nanostructuring of silicon by ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Express 13(17), 6651–6656 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125429 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1703–1705 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Seifert, M. Kaempfe, F. Syrowatka, C. Harnagea, D. Hesse, and H. Graener, “Self-organized structure formation on the bottom of femtosecond laser ablation craters in glass,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 81(4), 799–803 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Sakabe, M. Hashida, S. Tokita, S. Namba, and K. Okamuro, “Mechanism for self-formation of periodic grating structures on a metal surface by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033409 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. L. Guo, “Brighter light sources from black metal: significant increase in emission efficiency of incandescent light sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(23), 234301 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Colorizing metals with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041914 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Yang, J. J. Yang, C. Y. Liang, and H. S. Wang, “Ultra-broadband enhanced absorption of metal surfaces structured by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11259–11265 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. N. Yasumaru, K. Miyazaki, and J. Kiuchi, “Control of tribological properties of diamond-like carbon films with femtosecond-laser-induced nanostructuring,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 254(8), 2364–2368 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Weck, T. Crawford, D. S. Wilkinson, H. K. Haugen, and J. S. Preston, “Ripple formation during deep hole drilling in copper with ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1001–1003 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. W. W. Gong, Z. H. Zheng, J. J. Zheng, H. F. Zhao, X. G. Ren, and S. Z. Lu, “Femtosecond laser induced submicrometer structures on the ablation crater walls of II-VI semiconductors in water,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(7), 4351–4354 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. F. Young, J. F. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, M. N. Libenson, V. S. Makin, and V. V. Trubaev, “Surface electromagnetic waves in optics,” Opt. Eng. 31(4), 718–730 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  23. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of transition metals: Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Pd,” Phys. Rev. B 9(12), 5056–5070 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure formation on tungsten,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(6), 063523 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Femtosecond laser structuring of titanium implants,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(17), 7272–7280 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  26. V. Oliveira, S. Ausset, and R. Vilar, “Surface micro/nanostructuring of titanium under stationary and non-stationary femtosecond laser irradiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(17), 7556–7560 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (8)

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, “Mechanisms of ultrafast laser-induced deep-subwavelength gratings on graphite and diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125436 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(3), 034908 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Li and J. T. Xu, “Self-organized nanostructure by a femtosecond laser on silicon,” Laser Phys. 19(1), 121–124 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, R. R. Gattass, and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser-induced formation of nanometer-width grooves on synthetic single-crystal diamond surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(5), 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Sakabe, M. Hashida, S. Tokita, S. Namba, and K. Okamuro, “Mechanism for self-formation of periodic grating structures on a metal surface by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. L. Guo, “Brighter light sources from black metal: significant increase in emission efficiency of incandescent light sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(23), 234301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. W. Gong, Z. H. Zheng, J. J. Zheng, H. F. Zhao, X. G. Ren, and S. Z. Lu, “Femtosecond laser induced submicrometer structures on the ablation crater walls of II-VI semiconductors in water,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(7), 4351–4354 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Oliveira, S. Ausset, and R. Vilar, “Surface micro/nanostructuring of titanium under stationary and non-stationary femtosecond laser irradiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(17), 7556–7560 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (6)

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure formation on tungsten,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(6), 063523 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Colorizing metals with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041914 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yang, J. J. Yang, C. Y. Liang, and H. S. Wang, “Ultra-broadband enhanced absorption of metal surfaces structured by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11259–11265 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Yasumaru, K. Miyazaki, and J. Kiuchi, “Control of tribological properties of diamond-like carbon films with femtosecond-laser-induced nanostructuring,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 254(8), 2364–2368 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Tomita, Y. Fukumori, K. Kinoshita, S. Matsuo, and S. Hashimoto, “Observation of laser-induced surface waves on flat silicon surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Hsu, T. Crawford, C. Maunders, G. A. Botton, and H. K. Haugen, “Cross-sectional study of periodic surface structures on gallium phosphide induced by ultrashort laser pulse irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 221112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

A. Weck, T. Crawford, D. S. Wilkinson, H. K. Haugen, and J. S. Preston, “Ripple formation during deep hole drilling in copper with ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1001–1003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Z. Zhao, S. Malzer, and L. J. Wang, “Formation of subwavelength periodic structures on tungsten induced by ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1932–1934 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Femtosecond laser structuring of titanium implants,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(17), 7272–7280 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. C. Wang and C. L. Guo, “Formation of extraordinarily uniform periodic structures on the metals induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(2), 023511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

G. Seifert, M. Kaempfe, F. Syrowatka, C. Harnagea, D. Hesse, and H. Graener, “Self-organized structure formation on the bottom of femtosecond laser ablation craters in glass,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 81(4), 799–803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Le Harzic, H. Schuck, D. Sauer, T. Anhut, I. Riemann, and K. König, “Sub-100 nm nanostructuring of silicon by ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Express 13(17), 6651–6656 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125429 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1703–1705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, M. N. Libenson, V. S. Makin, and V. V. Trubaev, “Surface electromagnetic waves in optics,” Opt. Eng. 31(4), 718–730 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

J. F. Young, J. F. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of transition metals: Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Pd,” Phys. Rev. B 9(12), 5056–5070 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Anhut, T.

Ausset, S.

V. Oliveira, S. Ausset, and R. Vilar, “Surface micro/nanostructuring of titanium under stationary and non-stationary femtosecond laser irradiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(17), 7556–7560 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bhardwaj, V. R.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonch-Bruevich, A. M.

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, M. N. Libenson, V. S. Makin, and V. V. Trubaev, “Surface electromagnetic waves in optics,” Opt. Eng. 31(4), 718–730 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bonse, J.

D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(3), 034908 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Botton, G. A.

E. M. Hsu, T. Crawford, C. Maunders, G. A. Botton, and H. K. Haugen, “Cross-sectional study of periodic surface structures on gallium phosphide induced by ultrashort laser pulse irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 221112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. X.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125429 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. L.

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1703–1705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Y.

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, “Mechanisms of ultrafast laser-induced deep-subwavelength gratings on graphite and diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125436 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of transition metals: Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Pd,” Phys. Rev. B 9(12), 5056–5070 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crawford, T.

E. M. Hsu, T. Crawford, C. Maunders, G. A. Botton, and H. K. Haugen, “Cross-sectional study of periodic surface structures on gallium phosphide induced by ultrashort laser pulse irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 221112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Weck, T. Crawford, D. S. Wilkinson, H. K. Haugen, and J. S. Preston, “Ripple formation during deep hole drilling in copper with ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1001–1003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Das, S. K.

D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(3), 034908 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dufft, D.

D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(3), 034908 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fang, R. C.

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1703–1705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fukumori, Y.

T. Tomita, Y. Fukumori, K. Kinoshita, S. Matsuo, and S. Hashimoto, “Observation of laser-induced surface waves on flat silicon surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gattass, R. R.

M. Shinoda, R. R. Gattass, and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser-induced formation of nanometer-width grooves on synthetic single-crystal diamond surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(5), 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gong, W. W.

W. W. Gong, Z. H. Zheng, J. J. Zheng, H. F. Zhao, X. G. Ren, and S. Z. Lu, “Femtosecond laser induced submicrometer structures on the ablation crater walls of II-VI semiconductors in water,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(7), 4351–4354 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Graener, H.

G. Seifert, M. Kaempfe, F. Syrowatka, C. Harnagea, D. Hesse, and H. Graener, “Self-organized structure formation on the bottom of femtosecond laser ablation craters in glass,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 81(4), 799–803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grunwald, R.

D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(3), 034908 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, C. L.

A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. L. Guo, “Brighter light sources from black metal: significant increase in emission efficiency of incandescent light sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(23), 234301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Colorizing metals with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041914 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure formation on tungsten,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(6), 063523 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Femtosecond laser structuring of titanium implants,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(17), 7272–7280 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Wang and C. L. Guo, “Formation of extraordinarily uniform periodic structures on the metals induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(2), 023511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Harnagea, C.

G. Seifert, M. Kaempfe, F. Syrowatka, C. Harnagea, D. Hesse, and H. Graener, “Self-organized structure formation on the bottom of femtosecond laser ablation craters in glass,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 81(4), 799–803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hashida, M.

S. Sakabe, M. Hashida, S. Tokita, S. Namba, and K. Okamuro, “Mechanism for self-formation of periodic grating structures on a metal surface by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, S.

T. Tomita, Y. Fukumori, K. Kinoshita, S. Matsuo, and S. Hashimoto, “Observation of laser-induced surface waves on flat silicon surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Haugen, H. K.

E. M. Hsu, T. Crawford, C. Maunders, G. A. Botton, and H. K. Haugen, “Cross-sectional study of periodic surface structures on gallium phosphide induced by ultrashort laser pulse irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 221112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Weck, T. Crawford, D. S. Wilkinson, H. K. Haugen, and J. S. Preston, “Ripple formation during deep hole drilling in copper with ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1001–1003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, X. K.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125429 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hesse, D.

G. Seifert, M. Kaempfe, F. Syrowatka, C. Harnagea, D. Hesse, and H. Graener, “Self-organized structure formation on the bottom of femtosecond laser ablation craters in glass,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 81(4), 799–803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hnatovsky, C.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsu, E. M.

E. M. Hsu, T. Crawford, C. Maunders, G. A. Botton, and H. K. Haugen, “Cross-sectional study of periodic surface structures on gallium phosphide induced by ultrashort laser pulse irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 221112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, “Mechanisms of ultrafast laser-induced deep-subwavelength gratings on graphite and diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125436 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125429 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jia, T. Q.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125429 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of transition metals: Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Pd,” Phys. Rev. B 9(12), 5056–5070 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kaempfe, M.

G. Seifert, M. Kaempfe, F. Syrowatka, C. Harnagea, D. Hesse, and H. Graener, “Self-organized structure formation on the bottom of femtosecond laser ablation craters in glass,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 81(4), 799–803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kinoshita, K.

T. Tomita, Y. Fukumori, K. Kinoshita, S. Matsuo, and S. Hashimoto, “Observation of laser-induced surface waves on flat silicon surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kiuchi, J.

N. Yasumaru, K. Miyazaki, and J. Kiuchi, “Control of tribological properties of diamond-like carbon films with femtosecond-laser-induced nanostructuring,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 254(8), 2364–2368 (2008).
[CrossRef]

König, K.

Kuroda, H.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125429 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Le Harzic, R.

Li, J. M.

J. M. Li and J. T. Xu, “Self-organized nanostructure by a femtosecond laser on silicon,” Laser Phys. 19(1), 121–124 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, R. X.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125429 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liang, C. Y.

Liao, Y.

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1703–1705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Libenson, M. N.

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, M. N. Libenson, V. S. Makin, and V. V. Trubaev, “Surface electromagnetic waves in optics,” Opt. Eng. 31(4), 718–730 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lu, S. Z.

W. W. Gong, Z. H. Zheng, J. J. Zheng, H. F. Zhao, X. G. Ren, and S. Z. Lu, “Femtosecond laser induced submicrometer structures on the ablation crater walls of II-VI semiconductors in water,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(7), 4351–4354 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y. R.

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1703–1705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Makin, V. S.

A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. L. Guo, “Brighter light sources from black metal: significant increase in emission efficiency of incandescent light sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(23), 234301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, M. N. Libenson, V. S. Makin, and V. V. Trubaev, “Surface electromagnetic waves in optics,” Opt. Eng. 31(4), 718–730 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Malzer, S.

Matsuo, S.

T. Tomita, Y. Fukumori, K. Kinoshita, S. Matsuo, and S. Hashimoto, “Observation of laser-induced surface waves on flat silicon surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maunders, C.

E. M. Hsu, T. Crawford, C. Maunders, G. A. Botton, and H. K. Haugen, “Cross-sectional study of periodic surface structures on gallium phosphide induced by ultrashort laser pulse irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 221112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

M. Shinoda, R. R. Gattass, and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser-induced formation of nanometer-width grooves on synthetic single-crystal diamond surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(5), 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, K.

N. Yasumaru, K. Miyazaki, and J. Kiuchi, “Control of tribological properties of diamond-like carbon films with femtosecond-laser-induced nanostructuring,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 254(8), 2364–2368 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Namba, S.

S. Sakabe, M. Hashida, S. Tokita, S. Namba, and K. Okamuro, “Mechanism for self-formation of periodic grating structures on a metal surface by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Okamuro, K.

S. Sakabe, M. Hashida, S. Tokita, S. Namba, and K. Okamuro, “Mechanism for self-formation of periodic grating structures on a metal surface by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Oliveira, V.

V. Oliveira, S. Ausset, and R. Vilar, “Surface micro/nanostructuring of titanium under stationary and non-stationary femtosecond laser irradiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(17), 7556–7560 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Preston, J. F.

J. F. Young, J. F. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Preston, J. S.

A. Weck, T. Crawford, D. S. Wilkinson, H. K. Haugen, and J. S. Preston, “Ripple formation during deep hole drilling in copper with ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1001–1003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J. R.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125429 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rajeev, P. P.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rayner, D. M.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ren, X. G.

W. W. Gong, Z. H. Zheng, J. J. Zheng, H. F. Zhao, X. G. Ren, and S. Z. Lu, “Femtosecond laser induced submicrometer structures on the ablation crater walls of II-VI semiconductors in water,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(7), 4351–4354 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Riemann, I.

Rosenfeld, A.

D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(3), 034908 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sakabe, S.

S. Sakabe, M. Hashida, S. Tokita, S. Namba, and K. Okamuro, “Mechanism for self-formation of periodic grating structures on a metal surface by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sauer, D.

Schuck, H.

Seifert, G.

G. Seifert, M. Kaempfe, F. Syrowatka, C. Harnagea, D. Hesse, and H. Graener, “Self-organized structure formation on the bottom of femtosecond laser ablation craters in glass,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 81(4), 799–803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shinoda, M.

M. Shinoda, R. R. Gattass, and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser-induced formation of nanometer-width grooves on synthetic single-crystal diamond surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(5), 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Simova, E.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sipe, J. E.

J. F. Young, J. F. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Syrowatka, F.

G. Seifert, M. Kaempfe, F. Syrowatka, C. Harnagea, D. Hesse, and H. Graener, “Self-organized structure formation on the bottom of femtosecond laser ablation craters in glass,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 81(4), 799–803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, R. S.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tokita, S.

S. Sakabe, M. Hashida, S. Tokita, S. Namba, and K. Okamuro, “Mechanism for self-formation of periodic grating structures on a metal surface by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tomita, T.

T. Tomita, Y. Fukumori, K. Kinoshita, S. Matsuo, and S. Hashimoto, “Observation of laser-induced surface waves on flat silicon surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Trubaev, V. V.

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, M. N. Libenson, V. S. Makin, and V. V. Trubaev, “Surface electromagnetic waves in optics,” Opt. Eng. 31(4), 718–730 (1992).
[CrossRef]

van Driel, H. M.

J. F. Young, J. F. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Vilar, R.

V. Oliveira, S. Ausset, and R. Vilar, “Surface micro/nanostructuring of titanium under stationary and non-stationary femtosecond laser irradiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(17), 7556–7560 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vorobyev, A. Y.

A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. L. Guo, “Brighter light sources from black metal: significant increase in emission efficiency of incandescent light sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(23), 234301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure formation on tungsten,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(6), 063523 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Colorizing metals with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041914 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Femtosecond laser structuring of titanium implants,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(17), 7272–7280 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. S.

Wang, J. C.

J. C. Wang and C. L. Guo, “Formation of extraordinarily uniform periodic structures on the metals induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(2), 023511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K.

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1703–1705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. J.

Weck, A.

A. Weck, T. Crawford, D. S. Wilkinson, H. K. Haugen, and J. S. Preston, “Ripple formation during deep hole drilling in copper with ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1001–1003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, D. S.

A. Weck, T. Crawford, D. S. Wilkinson, H. K. Haugen, and J. S. Preston, “Ripple formation during deep hole drilling in copper with ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1001–1003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q. H.

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1703–1705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J. T.

J. M. Li and J. T. Xu, “Self-organized nanostructure by a femtosecond laser on silicon,” Laser Phys. 19(1), 121–124 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, N. S.

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, “Mechanisms of ultrafast laser-induced deep-subwavelength gratings on graphite and diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125436 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z. Z.

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, “Mechanisms of ultrafast laser-induced deep-subwavelength gratings on graphite and diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125436 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125429 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J. J.

Yang, Y.

Yasumaru, N.

N. Yasumaru, K. Miyazaki, and J. Kiuchi, “Control of tribological properties of diamond-like carbon films with femtosecond-laser-induced nanostructuring,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 254(8), 2364–2368 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Young, J. F.

J. F. Young, J. F. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Q. X.

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1703–1705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125429 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, F. L.

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, “Mechanisms of ultrafast laser-induced deep-subwavelength gratings on graphite and diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125436 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125429 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, H. F.

W. W. Gong, Z. H. Zheng, J. J. Zheng, H. F. Zhao, X. G. Ren, and S. Z. Lu, “Femtosecond laser induced submicrometer structures on the ablation crater walls of II-VI semiconductors in water,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(7), 4351–4354 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q. Z.

Zheng, J. J.

W. W. Gong, Z. H. Zheng, J. J. Zheng, H. F. Zhao, X. G. Ren, and S. Z. Lu, “Femtosecond laser induced submicrometer structures on the ablation crater walls of II-VI semiconductors in water,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(7), 4351–4354 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Z. H.

W. W. Gong, Z. H. Zheng, J. J. Zheng, H. F. Zhao, X. G. Ren, and S. Z. Lu, “Femtosecond laser induced submicrometer structures on the ablation crater walls of II-VI semiconductors in water,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(7), 4351–4354 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

T. Tomita, Y. Fukumori, K. Kinoshita, S. Matsuo, and S. Hashimoto, “Observation of laser-induced surface waves on flat silicon surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Hsu, T. Crawford, C. Maunders, G. A. Botton, and H. K. Haugen, “Cross-sectional study of periodic surface structures on gallium phosphide induced by ultrashort laser pulse irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 221112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1703–1705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Colorizing metals with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041914 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (2)

A. Weck, T. Crawford, D. S. Wilkinson, H. K. Haugen, and J. S. Preston, “Ripple formation during deep hole drilling in copper with ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(4), 1001–1003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Seifert, M. Kaempfe, F. Syrowatka, C. Harnagea, D. Hesse, and H. Graener, “Self-organized structure formation on the bottom of femtosecond laser ablation craters in glass,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 81(4), 799–803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (4)

W. W. Gong, Z. H. Zheng, J. J. Zheng, H. F. Zhao, X. G. Ren, and S. Z. Lu, “Femtosecond laser induced submicrometer structures on the ablation crater walls of II-VI semiconductors in water,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(7), 4351–4354 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Yasumaru, K. Miyazaki, and J. Kiuchi, “Control of tribological properties of diamond-like carbon films with femtosecond-laser-induced nanostructuring,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 254(8), 2364–2368 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Femtosecond laser structuring of titanium implants,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(17), 7272–7280 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Oliveira, S. Ausset, and R. Vilar, “Surface micro/nanostructuring of titanium under stationary and non-stationary femtosecond laser irradiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(17), 7556–7560 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure formation on tungsten,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(6), 063523 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(3), 034908 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, R. R. Gattass, and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser-induced formation of nanometer-width grooves on synthetic single-crystal diamond surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(5), 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Wang and C. L. Guo, “Formation of extraordinarily uniform periodic structures on the metals induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(2), 023511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

J. M. Li and J. T. Xu, “Self-organized nanostructure by a femtosecond laser on silicon,” Laser Phys. 19(1), 121–124 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, M. N. Libenson, V. S. Makin, and V. V. Trubaev, “Surface electromagnetic waves in optics,” Opt. Eng. 31(4), 718–730 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (5)

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125429 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. S. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, “Mechanisms of ultrafast laser-induced deep-subwavelength gratings on graphite and diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125436 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Young, J. F. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

S. Sakabe, M. Hashida, S. Tokita, S. Namba, and K. Okamuro, “Mechanism for self-formation of periodic grating structures on a metal surface by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of transition metals: Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Pd,” Phys. Rev. B 9(12), 5056–5070 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. L. Guo, “Brighter light sources from black metal: significant increase in emission efficiency of incandescent light sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(23), 234301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic drawing of the different areas on the hole wall. The arrow indicates the incident laser polarization direction. (b) Analysis schematic for the structure formation on the central zone of the area 1 where the laser is p-polarization incident.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SEM images of Ti hole irradiated by 800-nm femtosecond laser with a fluence of 3.54J/cm2. (a) The hole formation after N = 10000 pulses. The arrow indicates the incident laser polarization direction. (b) Two dimensional ripple structure on the central zone of the area 1. The coordinate axis here corresponds to that in the Fig. 1(b). (c) One dimensional ripple structure on the central zone of the area 2. (d) Cone structure on a small hole wall at the bottom.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Texture image of the hole which measured by a confocal microscope. The red section is used for measuring the elevation angle of the plate of the two-dimension ripple-like structure on the wall. (b) The contour line of the hole. The green triangle is used to measure the elevation angle, and the elevation angle is 68°.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Surface patterns on Ti at laser fluence of 0.354J/cm2 following 100 pulses. (b) Detail view of the surface ripple structure. (c) Morphology of the ablation hole of Ti at laser fluence of 0.354J/cm2 following 10000 pulses. (d) Detail view of the ablative hole wall.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d 1 = λ / ( η ± sin θ )
d 2 = λ / ( η 2 sin 2 θ ) 1 / 2

Metrics