Abstract

We report an experimental investigation of high reflection mirrors used to fabricate gratings for pulse compression application at the wavelength of 1.053µm. Two kinds of mirrors are studied: the mixed Metal MultiLayer Dielectric (MMLD) mirrors which combine a gold metal layer with some e-beam evaporated dielectric bilayers on the top and the standard e-beam evaporated MultiLayer Dielectric (MLD) mirrors. Various samples were manufactured, damage tested at a pulse duration of 500fs. Damage sites were subsequently observed by means of Nomarski microscopy and white light interferometer microscopy. The comparison of the results evidences that if MMLD design can offer damage performances rather similar to MLD design, it also exhibits lower stresses; being thus an optimal mirror substrate for a pulse compression grating operating under vacuum.

© 2009 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 30–36 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Le Blanc, C. Felix, J. C. Lagron, N. Forget, Ph. Hollander, M. Sautivet, C. Sauteret, F. Amiranoff, and A. Migus, “The petawatt laser glass chain at LULI: from the diode-pumped front end to the new generation of compact compressors,” in Proceedings of Third International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. M. ter Vehn, and H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society) pp. 608–611 (2004).
  5. C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).
  7. D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Optical ablation by high power short-pulse lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(2), 459–468 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and L. Li, “High efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 940–942 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Keck, J. B. Oliver, T. J. Kessler, H. Huang, J. Barone, J. Hettrick, A. L. Rigatti, T. Hoover, K. L. Marshall, A. W. Schmid, A. Kozlov, and T. Z. Kosc, “Manufacture and development of multilayer diffraction gratings,” in Proceedings of Laser-induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, D. Ristau, M.J. Soileau, C.J. Stolz, Eds, Proc. SPIE 5991, 5991G (2006).
  11. J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Razé, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15(19), 12508–12522 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. P. Rambo, J. Schwarz, and I. Smith, “Development of a mirror backed volume phase grating with potential for large aperture and high damage threshold,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 403–414 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. R. Marciante and D. H. Raguin, “High-efficiency, high-dispersion diffraction gratings based on total internal reflection,” Opt. Lett. 29(6), 542–544 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. Clausnitzer, J. Limpert, K. Zöllner, H. Zellmer, H. J. Fuchs, E. B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, M. Jupé, and D. Ristau, “Highly efficient transmission gratings in fused silica for chirped-pulse amplification systems,” Appl. Opt. 42(34), 6934–6938 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. C. Stolz, J. R. Taylor, W. K. Eickelberg, and J. D. Lindh, “Effects of vacuum exposure on stress and spectral shift of high reflective coatings,” Appl. Opt. 32(28), 5666–5672 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. H. Leplan, “Les contraintes dans les couches minces optiques”, PhD Thesis (1995).
  17. R. Thielsch, A. Gatto, and N. Kaiser, “Mechanical stress and thermal-elastic properties of oxide coatings for use in the deep-ultraviolet spectral region,” Appl. Opt. 41(16), 3211–3217 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. D. Smith, M. McCullough, C. Smith, T. Mikami, and T. Jitsuno, “Low stress ion-assisted coatings on fused silica substrates for large aperture laser pulse compression coatings,” in Proceedings of Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2008G. J. Exarhos, D. Ristau, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz Eds, Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320E (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. N. Bonod and J. Neauport, “Optical performances and laser induced damage threshold improvement of diffraction gratings used as compressors in ultra high intensity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 649–655 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. N. Blanchot, G. Marre, J. Néauport, E. Sibé, C. Rouyer, S. Montant, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, and C. Sauteret, “Synthetic aperture compression scheme for a multipetawatt high-energy laser,” Appl. Opt. 45(23), 6013–6021 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. B. Oliver, T. J. Kessler, H. Huang, J. Keck, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, A. Kozlov, and T. Z. Kosc, “Thin-film design for multilayer diffraction gratings, ” in Proceedings of Laser-induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, D. Ristau, M.J. Soileau, C. J. Stolz, Eds, Proc. SPIE 5991 (2006).
  22. S. Liu, J. Ma, Z. Shen, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of thin-film design for multi-layer dielectric gratings,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(7), 3642–3648 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  23. http://www.optilayer.com
  24. J. Y. Robic, H. Leplan, Y. Pauleau, and B. Rafin, “Residual stress in silicon dioxide thin films produced by ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 290, 34–39 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  25. G. Théret, “Les couches minces de HfO2. Etude de leurs hétérogénéités d’indice de réfraction et de leur interface avec SiO2,” PhD Thesis, (2001).
  26. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248–2251 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, and K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71(11), 115109 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  28. TFCalc, Software Spectra Inc., Portland, OR, USA, www.sci-soft.com
  29. M. Birnbaum, “Semiconductor surface damage produced by ruby lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 36(11), 3688 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  30. J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  31. T. Z. Kosc, A. A. Kozlov, and A. W. Schmid, “Formation of periodic microstructures on multilayer dielectric gratings prior to total ablation,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10921–10929 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. D. C. Emmony, R. P. Howson, and L. J. Willis, “Laser mirror damage in germanium at 10.6µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23(11), 598 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  33. A. Brenner and S. Senderoff, “Calculation of stress in electrodeposits from the curvature of a plated strip,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 42, 105–123 (1949).
  34. A. E. Ennos, “Stresses developed in optical film coating,” Appl. Opt. 5(1), 51 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. H. P. Murbach and H. Wilman, “The origin of stress in metal layers condensed from the vapour in high vacuum,” Proc. Phys. Soc. 66B, 905 (1953).

2008 (2)

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Smith, M. McCullough, C. Smith, T. Mikami, and T. Jitsuno, “Low stress ion-assisted coatings on fused silica substrates for large aperture laser pulse compression coatings,” in Proceedings of Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2008G. J. Exarhos, D. Ristau, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz Eds, Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320E (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Smith, M. McCullough, C. Smith, T. Mikami, and T. Jitsuno, “Low stress ion-assisted coatings on fused silica substrates for large aperture laser pulse compression coatings,” in Proceedings of Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2008G. J. Exarhos, D. Ristau, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz Eds, Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320E (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (4)

P. Rambo, J. Schwarz, and I. Smith, “Development of a mirror backed volume phase grating with potential for large aperture and high damage threshold,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 403–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Bonod and J. Neauport, “Optical performances and laser induced damage threshold improvement of diffraction gratings used as compressors in ultra high intensity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 649–655 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Blanchot, G. Marre, J. Néauport, E. Sibé, C. Rouyer, S. Montant, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, and C. Sauteret, “Synthetic aperture compression scheme for a multipetawatt high-energy laser,” Appl. Opt. 45(23), 6013–6021 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Z. Kosc, A. A. Kozlov, and A. W. Schmid, “Formation of periodic microstructures on multilayer dielectric gratings prior to total ablation,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10921–10929 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, and K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71(11), 115109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 30–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

2004 (3)

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Marciante and D. H. Raguin, “High-efficiency, high-dispersion diffraction gratings based on total internal reflection,” Opt. Lett. 29(6), 542–544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

1996 (2)

J. Y. Robic, H. Leplan, Y. Pauleau, and B. Rafin, “Residual stress in silicon dioxide thin films produced by ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 290, 34–39 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Optical ablation by high power short-pulse lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(2), 459–468 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and L. Li, “High efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

D. C. Emmony, R. P. Howson, and L. J. Willis, “Laser mirror damage in germanium at 10.6µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23(11), 598 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

1965 (1)

M. Birnbaum, “Semiconductor surface damage produced by ruby lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 36(11), 3688 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1953 (1)

H. P. Murbach and H. Wilman, “The origin of stress in metal layers condensed from the vapour in high vacuum,” Proc. Phys. Soc. 66B, 905 (1953).

1949 (1)

A. Brenner and S. Senderoff, “Calculation of stress in electrodeposits from the curvature of a plated strip,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 42, 105–123 (1949).

Azechi, H.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Balas, M.

Barty, C. P. J.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beer, G.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Behar, G.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Berthier, T.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bignon, E.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

M. Birnbaum, “Semiconductor surface damage produced by ruby lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 36(11), 3688 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Blanchot, N.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Blanchot, G. Marre, J. Néauport, E. Sibé, C. Rouyer, S. Montant, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, and C. Sauteret, “Synthetic aperture compression scheme for a multipetawatt high-energy laser,” Appl. Opt. 45(23), 6013–6021 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonod, N.

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Razé, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15(19), 12508–12522 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Bonod and J. Neauport, “Optical performances and laser induced damage threshold improvement of diffraction gratings used as compressors in ultra high intensity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 649–655 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boubault, F.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. D.

Brenner, A.

A. Brenner and S. Senderoff, “Calculation of stress in electrodeposits from the curvature of a plated strip,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 42, 105–123 (1949).

Britten, J.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Britten, J. A.

Brown, C.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brummitt, P. A.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bryan, S.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Carlson, T.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chappuis, C.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, R. J.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clausnitzer, T.

Coic, H.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Collier, J. L.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cotel, A.

Damiens-Dupont, C.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Danson, C. N.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, J.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

de Villele, G.

Desserouer, F.

Dupuy, G.

Ebrardt, J.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eickelberg, W. K.

Emmony, D. C.

D. C. Emmony, R. P. Howson, and L. J. Willis, “Laser mirror damage in germanium at 10.6µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23(11), 598 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Ennos, A. E.

Erlandson, A. C.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Exarhos, G. J.

D. Smith, M. McCullough, C. Smith, T. Mikami, and T. Jitsuno, “Low stress ion-assisted coatings on fused silica substrates for large aperture laser pulse compression coatings,” in Proceedings of Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2008G. J. Exarhos, D. Ristau, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz Eds, Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Z.

S. Liu, J. Ma, Z. Shen, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of thin-film design for multi-layer dielectric gratings,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(7), 3642–3648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Optical ablation by high power short-pulse lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(2), 459–468 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fell, B.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fittinghoff, D.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Flamand, J.

Frackiewicz, A. J.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, H. J.

Gatto, A.

Gautheron, Y.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gibert, P.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hancock, S.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, O.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hawkes, S.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Herman, S.

Hermann, M.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hernandez-Gomez, C.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hoaglan, C.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Holligan, P.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Howson, R. P.

D. C. Emmony, R. P. Howson, and L. J. Willis, “Laser mirror damage in germanium at 10.6µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23(11), 598 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Hugonnot, E.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Iyer, A.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Izawa, Y.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Jin, Y.

S. Liu, J. Ma, Z. Shen, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of thin-film design for multi-layer dielectric gratings,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(7), 3642–3648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jitsuno, T.

D. Smith, M. McCullough, C. Smith, T. Mikami, and T. Jitsuno, “Low stress ion-assisted coatings on fused silica substrates for large aperture laser pulse compression coatings,” in Proceedings of Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2008G. J. Exarhos, D. Ristau, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz Eds, Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Johzaki, Y.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Jones, L.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jovanovic, I.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jupé, M.

Kaiser, N.

Kaladgew, S.

Kelly, J. H.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 30–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kessler, T. J.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 30–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Key, M.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kidd, A.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kitagawa, Y.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Kley, E. B.

Kodama, R.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Komashko, A.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kosc, T. Z.

Kozaki, Y.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Kozlov, A. A.

Kruschwitz, B. E.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 30–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Laborde, F.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Landen, O.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lavastre, E.

Le Blanc, C.

Lebeaux, D.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leplan, H.

J. Y. Robic, H. Leplan, Y. Pauleau, and B. Rafin, “Residual stress in silicon dioxide thin films produced by ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 290, 34–39 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lester, W. J.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

Liao, Z.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Lindh, J. D.

Liu, J.

M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, and K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71(11), 115109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, J. Ma, Z. Shen, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of thin-film design for multi-layer dielectric gratings,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(7), 3642–3648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Loucks, S. J.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 30–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luce, J.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

S. Liu, J. Ma, Z. Shen, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of thin-film design for multi-layer dielectric gratings,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(7), 3642–3648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marciante, J. R.

Marre, G.

Maywar, D. N.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 30–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McCrory, R. L.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 30–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McCullough, M.

D. Smith, M. McCullough, C. Smith, T. Mikami, and T. Jitsuno, “Low stress ion-assisted coatings on fused silica substrates for large aperture laser pulse compression coatings,” in Proceedings of Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2008G. J. Exarhos, D. Ristau, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz Eds, Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mero, M.

M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, and K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71(11), 115109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 30–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mikami, T.

D. Smith, M. McCullough, C. Smith, T. Mikami, and T. Jitsuno, “Low stress ion-assisted coatings on fused silica substrates for large aperture laser pulse compression coatings,” in Proceedings of Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2008G. J. Exarhos, D. Ristau, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz Eds, Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mima, K.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Mitchell, S.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Miyanaga, N.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Molander, W.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Montant, S.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Blanchot, G. Marre, J. Néauport, E. Sibé, C. Rouyer, S. Montant, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, and C. Sauteret, “Synthetic aperture compression scheme for a multipetawatt high-energy laser,” Appl. Opt. 45(23), 6013–6021 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morse, S. F. B.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 30–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moses, E.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Murbach, H. P.

H. P. Murbach and H. Wilman, “The origin of stress in metal layers condensed from the vapour in high vacuum,” Proc. Phys. Soc. 66B, 905 (1953).

Musgrave, I. O.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nagai, K.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Nagatomo, H.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Nakai, M.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Nakao, Y.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Neauport, J.

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Razé, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15(19), 12508–12522 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Bonod and J. Neauport, “Optical performances and laser induced damage threshold improvement of diffraction gratings used as compressors in ultra high intensity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 649–655 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Néauport, J.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Blanchot, G. Marre, J. Néauport, E. Sibé, C. Rouyer, S. Montant, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, and C. Sauteret, “Synthetic aperture compression scheme for a multipetawatt high-energy laser,” Appl. Opt. 45(23), 6013–6021 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neely, D.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Neville, D. R.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ngyuen, H.-H.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, N.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, H.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Nissen, J.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Noailles, S.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Norimatsu, T.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Norreys, P. A.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pauleau, Y.

J. Y. Robic, H. Leplan, Y. Pauleau, and B. Rafin, “Residual stress in silicon dioxide thin films produced by ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 290, 34–39 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, D.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pepler, D. A.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

Preston, J. S.

J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Raffestin, D.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rafin, B.

J. Y. Robic, H. Leplan, Y. Pauleau, and B. Rafin, “Residual stress in silicon dioxide thin films produced by ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 290, 34–39 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Raguin, D. H.

Rambo, P.

P. Rambo, J. Schwarz, and I. Smith, “Development of a mirror backed volume phase grating with potential for large aperture and high damage threshold,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 403–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Razé, G.

Reason, C. J.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Remy, B.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Risinger, L.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ristau, D.

D. Smith, M. McCullough, C. Smith, T. Mikami, and T. Jitsuno, “Low stress ion-assisted coatings on fused silica substrates for large aperture laser pulse compression coatings,” in Proceedings of Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2008G. J. Exarhos, D. Ristau, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz Eds, Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320E (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, and K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71(11), 115109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Clausnitzer, J. Limpert, K. Zöllner, H. Zellmer, H. J. Fuchs, E. B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, M. Jupé, and D. Ristau, “Highly efficient transmission gratings in fused silica for chirped-pulse amplification systems,” Appl. Opt. 42(34), 6934–6938 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robic, J. Y.

J. Y. Robic, H. Leplan, Y. Pauleau, and B. Rafin, “Residual stress in silicon dioxide thin films produced by ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 290, 34–39 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Roques, A.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rouyer, C.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Blanchot, G. Marre, J. Néauport, E. Sibé, C. Rouyer, S. Montant, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, and C. Sauteret, “Synthetic aperture compression scheme for a multipetawatt high-energy laser,” Appl. Opt. 45(23), 6013–6021 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Optical ablation by high power short-pulse lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(2), 459–468 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rudolph, W.

M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, and K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71(11), 115109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rushford, M.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sakagami, H.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Sautarel, F.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sauteret, C.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Blanchot, G. Marre, J. Néauport, E. Sibé, C. Rouyer, S. Montant, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, and C. Sauteret, “Synthetic aperture compression scheme for a multipetawatt high-energy laser,” Appl. Opt. 45(23), 6013–6021 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sautet, M.

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, A. W.

Schwarz, J.

P. Rambo, J. Schwarz, and I. Smith, “Development of a mirror backed volume phase grating with potential for large aperture and high damage threshold,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 403–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Senderoff, S.

A. Brenner and S. Senderoff, “Calculation of stress in electrodeposits from the curvature of a plated strip,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 42, 105–123 (1949).

Shaikh, W.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shannon, C.

Shao, J.

S. Liu, J. Ma, Z. Shen, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of thin-film design for multi-layer dielectric gratings,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(7), 3642–3648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Z.

S. Liu, J. Ma, Z. Shen, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of thin-film design for multi-layer dielectric gratings,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(7), 3642–3648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shiraga, H.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Shore, B. W.

Sibé, E.

Sipe, J. E.

J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Skulina, K.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C.

D. Smith, M. McCullough, C. Smith, T. Mikami, and T. Jitsuno, “Low stress ion-assisted coatings on fused silica substrates for large aperture laser pulse compression coatings,” in Proceedings of Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2008G. J. Exarhos, D. Ristau, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz Eds, Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D.

D. Smith, M. McCullough, C. Smith, T. Mikami, and T. Jitsuno, “Low stress ion-assisted coatings on fused silica substrates for large aperture laser pulse compression coatings,” in Proceedings of Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2008G. J. Exarhos, D. Ristau, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz Eds, Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smith, I.

P. Rambo, J. Schwarz, and I. Smith, “Development of a mirror backed volume phase grating with potential for large aperture and high damage threshold,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 403–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Soileau, M. J.

D. Smith, M. McCullough, C. Smith, T. Mikami, and T. Jitsuno, “Low stress ion-assisted coatings on fused silica substrates for large aperture laser pulse compression coatings,” in Proceedings of Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2008G. J. Exarhos, D. Ristau, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz Eds, Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Spaeth, M.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Starke, K.

M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, and K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71(11), 115109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stoeckl, C.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 30–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stolz, C.

Stolz, C. J.

D. Smith, M. McCullough, C. Smith, T. Mikami, and T. Jitsuno, “Low stress ion-assisted coatings on fused silica substrates for large aperture laser pulse compression coatings,” in Proceedings of Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2008G. J. Exarhos, D. Ristau, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz Eds, Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Optical ablation by high power short-pulse lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(2), 459–468 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, K.

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

Taylor, J. R.

Thielsch, R.

Tietbohl, G.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

van Driel, H. M.

J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Wattellier, B.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Waxer, L. J.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 30–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Willis, L. J.

D. C. Emmony, R. P. Howson, and L. J. Willis, “Laser mirror damage in germanium at 10.6µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23(11), 598 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Wilman, H.

H. P. Murbach and H. Wilman, “The origin of stress in metal layers condensed from the vapour in high vacuum,” Proc. Phys. Soc. 66B, 905 (1953).

Winstone, T. B.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R. W. W.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yborn, B. E.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Young, J. F.

J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Zellmer, H.

Zöllner, K.

Zuegel, J. D.

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 30–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. C. Emmony, R. P. Howson, and L. J. Willis, “Laser mirror damage in germanium at 10.6µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23(11), 598 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

S. Liu, J. Ma, Z. Shen, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of thin-film design for multi-layer dielectric gratings,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(7), 3642–3648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fus. Sci. Technol. (1)

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, “Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 47, 662–666 (2005).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Birnbaum, “Semiconductor surface damage produced by ruby lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 36(11), 3688 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (1)

A. Brenner and S. Senderoff, “Calculation of stress in electrodeposits from the curvature of a plated strip,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 42, 105–123 (1949).

Nucl. Fusion (2)

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Yborn, “Vulcan petawatt–an ultra-high intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

P. Rambo, J. Schwarz, and I. Smith, “Development of a mirror backed volume phase grating with potential for large aperture and high damage threshold,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 403–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

N. Bonod and J. Neauport, “Optical performances and laser induced damage threshold improvement of diffraction gratings used as compressors in ultra high intensity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 649–655 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Photon. News (1)

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 30–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, and K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71(11), 115109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion (1)

N. Blanchot, G. Behar, T. Berthier, E. Bignon, F. Boubault, C. Chappuis, H. Coic, C. Damiens-Dupont, J. Ebrardt, Y. Gautheron, P. Gibert, O. Hartmann, E. Hugonnot, F. Laborde, D. Lebeaux, J. Luce, S. Montant, S. Noailles, J. Néauport, D. Raffestin, B. Remy, A. Roques, F. Sautarel, M. Sautet, C. Sauteret, and C. Rouyer, “Overview of PETAL, the multi-Petawatt project on the LIL facility,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 50(12), 124045–124055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Phys. Soc. (1)

H. P. Murbach and H. Wilman, “The origin of stress in metal layers condensed from the vapour in high vacuum,” Proc. Phys. Soc. 66B, 905 (1953).

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. Smith, M. McCullough, C. Smith, T. Mikami, and T. Jitsuno, “Low stress ion-assisted coatings on fused silica substrates for large aperture laser pulse compression coatings,” in Proceedings of Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2008G. J. Exarhos, D. Ristau, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz Eds, Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

J. Y. Robic, H. Leplan, Y. Pauleau, and B. Rafin, “Residual stress in silicon dioxide thin films produced by ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 290, 34–39 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

G. Théret, “Les couches minces de HfO2. Etude de leurs hétérogénéités d’indice de réfraction et de leur interface avec SiO2,” PhD Thesis, (2001).

http://www.optilayer.com

J. B. Oliver, T. J. Kessler, H. Huang, J. Keck, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, A. Kozlov, and T. Z. Kosc, “Thin-film design for multilayer diffraction gratings, ” in Proceedings of Laser-induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, D. Ristau, M.J. Soileau, C. J. Stolz, Eds, Proc. SPIE 5991 (2006).

TFCalc, Software Spectra Inc., Portland, OR, USA, www.sci-soft.com

H. Leplan, “Les contraintes dans les couches minces optiques”, PhD Thesis (1995).

C. Le Blanc, C. Felix, J. C. Lagron, N. Forget, Ph. Hollander, M. Sautivet, C. Sauteret, F. Amiranoff, and A. Migus, “The petawatt laser glass chain at LULI: from the diode-pumped front end to the new generation of compact compressors,” in Proceedings of Third International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. M. ter Vehn, and H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society) pp. 608–611 (2004).

J. Keck, J. B. Oliver, T. J. Kessler, H. Huang, J. Barone, J. Hettrick, A. L. Rigatti, T. Hoover, K. L. Marshall, A. W. Schmid, A. Kozlov, and T. Z. Kosc, “Manufacture and development of multilayer diffraction gratings,” in Proceedings of Laser-induced Damage Threshold in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, D. Ristau, M.J. Soileau, C.J. Stolz, Eds, Proc. SPIE 5991, 5991G (2006).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Typical case of crazing observed on an HfO2/SiO2 high reflection e-beam evaporated mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflectivity of the MLD and MMLD designs measured for an incident angle of 70.6° and a TE polarization.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reflectivity of the MLD and MMLD designs simulated at 1.053µm in a range of incidence from 0° to 90°.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Damage probability curves obtained after laser irradiation of different samples at 1057nm, 500fs, TE polarization. MLD are tested at an incidence of 77.2°, MMLD are tested at 72°. No angular correction is made.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Electric field distribution of the MLD (a) and the MMLD (b) samples. EFI is calculated and plotted in the damage testing conditions i.e. 72° for the MMLD and 77.2° for the MLD.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Damage morphology of MLD samples (left) and a MMLD samples (right) at different stage of the damage: the initiation (Fig. 6(a)), the growth (Fig. 6(b)) and the final damage obtained at the highest fluence (Fig. 6(c)). Figure 6(d) is a zoom of the Fig. 6(c) white square.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Ripples cartography (on the left) and profile (on the right) on a MMLD sample (a) and a MLD sample (b) irradiated at high fluence.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Nominal and fitted designs for each kind of samples.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Power of the Pyrex substrate induced by the different stacks.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δf=341νsEsL2tS2i=1Nσi.ti
σpyrex=σsiliconσsiliconthermal+σpyrexthermal
σthermal=(E1ν)coating(αsubstrateαfilm).ΔT

Metrics