Abstract

Transmission- and reflection-type single–walled carbon nanotube saturable absorbers (SWCNT-SAs) were designed and fabricated for passive mode-locking of bulk lasers in the 1 µm spectral range. Mode-locked laser operation based on a diffusion-bonded Yb:KYW/KYW crystal was demonstrated, and pulses as short as 83 fs and 140 fs were achieved applying reflection-type and transmission-type SWCNT-SA, respectively. The nonlinear parameters of the absorbers were measured to be in close vicinity to those of a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror for the same wavelength range. Mode-locking performance with SWCNT-SAs and the SESAM was compared utilizing the same cavity, with the SESAM resulting in only slightly shorter pulses of 66 fs duration. The nearly identical performance indicates that well-optimized SWCNT-SAs can substitute SESAMs even in the 1 µm region.

© 2009 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Rivier, V. Petrov, A. Gross, S. Vernay, V. Wesemann, D. Rytz, and U. Griebner, “Diffusion bonding of monoclinic Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and its continuous-wave and mode-locked laser performance,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 112601 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (6)

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode-locking near 1 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, G. Steinmeyer, J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Passive mode locking of Yb:KLuW using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 729–731 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. B. Cho, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. Rotermund, “Mode-locked self-starting Cr:forsterite laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2449–2451 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Solodyankin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, A. V. Tausenev, V. I. Konov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mode-locked 1.93 μm thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1336–1338 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Rivier, V. Petrov, A. Gross, S. Vernay, V. Wesemann, D. Rytz, and U. Griebner, “Diffusion bonding of monoclinic Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and its continuous-wave and mode-locked laser performance,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 112601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Passive mode-locking with carbon nanotube saturable absorber in Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YGdVO4 lasers operating at 1.34 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(9), 648–651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, R. S. Windeler, and D. J. Digiovanni, “Optically driven deposition of single-walled carbon-nanotube saturable absorbers on optical fiber end-faces,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9176–9183 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

A. Isomaki, M. D. Guina, P. Tuomisto, and G. Okhotnikov, “Fiber laser mode-locked with a semiconductor saturable absorber etalon operating in transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2150 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 331–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 51–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical communications,” Adv. Mater. 15(6), 534–537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(10), 1437–1439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Aguiló, M.

Ahn, Y. H.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode-locking near 1 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, B.

Ajayan, P. M.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Avouris, P.

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brown, D. P.

Bukin, V. V.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Passive mode-locking with carbon nanotube saturable absorber in Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YGdVO4 lasers operating at 1.34 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(9), 648–651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Carvajal, J. J.

Cech, M.

V. Kubecek, M. Drahokoupil, P. Zatorsky, P. Hirsl, M. Cech, A. Stintz, and J.-C. Diels, “Quasi-Continuously Pumped Passively Mode-Locked Operation of a Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 Laser in a Bounce Geometry,” Laser Physics 19, 396–399 (2009).

Chen, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chernov, A. I.

M. A. Solodyankin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, A. V. Tausenev, V. I. Konov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mode-locked 1.93 μm thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1336–1338 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Passive mode-locking with carbon nanotube saturable absorber in Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YGdVO4 lasers operating at 1.34 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(9), 648–651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cho, W. B.

Choi, S. Y.

Cockayne, D. J. H.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(10), 1437–1439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

Díaz, F.

Diels, J.-C.

V. Kubecek, M. Drahokoupil, P. Zatorsky, P. Hirsl, M. Cech, A. Stintz, and J.-C. Diels, “Quasi-Continuously Pumped Passively Mode-Locked Operation of a Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 Laser in a Bounce Geometry,” Laser Physics 19, 396–399 (2009).

Digiovanni, D. J.

Drahokoupil, M.

V. Kubecek, M. Drahokoupil, P. Zatorsky, P. Hirsl, M. Cech, A. Stintz, and J.-C. Diels, “Quasi-Continuously Pumped Passively Mode-Locked Operation of a Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 Laser in a Bounce Geometry,” Laser Physics 19, 396–399 (2009).

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Freitag, M.

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Furuki, M.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical communications,” Adv. Mater. 15(6), 534–537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Garnov, S. V.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Passive mode-locking with carbon nanotube saturable absorber in Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YGdVO4 lasers operating at 1.34 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(9), 648–651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grange, R.

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 331–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

Gross, A.

S. Rivier, V. Petrov, A. Gross, S. Vernay, V. Wesemann, D. Rytz, and U. Griebner, “Diffusion bonding of monoclinic Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and its continuous-wave and mode-locked laser performance,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 112601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guina, M. D.

A. Isomaki, M. D. Guina, P. Tuomisto, and G. Okhotnikov, “Fiber laser mode-locked with a semiconductor saturable absorber etalon operating in transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2150 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Haiml, M.

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 331–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(10), 1437–1439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hakulinen, T.

Härkönen, A.

Hirsl, P.

V. Kubecek, M. Drahokoupil, P. Zatorsky, P. Hirsl, M. Cech, A. Stintz, and J.-C. Diels, “Quasi-Continuously Pumped Passively Mode-Locked Operation of a Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 Laser in a Bounce Geometry,” Laser Physics 19, 396–399 (2009).

Hönninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Isomaki, A.

A. Isomaki, M. D. Guina, P. Tuomisto, and G. Okhotnikov, “Fiber laser mode-locked with a semiconductor saturable absorber etalon operating in transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2150 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Itoga, E.

Iwasa, I.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical communications,” Adv. Mater. 15(6), 534–537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jablonski, M.

Jagadish, C.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(10), 1437–1439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kaskela, A.

Kataura, H.

Kauppinen, E. I.

Kazaoui, S.

Keller, U.

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 331–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(10), 1437–1439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kieu, K.

K. Kieu and F. Wise, “Soliton thulium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 128–130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode-locking near 1 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kivistö, S.

Konov, V. I.

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kubecek, V.

V. Kubecek, M. Drahokoupil, P. Zatorsky, P. Hirsl, M. Cech, A. Stintz, and J.-C. Diels, “Quasi-Continuously Pumped Passively Mode-Locked Operation of a Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 Laser in a Bounce Geometry,” Laser Physics 19, 396–399 (2009).

Kutovoi, S. A.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Passive mode-locking with carbon nanotube saturable absorber in Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YGdVO4 lasers operating at 1.34 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(9), 648–651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, M. J.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(10), 1437–1439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

Lim, H.

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode-locking near 1 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lobach, A. S.

M. A. Solodyankin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, A. V. Tausenev, V. I. Konov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mode-locked 1.93 μm thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1336–1338 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Passive mode-locking with carbon nanotube saturable absorber in Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YGdVO4 lasers operating at 1.34 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(9), 648–651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, T.-M.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(10), 1437–1439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mateos, X.

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Minami, N.

Minoshima, K.

Mitsu, H.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical communications,” Adv. Mater. 15(6), 534–537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Miyashita, K.

Nasibulin, A. G.

Nicholson, J. W.

Obraztsov, P. A.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Passive mode-locking with carbon nanotube saturable absorber in Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YGdVO4 lasers operating at 1.34 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(9), 648–651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Obraztsova, E. D.

M. A. Solodyankin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, A. V. Tausenev, V. I. Konov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mode-locked 1.93 μm thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1336–1338 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Passive mode-locking with carbon nanotube saturable absorber in Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YGdVO4 lasers operating at 1.34 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(9), 648–651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Okhotnikov, G.

A. Isomaki, M. D. Guina, P. Tuomisto, and G. Okhotnikov, “Fiber laser mode-locked with a semiconductor saturable absorber etalon operating in transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2150 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Perebeinos, V.

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Pujol, M. C.

Raravikar, N. R.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rivier, S.

A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, G. Steinmeyer, J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Passive mode locking of Yb:KLuW using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 729–731 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Rivier, V. Petrov, A. Gross, S. Vernay, V. Wesemann, D. Rytz, and U. Griebner, “Diffusion bonding of monoclinic Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and its continuous-wave and mode-locked laser performance,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 112601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

Rytz, D.

S. Rivier, V. Petrov, A. Gross, S. Vernay, V. Wesemann, D. Rytz, and U. Griebner, “Diffusion bonding of monoclinic Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and its continuous-wave and mode-locked laser performance,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 112601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sakakibara, Y.

Sato, Y.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical communications,” Adv. Mater. 15(6), 534–537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schadler, L. S.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T. R.

Schmidt, A.

Set, S. Y.

Shcherbakov, I. A.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Passive mode-locking with carbon nanotube saturable absorber in Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YGdVO4 lasers operating at 1.34 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(9), 648–651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Siegner, U.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(10), 1437–1439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sirotkin, A. A.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Passive mode-locking with carbon nanotube saturable absorber in Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YGdVO4 lasers operating at 1.34 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(9), 648–651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Solodyankin, M. A.

Solokhin, S. A.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Passive mode-locking with carbon nanotube saturable absorber in Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YGdVO4 lasers operating at 1.34 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(9), 648–651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

Stintz, A.

V. Kubecek, M. Drahokoupil, P. Zatorsky, P. Hirsl, M. Cech, A. Stintz, and J.-C. Diels, “Quasi-Continuously Pumped Passively Mode-Locked Operation of a Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 Laser in a Bounce Geometry,” Laser Physics 19, 396–399 (2009).

Tan, H. H.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(10), 1437–1439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

Tatsuura, S.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical communications,” Adv. Mater. 15(6), 534–537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tausenev, A. V.

Tian, M.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical communications,” Adv. Mater. 15(6), 534–537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tokumoto, M.

Tuomisto, P.

A. Isomaki, M. D. Guina, P. Tuomisto, and G. Okhotnikov, “Fiber laser mode-locked with a semiconductor saturable absorber etalon operating in transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2150 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vernay, S.

S. Rivier, V. Petrov, A. Gross, S. Vernay, V. Wesemann, D. Rytz, and U. Griebner, “Diffusion bonding of monoclinic Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and its continuous-wave and mode-locked laser performance,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 112601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wesemann, V.

S. Rivier, V. Petrov, A. Gross, S. Vernay, V. Wesemann, D. Rytz, and U. Griebner, “Diffusion bonding of monoclinic Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and its continuous-wave and mode-locked laser performance,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 112601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Wise, F.

K. Kieu and F. Wise, “Soliton thulium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 128–130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yaguchi, H.

Yim, J. H.

Zagumennyi, Y. D.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Passive mode-locking with carbon nanotube saturable absorber in Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YGdVO4 lasers operating at 1.34 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(9), 648–651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zatorsky, P.

V. Kubecek, M. Drahokoupil, P. Zatorsky, P. Hirsl, M. Cech, A. Stintz, and J.-C. Diels, “Quasi-Continuously Pumped Passively Mode-Locked Operation of a Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 Laser in a Bounce Geometry,” Laser Physics 19, 396–399 (2009).

Zavartsev, Y. D.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Passive mode-locking with carbon nanotube saturable absorber in Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YGdVO4 lasers operating at 1.34 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(9), 648–651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.-P.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zou, J.

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(10), 1437–1439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, “Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical communications,” Adv. Mater. 15(6), 534–537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 331–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

S. Rivier, V. Petrov, A. Gross, S. Vernay, V. Wesemann, D. Rytz, and U. Griebner, “Diffusion bonding of monoclinic Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and its continuous-wave and mode-locked laser performance,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 112601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, K. Kim, H. Lim, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, and F. Rotermund, “Fabrication and characterization of ultrafast carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for solid-state laser mode-locking near 1 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(16), 161106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, J. Zou, D. J. H. Cockayne, M. Haiml, U. Siegner, and U. Keller, “Role of implantation induced defects on the response time of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(10), 1437–1439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. Isomaki, M. D. Guina, P. Tuomisto, and G. Okhotnikov, “Fiber laser mode-locked with a semiconductor saturable absorber etalon operating in transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2150 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Kieu and F. Wise, “Soliton thulium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 128–130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Passive mode-locking with carbon nanotube saturable absorber in Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YGdVO4 lasers operating at 1.34 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(9), 648–651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

V. Kubecek, M. Drahokoupil, P. Zatorsky, P. Hirsl, M. Cech, A. Stintz, and J.-C. Diels, “Quasi-Continuously Pumped Passively Mode-Locked Operation of a Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 Laser in a Bounce Geometry,” Laser Physics 19, 396–399 (2009).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photograph of reflection-type (left) and transmission-type (right) SWCNT-SAs. The latter was directly deposited onto a quartz substrate, the former onto a dielectric mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pump-probe measurements of the resonant response for the reflection-type SWCNT-SA, dots: data, solid line: fit (a) and the SESAM, black line: data, blue line: fit (b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Nonlinear reflection of the reflection-type single-walled carbon-nanotube saturable absorber (a) and of the SESAM (b) vs. incident pulse fluence (dots: measured data; solid curve: fit to the data).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Laser set-up: Lp: focusing lens, M1-M3: high reflection curved mirrors, M4: wedged output coupler, P1, P2: SF10 prisms, SWCNT-SA on quartz substrate, oriented at Brewster’s angle (I), SWCNT-SA deposited on a plane mirror (II) and SESAM (II). (b) Photograph of the diffusion-bonded Yb:KYW/KYW in the lasing state (green fluorescence indicates the pump channel).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transmission-type SWCNT-SA mode-locked Yb:KYW/KYW laser in the femtosecond regime, (a) Autocorrelation trace and spectrum (inset), dots: data, solid line: fit with a sech2-pulse shape, (b) Spectral tunability.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Autocorrelation traces and spectra (insets) of the mode-locked Yb:KYW/KYW laser in the femtosecond regime: (a) reflection-type SWCNT-SA, (b) SESAM – data of (b) were taken from Ref. 20, Fig. 3 (dots: data, solid lines: fits with a sech2-pulse shape).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Reflection-type SWCNT-SA mode-locked Yb:KYW/KYW laser in the femtosecond regime, (a) RF-spectrum of the fundamental beat-note (b) RF-spectrum at 1 GHz – span.

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