Abstract

Yb3+-doped gain media offer favorable properties for diode-pumped laser amplifiers for high-energy ns-pulses. To reach high optical-to-optical conversion efficiencies at room temperature however, very high and often impractical fluences are required both for pumping and extraction. Low temperature operation offers a solution, but the required cryogenic cooling systems add considerable complexity, bulkiness and cost. Multi-passing both pump and extraction beams through the gain medium is an alternative approach to overcome efficiency limitations at room temperature. In this article we present numerical and experimental results to this effect. We demonstrated ns-pulse output from a diode-pumped Yb:YAG amplifier at an energy of 566 mJ and an optical-to-optical efficiency of 20%, which is almost a doubling of the efficiency achieved with ns-lasers employing Yb3+-doped gain media at this energy level.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2009 (4)

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

S. Pearce, R. Yasuhara, A. Yoshida, J. Kawanaka, T. Kawashima, and H. Kan, "Generation of 200 mJ nanosecond pulses at 100 Hz repetition rate from a cryogenic cooled Yb:YAG MOPA system," Opt. Commun. 282, 2199-2203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. T¨ummler, R. Jung, H. Stiel, P. Nickles, and W. Sandner, "High-repetition-rate chirped-pulse-amplification thin-disc laser system with joule-level pulse energy," Opt. Lett. 34, 1378-1380 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Albach, J.-C. Chanteloup, and G. L. Touzé, "Influence of ASE on the gain distribution in large size, high gain Yb3+:YAG slabs," Opt. Express 17, 3792-3801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, S. Podleska, S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, R. Uecker, A. Jochmann, J. Hein, and M. Kaluza, "Terawatt diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 2770-2772 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Yasuhara, T. Kawashima, T. Sekine, T. Kurita, T. Ikegawa, O. Matsumoto, M. Miyamoto, H. Kan, H. Yoshida, J. Kawanaka, M. Nakatsuka, N. Miyanaga, Y. Izawa, and T. Kanabe, "213 W average power of 2.4 GW pulsed thermally controlled Nd:glass zigzag slab laser with a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror," Opt. Lett. 33, 1711-1713 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak-power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, "Fifteen years of work on thin-disk lasers: Results and scaling laws," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.(ST) 13, 598-609 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

D. Brown, "The Promise of Cryogenic Solid-State Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.(ST) 11, 587-599 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

H. ter Brake and G. Wiegerinck, "Low-power cryocooler survey," Cryogenics 42, 705-718 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, I.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

Albach, D.

Apolonski, A.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

Armstrong, J.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bayramian, A.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Beer, G.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bock, S.

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak-power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bödefeld, R.

Brown, D.

D. Brown, "The Promise of Cryogenic Solid-State Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.(ST) 11, 587-599 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, R.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chanteloup, J.-C.

Cross, R.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ebbers, C.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Erlandson, A.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F¨ul¨op, J.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

Fei, Y.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Freitas, B.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Giesen, A.

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, "Fifteen years of work on thin-disk lasers: Results and scaling laws," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.(ST) 13, 598-609 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H¨orlein, R.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

Hein, J.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, S. Podleska, S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, R. Uecker, A. Jochmann, J. Hein, and M. Kaluza, "Terawatt diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 2770-2772 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak-power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Henig, A.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

Hornung, M.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, S. Podleska, S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, R. Uecker, A. Jochmann, J. Hein, and M. Kaluza, "Terawatt diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 2770-2772 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak-power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ikegawa, T.

Izawa, Y.

Jeong, Y.

Jochmann, A.

Jung, R.

Kaluza, M.

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak-power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, S. Podleska, S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, R. Uecker, A. Jochmann, J. Hein, and M. Kaluza, "Terawatt diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 2770-2772 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kan, H.

Kanabe, T.

Karsch, S.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, S. Podleska, S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, R. Uecker, A. Jochmann, J. Hein, and M. Kaluza, "Terawatt diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 2770-2772 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawanaka, J.

Kawashima, T.

Kent, R.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Klingebiel, S.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, S. Podleska, S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, R. Uecker, A. Jochmann, J. Hein, and M. Kaluza, "Terawatt diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 2770-2772 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, S. Podleska, S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, R. Uecker, A. Jochmann, J. Hein, and M. Kaluza, "Terawatt diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 2770-2772 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kruber, S.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

Kurita, T.

Major, Z.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

Matsumoto, O.

Menapace, J.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, M.

Miyanaga, N.

Molander, W.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Nickles, P.

Nilsson, J.

Osterhoff, J.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

Payne, D.

Pearce, S.

S. Pearce, R. Yasuhara, A. Yoshida, J. Kawanaka, T. Kawashima, and H. Kan, "Generation of 200 mJ nanosecond pulses at 100 Hz repetition rate from a cryogenic cooled Yb:YAG MOPA system," Opt. Commun. 282, 2199-2203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pervak, V.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

Podleska, S.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, S. Podleska, S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, R. Uecker, A. Jochmann, J. Hein, and M. Kaluza, "Terawatt diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 2770-2772 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak-power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Popp, A.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

Sahu, J.

Sandner, W.

Sauerbrey, R.

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak-power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schaffers, K.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sekine, T.

Siders, C.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Siebold, M.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, S. Podleska, S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, R. Uecker, A. Jochmann, J. Hein, and M. Kaluza, "Terawatt diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 2770-2772 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak-power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Speiser, J.

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, "Fifteen years of work on thin-disk lasers: Results and scaling laws," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.(ST) 13, 598-609 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stiel, H.

Sutton, S.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T¨ummler, J.

Tassano, J.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Telford, S.

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

ter Brake, H.

H. ter Brake and G. Wiegerinck, "Low-power cryocooler survey," Cryogenics 42, 705-718 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Touzé, G. L.

Trushin, S.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

Uecker, R.

Wandt, C.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, S. Podleska, S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, R. Uecker, A. Jochmann, J. Hein, and M. Kaluza, "Terawatt diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 2770-2772 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, T.-J.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

Weingartner, R.

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

Wiegerinck, G.

H. ter Brake and G. Wiegerinck, "Low-power cryocooler survey," Cryogenics 42, 705-718 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yasuhara, R.

Yoshida, A.

S. Pearce, R. Yasuhara, A. Yoshida, J. Kawanaka, T. Kawashima, and H. Kan, "Generation of 200 mJ nanosecond pulses at 100 Hz repetition rate from a cryogenic cooled Yb:YAG MOPA system," Opt. Commun. 282, 2199-2203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, H.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Siebold, J. Hein, M. Hornung, S. Podleska, M. Kaluza, S. Bock, and R. Sauerbrey, "Diode-pumped lasers for ultra-high peak-power," Appl. Phys. B 90, 431-437 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cryogenics (1)

H. ter Brake and G. Wiegerinck, "Low-power cryocooler survey," Cryogenics 42, 705-718 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, "Fifteen years of work on thin-disk lasers: Results and scaling laws," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.(ST) 13, 598-609 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Brown, "The Promise of Cryogenic Solid-State Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.(ST) 11, 587-599 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

A. Bayramian, J. Armstrong, G. Beer, R. Campbell, B. Chai, R. Cross, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, J. Menapace, W. Molander, K. Schaffers, C. Siders, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, C. Ebbers, J. Caird, and C. Barty, "High-average-power femto-petawatt laser pumped by the Mercury laser facility," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 57-61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laser Review (1)

Z. Major, S. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. F¨ul¨op, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. H¨orlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, "Basic Concepts and Current Status of the Petawatt Field Synthesizer - a New Approach to Ultrahigh Field Generation," Laser Review 37, 431-436 (2009).

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Pearce, R. Yasuhara, A. Yoshida, J. Kawanaka, T. Kawashima, and H. Kan, "Generation of 200 mJ nanosecond pulses at 100 Hz repetition rate from a cryogenic cooled Yb:YAG MOPA system," Opt. Commun. 282, 2199-2203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Simulation results: (a) optical thickness for maximum storage efficiency as function of pump fluence. (b) storage efficiency ηst (dashed lines: extractable fluence divided by pump fluence) and efficiency limit due to laser induced damage (dotted lines) vs. pump fluence for Yb:YAG at a pump pulse duration of 0.8 ms; The optical-to-optical conversion efficiency ηo-o including the extraction efficiency of a short pulse laser amplifier (symbols mark the saturated gain at four and six pass amplification) follows the solid (colored) lines. The thick green curve (damage fluence: FD=5 Jcm-2) is comparable to the experimental proof in section 3.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simulation results: (a) power factor of a typical He-gas cooler and the Carnot limit. (b) calculated maximum efficiency ηo-o of a 4-pass Yb:YAG amplifier at FD =10 Jcm-2 and τp =0.8 ms, and (c) its global efficiency ηg over the operating temperature.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Experimental setup: Multipass Yb:YAG amplifier, seeded by a Q-switched nanosecond MOPA based on Yb:YAG; T, spherical lens telescope (magnification: 2); M1–M3, dielectric flat turning mirrors (HR 45° 1010–1060 nm), diameter: 25 mm; M4, dichroic flat mirror (HR 1020–1060 nm, AR 930–950 nm), diameter: 50 mm; M5, dielectric flat mirror (HR 0° 1010–1060 nm), diameter: 25 mm, M6, M7, dielectric concave mirrors (HR 0° 1010–1060 nm), radius of curvature: 750 mm, diameter: 50 mm; M8, dielectric flat turning mirror (HR 45° 1010–1060 nm), width×height: 35×50 mm; M9, dielectric broadband flat mirror, diameter: 50 mm; RM, roof mirror comprising of 2 M8 mirrors; L1, toric lens (fast axis: f FA=800 mm; slow axis: f SA=115 mm); L2, spherical lens (f=150 mm); L3, L4, spherical lenses (f=100 mm); Beam profiles: (b) seed, (c) amplified output after 6 passes, (d) pump profile. Beam diameters at full width half maximum (FWHM) are given.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental results: (a) Output pulse energy of both the booster [4] and the main Yb:YAG amplifier and (b) their optical-to-optical efficiencies. With the main amplifier the influence of single- and multi-pass pumping was investigated (seed pulse energy: 95 mJ).

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σg = β σe (1β)σa=σe·ββmin1βmin
F˜sat* = Fsat . (1βmin)/m.
βt = R · (1ββmax)βτfandRz=α·(1ββmax)·R.
ηst = hcNdopλlIpτp 0L(β(z)βmin)dz.
1ηg = 1ηoo · [1ηeo+qεc].

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