Abstract

We demonstrated efficient high-power continuous-wave (cw) and passively Q-switched disordered Nd:CLNGG laser performance. In cw operations, the output power was obtained to be 3.81 W with a slope efficiency of 30.3%. To our knowledge, they are the highest cw power and efficiency with Nd:CLNGG as the gain medium and a laser-diode (LD) as the pump source. Recorded with a spectrum analyzer, no splitting was found in the Nd:CLNGG laser, which is different with that of its isomorph Nd:CNGG. The LD pumped passively Q-switched Nd:CLNGG laser was obtained for the first time to our knowledge. The shortest pulse width, largest pulse energy and highest peak power were achieved to be 12.3 ns, 199.1 μJ and 16 kW, respectively, with Cr4+:YAG crystals as the saturable absorbers.

© 2009 OSA

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  1. T. T. Basiev, N. A. Es’kov, A. Ya. Karasik, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and M. Helbig, “Disordered garnets Ca3(Nb, Ga)5012:Nd 3 +-prospective crystals for powerful ultrashort-pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 17(3), 201–203 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “High-power dual-wavelength laser with disordered Nd:CNGG crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 151–153 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es'kov, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tsymbal, “Efficient active media based on Nd 3+ -activated calcium niobium gallium garnets ,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20(3), 246–249 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, and J. Y. Wang, “Subpicosecond pulse generation from a Nd:CLNGG disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(1), 103–105 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Yu. K. Voronko, N. A. Es'kov, A. S. Podstavkin, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium-niobium-gallium and calcium-lithium-niobium-gallium garnet crystals as active media for diode-pumped lasers,” Quantum Electron. 31(6), 531–533 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. B. Shi, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. P. Wang, H. H. Yu, S. Q. Sun, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:CLNGG crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 311(14), 3792–3796 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, and R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials: influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

2002 (1)

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yu. K. Voronko, N. A. Es'kov, A. S. Podstavkin, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium-niobium-gallium and calcium-lithium-niobium-gallium garnet crystals as active media for diode-pumped lasers,” Quantum Electron. 31(6), 531–533 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, and R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials: influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, N. A. Es’kov, A. Ya. Karasik, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and M. Helbig, “Disordered garnets Ca3(Nb, Ga)5012:Nd 3 +-prospective crystals for powerful ultrashort-pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 17(3), 201–203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es'kov, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tsymbal, “Efficient active media based on Nd 3+ -activated calcium niobium gallium garnets ,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20(3), 246–249 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Agnesi, A.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Basiev, T. T.

Chartier, I.

N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, and R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials: influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cornacchia, F.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dell’Acqua, S.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Es’kov, N. A.

Eskov, N. A.

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Es'kov, N. A.

Yu. K. Voronko, N. A. Es'kov, A. S. Podstavkin, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium-niobium-gallium and calcium-lithium-niobium-gallium garnet crystals as active media for diode-pumped lasers,” Quantum Electron. 31(6), 531–533 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es'kov, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tsymbal, “Efficient active media based on Nd 3+ -activated calcium niobium gallium garnets ,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20(3), 246–249 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, T.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Garapon, C.

N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, and R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials: influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gessen, S. B.

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es'kov, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tsymbal, “Efficient active media based on Nd 3+ -activated calcium niobium gallium garnets ,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20(3), 246–249 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Guandalini, A.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Helbig, M.

Jiang, M. H.

Karasik, A. Ya.

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, N. A. Es’kov, A. Ya. Karasik, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and M. Helbig, “Disordered garnets Ca3(Nb, Ga)5012:Nd 3 +-prospective crystals for powerful ultrashort-pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 17(3), 201–203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, H.

Mermilliod, N.

N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, and R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials: influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, and R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials: influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Osiko, V. V.

Podstavkin, A. S.

Yu. K. Voronko, N. A. Es'kov, A. S. Podstavkin, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium-niobium-gallium and calcium-lithium-niobium-gallium garnet crystals as active media for diode-pumped lasers,” Quantum Electron. 31(6), 531–533 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L. J.

Rabochkina, P. A.

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Reali, G.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Romero, R.

N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, and R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials: influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ryabochkina, P. A.

Yu. K. Voronko, N. A. Es'kov, A. S. Podstavkin, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium-niobium-gallium and calcium-lithium-niobium-gallium garnet crystals as active media for diode-pumped lasers,” Quantum Electron. 31(6), 531–533 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Z. B.

Z. B. Shi, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. P. Wang, H. H. Yu, S. Q. Sun, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:CLNGG crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 311(14), 3792–3796 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “High-power dual-wavelength laser with disordered Nd:CNGG crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 151–153 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimamura, K.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sobol, A. A.

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu. K. Voronko, N. A. Es'kov, A. S. Podstavkin, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium-niobium-gallium and calcium-lithium-niobium-gallium garnet crystals as active media for diode-pumped lasers,” Quantum Electron. 31(6), 531–533 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, N. A. Es’kov, A. Ya. Karasik, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and M. Helbig, “Disordered garnets Ca3(Nb, Ga)5012:Nd 3 +-prospective crystals for powerful ultrashort-pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 17(3), 201–203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es'kov, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tsymbal, “Efficient active media based on Nd 3+ -activated calcium niobium gallium garnets ,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20(3), 246–249 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sun, S. Q.

Z. B. Shi, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. P. Wang, H. H. Yu, S. Q. Sun, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:CLNGG crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 311(14), 3792–3796 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tan, W. D.

Tang, D. Y.

Tao, X. T.

Toncelli, A.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Toncelli, M.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tsymbal, L. I.

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es'kov, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tsymbal, “Efficient active media based on Nd 3+ -activated calcium niobium gallium garnets ,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20(3), 246–249 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ushakov, S. N.

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu. K. Voronko, N. A. Es'kov, A. S. Podstavkin, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium-niobium-gallium and calcium-lithium-niobium-gallium garnet crystals as active media for diode-pumped lasers,” Quantum Electron. 31(6), 531–533 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, N. A. Es’kov, A. Ya. Karasik, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and M. Helbig, “Disordered garnets Ca3(Nb, Ga)5012:Nd 3 +-prospective crystals for powerful ultrashort-pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 17(3), 201–203 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es'kov, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tsymbal, “Efficient active media based on Nd 3+ -activated calcium niobium gallium garnets ,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20(3), 246–249 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Voronko, Yu. K.

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu. K. Voronko, N. A. Es'kov, A. S. Podstavkin, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium-niobium-gallium and calcium-lithium-niobium-gallium garnet crystals as active media for diode-pumped lasers,” Quantum Electron. 31(6), 531–533 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es'kov, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tsymbal, “Efficient active media based on Nd 3+ -activated calcium niobium gallium garnets ,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20(3), 246–249 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, Z. P.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “High-power dual-wavelength laser with disordered Nd:CNGG crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 151–153 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. B. Shi, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. P. Wang, H. H. Yu, S. Q. Sun, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:CLNGG crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 311(14), 3792–3796 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xia, H. R.

Z. B. Shi, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. P. Wang, H. H. Yu, S. Q. Sun, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:CLNGG crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 311(14), 3792–3796 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xie, G. Q.

Yu, H. H.

Yu, Y. G.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “High-power dual-wavelength laser with disordered Nd:CNGG crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 151–153 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. B. Shi, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. P. Wang, H. H. Yu, S. Q. Sun, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:CLNGG crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 311(14), 3792–3796 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

Zhang, X. Y.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, and R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials: influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

Z. B. Shi, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. P. Wang, H. H. Yu, S. Q. Sun, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:CLNGG crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 311(14), 3792–3796 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

Yu. K. Voronko, N. A. Es'kov, A. S. Podstavkin, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium-niobium-gallium and calcium-lithium-niobium-gallium garnet crystals as active media for diode-pumped lasers,” Quantum Electron. 31(6), 531–533 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es'kov, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tsymbal, “Efficient active media based on Nd 3+ -activated calcium niobium gallium garnets ,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20(3), 246–249 (1990).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration of the Nd:CLNGG laser

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Average output powers versus incident pump power

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra of lasers and spontaneous emission. (a) spectra of Nd:CNGG laser. (b) spectra of Nd:CLNGG laser. (c) spectra of Nd:CLNGG spontaneous emission.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse profile with the width of 12.3 ns

Equations (1)

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Pth=K(δ+T)

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