Abstract

We demonstrate two-dimensional ultrafast fourier transform spectroscopy in the deep ultraviolet (~260 nm) using an acousto-optic modulator based pulse shaper. The use of a pulse shaper in the ultraviolet allows for rapid scanning, high phase (time) stability (~0.017 rad) and phase cycling. We present measurements on the DNA nucleobase Adenine.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. D.M. Jonas, "Two-dimensional femtosecond spectroscopy," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 425-463 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. "Multidimensional Ultrafast Spectroscopy Special Feature," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 14189-14544 (2007).
    [PubMed]
  3. T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho., R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic coupoings in Photosyntheses," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes," Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184-189 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Brixner, I.V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, "Tunable Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 29, 884-886 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. H. Zhang, C. N. Borca, X. Q. Li, and S. T. Cundiff, "Optical Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectroscopy with Active Interferometric Stabilization," Opt. Express 13, 7432-7441 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P.F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553-1555 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, "Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873-4883 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. M. Grumstrup, S.-H. Shim, M. A. Montgomery, N. H. Damrauer, and M. T. Zanni, "Facile Collection of Twodimensional Electronic Spectra Using Femtosecond Pulse-Shaping Technology," Opt. Express 15, 16681-16689 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. A. Myers, K. L. M. Lewis, P. F. Tekavec, and J. P. Ogilvie, "Two-color two-dimensional Fourier transform electronic spectroscopy with a pulse-shaper," Opt. Express 16, 17420-17428 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S.-H. Shim and M. T. Zanni, "How to turn your pump-probe experiment into a multidimensional spectrometer: 2D IR and Vis spectroscopies via pulse shaping," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 748-761 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J.-M. L. Pecourt, J. Peon and B. Kohler, "Ultrafast Internal Conversion of Electronically Excited RNA and DNA Nucleosides in Water," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9348-9349 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. Ismail and L. Blancafort and M. Olivucci and B. Kohler and M. A. Robb, "Ultrafast decay of electronically excited singlet cytosine via a pi,pi* to n(O),pi* state switch," J. Am. Chem. Soc.,  124, 6818-6819 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. E. Crespo-Hernández, B. Cohen, P. M. Hare, and B. Kohler, "Ultrafast Excited-State Dynamics in Nucleic Acids," Chem. Rev. 104, 19772020 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Perun, A. L. Sobolewski, and W. Domcke, "Photostabiliby of 9H-Adenine: Aechamisms of the Radiationless Deactivation of the Lowest Excited Singlet States," Chem. Phys. 313, 107-112 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Reuther, H. Iglev, R. Laenen, A. Laubereau, "Femtosecond Photo-Ionization of Nuclei Acid Bases: Electronic Lifetimes and Electron Yields," Chem. Phys. Lett. 325, 360-368 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Gustavsson, A. Sharonov, D. Onidas, D. Markovitsi, "Adenine, Deoxyadenosine and Deoxyadenosine 5’- Monophosphate studied by Femtosecond Fluorescence Upconversion Spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 356, 49-54 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. E. Nir, C. Pltzer, K. Kleinermanns, M. de Vries, "Properties of isolated DNA Bases, Base Pairs and Nucleosides Examined by Laser Spectroscopy," Eur. Phys. J. D 20, 317-329 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. C. Canuel, M. Mons, F. Piuzzi, B. Tardivel, I. Dimicoli, and M. Elhanine, "Excited States Dynamics of DNA and RNA bases: Characterization of a Stepwise Deactivation Pathway in the Gas Phase," J. Chem. Phys D 122, 074316 (2005).
  20. C. Z. Bisgaard, H. Satzger, S. Ullrich, A. Stolow, "Excited-State Dynamics of Isolated DNA Bases: A Case Study of Adenine," Chem. Phys. Chem. 10, 101-110 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  21. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  22. B. J. Pearson and T. C. Weinacht, "Shaped ultrafast laser pulses in the deep ultraviolet," Opt. Express 15, 4385-4388 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. L. B. Clark, G. G. Peschel, I. Tinoco J., "Vapor Spectra and Heats of Vaporization of Some Purine and Pyrimidine Bases1," J. Phys. Chem. 69, 3615-3618 (1965).
    [CrossRef]

2009

S.-H. Shim and M. T. Zanni, "How to turn your pump-probe experiment into a multidimensional spectrometer: 2D IR and Vis spectroscopies via pulse shaping," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 748-761 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Z. Bisgaard, H. Satzger, S. Ullrich, A. Stolow, "Excited-State Dynamics of Isolated DNA Bases: A Case Study of Adenine," Chem. Phys. Chem. 10, 101-110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

2005

C. Canuel, M. Mons, F. Piuzzi, B. Tardivel, I. Dimicoli, and M. Elhanine, "Excited States Dynamics of DNA and RNA bases: Characterization of a Stepwise Deactivation Pathway in the Gas Phase," J. Chem. Phys D 122, 074316 (2005).

T. H. Zhang, C. N. Borca, X. Q. Li, and S. T. Cundiff, "Optical Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectroscopy with Active Interferometric Stabilization," Opt. Express 13, 7432-7441 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho., R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic coupoings in Photosyntheses," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Perun, A. L. Sobolewski, and W. Domcke, "Photostabiliby of 9H-Adenine: Aechamisms of the Radiationless Deactivation of the Lowest Excited Singlet States," Chem. Phys. 313, 107-112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

C. E. Crespo-Hernández, B. Cohen, P. M. Hare, and B. Kohler, "Ultrafast Excited-State Dynamics in Nucleic Acids," Chem. Rev. 104, 19772020 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes," Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184-189 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner, I.V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, "Tunable Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 29, 884-886 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

P.F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553-1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.M. Jonas, "Two-dimensional femtosecond spectroscopy," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 425-463 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

N. Ismail and L. Blancafort and M. Olivucci and B. Kohler and M. A. Robb, "Ultrafast decay of electronically excited singlet cytosine via a pi,pi* to n(O),pi* state switch," J. Am. Chem. Soc.,  124, 6818-6819 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Gustavsson, A. Sharonov, D. Onidas, D. Markovitsi, "Adenine, Deoxyadenosine and Deoxyadenosine 5’- Monophosphate studied by Femtosecond Fluorescence Upconversion Spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 356, 49-54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Nir, C. Pltzer, K. Kleinermanns, M. de Vries, "Properties of isolated DNA Bases, Base Pairs and Nucleosides Examined by Laser Spectroscopy," Eur. Phys. J. D 20, 317-329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

A. Reuther, H. Iglev, R. Laenen, A. Laubereau, "Femtosecond Photo-Ionization of Nuclei Acid Bases: Electronic Lifetimes and Electron Yields," Chem. Phys. Lett. 325, 360-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. L. Pecourt, J. Peon and B. Kohler, "Ultrafast Internal Conversion of Electronically Excited RNA and DNA Nucleosides in Water," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9348-9349 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1965

L. B. Clark, G. G. Peschel, I. Tinoco J., "Vapor Spectra and Heats of Vaporization of Some Purine and Pyrimidine Bases1," J. Phys. Chem. 69, 3615-3618 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Bisgaard, C. Z.

C. Z. Bisgaard, H. Satzger, S. Ullrich, A. Stolow, "Excited-State Dynamics of Isolated DNA Bases: A Case Study of Adenine," Chem. Phys. Chem. 10, 101-110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Blancafort, L.

N. Ismail and L. Blancafort and M. Olivucci and B. Kohler and M. A. Robb, "Ultrafast decay of electronically excited singlet cytosine via a pi,pi* to n(O),pi* state switch," J. Am. Chem. Soc.,  124, 6818-6819 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borca, C. N.

Brixner, T.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho., R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic coupoings in Photosyntheses," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, I.V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, "Tunable Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 29, 884-886 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Canuel, C.

C. Canuel, M. Mons, F. Piuzzi, B. Tardivel, I. Dimicoli, and M. Elhanine, "Excited States Dynamics of DNA and RNA bases: Characterization of a Stepwise Deactivation Pathway in the Gas Phase," J. Chem. Phys D 122, 074316 (2005).

Cho, M.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho., R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic coupoings in Photosyntheses," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clark, L. B.

L. B. Clark, G. G. Peschel, I. Tinoco J., "Vapor Spectra and Heats of Vaporization of Some Purine and Pyrimidine Bases1," J. Phys. Chem. 69, 3615-3618 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Cowan, M. L.

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes," Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184-189 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

Damrauer, N. H.

de Vries, M.

E. Nir, C. Pltzer, K. Kleinermanns, M. de Vries, "Properties of isolated DNA Bases, Base Pairs and Nucleosides Examined by Laser Spectroscopy," Eur. Phys. J. D 20, 317-329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dimicoli, I.

C. Canuel, M. Mons, F. Piuzzi, B. Tardivel, I. Dimicoli, and M. Elhanine, "Excited States Dynamics of DNA and RNA bases: Characterization of a Stepwise Deactivation Pathway in the Gas Phase," J. Chem. Phys D 122, 074316 (2005).

Elhanine, M.

C. Canuel, M. Mons, F. Piuzzi, B. Tardivel, I. Dimicoli, and M. Elhanine, "Excited States Dynamics of DNA and RNA bases: Characterization of a Stepwise Deactivation Pathway in the Gas Phase," J. Chem. Phys D 122, 074316 (2005).

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, G. R.

Grumstrup, E. M.

Gustavsson, T.

T. Gustavsson, A. Sharonov, D. Onidas, D. Markovitsi, "Adenine, Deoxyadenosine and Deoxyadenosine 5’- Monophosphate studied by Femtosecond Fluorescence Upconversion Spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 356, 49-54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hornung, T.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, "Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873-4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iglev, H.

A. Reuther, H. Iglev, R. Laenen, A. Laubereau, "Femtosecond Photo-Ionization of Nuclei Acid Bases: Electronic Lifetimes and Electron Yields," Chem. Phys. Lett. 325, 360-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ismail, N.

N. Ismail and L. Blancafort and M. Olivucci and B. Kohler and M. A. Robb, "Ultrafast decay of electronically excited singlet cytosine via a pi,pi* to n(O),pi* state switch," J. Am. Chem. Soc.,  124, 6818-6819 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jonas, D.M.

D.M. Jonas, "Two-dimensional femtosecond spectroscopy," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 425-463 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Keusters, D.

P.F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553-1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleinermanns, K.

E. Nir, C. Pltzer, K. Kleinermanns, M. de Vries, "Properties of isolated DNA Bases, Base Pairs and Nucleosides Examined by Laser Spectroscopy," Eur. Phys. J. D 20, 317-329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kohler, B.

N. Ismail and L. Blancafort and M. Olivucci and B. Kohler and M. A. Robb, "Ultrafast decay of electronically excited singlet cytosine via a pi,pi* to n(O),pi* state switch," J. Am. Chem. Soc.,  124, 6818-6819 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-M. L. Pecourt, J. Peon and B. Kohler, "Ultrafast Internal Conversion of Electronically Excited RNA and DNA Nucleosides in Water," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9348-9349 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krumbugel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Laenen, R.

A. Reuther, H. Iglev, R. Laenen, A. Laubereau, "Femtosecond Photo-Ionization of Nuclei Acid Bases: Electronic Lifetimes and Electron Yields," Chem. Phys. Lett. 325, 360-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laubereau, A.

A. Reuther, H. Iglev, R. Laenen, A. Laubereau, "Femtosecond Photo-Ionization of Nuclei Acid Bases: Electronic Lifetimes and Electron Yields," Chem. Phys. Lett. 325, 360-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, K. L. M.

Li, X. Q.

Markovitsi, D.

T. Gustavsson, A. Sharonov, D. Onidas, D. Markovitsi, "Adenine, Deoxyadenosine and Deoxyadenosine 5’- Monophosphate studied by Femtosecond Fluorescence Upconversion Spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 356, 49-54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. J. D.

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes," Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184-189 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mons, M.

C. Canuel, M. Mons, F. Piuzzi, B. Tardivel, I. Dimicoli, and M. Elhanine, "Excited States Dynamics of DNA and RNA bases: Characterization of a Stepwise Deactivation Pathway in the Gas Phase," J. Chem. Phys D 122, 074316 (2005).

Montgomery, M. A.

Myers, J. A.

Nelson, K. A.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, "Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873-4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nir, E.

E. Nir, C. Pltzer, K. Kleinermanns, M. de Vries, "Properties of isolated DNA Bases, Base Pairs and Nucleosides Examined by Laser Spectroscopy," Eur. Phys. J. D 20, 317-329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ogilvie, J. P.

J. A. Myers, K. L. M. Lewis, P. F. Tekavec, and J. P. Ogilvie, "Two-color two-dimensional Fourier transform electronic spectroscopy with a pulse-shaper," Opt. Express 16, 17420-17428 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes," Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184-189 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Olivucci, M.

N. Ismail and L. Blancafort and M. Olivucci and B. Kohler and M. A. Robb, "Ultrafast decay of electronically excited singlet cytosine via a pi,pi* to n(O),pi* state switch," J. Am. Chem. Soc.,  124, 6818-6819 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Onidas, D.

T. Gustavsson, A. Sharonov, D. Onidas, D. Markovitsi, "Adenine, Deoxyadenosine and Deoxyadenosine 5’- Monophosphate studied by Femtosecond Fluorescence Upconversion Spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 356, 49-54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, B. J.

Pecourt, J.-M. L.

J.-M. L. Pecourt, J. Peon and B. Kohler, "Ultrafast Internal Conversion of Electronically Excited RNA and DNA Nucleosides in Water," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9348-9349 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peon, J.

J.-M. L. Pecourt, J. Peon and B. Kohler, "Ultrafast Internal Conversion of Electronically Excited RNA and DNA Nucleosides in Water," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9348-9349 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Perun, S.

S. Perun, A. L. Sobolewski, and W. Domcke, "Photostabiliby of 9H-Adenine: Aechamisms of the Radiationless Deactivation of the Lowest Excited Singlet States," Chem. Phys. 313, 107-112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peschel, G. G.

L. B. Clark, G. G. Peschel, I. Tinoco J., "Vapor Spectra and Heats of Vaporization of Some Purine and Pyrimidine Bases1," J. Phys. Chem. 69, 3615-3618 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Piuzzi, F.

C. Canuel, M. Mons, F. Piuzzi, B. Tardivel, I. Dimicoli, and M. Elhanine, "Excited States Dynamics of DNA and RNA bases: Characterization of a Stepwise Deactivation Pathway in the Gas Phase," J. Chem. Phys D 122, 074316 (2005).

Pltzer, C.

E. Nir, C. Pltzer, K. Kleinermanns, M. de Vries, "Properties of isolated DNA Bases, Base Pairs and Nucleosides Examined by Laser Spectroscopy," Eur. Phys. J. D 20, 317-329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Reuther, A.

A. Reuther, H. Iglev, R. Laenen, A. Laubereau, "Femtosecond Photo-Ionization of Nuclei Acid Bases: Electronic Lifetimes and Electron Yields," Chem. Phys. Lett. 325, 360-368 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Richman, B. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Robb, M. A.

N. Ismail and L. Blancafort and M. Olivucci and B. Kohler and M. A. Robb, "Ultrafast decay of electronically excited singlet cytosine via a pi,pi* to n(O),pi* state switch," J. Am. Chem. Soc.,  124, 6818-6819 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Satzger, H.

C. Z. Bisgaard, H. Satzger, S. Ullrich, A. Stolow, "Excited-State Dynamics of Isolated DNA Bases: A Case Study of Adenine," Chem. Phys. Chem. 10, 101-110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sharonov, A.

T. Gustavsson, A. Sharonov, D. Onidas, D. Markovitsi, "Adenine, Deoxyadenosine and Deoxyadenosine 5’- Monophosphate studied by Femtosecond Fluorescence Upconversion Spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 356, 49-54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shim, S.-H.

S.-H. Shim and M. T. Zanni, "How to turn your pump-probe experiment into a multidimensional spectrometer: 2D IR and Vis spectroscopies via pulse shaping," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 748-761 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Grumstrup, S.-H. Shim, M. A. Montgomery, N. H. Damrauer, and M. T. Zanni, "Facile Collection of Twodimensional Electronic Spectra Using Femtosecond Pulse-Shaping Technology," Opt. Express 15, 16681-16689 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stenger, J.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho., R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic coupoings in Photosyntheses," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stiopkin, I.V.

Stolow, A.

C. Z. Bisgaard, H. Satzger, S. Ullrich, A. Stolow, "Excited-State Dynamics of Isolated DNA Bases: A Case Study of Adenine," Chem. Phys. Chem. 10, 101-110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stone, K. W.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, "Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873-4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzaki, Y.

P.F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553-1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
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C. Canuel, M. Mons, F. Piuzzi, B. Tardivel, I. Dimicoli, and M. Elhanine, "Excited States Dynamics of DNA and RNA bases: Characterization of a Stepwise Deactivation Pathway in the Gas Phase," J. Chem. Phys D 122, 074316 (2005).

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P.F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553-1555 (2003).
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R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
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C. Z. Bisgaard, H. Satzger, S. Ullrich, A. Stolow, "Excited-State Dynamics of Isolated DNA Bases: A Case Study of Adenine," Chem. Phys. Chem. 10, 101-110 (2009).
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T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho., R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic coupoings in Photosyntheses," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
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J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, "Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873-4883 (2007).
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P.F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553-1555 (2003).
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Zanni, M. T.

S.-H. Shim and M. T. Zanni, "How to turn your pump-probe experiment into a multidimensional spectrometer: 2D IR and Vis spectroscopies via pulse shaping," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 748-761 (2009).
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E. M. Grumstrup, S.-H. Shim, M. A. Montgomery, N. H. Damrauer, and M. T. Zanni, "Facile Collection of Twodimensional Electronic Spectra Using Femtosecond Pulse-Shaping Technology," Opt. Express 15, 16681-16689 (2007).
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Chem. Phys. Chem.

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T. Gustavsson, A. Sharonov, D. Onidas, D. Markovitsi, "Adenine, Deoxyadenosine and Deoxyadenosine 5’- Monophosphate studied by Femtosecond Fluorescence Upconversion Spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 356, 49-54 (2002).
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J. Chem. Phys D

C. Canuel, M. Mons, F. Piuzzi, B. Tardivel, I. Dimicoli, and M. Elhanine, "Excited States Dynamics of DNA and RNA bases: Characterization of a Stepwise Deactivation Pathway in the Gas Phase," J. Chem. Phys D 122, 074316 (2005).

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J. Phys. Chem. A

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, "Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873-4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho., R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic coupoings in Photosyntheses," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.

S.-H. Shim and M. T. Zanni, "How to turn your pump-probe experiment into a multidimensional spectrometer: 2D IR and Vis spectroscopies via pulse shaping," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 748-761 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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"Multidimensional Ultrafast Spectroscopy Special Feature," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 14189-14544 (2007).
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R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Science

P.F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553-1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental Setup. The IR is converted to UV (~260 nm) by nonlinear crystals (NC1). The UV-pump and IR are separated by the dichroic mirror (DM). The UV-pump goes into the pulse shaper and becomes a phase-locked pump-pump pulse pair. The IR passes through the second set of nonlinear crystals (NC2) to generate the UV-probe. The UV pump-pump and probe pulses are focused into the sample by the curved mirror (CM). The probe spectrum is detected with a spectrometer as a function of the pump-pump delay τ for each pump-probe delay T.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Real component of the 2D spectrum of Adenine in water at (a) T=50 fs, (b) T=200 fs, (c) T=400 fs, and (d) the real component of the Fourier transform of the pump-pump spectrum.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Real component of the 2D spectrum of Adenine in water (a) without phase cycling, (b) with four-phase-cycling at T=~50 fs.

Equations (2)

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M(ω)=12[exp(iωτ)exp(iϕ1)+exp(iϕ2)]
Stotal=S(ϕ1=0,ϕ2=0)S(ϕ1=0,ϕ2=π)+S(ϕ1=π,ϕ2=π)S(ϕ1=π,ϕ2=0)

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