Abstract

We demonstrated a robust spike cancellation by virtue of optical balancing technique for the near-infrared single-photon detection based on InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode. A 31 dB suppression of the spike noise provided an efficient technique to read out weak avalanche currents at the early built-up, allowing the study on the photon number resolving dynamics of the InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode. With the detection efficiency varied from 1% to 36%, the avalanche gain was shown to vary from the linear mode to the saturated mode and evidenced as a sub-saturated avalanche state. Multi-photon avalanche saturation was observed at different photon numbers as the avalanche gain varied. A photon-number-resolving detection was achieved with the detection efficiency as high as 36%.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, "Direct Observation of Nonclassical Photon Statistics in Parametric Down-Conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. Z. L. Yuan, B. E. Kardynal, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, "High speed single photon detection in the near infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 041114 (2007).
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2008

B. E. Kardynal, Z. L. Yuan, and A. J. Shields, "An avalanche-photodiode-based photon-number-resolving detector," Nature Photonics 2, 425-428 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

Z. L. Yuan, B. E. Kardynal, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, "High speed single photon detection in the near infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 041114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Schuster, A. Houck, J. Schreier, A. Wallraff, J. M. Gambetta, A. Blais, L. Frunzio, J. Majer, B. Johnson, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin, and R. J. Schoelkopf, "Resolving photon number states in a superconducting circuit," Nature 445, 515-518 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kok, W. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. Ralph, J. Dowling, and G. Milburn, "Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits", Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135-174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E Wu, J. Rabeau, G. Roger, F. Treussart, H. Zeng, P. Grangier, S. Prawer, and J. Roch, "Room temperature triggered single-photon source in the near infrared," New J. Phys. 9, 434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

G. Wu, C. Zhou, X. Chen, and H. Zeng, "High performance of gated-mode single-photon detector at 1.55 μm", Opt. Commun. 265, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, S. K. Choi, S. Dugan, and P. Kumar, "14 MHz rate photon counting with room temperature InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes," J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1369-1379 (2004).

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, "Gated-mode single-photon detection at 1550 nm by discharge pulse counting," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3606-3608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, "Direct Observation of Nonclassical Photon Statistics in Parametric Down-Conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

A. J. Miller, S.W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, "Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791-793 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Achilles, C. Silberhorn, C. Sliwa, K. Banaszek, and I. Walmsley, "Fiber-assisted detection with photon number resolution", Opt. Lett. 28, 2387-2389(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Photon-number resolution using time-multiplexed single-photon detectors", Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

A. J. Shields, M. P. O’Sullivan, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, R. A. Hogg, M. L. Leadbeater, C. E. Norman, and M. Pepper, "Detection of single photons using a field-effect transistor gated by a layer of quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3673-3675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, "Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063-1065 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Achilles, D.

Akiba, M.

Banaszek, K.

Bartlett, S. D.

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, "Direct Observation of Nonclassical Photon Statistics in Parametric Down-Conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blais, A.

D. I. Schuster, A. Houck, J. Schreier, A. Wallraff, J. M. Gambetta, A. Blais, L. Frunzio, J. Majer, B. Johnson, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin, and R. J. Schoelkopf, "Resolving photon number states in a superconducting circuit," Nature 445, 515-518 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

G. Wu, C. Zhou, X. Chen, and H. Zeng, "High performance of gated-mode single-photon detector at 1.55 μm", Opt. Commun. 265, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. K.

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, S. K. Choi, S. Dugan, and P. Kumar, "14 MHz rate photon counting with room temperature InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes," J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1369-1379 (2004).

Devoret, M. H.

D. I. Schuster, A. Houck, J. Schreier, A. Wallraff, J. M. Gambetta, A. Blais, L. Frunzio, J. Majer, B. Johnson, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin, and R. J. Schoelkopf, "Resolving photon number states in a superconducting circuit," Nature 445, 515-518 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diamanti, E.

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, "Direct Observation of Nonclassical Photon Statistics in Parametric Down-Conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dowling, J.

P. Kok, W. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. Ralph, J. Dowling, and G. Milburn, "Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits", Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135-174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dugan, S.

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, S. K. Choi, S. Dugan, and P. Kumar, "14 MHz rate photon counting with room temperature InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes," J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1369-1379 (2004).

Farrer, I.

A. J. Shields, M. P. O’Sullivan, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, R. A. Hogg, M. L. Leadbeater, C. E. Norman, and M. Pepper, "Detection of single photons using a field-effect transistor gated by a layer of quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3673-3675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fitch, M. J.

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Photon-number resolution using time-multiplexed single-photon detectors", Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Franson, J. D.

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Photon-number resolution using time-multiplexed single-photon detectors", Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Frunzio, L.

D. I. Schuster, A. Houck, J. Schreier, A. Wallraff, J. M. Gambetta, A. Blais, L. Frunzio, J. Majer, B. Johnson, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin, and R. J. Schoelkopf, "Resolving photon number states in a superconducting circuit," Nature 445, 515-518 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujiwara, M.

Gambetta, J. M.

D. I. Schuster, A. Houck, J. Schreier, A. Wallraff, J. M. Gambetta, A. Blais, L. Frunzio, J. Majer, B. Johnson, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin, and R. J. Schoelkopf, "Resolving photon number states in a superconducting circuit," Nature 445, 515-518 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Girvin, S. M.

D. I. Schuster, A. Houck, J. Schreier, A. Wallraff, J. M. Gambetta, A. Blais, L. Frunzio, J. Majer, B. Johnson, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin, and R. J. Schoelkopf, "Resolving photon number states in a superconducting circuit," Nature 445, 515-518 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grangier, P.

E Wu, J. Rabeau, G. Roger, F. Treussart, H. Zeng, P. Grangier, S. Prawer, and J. Roch, "Room temperature triggered single-photon source in the near infrared," New J. Phys. 9, 434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hogg, R. A.

A. J. Shields, M. P. O’Sullivan, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, R. A. Hogg, M. L. Leadbeater, C. E. Norman, and M. Pepper, "Detection of single photons using a field-effect transistor gated by a layer of quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3673-3675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hogue, H. H.

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, "Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063-1065 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Houck, A.

D. I. Schuster, A. Houck, J. Schreier, A. Wallraff, J. M. Gambetta, A. Blais, L. Frunzio, J. Majer, B. Johnson, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin, and R. J. Schoelkopf, "Resolving photon number states in a superconducting circuit," Nature 445, 515-518 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inoue, S.

Jacobs, B. C.

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Photon-number resolution using time-multiplexed single-photon detectors", Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, B.

D. I. Schuster, A. Houck, J. Schreier, A. Wallraff, J. M. Gambetta, A. Blais, L. Frunzio, J. Majer, B. Johnson, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin, and R. J. Schoelkopf, "Resolving photon number states in a superconducting circuit," Nature 445, 515-518 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaji, R.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, "Gated-mode single-photon detection at 1550 nm by discharge pulse counting," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3606-3608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kardynal, B. E.

B. E. Kardynal, Z. L. Yuan, and A. J. Shields, "An avalanche-photodiode-based photon-number-resolving detector," Nature Photonics 2, 425-428 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Yuan, B. E. Kardynal, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, "High speed single photon detection in the near infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 041114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, "Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063-1065 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Knill, E.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kok, P.

P. Kok, W. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. Ralph, J. Dowling, and G. Milburn, "Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits", Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135-174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Köprülü, K. G.

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, S. K. Choi, S. Dugan, and P. Kumar, "14 MHz rate photon counting with room temperature InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes," J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1369-1379 (2004).

Kumar, P.

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, S. K. Choi, S. Dugan, and P. Kumar, "14 MHz rate photon counting with room temperature InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes," J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1369-1379 (2004).

Laflamme, R.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leadbeater, M. L.

A. J. Shields, M. P. O’Sullivan, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, R. A. Hogg, M. L. Leadbeater, C. E. Norman, and M. Pepper, "Detection of single photons using a field-effect transistor gated by a layer of quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3673-3675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Majer, J.

D. I. Schuster, A. Houck, J. Schreier, A. Wallraff, J. M. Gambetta, A. Blais, L. Frunzio, J. Majer, B. Johnson, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin, and R. J. Schoelkopf, "Resolving photon number states in a superconducting circuit," Nature 445, 515-518 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Makino, Y.

Martinis, J. M.

A. J. Miller, S.W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, "Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791-793 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Milburn, G.

P. Kok, W. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. Ralph, J. Dowling, and G. Milburn, "Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits", Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135-174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Milburn, G. J.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miller, A. J.

A. J. Miller, S.W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, "Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791-793 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Munro, W.

P. Kok, W. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. Ralph, J. Dowling, and G. Milburn, "Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits", Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135-174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nam, S.W.

A. J. Miller, S.W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, "Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791-793 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Namekata, N.

Nemoto, K.

P. Kok, W. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. Ralph, J. Dowling, and G. Milburn, "Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits", Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135-174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Norman, C. E.

A. J. Shields, M. P. O’Sullivan, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, R. A. Hogg, M. L. Leadbeater, C. E. Norman, and M. Pepper, "Detection of single photons using a field-effect transistor gated by a layer of quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3673-3675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O’Sullivan, M. P.

A. J. Shields, M. P. O’Sullivan, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, R. A. Hogg, M. L. Leadbeater, C. E. Norman, and M. Pepper, "Detection of single photons using a field-effect transistor gated by a layer of quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3673-3675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pepper, M.

A. J. Shields, M. P. O’Sullivan, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, R. A. Hogg, M. L. Leadbeater, C. E. Norman, and M. Pepper, "Detection of single photons using a field-effect transistor gated by a layer of quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3673-3675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pittman, T. B.

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Photon-number resolution using time-multiplexed single-photon detectors", Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Prawer, S.

E Wu, J. Rabeau, G. Roger, F. Treussart, H. Zeng, P. Grangier, S. Prawer, and J. Roch, "Room temperature triggered single-photon source in the near infrared," New J. Phys. 9, 434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rabeau, J.

E Wu, J. Rabeau, G. Roger, F. Treussart, H. Zeng, P. Grangier, S. Prawer, and J. Roch, "Room temperature triggered single-photon source in the near infrared," New J. Phys. 9, 434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ralph, T.

P. Kok, W. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. Ralph, J. Dowling, and G. Milburn, "Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits", Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135-174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ritchie, D. A.

A. J. Shields, M. P. O’Sullivan, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, R. A. Hogg, M. L. Leadbeater, C. E. Norman, and M. Pepper, "Detection of single photons using a field-effect transistor gated by a layer of quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3673-3675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Roch, J.

E Wu, J. Rabeau, G. Roger, F. Treussart, H. Zeng, P. Grangier, S. Prawer, and J. Roch, "Room temperature triggered single-photon source in the near infrared," New J. Phys. 9, 434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roger, G.

E Wu, J. Rabeau, G. Roger, F. Treussart, H. Zeng, P. Grangier, S. Prawer, and J. Roch, "Room temperature triggered single-photon source in the near infrared," New J. Phys. 9, 434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sanders, B. C.

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, "Direct Observation of Nonclassical Photon Statistics in Parametric Down-Conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sasaki, M.

Schoelkopf, R. J.

D. I. Schuster, A. Houck, J. Schreier, A. Wallraff, J. M. Gambetta, A. Blais, L. Frunzio, J. Majer, B. Johnson, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin, and R. J. Schoelkopf, "Resolving photon number states in a superconducting circuit," Nature 445, 515-518 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schreier, J.

D. I. Schuster, A. Houck, J. Schreier, A. Wallraff, J. M. Gambetta, A. Blais, L. Frunzio, J. Majer, B. Johnson, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin, and R. J. Schoelkopf, "Resolving photon number states in a superconducting circuit," Nature 445, 515-518 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuster, D. I.

D. I. Schuster, A. Houck, J. Schreier, A. Wallraff, J. M. Gambetta, A. Blais, L. Frunzio, J. Majer, B. Johnson, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin, and R. J. Schoelkopf, "Resolving photon number states in a superconducting circuit," Nature 445, 515-518 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sergienko, A. V.

A. J. Miller, S.W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, "Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791-793 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sharpe, A. W.

Z. L. Yuan, B. E. Kardynal, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, "High speed single photon detection in the near infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 041114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shields, A. J.

B. E. Kardynal, Z. L. Yuan, and A. J. Shields, "An avalanche-photodiode-based photon-number-resolving detector," Nature Photonics 2, 425-428 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Yuan, B. E. Kardynal, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, "High speed single photon detection in the near infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 041114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Shields, M. P. O’Sullivan, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, R. A. Hogg, M. L. Leadbeater, C. E. Norman, and M. Pepper, "Detection of single photons using a field-effect transistor gated by a layer of quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3673-3675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Silberhorn, C.

Sliwa, C.

Takeuchi, S.

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, "Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063-1065 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Treussart, F.

E Wu, J. Rabeau, G. Roger, F. Treussart, H. Zeng, P. Grangier, S. Prawer, and J. Roch, "Room temperature triggered single-photon source in the near infrared," New J. Phys. 9, 434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchida, H.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, "Gated-mode single-photon detection at 1550 nm by discharge pulse counting," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3606-3608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Voss, P. L.

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, S. K. Choi, S. Dugan, and P. Kumar, "14 MHz rate photon counting with room temperature InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes," J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1369-1379 (2004).

Waks, E.

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, "Direct Observation of Nonclassical Photon Statistics in Parametric Down-Conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wallraff, A.

D. I. Schuster, A. Houck, J. Schreier, A. Wallraff, J. M. Gambetta, A. Blais, L. Frunzio, J. Majer, B. Johnson, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin, and R. J. Schoelkopf, "Resolving photon number states in a superconducting circuit," Nature 445, 515-518 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walmsley, I.

Wu, E

E Wu, J. Rabeau, G. Roger, F. Treussart, H. Zeng, P. Grangier, S. Prawer, and J. Roch, "Room temperature triggered single-photon source in the near infrared," New J. Phys. 9, 434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, G.

G. Wu, C. Zhou, X. Chen, and H. Zeng, "High performance of gated-mode single-photon detector at 1.55 μm", Opt. Commun. 265, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, "Direct Observation of Nonclassical Photon Statistics in Parametric Down-Conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, "Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063-1065 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoshizawa, A.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, "Gated-mode single-photon detection at 1550 nm by discharge pulse counting," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3606-3608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, Z. L.

B. E. Kardynal, Z. L. Yuan, and A. J. Shields, "An avalanche-photodiode-based photon-number-resolving detector," Nature Photonics 2, 425-428 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Yuan, B. E. Kardynal, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, "High speed single photon detection in the near infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 041114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

E Wu, J. Rabeau, G. Roger, F. Treussart, H. Zeng, P. Grangier, S. Prawer, and J. Roch, "Room temperature triggered single-photon source in the near infrared," New J. Phys. 9, 434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Wu, C. Zhou, X. Chen, and H. Zeng, "High performance of gated-mode single-photon detector at 1.55 μm", Opt. Commun. 265, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, C.

G. Wu, C. Zhou, X. Chen, and H. Zeng, "High performance of gated-mode single-photon detector at 1.55 μm", Opt. Commun. 265, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, "Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063-1065 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Miller, S.W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, "Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791-793 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Shields, M. P. O’Sullivan, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, R. A. Hogg, M. L. Leadbeater, C. E. Norman, and M. Pepper, "Detection of single photons using a field-effect transistor gated by a layer of quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3673-3675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, "Gated-mode single-photon detection at 1550 nm by discharge pulse counting," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3606-3608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Yuan, B. E. Kardynal, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, "High speed single photon detection in the near infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 041114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, S. K. Choi, S. Dugan, and P. Kumar, "14 MHz rate photon counting with room temperature InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes," J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1369-1379 (2004).

Nature

D. I. Schuster, A. Houck, J. Schreier, A. Wallraff, J. M. Gambetta, A. Blais, L. Frunzio, J. Majer, B. Johnson, M. H. Devoret, S. M. Girvin, and R. J. Schoelkopf, "Resolving photon number states in a superconducting circuit," Nature 445, 515-518 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature Photonics

B. E. Kardynal, Z. L. Yuan, and A. J. Shields, "An avalanche-photodiode-based photon-number-resolving detector," Nature Photonics 2, 425-428 (2008).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys.

E Wu, J. Rabeau, G. Roger, F. Treussart, H. Zeng, P. Grangier, S. Prawer, and J. Roch, "Room temperature triggered single-photon source in the near infrared," New J. Phys. 9, 434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

G. Wu, C. Zhou, X. Chen, and H. Zeng, "High performance of gated-mode single-photon detector at 1.55 μm", Opt. Commun. 265, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Photon-number resolution using time-multiplexed single-photon detectors", Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, "Direct Observation of Nonclassical Photon Statistics in Parametric Down-Conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

P. Kok, W. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. Ralph, J. Dowling, and G. Milburn, "Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits", Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135-174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Set-up of the optical self-balancing single-photon detector. APD: avalanche photodiode; AMP: RF amplifier (×10); LD: distributed feedback laser diode at 1550 nm; EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier; IF: inline fiber filter at 1550 nm with pass bandwidth of 3 nm; PC: fiber polarization controller; PBS: fiber polarization beam splitter; PD1,2: pin photodiodes.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) APD response to the gating pulse. (b) Avalanche signal waveform from the optical self-balancing single-photon detector

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Peak output voltage distributions at different detection efficiencies.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Peak output voltage for different photon numbers.

Equations (1)

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P(V)=n=0p(μ,n)·ρ(n,V),

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