Abstract

Ultraviolet random lasing from ZnO and Mg0.1Zn0.9O films have been achieved under optical pump of a continuous wave He-Cd laser as the films are simultaneously exerted by an electric-field with appropriate polarity and amplitude. With the aid of electric-field, the optical pump intensity for generating random lasing can be reduced at least five orders of magnitude in comparison with conventional pulse-laser pumped ones. It is believed that the role of electric-field exerted on the films is similar to that of increasing optical pump intensity, in terms of increasing the amount of non-equilibrium electrons in the near-surface regions of films.

© 2009 OSA

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  1. H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(25), 3656–3658 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Wiersma, “The smallest random laser,” Nature 406(6792), 132–135 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. Cao, “Lasing in random media,” Waves Random Media 13(3), R1–R39 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Cao, “Review on latest developments in random lasers with coherent feedback,” J. Phys. Math. Gen. 38(49), 10497–10535 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Sun, Z. R. Qiu, H. M. Su, X. D. Zhang, Z. Q. Zhang, G. K. L. Wong, and K. S. Wong, “Dynamics of random laser and coherent backscattering of light from ZnO amplifying random medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 241110 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, S. P. Lau, and H. W. Lee, “Zinc oxide thin-film random lasers on silicon substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3244–3246 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. P. Abiyasa, S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, and S. P. Lau, “Influence of surface roughness on the lasing performance of highly disordered ZnO films,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2380–2382 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, H. Y. Yang, A. P. Abiyasa, T. P. Chen, and C. Y. Ng, “High-temperature lasing characteristics of ZnO epilayers,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim Ger. 18(6), 771–774 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. F. Yu, H. D. Li, A. P. Abiyasa, E. S. P. Leong, and S. P. Lau, “The formation characteristics of closed-loop random cavities inside highly disordered ZnO polycrystalline thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(12), 121126 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, and E. S. P. Leong, “Simultaneous formation of visible and ultraviolet random lasings in ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 021110 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. P. Abiyasa, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, and H. Y. Yang, “Enhancement of ultraviolet lasing from Ag-coated highly disordered ZnO films by surface-plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231106 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. K. Chong, A. P. Abiyasa, K. Pita, and S. F. Yu, “Visible red random lasing in Y2O3:Eu3+/ZnO polycrystalline thin films by energy transfer from ZnO films to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 151105 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, S. P. Lau, W. I. Park, and G.-C. Yi, “Random laser action in ZnO nanorod arrays embedded in ZnO epilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3241–3243 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H.-C. Hsu, C.-Y. Wu, and W.-F. Hsieh, “Stimulated emission and lasing of random-growth oriented ZnO nanowires,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(6), 064315 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. B. Djurišić and Y. H. Leung, “Optical properties of ZnO Nanostructures,” Small 2(8-9), 944–961 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H. Y. Yang, S. P. Lau, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, M. Tanemura, T. Okita, and H. Hatano, “High-temperature random lasing in ZnO nanoneedles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(1), 011103 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. E. V. Chelnokov, N. Bityurin, I. Ozerov, and W. Marine, “Two-photon pumped random laser in nanocrystalline ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 171119 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrophotoluminescence of ZnO film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021105 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrically pumped ZnO film ultraviolet random lasers on silicon substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251109 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. P. Chen, X. Ma, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrically pumped ultraviolet random lasing from ZnO-based metal-insulator-semiconductor devices: dependence on carrier transport,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4712–4717 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

M. K. Chong, A. P. Abiyasa, K. Pita, and S. F. Yu, “Visible red random lasing in Y2O3:Eu3+/ZnO polycrystalline thin films by energy transfer from ZnO films to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 151105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

T. Sun, Z. R. Qiu, H. M. Su, X. D. Zhang, Z. Q. Zhang, G. K. L. Wong, and K. S. Wong, “Dynamics of random laser and coherent backscattering of light from ZnO amplifying random medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 241110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Abiyasa, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, and H. Y. Yang, “Enhancement of ultraviolet lasing from Ag-coated highly disordered ZnO films by surface-plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrophotoluminescence of ZnO film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrically pumped ZnO film ultraviolet random lasers on silicon substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (7)

A. B. Djurišić and Y. H. Leung, “Optical properties of ZnO Nanostructures,” Small 2(8-9), 944–961 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Yang, S. P. Lau, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, M. Tanemura, T. Okita, and H. Hatano, “High-temperature random lasing in ZnO nanoneedles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(1), 011103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Chelnokov, N. Bityurin, I. Ozerov, and W. Marine, “Two-photon pumped random laser in nanocrystalline ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 171119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Abiyasa, S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, and S. P. Lau, “Influence of surface roughness on the lasing performance of highly disordered ZnO films,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2380–2382 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, H. Y. Yang, A. P. Abiyasa, T. P. Chen, and C. Y. Ng, “High-temperature lasing characteristics of ZnO epilayers,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim Ger. 18(6), 771–774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yu, H. D. Li, A. P. Abiyasa, E. S. P. Leong, and S. P. Lau, “The formation characteristics of closed-loop random cavities inside highly disordered ZnO polycrystalline thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(12), 121126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, and E. S. P. Leong, “Simultaneous formation of visible and ultraviolet random lasings in ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 021110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

H. Cao, “Review on latest developments in random lasers with coherent feedback,” J. Phys. Math. Gen. 38(49), 10497–10535 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H.-C. Hsu, C.-Y. Wu, and W.-F. Hsieh, “Stimulated emission and lasing of random-growth oriented ZnO nanowires,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(6), 064315 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, S. P. Lau, W. I. Park, and G.-C. Yi, “Random laser action in ZnO nanorod arrays embedded in ZnO epilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3241–3243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, S. P. Lau, and H. W. Lee, “Zinc oxide thin-film random lasers on silicon substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3244–3246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. Cao, “Lasing in random media,” Waves Random Media 13(3), R1–R39 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. Wiersma, “The smallest random laser,” Nature 406(6792), 132–135 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(25), 3656–3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Abiyasa, A. P.

M. K. Chong, A. P. Abiyasa, K. Pita, and S. F. Yu, “Visible red random lasing in Y2O3:Eu3+/ZnO polycrystalline thin films by energy transfer from ZnO films to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 151105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Abiyasa, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, and H. Y. Yang, “Enhancement of ultraviolet lasing from Ag-coated highly disordered ZnO films by surface-plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Yang, S. P. Lau, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, M. Tanemura, T. Okita, and H. Hatano, “High-temperature random lasing in ZnO nanoneedles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(1), 011103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yu, H. D. Li, A. P. Abiyasa, E. S. P. Leong, and S. P. Lau, “The formation characteristics of closed-loop random cavities inside highly disordered ZnO polycrystalline thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(12), 121126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Abiyasa, S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, and S. P. Lau, “Influence of surface roughness on the lasing performance of highly disordered ZnO films,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2380–2382 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, H. Y. Yang, A. P. Abiyasa, T. P. Chen, and C. Y. Ng, “High-temperature lasing characteristics of ZnO epilayers,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim Ger. 18(6), 771–774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bityurin, N.

E. V. Chelnokov, N. Bityurin, I. Ozerov, and W. Marine, “Two-photon pumped random laser in nanocrystalline ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 171119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

H. Cao, “Review on latest developments in random lasers with coherent feedback,” J. Phys. Math. Gen. 38(49), 10497–10535 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, “Lasing in random media,” Waves Random Media 13(3), R1–R39 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(25), 3656–3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. P. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(25), 3656–3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chelnokov, E. V.

E. V. Chelnokov, N. Bityurin, I. Ozerov, and W. Marine, “Two-photon pumped random laser in nanocrystalline ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 171119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P.

P. Chen, X. Ma, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrically pumped ultraviolet random lasing from ZnO-based metal-insulator-semiconductor devices: dependence on carrier transport,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4712–4717 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrophotoluminescence of ZnO film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrically pumped ZnO film ultraviolet random lasers on silicon substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T. P.

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, H. Y. Yang, A. P. Abiyasa, T. P. Chen, and C. Y. Ng, “High-temperature lasing characteristics of ZnO epilayers,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim Ger. 18(6), 771–774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chong, M. K.

M. K. Chong, A. P. Abiyasa, K. Pita, and S. F. Yu, “Visible red random lasing in Y2O3:Eu3+/ZnO polycrystalline thin films by energy transfer from ZnO films to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 151105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dai, J. Y.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(25), 3656–3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Djurišic, A. B.

A. B. Djurišić and Y. H. Leung, “Optical properties of ZnO Nanostructures,” Small 2(8-9), 944–961 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hatano, H.

H. Y. Yang, S. P. Lau, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, M. Tanemura, T. Okita, and H. Hatano, “High-temperature random lasing in ZnO nanoneedles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(1), 011103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ho, S. T.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(25), 3656–3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, W.-F.

H.-C. Hsu, C.-Y. Wu, and W.-F. Hsieh, “Stimulated emission and lasing of random-growth oriented ZnO nanowires,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(6), 064315 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, H.-C.

H.-C. Hsu, C.-Y. Wu, and W.-F. Hsieh, “Stimulated emission and lasing of random-growth oriented ZnO nanowires,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(6), 064315 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lau, S. P.

A. P. Abiyasa, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, and H. Y. Yang, “Enhancement of ultraviolet lasing from Ag-coated highly disordered ZnO films by surface-plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yu, H. D. Li, A. P. Abiyasa, E. S. P. Leong, and S. P. Lau, “The formation characteristics of closed-loop random cavities inside highly disordered ZnO polycrystalline thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(12), 121126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Yang, S. P. Lau, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, M. Tanemura, T. Okita, and H. Hatano, “High-temperature random lasing in ZnO nanoneedles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(1), 011103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Abiyasa, S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, and S. P. Lau, “Influence of surface roughness on the lasing performance of highly disordered ZnO films,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2380–2382 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, H. Y. Yang, A. P. Abiyasa, T. P. Chen, and C. Y. Ng, “High-temperature lasing characteristics of ZnO epilayers,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim Ger. 18(6), 771–774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, and E. S. P. Leong, “Simultaneous formation of visible and ultraviolet random lasings in ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 021110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, S. P. Lau, W. I. Park, and G.-C. Yi, “Random laser action in ZnO nanorod arrays embedded in ZnO epilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3241–3243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, S. P. Lau, and H. W. Lee, “Zinc oxide thin-film random lasers on silicon substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3244–3246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. W.

S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, S. P. Lau, and H. W. Lee, “Zinc oxide thin-film random lasers on silicon substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3244–3246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Leong, E. S. P.

A. P. Abiyasa, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, and H. Y. Yang, “Enhancement of ultraviolet lasing from Ag-coated highly disordered ZnO films by surface-plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yu, H. D. Li, A. P. Abiyasa, E. S. P. Leong, and S. P. Lau, “The formation characteristics of closed-loop random cavities inside highly disordered ZnO polycrystalline thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(12), 121126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, H. Y. Yang, A. P. Abiyasa, T. P. Chen, and C. Y. Ng, “High-temperature lasing characteristics of ZnO epilayers,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim Ger. 18(6), 771–774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, and E. S. P. Leong, “Simultaneous formation of visible and ultraviolet random lasings in ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 021110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leung, Y. H.

A. B. Djurišić and Y. H. Leung, “Optical properties of ZnO Nanostructures,” Small 2(8-9), 944–961 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, D.

P. Chen, X. Ma, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrically pumped ultraviolet random lasing from ZnO-based metal-insulator-semiconductor devices: dependence on carrier transport,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4712–4717 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrophotoluminescence of ZnO film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrically pumped ZnO film ultraviolet random lasers on silicon substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. D.

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, H. Y. Yang, A. P. Abiyasa, T. P. Chen, and C. Y. Ng, “High-temperature lasing characteristics of ZnO epilayers,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim Ger. 18(6), 771–774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yu, H. D. Li, A. P. Abiyasa, E. S. P. Leong, and S. P. Lau, “The formation characteristics of closed-loop random cavities inside highly disordered ZnO polycrystalline thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(12), 121126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, and E. S. P. Leong, “Simultaneous formation of visible and ultraviolet random lasings in ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 021110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X.

P. Chen, X. Ma, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrically pumped ultraviolet random lasing from ZnO-based metal-insulator-semiconductor devices: dependence on carrier transport,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4712–4717 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrophotoluminescence of ZnO film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrically pumped ZnO film ultraviolet random lasers on silicon substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marine, W.

E. V. Chelnokov, N. Bityurin, I. Ozerov, and W. Marine, “Two-photon pumped random laser in nanocrystalline ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 171119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ng, C. Y.

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, H. Y. Yang, A. P. Abiyasa, T. P. Chen, and C. Y. Ng, “High-temperature lasing characteristics of ZnO epilayers,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim Ger. 18(6), 771–774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Okita, T.

H. Y. Yang, S. P. Lau, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, M. Tanemura, T. Okita, and H. Hatano, “High-temperature random lasing in ZnO nanoneedles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(1), 011103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ong, H. C.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(25), 3656–3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ozerov, I.

E. V. Chelnokov, N. Bityurin, I. Ozerov, and W. Marine, “Two-photon pumped random laser in nanocrystalline ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 171119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, W. I.

S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, S. P. Lau, W. I. Park, and G.-C. Yi, “Random laser action in ZnO nanorod arrays embedded in ZnO epilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3241–3243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pita, K.

M. K. Chong, A. P. Abiyasa, K. Pita, and S. F. Yu, “Visible red random lasing in Y2O3:Eu3+/ZnO polycrystalline thin films by energy transfer from ZnO films to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 151105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, Z. R.

T. Sun, Z. R. Qiu, H. M. Su, X. D. Zhang, Z. Q. Zhang, G. K. L. Wong, and K. S. Wong, “Dynamics of random laser and coherent backscattering of light from ZnO amplifying random medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 241110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Seelig, E. W.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Su, H. M.

T. Sun, Z. R. Qiu, H. M. Su, X. D. Zhang, Z. Q. Zhang, G. K. L. Wong, and K. S. Wong, “Dynamics of random laser and coherent backscattering of light from ZnO amplifying random medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 241110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sun, T.

T. Sun, Z. R. Qiu, H. M. Su, X. D. Zhang, Z. Q. Zhang, G. K. L. Wong, and K. S. Wong, “Dynamics of random laser and coherent backscattering of light from ZnO amplifying random medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 241110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tanemura, M.

H. Y. Yang, S. P. Lau, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, M. Tanemura, T. Okita, and H. Hatano, “High-temperature random lasing in ZnO nanoneedles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(1), 011103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D.

D. Wiersma, “The smallest random laser,” Nature 406(6792), 132–135 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, G. K. L.

T. Sun, Z. R. Qiu, H. M. Su, X. D. Zhang, Z. Q. Zhang, G. K. L. Wong, and K. S. Wong, “Dynamics of random laser and coherent backscattering of light from ZnO amplifying random medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 241110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. S.

T. Sun, Z. R. Qiu, H. M. Su, X. D. Zhang, Z. Q. Zhang, G. K. L. Wong, and K. S. Wong, “Dynamics of random laser and coherent backscattering of light from ZnO amplifying random medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 241110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.-Y.

H.-C. Hsu, C.-Y. Wu, and W.-F. Hsieh, “Stimulated emission and lasing of random-growth oriented ZnO nanowires,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(6), 064315 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J. Y.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(25), 3656–3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.

P. Chen, X. Ma, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrically pumped ultraviolet random lasing from ZnO-based metal-insulator-semiconductor devices: dependence on carrier transport,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4712–4717 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrophotoluminescence of ZnO film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrically pumped ZnO film ultraviolet random lasers on silicon substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H. Y.

A. P. Abiyasa, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, and H. Y. Yang, “Enhancement of ultraviolet lasing from Ag-coated highly disordered ZnO films by surface-plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Yang, S. P. Lau, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, M. Tanemura, T. Okita, and H. Hatano, “High-temperature random lasing in ZnO nanoneedles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(1), 011103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, H. Y. Yang, A. P. Abiyasa, T. P. Chen, and C. Y. Ng, “High-temperature lasing characteristics of ZnO epilayers,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim Ger. 18(6), 771–774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yi, G.-C.

S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, S. P. Lau, W. I. Park, and G.-C. Yi, “Random laser action in ZnO nanorod arrays embedded in ZnO epilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3241–3243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, S. F.

M. K. Chong, A. P. Abiyasa, K. Pita, and S. F. Yu, “Visible red random lasing in Y2O3:Eu3+/ZnO polycrystalline thin films by energy transfer from ZnO films to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 151105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Abiyasa, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, and H. Y. Yang, “Enhancement of ultraviolet lasing from Ag-coated highly disordered ZnO films by surface-plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Yang, S. P. Lau, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, M. Tanemura, T. Okita, and H. Hatano, “High-temperature random lasing in ZnO nanoneedles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(1), 011103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yu, H. D. Li, A. P. Abiyasa, E. S. P. Leong, and S. P. Lau, “The formation characteristics of closed-loop random cavities inside highly disordered ZnO polycrystalline thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(12), 121126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Abiyasa, S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, and S. P. Lau, “Influence of surface roughness on the lasing performance of highly disordered ZnO films,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2380–2382 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, H. Y. Yang, A. P. Abiyasa, T. P. Chen, and C. Y. Ng, “High-temperature lasing characteristics of ZnO epilayers,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim Ger. 18(6), 771–774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, and E. S. P. Leong, “Simultaneous formation of visible and ultraviolet random lasings in ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 021110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, S. P. Lau, W. I. Park, and G.-C. Yi, “Random laser action in ZnO nanorod arrays embedded in ZnO epilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3241–3243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, S. P. Lau, and H. W. Lee, “Zinc oxide thin-film random lasers on silicon substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3244–3246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yuen, C.

A. P. Abiyasa, S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, and S. P. Lau, “Influence of surface roughness on the lasing performance of highly disordered ZnO films,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2380–2382 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, S. P. Lau, and H. W. Lee, “Zinc oxide thin-film random lasers on silicon substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3244–3246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, S. P. Lau, W. I. Park, and G.-C. Yi, “Random laser action in ZnO nanorod arrays embedded in ZnO epilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3241–3243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. D.

T. Sun, Z. R. Qiu, H. M. Su, X. D. Zhang, Z. Q. Zhang, G. K. L. Wong, and K. S. Wong, “Dynamics of random laser and coherent backscattering of light from ZnO amplifying random medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 241110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

P. Chen, X. Ma, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrically pumped ultraviolet random lasing from ZnO-based metal-insulator-semiconductor devices: dependence on carrier transport,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4712–4717 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrophotoluminescence of ZnO film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrically pumped ZnO film ultraviolet random lasers on silicon substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. Q.

T. Sun, Z. R. Qiu, H. M. Su, X. D. Zhang, Z. Q. Zhang, G. K. L. Wong, and K. S. Wong, “Dynamics of random laser and coherent backscattering of light from ZnO amplifying random medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 241110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. G.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(25), 3656–3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. Weinheim Ger. (1)

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, H. Y. Yang, A. P. Abiyasa, T. P. Chen, and C. Y. Ng, “High-temperature lasing characteristics of ZnO epilayers,” Adv. Mater. Weinheim Ger. 18(6), 771–774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (12)

S. F. Yu, H. D. Li, A. P. Abiyasa, E. S. P. Leong, and S. P. Lau, “The formation characteristics of closed-loop random cavities inside highly disordered ZnO polycrystalline thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(12), 121126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Li, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, and E. S. P. Leong, “Simultaneous formation of visible and ultraviolet random lasings in ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 021110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Abiyasa, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, E. S. P. Leong, and H. Y. Yang, “Enhancement of ultraviolet lasing from Ag-coated highly disordered ZnO films by surface-plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Chong, A. P. Abiyasa, K. Pita, and S. F. Yu, “Visible red random lasing in Y2O3:Eu3+/ZnO polycrystalline thin films by energy transfer from ZnO films to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 151105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, S. P. Lau, W. I. Park, and G.-C. Yi, “Random laser action in ZnO nanorod arrays embedded in ZnO epilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3241–3243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(25), 3656–3658 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Yang, S. P. Lau, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, M. Tanemura, T. Okita, and H. Hatano, “High-temperature random lasing in ZnO nanoneedles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(1), 011103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Chelnokov, N. Bityurin, I. Ozerov, and W. Marine, “Two-photon pumped random laser in nanocrystalline ZnO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 171119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrophotoluminescence of ZnO film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Ma, P. Chen, D. Li, Y. Zhang, and D. Yang, “Electrically pumped ZnO film ultraviolet random lasers on silicon substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Sun, Z. R. Qiu, H. M. Su, X. D. Zhang, Z. Q. Zhang, G. K. L. Wong, and K. S. Wong, “Dynamics of random laser and coherent backscattering of light from ZnO amplifying random medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 241110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, S. P. Lau, and H. W. Lee, “Zinc oxide thin-film random lasers on silicon substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3244–3246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. P. Abiyasa, S. F. Yu, C. Yuen, and S. P. Lau, “Influence of surface roughness on the lasing performance of highly disordered ZnO films,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2380–2382 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H.-C. Hsu, C.-Y. Wu, and W.-F. Hsieh, “Stimulated emission and lasing of random-growth oriented ZnO nanowires,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(6), 064315 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Math. Gen. (1)

H. Cao, “Review on latest developments in random lasers with coherent feedback,” J. Phys. Math. Gen. 38(49), 10497–10535 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

D. Wiersma, “The smallest random laser,” Nature 406(6792), 132–135 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Small (1)

A. B. Djurišić and Y. H. Leung, “Optical properties of ZnO Nanostructures,” Small 2(8-9), 944–961 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waves Random Media (1)

H. Cao, “Lasing in random media,” Waves Random Media 13(3), R1–R39 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the ZnO-based MIS device. (b) Schematic configuration of the measured MIS device with respect to the detector of spectrometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photoluminescence spectra of the ZnO film as the MIS device was applied with different forward bias voltages.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Electroluminescence spectrum of the ZnO-based MIS device applied with a forward bias of 12.0 V.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photoluminescence spectra of ZnO film as the MIS device applied with a forward bias voltage of 12.0 V is illuminated by the He-Cd laser or not.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Photoluminescence spectra of Mg0.1Zn0.9O film as the MIS device was applied with different forward bias voltages.

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