Abstract

We report an extensive comparison of the laser performances of diode-pumped Yb3+:YLF (30% at.) and Yb3+:CaF2 (5% at.) crystals, lasing at room-temperature and operating in two different operation mode, i.e. Continuous Wave (CW) and quasi-CW. An in-depth investigation of the crystals behavior by changing the pump power, clearly shows the crystal absorption depends on the lasing conditions. Therefore, we report an unambiguous definition of the slope efficiency calculated taken into account the real measured crystal absorption under laser action. Finally, we present a study of problems related to thermally induced losses which are expected influencing the laser performance.

© 2009 OSA

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  1. A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2767–2769 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, L. Bonelli, A. Di Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Yb:YLF laser,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2922–2927 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Lucca, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “High-power tunable diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1879–1881 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Mènerd, and R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 681–684 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. J. Carrig, J. W. Hobbs, C. J. Urbina, A. K. Hankla, G. J. Wagner, C. P. Hale, S. W. Henderson, R. A. Swirbalus, and C. A. Denmann, “Single-frequency diode-pumped Yb:YAG and Yb:YLF laser”, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optic and Photonics Series ~Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000, pp 144–149.
  6. M. Vannini, G. Toci, D. Alderighi, D. Parisi, F. Cornacchia, and M. Tonelli, “High efficiency room temperature laser emission in heavily doped Yb:YLF,” Opt. Express 15(13), 7994–8002 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Kawanaka, H. Hishioka, N. Inoue, and K. Ueda, “Tunable continuous-wave Yb:YLF laser operation with a diode-pumped chirped-pulse amplification system,” Appl. Opt. 40(21), 3542 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid state laser: the case of Ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Refined analysis of the luminescent centers in the Yb3+:CaF2 laser crystal,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 5–7 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. E. Bausa, G. Lifante, E. Daran, and P. L. Pernas, “CaF2:Er3+ molecular beam epitaxial layers as optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(23), 3242 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Kawanaka, K. Yamakawa, H. Nishioka, and K. Ueda, “30-mJ, diode-pumped, chirped-pulse Yb:YLF regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 28(21), 2121–2123 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAlO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KG(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514–103528 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Ito, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, K. Lebbou, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Crystal growth, Yb3+ spectroscopy, concentration quenching analysis and potentiality of laser emission in Ca1−XYbXF2+X,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16(8), 1501–1521 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “Laser emission with low quantum defect in Yb: CaGdAlO4.,” Opt. Lett. 30(11), 1345–1347 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Bensalah, M. Ito, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, A. Jouini, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Spectroscopic properties and quenching processes of Yb3+ in Fluoride single crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 444–446 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

M. Vannini, G. Toci, D. Alderighi, D. Parisi, F. Cornacchia, and M. Tonelli, “High efficiency room temperature laser emission in heavily doped Yb:YLF,” Opt. Express 15(13), 7994–8002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Refined analysis of the luminescent centers in the Yb3+:CaF2 laser crystal,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 5–7 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Bensalah, M. Ito, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, A. Jouini, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Spectroscopic properties and quenching processes of Yb3+ in Fluoride single crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 444–446 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid state laser: the case of Ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAlO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KG(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514–103528 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “Laser emission with low quantum defect in Yb: CaGdAlO4.,” Opt. Lett. 30(11), 1345–1347 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

A. Lucca, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “High-power tunable diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1879–1881 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2767–2769 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Ito, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, K. Lebbou, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Crystal growth, Yb3+ spectroscopy, concentration quenching analysis and potentiality of laser emission in Ca1−XYbXF2+X,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16(8), 1501–1521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Mènerd, and R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 681–684 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

1996 (1)

L. E. Bausa, G. Lifante, E. Daran, and P. L. Pernas, “CaF2:Er3+ molecular beam epitaxial layers as optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(23), 3242 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, R. L.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAlO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KG(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514–103528 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Alderighi, D.

Balembois, F.

Bausa, L. E.

L. E. Bausa, G. Lifante, E. Daran, and P. L. Pernas, “CaF2:Er3+ molecular beam epitaxial layers as optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(23), 3242 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bensalah, A.

A. Bensalah, M. Ito, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, A. Jouini, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Spectroscopic properties and quenching processes of Yb3+ in Fluoride single crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 444–446 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bonelli, L.

Boulon, G.

A. Bensalah, M. Ito, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, A. Jouini, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Spectroscopic properties and quenching processes of Yb3+ in Fluoride single crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 444–446 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Ito, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, K. Lebbou, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Crystal growth, Yb3+ spectroscopy, concentration quenching analysis and potentiality of laser emission in Ca1−XYbXF2+X,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16(8), 1501–1521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brenier, A.

A. Bensalah, M. Ito, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, A. Jouini, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Spectroscopic properties and quenching processes of Yb3+ in Fluoride single crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 444–446 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Camy, P.

V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Refined analysis of the luminescent centers in the Yb3+:CaF2 laser crystal,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 5–7 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucca, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “High-power tunable diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1879–1881 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2767–2769 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Mènerd, and R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 681–684 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chénais, S.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid state laser: the case of Ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Coluccelli, N.

Cornacchia, F.

Daran, E.

L. E. Bausa, G. Lifante, E. Daran, and P. L. Pernas, “CaF2:Er3+ molecular beam epitaxial layers as optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(23), 3242 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Debourg, G.

Di Lieto, A.

Doualan, J. L.

V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Refined analysis of the luminescent centers in the Yb3+:CaF2 laser crystal,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 5–7 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2767–2769 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucca, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “High-power tunable diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1879–1881 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Mènerd, and R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 681–684 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Druon, F.

Fan, T. Y.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAlO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KG(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514–103528 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Forget, S.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid state laser: the case of Ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, T.

A. Bensalah, M. Ito, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, A. Jouini, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Spectroscopic properties and quenching processes of Yb3+ in Fluoride single crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 444–446 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Ito, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, K. Lebbou, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Crystal growth, Yb3+ spectroscopy, concentration quenching analysis and potentiality of laser emission in Ca1−XYbXF2+X,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16(8), 1501–1521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Galzerano, G.

Georges, P.

Goldner, P.

Goutaudier, C.

A. Bensalah, M. Ito, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, A. Jouini, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Spectroscopic properties and quenching processes of Yb3+ in Fluoride single crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 444–446 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Ito, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, K. Lebbou, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Crystal growth, Yb3+ spectroscopy, concentration quenching analysis and potentiality of laser emission in Ca1−XYbXF2+X,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16(8), 1501–1521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guyot, Y.

A. Bensalah, M. Ito, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, A. Jouini, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Spectroscopic properties and quenching processes of Yb3+ in Fluoride single crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 444–446 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Ito, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, K. Lebbou, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Crystal growth, Yb3+ spectroscopy, concentration quenching analysis and potentiality of laser emission in Ca1−XYbXF2+X,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16(8), 1501–1521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hishioka, H.

Inoue, N.

Ito, M.

A. Bensalah, M. Ito, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, A. Jouini, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Spectroscopic properties and quenching processes of Yb3+ in Fluoride single crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 444–446 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Ito, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, K. Lebbou, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Crystal growth, Yb3+ spectroscopy, concentration quenching analysis and potentiality of laser emission in Ca1−XYbXF2+X,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16(8), 1501–1521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemet, M.

Jouini, A.

A. Bensalah, M. Ito, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, A. Jouini, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Spectroscopic properties and quenching processes of Yb3+ in Fluoride single crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 444–446 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kawanaka, J.

Laporta, P.

Lebbou, K.

M. Ito, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, K. Lebbou, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Crystal growth, Yb3+ spectroscopy, concentration quenching analysis and potentiality of laser emission in Ca1−XYbXF2+X,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16(8), 1501–1521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lifante, G.

L. E. Bausa, G. Lifante, E. Daran, and P. L. Pernas, “CaF2:Er3+ molecular beam epitaxial layers as optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(23), 3242 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lucca, A.

Mènerd, V.

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Mènerd, and R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 681–684 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Refined analysis of the luminescent centers in the Yb3+:CaF2 laser crystal,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 5–7 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucca, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “High-power tunable diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1879–1881 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2767–2769 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Mènerd, and R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 681–684 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nishioka, H.

Ochoa, J. R.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAlO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KG(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514–103528 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Parisi, D.

Pernas, P. L.

L. E. Bausa, G. Lifante, E. Daran, and P. L. Pernas, “CaF2:Er3+ molecular beam epitaxial layers as optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(23), 3242 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Petit, J.

Petit, V.

V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Refined analysis of the luminescent centers in the Yb3+:CaF2 laser crystal,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 5–7 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Mènerd, and R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 681–684 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ripin, D. J.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAlO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KG(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514–103528 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sato, H.

A. Bensalah, M. Ito, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, A. Jouini, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Spectroscopic properties and quenching processes of Yb3+ in Fluoride single crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 444–446 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Toci, G.

Tonelli, M.

Ueda, K.

Vannini, M.

Viana, B.

Yamakawa, K.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Mènerd, and R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 681–684 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. E. Bausa, G. Lifante, E. Daran, and P. L. Pernas, “CaF2:Er3+ molecular beam epitaxial layers as optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(23), 3242 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAlO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KG(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514–103528 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (2)

A. Bensalah, M. Ito, Y. Guyot, C. Goutaudier, A. Jouini, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Spectroscopic properties and quenching processes of Yb3+ in Fluoride single crystals for laser applications,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 444–446 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Refined analysis of the luminescent centers in the Yb3+:CaF2 laser crystal,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 5–7 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

M. Ito, C. Goutaudier, Y. Guyot, K. Lebbou, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Crystal growth, Yb3+ spectroscopy, concentration quenching analysis and potentiality of laser emission in Ca1−XYbXF2+X,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16(8), 1501–1521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid state laser: the case of Ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

T. J. Carrig, J. W. Hobbs, C. J. Urbina, A. K. Hankla, G. J. Wagner, C. P. Hale, S. W. Henderson, R. A. Swirbalus, and C. A. Denmann, “Single-frequency diode-pumped Yb:YAG and Yb:YLF laser”, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optic and Photonics Series ~Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000, pp 144–149.

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