Abstract

Cherenkov radiation from short photonic crystal fiber with a high air-fill fraction can selectively convert the 1020 nm fs pump pulses from a laser oscillator to the fundamental-mode signal pulses at a significantly shorter wavelength. Across the ultraviolet-visible spectral region, the typical fiber output is characterized by a single isolated Cherenkov band having a multimilliwatt-level average power, a Gaussian-shaped spectrum, and a 3-dB bandwidth of 15 nm. By selecting photonic crystal fibers with smaller cores, the central wavelength of the Cherenkov band can be easily extended to 347 nm in the ultraviolet, in sharp contrast to various supercontinuum or non-supercontinuum fiber sources that have difficulty extending their emission spectra below 400 nm. The supercontinuum generation often associated with fs pulse-pumped fibers is efficiently suppressed by detuning the zero-dispersion wavelength of the photonic crystal fiber far shorter than the pump wavelength, a condition termed as the short nonlinear-interaction condition.

© 2009 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. N. Prasad, Introduction to Biophotonics (John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2003).
  2. N. I. Nikolov, T. Sørensen, O. Bang, and A. Bjarklev, “Improving efficiency of supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers by direct degenerate four-wave mixing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(11), 2329–2337 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. A. Champert, V. Couderc, P. Leproux, S. Février, V. Tombelaine, L. Labonté, P. Roy, C. Froehly, and P. Nérin, “White-light supercontinuum generation in normally dispersive optical fiber using original multi-wavelength pumping system,” Opt. Express 12(19), 4366–4371 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, “Enhanced bandwidth of supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers,” Opt. Express 12(15), 3471–3480 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Westbrook, J. Nicholson, K. Feder, and A. Yablon, “Improved supercontinuum generation through UV processing of highly nonlinear fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(1), 13–18 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. C. Travers, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Extended blue supercontinuum generation in cascaded holey fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30(23), 3132–3134 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Kudlinski, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, J. C. Travers, A. B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Zero-dispersion wavelength decreasing photonic crystal fibers for ultraviolet-extended supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5715–5722 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. M. Stone and J. C. Knight, “Visibly “white” light generation in uniform photonic crystal fiber using a microchip laser,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2670–2675 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. H. Frosz, P. M. Moselund, P. D. Rasmussen, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, “Increasing the blue-shift of a supercontinuum by modifying the fiber glass composition,” Opt. Express 16(25), 21076–21086 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y Ohishi, “Supercontinuum generation spanning over three octaves from UV to 3.85 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2015–2017 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. McConnell, “Confocal laser scanning fluorescence microscopy with a visible continuum source,” Opt. Express 12(13), 2844–2850 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. H. Frank, A. D. Elder, J. Swartling, A. R. Venkitaraman, A. D. Jeyasekharan, and C. F. Kaminski, “A white light confocal microscope for spectrally resolved multidimensional imaging,” J. Microsc. 227(3), 203–215 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Önfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37(23), 3296–3303 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Q. Xu, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, and J. D. Harvey, “Widely tunable photonic crystal fiber Fabry-Perot optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1351–1353 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Tu, Z. Jiang, D. L. Marks, and S. A. Boppart, “Intermodal four-wave mixing from femtosecond pulse-pumped photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101109 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. F. Lu and W. H. Knox, “Generation, characterization, and application of broadband coherent femtosecond visible pulses in dispersion micromanaged holey fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(6), 1221–1227 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Moutzouris, E. Adler, F. Sotier, D. Träutlein, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Multimilliwatt ultrashort pulses continuously tunable in the visible from a compact fiber source,” Opt. Lett. 31(8), 1148–1150 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. Chai, and A. Zheltikov, “Frequency-tunable anti-Stokes line emission by eigenmodes of a birefringent microstructure fiber,” Opt. Express 12(9), 1932–1937 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, “Optical frequency up-conversion by supercontinuum-free widely-tunable fiber-optic Cherenkov radiation,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9858–9872 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(17), 173901 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, “Dispersive wave generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 12(1), 124–135 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. D. R. Austin, C. M. de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, and T. G. Brown, “Dispersive wave blue-shift in supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11997–12007 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, J. Broeng, and M. Kaivola, “Spectral broadening of femtosecond pulses into continuum radiation in microstructured fibers,” Opt. Express 10(20), 1083–1098 (2002).
    [PubMed]

2009

2008

2007

J. H. Frank, A. D. Elder, J. Swartling, A. R. Venkitaraman, A. D. Jeyasekharan, and C. F. Kaminski, “A white light confocal microscope for spectrally resolved multidimensional imaging,” J. Microsc. 227(3), 203–215 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(17), 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, J. Broeng, and M. Kaivola, “Spectral broadening of femtosecond pulses into continuum radiation in microstructured fibers,” Opt. Express 10(20), 1083–1098 (2002).
[PubMed]

Adler, E.

Austin, D. R.

Bang, O.

Bjarklev, A.

Boppart, S. A.

H. Tu, Z. Jiang, D. L. Marks, and S. A. Boppart, “Intermodal four-wave mixing from femtosecond pulse-pumped photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, “Optical frequency up-conversion by supercontinuum-free widely-tunable fiber-optic Cherenkov radiation,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9858–9872 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Broeng, J.

Brown, T. G.

Chai, L.

Champert, P. A.

Chaudhari, C.

Couderc, V.

Cristiani, I.

Davis, D. M.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Önfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37(23), 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

Degiorgio, V.

Dunsby, C.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Önfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37(23), 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Elder, A. D.

J. H. Frank, A. D. Elder, J. Swartling, A. R. Venkitaraman, A. D. Jeyasekharan, and C. F. Kaminski, “A white light confocal microscope for spectrally resolved multidimensional imaging,” J. Microsc. 227(3), 203–215 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elson, D. S.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Önfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37(23), 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Feder, K.

Février, S.

Frank, J. H.

J. H. Frank, A. D. Elder, J. Swartling, A. R. Venkitaraman, A. D. Jeyasekharan, and C. F. Kaminski, “A white light confocal microscope for spectrally resolved multidimensional imaging,” J. Microsc. 227(3), 203–215 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

French, P. M. W.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Önfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37(23), 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Froehly, C.

Frosz, M. H.

Galletly, N.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Önfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37(23), 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Genty, G.

George, A. K.

Griebner, U.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(17), 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harvey, J. D.

Herrmann, J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(17), 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, M.

Husakou, A.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(17), 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeyasekharan, A. D.

J. H. Frank, A. D. Elder, J. Swartling, A. R. Venkitaraman, A. D. Jeyasekharan, and C. F. Kaminski, “A white light confocal microscope for spectrally resolved multidimensional imaging,” J. Microsc. 227(3), 203–215 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, Z.

H. Tu, Z. Jiang, D. L. Marks, and S. A. Boppart, “Intermodal four-wave mixing from femtosecond pulse-pumped photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaivola, M.

Kaminski, C. F.

J. H. Frank, A. D. Elder, J. Swartling, A. R. Venkitaraman, A. D. Jeyasekharan, and C. F. Kaminski, “A white light confocal microscope for spectrally resolved multidimensional imaging,” J. Microsc. 227(3), 203–215 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kito, C.

Knight, J. C.

Knox, W. H.

Korn, G.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(17), 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kudlinski, A.

Labonté, L.

Lanigan, P. M. P.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Önfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37(23), 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lehtonen, M.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Leonhardt, R.

Leproux, P.

Liao, M.

Lu, F.

Ludvigsen, H.

Marks, D. L.

H. Tu, Z. Jiang, D. L. Marks, and S. A. Boppart, “Intermodal four-wave mixing from femtosecond pulse-pumped photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McCann, F.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Önfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37(23), 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McConnell, G.

McGinty, J.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Önfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37(23), 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moselund, P. M.

Moutzouris, K.

Munro, I.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Önfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37(23), 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Murdoch, S. G.

Neil, M. A. A.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Önfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37(23), 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nérin, P.

Nicholson, J.

Nickel, D.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(17), 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nikolov, N. I.

Ohishi, Y

Önfelt, B.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Önfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37(23), 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S. V.

Qin, G.

Rasmussen, P. D.

Requejo-Isidro, J.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Önfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37(23), 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Roy, P.

Rulkov, A. B.

Russell, P. S.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(17), 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sørensen, T.

Sotier, F.

Stone, J. M.

Suzuki, T.

Swartling, J.

J. H. Frank, A. D. Elder, J. Swartling, A. R. Venkitaraman, A. D. Jeyasekharan, and C. F. Kaminski, “A white light confocal microscope for spectrally resolved multidimensional imaging,” J. Microsc. 227(3), 203–215 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tartara, L.

Taylor, J. R.

Tediosi, R.

Thomsen, C. L.

Tombelaine, V.

Träutlein, D.

Travers, J. C.

Treanor, B.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Önfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37(23), 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tu, H.

H. Tu, Z. Jiang, D. L. Marks, and S. A. Boppart, “Intermodal four-wave mixing from femtosecond pulse-pumped photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, “Optical frequency up-conversion by supercontinuum-free widely-tunable fiber-optic Cherenkov radiation,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9858–9872 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Venkitaraman, A. R.

J. H. Frank, A. D. Elder, J. Swartling, A. R. Venkitaraman, A. D. Jeyasekharan, and C. F. Kaminski, “A white light confocal microscope for spectrally resolved multidimensional imaging,” J. Microsc. 227(3), 203–215 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(17), 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, C. Y.

Westbrook, P.

Xu, Y. Q.

Yablon, A.

Yan, X.

Zhavoronkov, N.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(17), 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheltikov, A.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Tu, Z. Jiang, D. L. Marks, and S. A. Boppart, “Intermodal four-wave mixing from femtosecond pulse-pumped photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Microsc.

J. H. Frank, A. D. Elder, J. Swartling, A. R. Venkitaraman, A. D. Jeyasekharan, and C. F. Kaminski, “A white light confocal microscope for spectrally resolved multidimensional imaging,” J. Microsc. 227(3), 203–215 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. D

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Önfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37(23), 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

G. McConnell, “Confocal laser scanning fluorescence microscopy with a visible continuum source,” Opt. Express 12(13), 2844–2850 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. Chai, and A. Zheltikov, “Frequency-tunable anti-Stokes line emission by eigenmodes of a birefringent microstructure fiber,” Opt. Express 12(9), 1932–1937 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, “Optical frequency up-conversion by supercontinuum-free widely-tunable fiber-optic Cherenkov radiation,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9858–9872 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Champert, V. Couderc, P. Leproux, S. Février, V. Tombelaine, L. Labonté, P. Roy, C. Froehly, and P. Nérin, “White-light supercontinuum generation in normally dispersive optical fiber using original multi-wavelength pumping system,” Opt. Express 12(19), 4366–4371 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, “Enhanced bandwidth of supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers,” Opt. Express 12(15), 3471–3480 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kudlinski, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, J. C. Travers, A. B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Zero-dispersion wavelength decreasing photonic crystal fibers for ultraviolet-extended supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5715–5722 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Stone and J. C. Knight, “Visibly “white” light generation in uniform photonic crystal fiber using a microchip laser,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2670–2675 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Frosz, P. M. Moselund, P. D. Rasmussen, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, “Increasing the blue-shift of a supercontinuum by modifying the fiber glass composition,” Opt. Express 16(25), 21076–21086 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, “Dispersive wave generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 12(1), 124–135 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Austin, C. M. de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, and T. G. Brown, “Dispersive wave blue-shift in supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11997–12007 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, J. Broeng, and M. Kaivola, “Spectral broadening of femtosecond pulses into continuum radiation in microstructured fibers,” Opt. Express 10(20), 1083–1098 (2002).
[PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(17), 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

P. N. Prasad, Introduction to Biophotonics (John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

CR wavelengths associated with 1020 nm pumping. (a) Dependence of the ZDW and the CR wavelength of single silica strand for varying silica strand diameter. (b) Predicted CR wavelength of single silica strand as a function of the ZDW of the silica strand (line), and measured CR wavelengths of 13 high-Δ PCFs with varying ZDWs (points). Insets: representative scanning electron microscopy images of the cross section (left) and the core (right) of the PCFs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependence of CR spectrum/power of seven high-Δ PCFs for varying ZDWs (broken vertical lines) and 1020 nm pump powers (arrows). The red-shifted CR spectra (green) are obtained at lower pump powers where the CR signals are minimally observable. The insets show the far-field images of the output light on a paper screen. Autofluorescence from the paper gives the bottom image a false blue color.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Properties of commercial photonic crystal fibers (Crystal Fibre A/S, Denmark).

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n2βn(ωS)n!(ωCRωS)=0

Metrics