Abstract

We demonstrate that single-mode broadband amplified spontaneous parametric downconversion, combined with optical parametric amplification, can be used as a classical source of phase-sensitive cross-correlated beams. We first study the single spatial mode emission and the spectral brightness properties of the parametric fluorescence, produced in periodically poled MgO-doped lithium niobate. Using the same single-pass bulk-crystal configuration for a pulsed optical parametric amplifier, we achieve a gain of ~20 dB at an average pump power of 2W, and explain the pulse narrowing observed at the output of both parametric fluorescence and amplification in the regime of high gain. Combining these two nonlinear processes, we measured optical coherence tomography signals with standard InGaAs photodiodes, thus realizing the first classical interferometer based on amplified parametric fluorescence. The results suggest their utility for demonstrating phase-conjugate optical coherence tomography.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009

2008

2007

2006

F. N. C. Wong, J. H. Shapiro, and T. Kim, "Efficient generation of polarization-entangled photons in a nonlinear crystal," Laser Phys. 16, 1517-1524 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Bennink, Y. Liu, D. D. Earl, andW. P. Grice, "Spatial distinguishability of photons produced by spontaneous parametric down-conversion with a focused pump," Phys. Rev. A 74, 023802 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

D. Ljunggren and M. Tengner, "Optimal focusing for maximal collection of entangled narrow-band photon pairs into single-mode fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 062301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric downconversion," Optics Commun. 246, 545-550 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227, 343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, "High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

1997

1996

S. Lin and T. Suzuki, "Tunable picosecond mid-infrared pulses generated by optical parametric generation/ amplification in MgO:LiNbO3 crystals," Opt. Lett. 21, 579-581 (1996)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Baldi, M. Sundheimer, K. El Hadi, M. P. de Micheli, and D. B. Ostrowsky, "Comparison between differencefrequency generation and parametric fluorescence in quasi-phase-matched lithium niobate stripe waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron 2, 385-395 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1991

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988

P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and J. S. Satchell, "Use of parametric down-conversion to generate sub-Poissonian light," Phys. Rev. A 37, 2963 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, "Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1970

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1968

R. L. Byer and S. E. Harris, "Power and bandwidth of spontaneous parametric emission," Phys. Rev. 168, 1064-1068 (1968).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1967

D. N. Klyshko, "Coherent photon decay in a nonlinear medium," Sov. Phys. JETP Lett. 6, 23 (1967).

S. A. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, "Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 732 (1967).
[CrossRef]

D. Magde and H. Mahr, "Study in Ammonium Dihydrogen Phosphate of spontaneous parametric interaction tunable from 4400 to 16 000 °A," Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 905 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1961

W. H. Louisell, A. Yariv, and A. E. Siegman, "Quantum fluctuations and noise in parametric processes. I.," Phys. Rev. 124, 1646 (1961)
[CrossRef]

Alibart, O.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baldi, P.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Baldi, M. Sundheimer, K. El Hadi, M. P. de Micheli, and D. B. Ostrowsky, "Comparison between differencefrequency generation and parametric fluorescence in quasi-phase-matched lithium niobate stripe waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron 2, 385-395 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Battle, P.

Bennink, R. S.

R. S. Bennink, Y. Liu, D. D. Earl, andW. P. Grice, "Spatial distinguishability of photons produced by spontaneous parametric down-conversion with a focused pump," Phys. Rev. A 74, 023802 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beveratos, A.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bovino, F. A.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227, 343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, D. C.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

R. L. Byer and S. E. Harris, "Power and bandwidth of spontaneous parametric emission," Phys. Rev. 168, 1064-1068 (1968).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, "Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 732 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Carrion, L.

Castagnoli, G.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227, 343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, L. K.

Colla, A. M.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227, 343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

de Micheli, M. P.

P. Baldi, M. Sundheimer, K. El Hadi, M. P. de Micheli, and D. B. Ostrowsky, "Comparison between differencefrequency generation and parametric fluorescence in quasi-phase-matched lithium niobate stripe waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron 2, 385-395 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Di Giuseppe, G.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227, 343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Earl, D. D.

R. S. Bennink, Y. Liu, D. D. Earl, andW. P. Grice, "Spatial distinguishability of photons produced by spontaneous parametric down-conversion with a focused pump," Phys. Rev. A 74, 023802 (2006).
[CrossRef]

El Hadi, K.

P. Baldi, M. Sundheimer, K. El Hadi, M. P. de Micheli, and D. B. Ostrowsky, "Comparison between differencefrequency generation and parametric fluorescence in quasi-phase-matched lithium niobate stripe waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron 2, 385-395 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fasel, S.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fedrizzi, A.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Franson, J. D.

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric downconversion," Optics Commun. 246, 545-550 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Girardeau-Montaut, J.-P.

Gisin, N.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gol’tsman, G. N.

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. A.

S. A. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, "Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 732 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

R. L. Byer and S. E. Harris, "Power and bandwidth of spontaneous parametric emission," Phys. Rev. 168, 1064-1068 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hegde, S. M.

Herbst, T.

Hong, C. K.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, "Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacobs, B. C.

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric downconversion," Optics Commun. 246, 545-550 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jennewein, T.

Jundt, D.

Kim, T.

F. N. C. Wong, J. H. Shapiro, and T. Kim, "Efficient generation of polarization-entangled photons in a nonlinear crystal," Laser Phys. 16, 1517-1524 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Klyshko, D. N.

D. N. Klyshko, "Coherent photon decay in a nonlinear medium," Sov. Phys. JETP Lett. 6, 23 (1967).

Kurtsiefer, C.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, "High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kuzucu, O.

Lai, B.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, S.

Liu, Y.

R. S. Bennink, Y. Liu, D. D. Earl, andW. P. Grice, "Spatial distinguishability of photons produced by spontaneous parametric down-conversion with a focused pump," Phys. Rev. A 74, 023802 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ljunggren, D.

D. Ljunggren and M. Tengner, "Optimal focusing for maximal collection of entangled narrow-band photon pairs into single-mode fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 062301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Louisell, W. H.

W. H. Louisell, A. Yariv, and A. E. Siegman, "Quantum fluctuations and noise in parametric processes. I.," Phys. Rev. 124, 1646 (1961)
[CrossRef]

Magde, D.

D. Magde and H. Mahr, "Study in Ammonium Dihydrogen Phosphate of spontaneous parametric interaction tunable from 4400 to 16 000 °A," Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 905 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Mahr, H.

D. Magde and H. Mahr, "Study in Ammonium Dihydrogen Phosphate of spontaneous parametric interaction tunable from 4400 to 16 000 °A," Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 905 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Mandel, L.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, "Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minaeva, O.

Mohan, N.

Nasr, M. B.

Oberparleiter, M.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, "High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Oshman, M. K.

S. A. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, "Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 732 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

P. Baldi, M. Sundheimer, K. El Hadi, M. P. de Micheli, and D. B. Ostrowsky, "Comparison between differencefrequency generation and parametric fluorescence in quasi-phase-matched lithium niobate stripe waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron 2, 385-395 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ou, Z. Y.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, "Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pittman, T. B.

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric downconversion," Optics Commun. 246, 545-550 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poppe, A.

Psaltis, D.

Y. Pu, J. Wu, M. Tsang, and D. Psaltis, "Optical parametric generation in periodically poled KTiOPO4 via extended phase matching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pu, Y.

Y. Pu, J. Wu, M. Tsang, and D. Psaltis, "Optical parametric generation in periodically poled KTiOPO4 via extended phase matching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rarity, J. G.

P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and J. S. Satchell, "Use of parametric down-conversion to generate sub-Poissonian light," Phys. Rev. A 37, 2963 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roberts, T. D.

Saleh, B. E. A.

Satchell, J. S.

P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and J. S. Satchell, "Use of parametric down-conversion to generate sub-Poissonian light," Phys. Rev. A 37, 2963 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sergienko, A.

Sergienko, A. V.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227, 343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, J. H.

F. N. C. Wong, J. H. Shapiro, and T. Kim, "Efficient generation of polarization-entangled photons in a nonlinear crystal," Laser Phys. 16, 1517-1524 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

W. H. Louisell, A. Yariv, and A. E. Siegman, "Quantum fluctuations and noise in parametric processes. I.," Phys. Rev. 124, 1646 (1961)
[CrossRef]

Small, D. L.

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sundheimer, M.

P. Baldi, M. Sundheimer, K. El Hadi, M. P. de Micheli, and D. B. Ostrowsky, "Comparison between differencefrequency generation and parametric fluorescence in quasi-phase-matched lithium niobate stripe waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron 2, 385-395 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanzilli, S.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tapster, P. R.

P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and J. S. Satchell, "Use of parametric down-conversion to generate sub-Poissonian light," Phys. Rev. A 37, 2963 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teich, M. C.

Tengner, M.

D. Ljunggren and M. Tengner, "Optimal focusing for maximal collection of entangled narrow-band photon pairs into single-mode fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 062301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, M.

Y. Pu, J. Wu, M. Tsang, and D. Psaltis, "Optical parametric generation in periodically poled KTiOPO4 via extended phase matching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Varisco, P.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227, 343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weinberg, D. L.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Weinfurter, H.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, "High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wong, F. N. C.

Wong, N. C.

Wu, J.

Y. Pu, J. Wu, M. Tsang, and D. Psaltis, "Optical parametric generation in periodically poled KTiOPO4 via extended phase matching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

W. H. Louisell, A. Yariv, and A. E. Siegman, "Quantum fluctuations and noise in parametric processes. I.," Phys. Rev. 124, 1646 (1961)
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

Zelmon, D. E.

Zhong, T.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Pu, J. Wu, M. Tsang, and D. Psaltis, "Optical parametric generation in periodically poled KTiOPO4 via extended phase matching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron

P. Baldi, M. Sundheimer, K. El Hadi, M. P. de Micheli, and D. B. Ostrowsky, "Comparison between differencefrequency generation and parametric fluorescence in quasi-phase-matched lithium niobate stripe waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron 2, 385-395 (1996).
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J. Appl. Phys.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Phys.

F. N. C. Wong, J. H. Shapiro, and T. Kim, "Efficient generation of polarization-entangled photons in a nonlinear crystal," Laser Phys. 16, 1517-1524 (2006).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227, 343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Optics Commun.

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric downconversion," Optics Commun. 246, 545-550 (2005).
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R. L. Byer and S. E. Harris, "Power and bandwidth of spontaneous parametric emission," Phys. Rev. 168, 1064-1068 (1968).
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Phys. Rev. A

D. Ljunggren and M. Tengner, "Optimal focusing for maximal collection of entangled narrow-band photon pairs into single-mode fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 062301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, "High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Bennink, Y. Liu, D. D. Earl, andW. P. Grice, "Spatial distinguishability of photons produced by spontaneous parametric down-conversion with a focused pump," Phys. Rev. A 74, 023802 (2006).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, "Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

Science

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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D. N. Klyshko, "Coherent photon decay in a nonlinear medium," Sov. Phys. JETP Lett. 6, 23 (1967).

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[CrossRef]

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R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of setup for parametric fluorescence generation and single-mode fiber collection, using a type-0 quasi phase-matching (QPM): pump, signal and idler are polarized on the same axis. The pulsed pump source at 780 nm is based on a passively mode-locked fiber laser, an erbium doped fiber amplifier (EDFA), and single-pass second-harmonic generation (SHG).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Power spectral densities (solid lines) of SPDC output collected in a single-mode fiber at a pump power of 2W, for various crystal temperatures. Theoretical models (dashed lines) are obtained by calculating the phase-matching function using Sellmeier coefficients. (b) Linear dependence of the spectral bandwidth as a function of the pump power, at a crystal temperature of 86°C. The solid line is the fit of the data points.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectral brightness of parametric fluorescence measured at the output of a single-mode fiber as a function of average pump power. Dashed line shows exponential fit proportional to exp(aPp 〉) with a=2.17±0.02.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured OPA gain (solid points) and theoretical values (dashed line) as functions of the average pulsed pump power. Experimental data are corrected for filter transmission and single-mode fiber coupling efficiencies, and input signal power is multiplied by the duty cycle ratio τ/T to take into account that the pump was pulsed. The theoretical model is based on Eq. (8) with a fitting factor α=0.6.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Normalized idler power as a function of the pump-signal spatial delay and theoretical values (dashed curve) based on Eq. (11). The idler power envelope width (FWHM) is 15 mm (τ=50 ps).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Schematic of classical OCT experiment. Det, photodetector channels (1 and 2); BS, beam splitter; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; CWDM, coarse wavelength division multiplexer; SPDC, spontaneous parametric downconverter; OPA, optical parametric amplifier.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Contrast of the interference between signal and reference pulses (with equal powers), as a function of the reference mirror position at two target locations zT . The dashed lines correspond to the theoretical model given by Eq. (14).

Equations (15)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δkz(θs,i)=kpkscosθskicosθi2πΛ=ksθs2,
ΔkL=π .
θˉs,i=πksL =λs2nsL .
dPsdλs=32π4deff2nshˉcε0λs6λininpL2Pp0π2θssinc2[Δk(θs)L2]dθs,
g(Pp)=Pi(L)Ps(0)=16πdeff2Lhˉm(ξp)cε0npnsniλi2(1ks+1kp) Pp ,
g(Pp)=64π2deff2Lhˉm3cε0ns2λs3Pp,
G(Pp)=sinh2[κ(Pp)L],
G(Pp)=sinh2(8πdeffnsλsαLhˉmPT3cε0λsτ).
Pp(t)=Pˉpexp(4ln2t2τ2),
Ps (t)exp[2.17Pp1×exp(4ln2t2τ2)]
Pi(zd)=[dzPs(z)sinh(αg(Pp(zzd)))]2,
TI(λ)=TI0[1+4(λλcΔλ0)2]2
T˜E(z)=E0exp(πΔλ0λ2z),
C(zr)=dzT˜E(z)T˜E(z2zr)
=C0(1+πΔλ0λ22zr)exp(πΔλ0λ22zr),

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