Abstract

We present the results of an in-depth experimental investigation about all-optical wavelength conversion of a 100-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed (POLMUX) signal. Each polarization channel is modulated at 25 Gbaud by differential quadrature phase-shift keying (DQPSK). The conversion is realized exploiting the high nonlinear χ(2) coefficient of a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide, in a polarization-independent configuration. We find that slight non-idealities in the polarization independent setup of the wavelength converter can significantly impair the performance of POLMUX systems. We show that high-quality wavelength conversion can be nevertheless achieved for both the polarization channels, provided that an accurate optimization of the setup is performed. This is the first demonstration, to the best of our knowledge, of the possibility to obtain penalty-free all-optical wavelength conversion in a 100-Gb/s POLMUX transmission system using direct-detection.

© 2009 OSA

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  1. P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 745–747 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(1), 64–72 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Measurement of PMD tolerance in 40-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13398–13404 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-17-13398 .
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  6. J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, and G.-K. Chang, “Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4x112Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21161–21169 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-26-21161 .
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    [CrossRef]
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  9. G. Contestabile, L. Banchi, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “Investigation of transparency of FWM in SOA to advanced modulation formats involving intensity, phase and polarization Multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).
  10. I. Cristiani and V. Degiorgio, “Optical frequency conversion through cascaded nonlinear processes,” Riv. Nuovo Cim. 27(12), 1–49 (2004).
  11. K. R. Parameswaran, R. K. Route, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, M. M. Fejer, and M. Fujimura, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in buried waveguides formed by annealed and reverse proton exchange in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 27(3), 179–181 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, “Optical signal processing and switching with second-order nonlinearities in waveguides,” IEICE Trans. Electron E 83-C, 869–874 (2000).
  13. D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. M. T. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, and M. Vidmar, “Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gb/s link,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 356–362 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Wavelength Conversion of Real-Time 100 Gb/s POLMUX RZ-DQPSK,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThS3.
  15. M. Martinelli, P. Martelli, and S. M. Pietralunga, “Polarization Stabilization in Optical Communications Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(11), 4172–4183 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Minzioni, “Nonlinearity Compensation in a Fiber Optic Link by Optical Phase Conjugation,” Taylor, Francis, Fiber Integ. Opt. 28, 179–209 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-21-8460 .
    [CrossRef]
  17. P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2009

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M. Huang, and G. Chang, “Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 392–394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Minzioni, “Nonlinearity Compensation in a Fiber Optic Link by Optical Phase Conjugation,” Taylor, Francis, Fiber Integ. Opt. 28, 179–209 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-21-8460 .
[CrossRef]

2008

2006

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli, P. Martelli, and S. M. Pietralunga, “Polarization Stabilization in Optical Communications Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(11), 4172–4183 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. M. T. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, and M. Vidmar, “Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gb/s link,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 356–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Cristiani and V. Degiorgio, “Optical frequency conversion through cascaded nonlinear processes,” Riv. Nuovo Cim. 27(12), 1–49 (2004).

2002

2000

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, “Optical signal processing and switching with second-order nonlinearities in waveguides,” IEICE Trans. Electron E 83-C, 869–874 (2000).

Banchi, L.

G. Contestabile, L. Banchi, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “Investigation of transparency of FWM in SOA to advanced modulation formats involving intensity, phase and polarization Multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Bayvel, P.

Beleffi, G. M. T.

D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. M. T. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, and M. Vidmar, “Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gb/s link,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 356–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boffi, P.

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Measurement of PMD tolerance in 40-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13398–13404 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-17-13398 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brener, I.

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, “Optical signal processing and switching with second-order nonlinearities in waveguides,” IEICE Trans. Electron E 83-C, 869–874 (2000).

Caccioli, D.

D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. M. T. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, and M. Vidmar, “Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gb/s link,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 356–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cascelli, S.

D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. M. T. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, and M. Vidmar, “Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gb/s link,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 356–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.

J. Yu, M. Huang, and G. Chang, “Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 392–394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.-K.

Chou, M. H.

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, “Optical signal processing and switching with second-order nonlinearities in waveguides,” IEICE Trans. Electron E 83-C, 869–874 (2000).

Ciaramella, E.

G. Contestabile, L. Banchi, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “Investigation of transparency of FWM in SOA to advanced modulation formats involving intensity, phase and polarization Multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Contestabile, G.

G. Contestabile, L. Banchi, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “Investigation of transparency of FWM in SOA to advanced modulation formats involving intensity, phase and polarization Multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Cristiani, I.

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Cristiani and V. Degiorgio, “Optical frequency conversion through cascaded nonlinear processes,” Riv. Nuovo Cim. 27(12), 1–49 (2004).

De Man, E.

de Waardt, H.

Degiorgio, V.

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Cristiani and V. Degiorgio, “Optical frequency conversion through cascaded nonlinear processes,” Riv. Nuovo Cim. 27(12), 1–49 (2004).

Duthel, T.

Fejer, M. M.

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Parameswaran, R. K. Route, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, M. M. Fejer, and M. Fujimura, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in buried waveguides formed by annealed and reverse proton exchange in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 27(3), 179–181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, “Optical signal processing and switching with second-order nonlinearities in waveguides,” IEICE Trans. Electron E 83-C, 869–874 (2000).

Ferrario, M.

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Measurement of PMD tolerance in 40-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13398–13404 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-17-13398 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fludger, C. R. S.

Fujimura, M.

Galtarossa, A.

D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. M. T. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, and M. Vidmar, “Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gb/s link,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 356–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Geyer, J.

Griggio, P.

D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. M. T. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, and M. Vidmar, “Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gb/s link,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 356–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guglielmucci, M.

D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. M. T. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, and M. Vidmar, “Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gb/s link,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 356–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.

J. Yu, M. Huang, and G. Chang, “Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 392–394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.-F.

Khoe, G.-D.

Kurz, J. R.

Langrock, C.

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lattanzi, L.

D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. M. T. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, and M. Vidmar, “Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gb/s link,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 356–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lorenzetto, G.

D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. M. T. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, and M. Vidmar, “Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gb/s link,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 356–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marazzi, L.

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Measurement of PMD tolerance in 40-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13398–13404 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-17-13398 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martelli, P.

Martinelli, M.

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Measurement of PMD tolerance in 40-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13398–13404 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-17-13398 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli, P. Martelli, and S. M. Pietralunga, “Polarization Stabilization in Optical Communications Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(11), 4172–4183 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matera, F.

D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. M. T. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, and M. Vidmar, “Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gb/s link,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 356–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Minzioni, P.

P. Minzioni, “Nonlinearity Compensation in a Fiber Optic Link by Optical Phase Conjugation,” Taylor, Francis, Fiber Integ. Opt. 28, 179–209 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-21-8460 .
[CrossRef]

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. M. T. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, and M. Vidmar, “Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gb/s link,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 356–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Paoletti, A.

D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. M. T. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, and M. Vidmar, “Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gb/s link,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 356–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Parameswaran, K. R.

K. R. Parameswaran, R. K. Route, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, M. M. Fejer, and M. Fujimura, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in buried waveguides formed by annealed and reverse proton exchange in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 27(3), 179–181 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, “Optical signal processing and switching with second-order nonlinearities in waveguides,” IEICE Trans. Electron E 83-C, 869–874 (2000).

Parolari, P.

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Measurement of PMD tolerance in 40-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13398–13404 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-17-13398 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pietralunga, S. M.

Presi, M.

G. Contestabile, L. Banchi, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “Investigation of transparency of FWM in SOA to advanced modulation formats involving intensity, phase and polarization Multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Quiring, V.

D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. M. T. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, and M. Vidmar, “Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gb/s link,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 356–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Righetti, A.

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

a. AOWC setup. The ADM is centered at the pump frequency of 1552.52 nm. The dashed area includes the PM-fiber ring. The dashed polarization controller PC-c is not present in the initially implemented setup and compensates for setup non-idealities (see Section 3). b. 100-Gb/s POLMUX RZ-DQPSK transmitter. c. RZ-DQPSK direct receiver. Before polarization-demultiplexing the SOP of the POLMUX converted signal, SC, is properly adjusted either exploiting manually-adjustable polarization controllers (PC) or an automatic endless polarization tracking and stabilizing device.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

BER versus received power with AOWC non-optimized setup for channel A: back-to-back curve (full circles), single-channel conversion (open triangles), POLMUX conversion equalized (open diamonds) and unequalized (full diamonds). Polarization demultiplexing is assisted by an endless automatic polarization stabilizer to cope with the converted signal polarization fluctuations.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

BER versus received power with the AOWC optimized setup: back-to-back curve (full circles) for channel A, single-channel conversion for channel A and B (open and full triangles respectively), POLMUX conversion equalized for channel A and B (open and full square respectively) and unequalized for channel A and B (open and full star respectively) by varying input signal SOP.

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