Abstract

In a weak-resonant-cavity Fabry-Perot laser diode (WRC-FPLD) based DWDM-PON system with an array-waveguide-grating (AWG) channelized amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) source located at remote node, we study the effect of AWG filter bandwidth on the transmission performances of the 1.25-Gbit/s directly modulated WRC-FPLD transmitter under the AWG channelized ASE injection-locking. With AWG filters of two different channel spacings at 50 and 200 GHz, several characteristic parameters such as interfered reflection, relatively intensity noise, crosstalk reduction, side-mode-suppressing ratio and power penalty of BER effect of the WRC-FPLD transmitted data are compared. The 200-GHz AWG filtered ASE injection minimizes the noises of WRC-FPLD based ONU transmitter, improving the power penalty of upstream data by −1.6 dB at BER of 10−12. In contrast, the 50-GHz AWG channelized ASE injection fails to promote better BER but increases the power penalty by + 1.5 dB under back-to-back transmission. A theoretical modeling elucidates that the BER degradation up to 4 orders of magnitude between two injection cases is mainly attributed to the reduction on ASE injection linewidth, since which concurrently degrades the signal-to-noise and extinction ratios of the transmitted data stream.

© 2009 OSA

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  1. D. J. Shin, Y. C. Keh, J. W. Kwon, E. H. Lee, J. K. Lee, M. K. Park, J. W. Park, Y. K. Oh, S. W. Kim, I. K. Yun, H. C. Shin, D. Heo, J. S. Lee, H. S. Shin, H. S. Kim, S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, S. T. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, D. H. Jang, and C. S. Shim, “Low-cost WDM-PON with colorless bidirectional transceivers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 158–165 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Kim, S. Kim, S. Hwang, and Y. Oh, “Impact of dispersion, PMD, and PDL on the performance of spectrum-sliced incoherent light sources using gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(2), 775–785 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, and C.-K. Liu, “Simple approach for bidirectional performance enhancement on WDM-PONs with directmodulation lasers and RSOAs,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3636–3643 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  6. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Reflective SOAs for spectrally sliced WDM-PONs,” in Proc. OFC, Anaheim, CA, pp. 352–353, Feb. 2002.
  7. Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, C.-J. Chae, X.-F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and J. Shankar, “High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes,” Opt. Express 15(6), 2953–2962 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. K.-Y. Park and C.-H. Lee, “Intensity Noise in a Wavelength-Locked Fabry–Perot Laser Diode to a Spectrum Sliced ASE,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3), 209–215 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K.-M. Choi, J.-S. Baik, and C.-H. Lee, “Color-Free Operation of Dense WDM-PON Based on the Wavelength-Locked Fabry–Pérot Laser Diodes Injecting a Low-Noise BLS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1167–1169 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. D. McCoy, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Filtering effects in a spectrum-sliced WDM system using SOA-based noise reduction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 680–682 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Kim, H. C. Ji, and C. H. Kim, “Effects of Intraband Crosstalk on Incoherent Light Using SOA-Based Noise Suppression Technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(14), 1542–1544 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. P. Agrawal, “Fiber-Optic Communication Systems”, (Third Ed.), Willy Inter-Science, chapter 4–6, 2002.
  14. J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(8), 1035–1038 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, H.-K. Lee, J.-Y. Kim, and C.-H. Lee, “A WDM-PON with a 40 Gb/s (32 x 1.25 Gb/s) capacity based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11361–11368 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

2006 (4)

2004 (1)

A. D. McCoy, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Filtering effects in a spectrum-sliced WDM system using SOA-based noise reduction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 680–682 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(8), 1035–1038 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Baik, J.-S.

K.-M. Choi, J.-S. Baik, and C.-H. Lee, “Color-Free Operation of Dense WDM-PON Based on the Wavelength-Locked Fabry–Pérot Laser Diodes Injecting a Low-Noise BLS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1167–1169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burrus, C. A.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(8), 1035–1038 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chae, C.-J.

Cheng, X.-F.

Choi, K.-M.

K.-M. Choi, J.-S. Baik, and C.-H. Lee, “Color-Free Operation of Dense WDM-PON Based on the Wavelength-Locked Fabry–Pérot Laser Diodes Injecting a Low-Noise BLS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1167–1169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(8), 1035–1038 (1994).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(8), 1035–1038 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ford, C.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Healey, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Heo, D.

Hwang, S.

Hwang, S. T.

Ibsen, M.

A. D. McCoy, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Filtering effects in a spectrum-sliced WDM system using SOA-based noise reduction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 680–682 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jang, D. H.

Ji, H. C.

H. Kim, H. C. Ji, and C. H. Kim, “Effects of Intraband Crosstalk on Incoherent Light Using SOA-Based Noise Suppression Technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(14), 1542–1544 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, L.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Joyner, C. H.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(8), 1035–1038 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jung, D. K.

Kang, S.-G.

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Keh, Y. C.

Kim, C. H.

H. Kim, H. C. Ji, and C. H. Kim, “Effects of Intraband Crosstalk on Incoherent Light Using SOA-Based Noise Suppression Technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(14), 1542–1544 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

H. Kim, H. C. Ji, and C. H. Kim, “Effects of Intraband Crosstalk on Incoherent Light Using SOA-Based Noise Suppression Technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(14), 1542–1544 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, S. Kim, S. Hwang, and Y. Oh, “Impact of dispersion, PMD, and PDL on the performance of spectrum-sliced incoherent light sources using gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(2), 775–785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. D.

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. S.

Kim, J.-Y.

Kim, S.

Kim, S. W.

Kwon, J. W.

Lealman, I.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

K.-Y. Park and C.-H. Lee, “Intensity Noise in a Wavelength-Locked Fabry–Perot Laser Diode to a Spectrum Sliced ASE,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3), 209–215 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, H.-K. Lee, J.-Y. Kim, and C.-H. Lee, “A WDM-PON with a 40 Gb/s (32 x 1.25 Gb/s) capacity based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11361–11368 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-M. Choi, J.-S. Baik, and C.-H. Lee, “Color-Free Operation of Dense WDM-PON Based on the Wavelength-Locked Fabry–Pérot Laser Diodes Injecting a Low-Noise BLS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1167–1169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, E. H.

Lee, H.-K.

Lee, J. K.

Lee, J. S.

D. J. Shin, Y. C. Keh, J. W. Kwon, E. H. Lee, J. K. Lee, M. K. Park, J. W. Park, Y. K. Oh, S. W. Kim, I. K. Yun, H. C. Shin, D. Heo, J. S. Lee, H. S. Shin, H. S. Kim, S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, S. T. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, D. H. Jang, and C. S. Shim, “Low-cost WDM-PON with colorless bidirectional transceivers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 158–165 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(8), 1035–1038 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-L.

Lin, S.-C.

Liu, C.-K.

Lu, C.

McCoy, A. D.

A. D. McCoy, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Filtering effects in a spectrum-sliced WDM system using SOA-based noise reduction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 680–682 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meester, J. P.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(8), 1035–1038 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Moon, J.-H.

Moore, R.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mun, S.-G.

Oh, Y.

Oh, Y. J.

Oh, Y. K.

Park, J. W.

Park, K.-Y.

K.-Y. Park and C.-H. Lee, “Intensity Noise in a Wavelength-Locked Fabry–Perot Laser Diode to a Spectrum Sliced ASE,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3), 209–215 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, M. K.

Park, S. B.

Perrin, S.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(8), 1035–1038 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

A. D. McCoy, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Filtering effects in a spectrum-sliced WDM system using SOA-based noise reduction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 680–682 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rivers, L.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shankar, J.

Shim, C. S.

Shin, D. J.

Shin, H. C.

Shin, H. S.

Stone, J.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(8), 1035–1038 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, B. C.

A. D. McCoy, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Filtering effects in a spectrum-sliced WDM system using SOA-based noise reduction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 680–682 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Townley, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Wen, Y. J.

Wood, T. H.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(8), 1035–1038 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Yun, I. K.

Zhong, W.-D.

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181–1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K.-Y. Park and C.-H. Lee, “Intensity Noise in a Wavelength-Locked Fabry–Perot Laser Diode to a Spectrum Sliced ASE,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3), 209–215 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

K.-M. Choi, J.-S. Baik, and C.-H. Lee, “Color-Free Operation of Dense WDM-PON Based on the Wavelength-Locked Fabry–Pérot Laser Diodes Injecting a Low-Noise BLS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1167–1169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. D. McCoy, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Filtering effects in a spectrum-sliced WDM system using SOA-based noise reduction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 680–682 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, H. C. Ji, and C. H. Kim, “Effects of Intraband Crosstalk on Incoherent Light Using SOA-Based Noise Suppression Technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(14), 1542–1544 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(8), 1035–1038 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (3)

Other (3)

C. K. Chan, L. K. Chem, and C. Lin, “WDM PON for next-generation optical broadband access networks,” in Proc. OECC, 2006.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Reflective SOAs for spectrally sliced WDM-PONs,” in Proc. OFC, Anaheim, CA, pp. 352–353, Feb. 2002.

G. P. Agrawal, “Fiber-Optic Communication Systems”, (Third Ed.), Willy Inter-Science, chapter 4–6, 2002.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A conventional DWDM-PON with ASE based injection-locking source located at central office.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A modified DWDM-PON system with spectrally sliced ASE injection-locking source at remote node.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Upper: Spectra of 200-GHz AWG channelized ASE injection-locked WRC-FPLD at (a) 21°C, (b) 23°C, and (c) 25°C. Lower: Spectra of 50-GHz AWG channelized ASE injection-locked WRC-FPLD at (a) 21°C, (b) 23°C, and (c) 25°C.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SMSR of WRC-FPLD injection-locked by 50-GHz and 200-GHz AWG-sliced ASE source.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

WRC-FPLD spectra obtained injection-locked by 50-GHz and 200-GHz AWG-sliced ASE sources.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Eye-diagram of data from WRC-FPLD injection-locked by 200-GHz AWG-sliced ASE.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Eye-diagram of data from WRC-FPLD injection-locked by 50-GHz AWG filtered ASE.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Transmitted data chirp of WRC-FPLC injection-locked by 200-GHz AWG-sliced ASE source.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Transmitted data chirp of WRC-FPLC injection-locked by 50-GHz AWG-sliced ASE source.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

BER of WRC-FPLD injection-locked by 50-GHz and 200-GHz AWG-sliced ASE.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

SNR and ER versus ASE injection power and AWG channel bandwidth.

Equations (2)

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Δνc(t)=12πdϕ(t)dt=α4πdln[P(t)]dt.                   
BER=12erfc(Q2)exp(Q2/2)Q2πexp(SNR(ER1ER+1)2/2)2πSNR(ER1ER+1)                 (2)

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