Abstract

We propose and analyze a new scheme for storing and releasing optical pulses comprising an array of weakly coupled semiconductor lasers. By activating and deactivating individual lasers in the array we are able to manipulate optical pulses, trap them for long periods and release them without noticeable distortion. In addition, the proposed scheme can also regenerate and reshape distorted pulses all-optically. Additional applications such as routing, pulse synchronization and true-time-delaying are also presented and discussed.

©2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Yariv, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Scherer, “Coupled-resonator optical waveguide: a proposal and analysis,” Opt. Lett. 24(11), 711–713 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Scheuer, G. T. Paloczi, J. K. S. Poon, and A. Yariv, “Towards the slowing and storage of light,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 36 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. F. Yanik and S. H. Fan, “Dynamic Photonic Structures: Stopping, Storage, and Time Reversal of Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, and M. Mertinelli, “Linear and nonlinear pulse propagation in coupled resonator slow-wave optical structures,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 35(4/5), 365–379 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Fan, “Stopping and time reversing a light pulse using dynamic loss tuning of coupled-resonator delay lines,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3333–3335 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. M. F. Yanik and S. Fan, “Stopping light all optically,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(8), 083901 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. J. Scheuer and B. Z. Steinberg, “Coupled Lasers Rotation Sensor (CLARS),” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(23), 3803–3810 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, “Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 71(1), 013817 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Scheuer, “Slow propagation of externally injected light pulses in coupled semiconductor laser array,” EPL 77(4), 44004 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. Scheuer, and Y. Yifat, “Active CROW delay lines”, proceedings SPIE Vol. 7226, p 72260P (2009).
  11. C. R. Otey, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Fan, “Completely Capturing Light Pulses in a Few Dynamically Tuned Microcavities,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26(23), 3784–3793 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. S. Wang and H. G. Winful, “Dynamics of phase locked semiconductor laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(21), 1774–1776 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  13. H. Winful, 1993 Nonlinear Dynamics of Semiconductor Laser Arrays Nonlinear Dynamics and Spatial Complexity in Optical Systems ed R. G. Harrison, J. S. Uppal and P. Osborne (Edinburgh, Scotland: Institute of Physics Publishing)
  14. G. D. Baldwin and E. P. Riedel, “Measurements of dynamical optical distortion in ND3+ - doped glass laser rods,” J. Appl. Phys. 38(7), 2726–2738 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Mokhtar and M. Azizoglu, “Adaptive wavelength routing in All-Optical networks,” IEEE Transs Network.  6(2), (1998).
  16. M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, D. Wiedenmann, and R. King, “Commercial VCSELs reach 0.1 W cw output power,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 174–182 (2004).
    [Crossref]

2008 (2)

J. Scheuer and B. Z. Steinberg, “Coupled Lasers Rotation Sensor (CLARS),” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(23), 3803–3810 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. R. Otey, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Fan, “Completely Capturing Light Pulses in a Few Dynamically Tuned Microcavities,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26(23), 3784–3793 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2005 (2)

J. Scheuer, G. T. Paloczi, J. K. S. Poon, and A. Yariv, “Towards the slowing and storage of light,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 36 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, “Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 71(1), 013817 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

M. F. Yanik and S. H. Fan, “Dynamic Photonic Structures: Stopping, Storage, and Time Reversal of Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik and S. Fan, “Stopping light all optically,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(8), 083901 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, D. Wiedenmann, and R. King, “Commercial VCSELs reach 0.1 W cw output power,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 174–182 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, and M. Mertinelli, “Linear and nonlinear pulse propagation in coupled resonator slow-wave optical structures,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 35(4/5), 365–379 (2003).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

A. Mokhtar and M. Azizoglu, “Adaptive wavelength routing in All-Optical networks,” IEEE Transs Network.  6(2), (1998).

1988 (1)

S. S. Wang and H. G. Winful, “Dynamics of phase locked semiconductor laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(21), 1774–1776 (1988).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

G. D. Baldwin and E. P. Riedel, “Measurements of dynamical optical distortion in ND3+ - doped glass laser rods,” J. Appl. Phys. 38(7), 2726–2738 (1967).
[Crossref]

Azizoglu, M.

A. Mokhtar and M. Azizoglu, “Adaptive wavelength routing in All-Optical networks,” IEEE Transs Network.  6(2), (1998).

Baldwin, G. D.

G. D. Baldwin and E. P. Riedel, “Measurements of dynamical optical distortion in ND3+ - doped glass laser rods,” J. Appl. Phys. 38(7), 2726–2738 (1967).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

C. R. Otey, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Fan, “Completely Capturing Light Pulses in a Few Dynamically Tuned Microcavities,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26(23), 3784–3793 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Fan, “Stopping and time reversing a light pulse using dynamic loss tuning of coupled-resonator delay lines,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3333–3335 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik and S. Fan, “Stopping light all optically,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(8), 083901 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, S. H.

M. F. Yanik and S. H. Fan, “Dynamic Photonic Structures: Stopping, Storage, and Time Reversal of Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goh, K. W.

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, “Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 71(1), 013817 (2005).
[Crossref]

Grabherr, M.

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, D. Wiedenmann, and R. King, “Commercial VCSELs reach 0.1 W cw output power,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 174–182 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jäger, R.

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, D. Wiedenmann, and R. King, “Commercial VCSELs reach 0.1 W cw output power,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 174–182 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kimble, H. J.

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, “Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 71(1), 013817 (2005).
[Crossref]

King, R.

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, D. Wiedenmann, and R. King, “Commercial VCSELs reach 0.1 W cw output power,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 174–182 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kippenberg, T. J.

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, “Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 71(1), 013817 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lee, R. K.

Melloni, A.

A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, and M. Mertinelli, “Linear and nonlinear pulse propagation in coupled resonator slow-wave optical structures,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 35(4/5), 365–379 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mertinelli, M.

A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, and M. Mertinelli, “Linear and nonlinear pulse propagation in coupled resonator slow-wave optical structures,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 35(4/5), 365–379 (2003).
[Crossref]

Miller, M.

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, D. Wiedenmann, and R. King, “Commercial VCSELs reach 0.1 W cw output power,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 174–182 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mokhtar, A.

A. Mokhtar and M. Azizoglu, “Adaptive wavelength routing in All-Optical networks,” IEEE Transs Network.  6(2), (1998).

Morichetti, F.

A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, and M. Mertinelli, “Linear and nonlinear pulse propagation in coupled resonator slow-wave optical structures,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 35(4/5), 365–379 (2003).
[Crossref]

Otey, C. R.

C. R. Otey, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Fan, “Completely Capturing Light Pulses in a Few Dynamically Tuned Microcavities,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26(23), 3784–3793 (2008).
[Crossref]

Paloczi, G. T.

J. Scheuer, G. T. Paloczi, J. K. S. Poon, and A. Yariv, “Towards the slowing and storage of light,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 36 (2005).
[Crossref]

Poon, J. K. S.

J. Scheuer, G. T. Paloczi, J. K. S. Poon, and A. Yariv, “Towards the slowing and storage of light,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 36 (2005).
[Crossref]

Povinelli, M. L.

C. R. Otey, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Fan, “Completely Capturing Light Pulses in a Few Dynamically Tuned Microcavities,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26(23), 3784–3793 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Fan, “Stopping and time reversing a light pulse using dynamic loss tuning of coupled-resonator delay lines,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3333–3335 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Riedel, E. P.

G. D. Baldwin and E. P. Riedel, “Measurements of dynamical optical distortion in ND3+ - doped glass laser rods,” J. Appl. Phys. 38(7), 2726–2738 (1967).
[Crossref]

Sandhu, S.

Scherer, A.

Scheuer, J.

J. Scheuer and B. Z. Steinberg, “Coupled Lasers Rotation Sensor (CLARS),” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(23), 3803–3810 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Scheuer, “Slow propagation of externally injected light pulses in coupled semiconductor laser array,” EPL 77(4), 44004 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Scheuer, G. T. Paloczi, J. K. S. Poon, and A. Yariv, “Towards the slowing and storage of light,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 36 (2005).
[Crossref]

Spillane, S. M.

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, “Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 71(1), 013817 (2005).
[Crossref]

Steinberg, B. Z.

Vahala, K. J.

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, “Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 71(1), 013817 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. S.

S. S. Wang and H. G. Winful, “Dynamics of phase locked semiconductor laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(21), 1774–1776 (1988).
[Crossref]

Wiedenmann, D.

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, D. Wiedenmann, and R. King, “Commercial VCSELs reach 0.1 W cw output power,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 174–182 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wilcut, E.

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, “Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 71(1), 013817 (2005).
[Crossref]

Winful, H. G.

S. S. Wang and H. G. Winful, “Dynamics of phase locked semiconductor laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(21), 1774–1776 (1988).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

Yanik, M. F.

M. F. Yanik and S. H. Fan, “Dynamic Photonic Structures: Stopping, Storage, and Time Reversal of Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik and S. Fan, “Stopping light all optically,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(8), 083901 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

J. Scheuer, G. T. Paloczi, J. K. S. Poon, and A. Yariv, “Towards the slowing and storage of light,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 36 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Yariv, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Scherer, “Coupled-resonator optical waveguide: a proposal and analysis,” Opt. Lett. 24(11), 711–713 (1999).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. S. Wang and H. G. Winful, “Dynamics of phase locked semiconductor laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(21), 1774–1776 (1988).
[Crossref]

EPL (1)

J. Scheuer, “Slow propagation of externally injected light pulses in coupled semiconductor laser array,” EPL 77(4), 44004 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. R. Otey, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Fan, “Completely Capturing Light Pulses in a Few Dynamically Tuned Microcavities,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26(23), 3784–3793 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE Transs Network (1)

A. Mokhtar and M. Azizoglu, “Adaptive wavelength routing in All-Optical networks,” IEEE Transs Network.  6(2), (1998).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Baldwin and E. P. Riedel, “Measurements of dynamical optical distortion in ND3+ - doped glass laser rods,” J. Appl. Phys. 38(7), 2726–2738 (1967).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Photon. News (1)

J. Scheuer, G. T. Paloczi, J. K. S. Poon, and A. Yariv, “Towards the slowing and storage of light,” Opt. Photon. News 16, 36 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, and M. Mertinelli, “Linear and nonlinear pulse propagation in coupled resonator slow-wave optical structures,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 35(4/5), 365–379 (2003).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, “Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. A 71(1), 013817 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. F. Yanik and S. H. Fan, “Dynamic Photonic Structures: Stopping, Storage, and Time Reversal of Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik and S. Fan, “Stopping light all optically,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(8), 083901 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, D. Wiedenmann, and R. King, “Commercial VCSELs reach 0.1 W cw output power,” Proc. SPIE 5364, 174–182 (2004).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

H. Winful, 1993 Nonlinear Dynamics of Semiconductor Laser Arrays Nonlinear Dynamics and Spatial Complexity in Optical Systems ed R. G. Harrison, J. S. Uppal and P. Osborne (Edinburgh, Scotland: Institute of Physics Publishing)

J. Scheuer, and Y. Yifat, “Active CROW delay lines”, proceedings SPIE Vol. 7226, p 72260P (2009).

Supplementary Material (3)

» Media 1: MOV (1213 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (2475 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (2740 KB)     

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Pulse reflection caused by change of pump in laser #350 (Media 1).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Multi-cell trap. (a) An optical pulse is inserted into the array. (b) Pulse is reflected from right boundary (c) Trap size is gradually decreased, leading to stable optical power in the trap. (d) Trap is moved forward.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The result of releasing a pulse from a multi-cell trap. Pulse release is accomplished by re-activating the lasers in front of the trap. (a) Optical energy is trapped (b) front block of the trap is removed, allowing pulse to propagate (c) Shortly after release, accumulated phase causes the pulse to evenly spread over the entire array. (Media 2)
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 - Trapping and release of optical pulses from a single cell trap. Red - normal pulse (trapped at laser #300 in the array), blue - dispersed pulse (trapped at laser #260). (a) Optical pulses inserted into array. (b) Pulses are trapped in single cell. (c) Trapped pulses. (d) Release from trap (e) continued propagation. (Media 3)
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 - A comparison between the optical power in a seeded (blue) and an “empty” trap (red) as a function of time.

Equations (3)

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A˙1=Z1·(1α)·A1+iηA2+iηextAinj,                   A˙j1,N=Zj·(1α)·Aj1+iη(Aj+1+Aj1),A˙N=ZN·(1α)·AN+iηAN1,                                           T·Z˙j=pZj(1+2Zj)|Aj2|.
Ω=cot(K)p2+4η2sin2(K)pα,             sinh(γ/2)=p2ηsin(K).
Vg=dΩdK=p2+4η2p<<η2η.

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