Abstract

We report a parametric anti-Stokes Raman laser using potassium gadolinium tungstate, generating output chiefly at the first anti-Stokes at 508 nm. The compact 4.5 cm long device is pumped by a Q-switched 532 nm laser and uses an off-axis Stokes resonator to provide non-collinear phase matching between the pump and the generated Stokes and anti-Stokes fields. Anti-Stokes output energies up 0.27 mJ were obtained at a conversion efficiency from the pump of 0.46%. Second- and third-order anti-Stokes lines at 486 nm and 465 nm were also observed.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, "Crystalline Raman lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 692-704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, W. Hou, H. Peng, H. Zhang, L. Guo, H. Zhang, D. Cui, and Z.Y. Xu, "Intracavity frequency doubling of an active Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with 2.25 W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Commun. 270, 58-62 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (5)

2003 (1)

H. M. Pask, "The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 1-56 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda "High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 183, 277-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1997 (2)

I. V. Mochalov, "Laser and nonlinear properties of the potassium gadolinium tungstate laser crystal KGd(WO4)2:Nd3+- (KGW:Nd)," Opt. Eng. 36,1660-1669 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. He and T. H. Chyba, "Solid-state barium nitrate Raman laser in the visible region," Opt. Commun. 135, 273-278 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1986 (1)

S. N. Karpukhin and A. I. Stepanov, "Generation of radiation in a resonator under conditions of stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2, NaNO3, and CaCO3 crystals," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1027-1031 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

A. K. McQuillan, W. R. L. Clements, and B. P. Stoicheff, "Stimulated Raman emission in diamond: Spectrum, gain, and angular distribution of intensity," Phys. Rev. A 1, 628-635 (1970).

1964 (1)

R. Chiao and B. P. Stoicheff, "Angular dependence of maser-stimulated Raman radiation in calcite," Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 290-293 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Andreev, R. B.

R. B. Andreev, V. A. Gorbunov, S. S. Gulidov, S. B. Papernyl, and V. A. Serebryakov, "Role of parametric effects in generation of higher components of stimulated Raman scattering in gases," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 35-37-1155 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Annanenkov, A. N.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda "High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 183, 277-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bagaev, S. N.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, J. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Balda, R.

Barnes, J. C.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda "High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 183, 277-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, J. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Basiev, T. T.

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Carlsten, J. L.

Cerny, P.

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, J.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, W. Hou, H. Peng, H. Zhang, L. Guo, H. Zhang, D. Cui, and Z.Y. Xu, "Intracavity frequency doubling of an active Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with 2.25 W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Commun. 270, 58-62 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chiao, R.

R. Chiao and B. P. Stoicheff, "Angular dependence of maser-stimulated Raman radiation in calcite," Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 290-293 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Chyba, T. H.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda "High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 183, 277-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. He and T. H. Chyba, "Solid-state barium nitrate Raman laser in the visible region," Opt. Commun. 135, 273-278 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, J. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Clements, W. R. L.

A. K. McQuillan, W. R. L. Clements, and B. P. Stoicheff, "Stimulated Raman emission in diamond: Spectrum, gain, and angular distribution of intensity," Phys. Rev. A 1, 628-635 (1970).

Convery, M.

Cui, D.

Y. Chen, W. Hou, H. Peng, H. Zhang, L. Guo, H. Zhang, D. Cui, and Z.Y. Xu, "Intracavity frequency doubling of an active Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with 2.25 W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Commun. 270, 58-62 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ding, S. H.

Eichler, H. J.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda "High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 183, 277-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, H. J. Eichler, K. Ueda, N. V. Klassen, B. S. Redkin, L. E. Li, J. Findeisen, D. Jaque, J. García-Sole, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, "Properties of Nd3+-doped and undoped tetragonal PbWO4, NaY(WO4)2, CaWO4, and undoped monoclinic ZnWO4 and CdWO4 as laser-active and stimulated Raman scattering-active crystals," Appl. Opt. 21, 4533-4547 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, J. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ermolenkov, V. V.

V. V. Ermolenkov, V. A. Lisinetskii, Y. I. Mishkel', A. S. Grabchikov, A. P. Chaikovskii, and V. A. Orlovich, "A radiation source based on a solid-state Raman laser for diagnosing tropospheric ozone," J. Opt. Tech. 72, 32-36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S. Z.

Fernández, J.

Findeisen, J.

Gad, G. M. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda "High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 183, 277-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, J. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

García-Sole, J.

Gorbunov, V. A.

R. B. Andreev, V. A. Gorbunov, S. S. Gulidov, S. B. Papernyl, and V. A. Serebryakov, "Role of parametric effects in generation of higher components of stimulated Raman scattering in gases," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 35-37-1155 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Grasiuk, A. Z.

A. Z. Grasiuk, S. V. Kurbasov, and L. L. Losev, "Picosecond parametric Raman laser based on KGd(WO4)2 crystal," Opt. Commun 240, 239-244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grasyuk, A. Z.

A. Z. Grasyuk, L. L. Losev, A. P. Lutsenko, and S. N. Sazonov, "Parametric Raman anti-Stokes laser," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1153-1155-1155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Grasyuk, L.L. Losev, A. P. Lutsenko, and S. N. Sazonov, "Raman parametric generation of anti-Stokes radiation under conditions of amplification of an external Stokes signal," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 529-532-1155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gulidov, S. S.

R. B. Andreev, V. A. Gorbunov, S. S. Gulidov, S. B. Papernyl, and V. A. Serebryakov, "Role of parametric effects in generation of higher components of stimulated Raman scattering in gases," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 35-37-1155 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L.

Y. Chen, W. Hou, H. Peng, H. Zhang, L. Guo, H. Zhang, D. Cui, and Z.Y. Xu, "Intracavity frequency doubling of an active Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with 2.25 W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Commun. 270, 58-62 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, C.

C. He and T. H. Chyba, "Solid-state barium nitrate Raman laser in the visible region," Opt. Commun. 135, 273-278 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hickman, A. P.

Hou, W.

Y. Chen, W. Hou, H. Peng, H. Zhang, L. Guo, H. Zhang, D. Cui, and Z.Y. Xu, "Intracavity frequency doubling of an active Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with 2.25 W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Commun. 270, 58-62 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jaque, D.

Jelinkova, H.

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda "High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 183, 277-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, H. J. Eichler, K. Ueda, N. V. Klassen, B. S. Redkin, L. E. Li, J. Findeisen, D. Jaque, J. García-Sole, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, "Properties of Nd3+-doped and undoped tetragonal PbWO4, NaY(WO4)2, CaWO4, and undoped monoclinic ZnWO4 and CdWO4 as laser-active and stimulated Raman scattering-active crystals," Appl. Opt. 21, 4533-4547 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, J. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Karpukhin, S. N.

S. N. Karpukhin and A. I. Stepanov, "Generation of radiation in a resonator under conditions of stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2, NaNO3, and CaCO3 crystals," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1027-1031 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Klassen, N. V.

Konorov, S. O.

Kouta, J.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, J. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kurbasov, S. V.

A. Z. Grasiuk, S. V. Kurbasov, and L. L. Losev, "Picosecond parametric Raman laser based on KGd(WO4)2 crystal," Opt. Commun 240, 239-244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuwano, Y.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, J. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. R.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda "High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 183, 277-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. W.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda "High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 183, 277-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Legun, V. D.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda "High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 183, 277-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, L. E.

Li, S. T.

Lisinetskii, V. A.

V. V. Ermolenkov, V. A. Lisinetskii, Y. I. Mishkel', A. S. Grabchikov, A. P. Chaikovskii, and V. A. Orlovich, "A radiation source based on a solid-state Raman laser for diagnosing tropospheric ozone," J. Opt. Tech. 72, 32-36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. R.

Liu, Z. J.

Losev, L. L.

A. Z. Grasiuk, S. V. Kurbasov, and L. L. Losev, "Picosecond parametric Raman laser based on KGd(WO4)2 crystal," Opt. Commun 240, 239-244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Grasyuk, L. L. Losev, A. P. Lutsenko, and S. N. Sazonov, "Parametric Raman anti-Stokes laser," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1153-1155-1155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Losev, L.L.

A. Z. Grasyuk, L.L. Losev, A. P. Lutsenko, and S. N. Sazonov, "Raman parametric generation of anti-Stokes radiation under conditions of amplification of an external Stokes signal," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 529-532-1155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, J. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lutsenko, A. P.

A. Z. Grasyuk, L.L. Losev, A. P. Lutsenko, and S. N. Sazonov, "Raman parametric generation of anti-Stokes radiation under conditions of amplification of an external Stokes signal," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 529-532-1155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Grasyuk, L. L. Losev, A. P. Lutsenko, and S. N. Sazonov, "Parametric Raman anti-Stokes laser," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1153-1155-1155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Marsh, W. D.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda "High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 183, 277-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McCray, C. L.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda "High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 183, 277-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McKay, T.

McQuillan, A. K.

A. K. McQuillan, W. R. L. Clements, and B. P. Stoicheff, "Stimulated Raman emission in diamond: Spectrum, gain, and angular distribution of intensity," Phys. Rev. A 1, 628-635 (1970).

Meng, L. S.

Michie, R. B.

Mildren, R. P.

Mochalov, I. V.

I. V. Mochalov, "Laser and nonlinear properties of the potassium gadolinium tungstate laser crystal KGd(WO4)2:Nd3+- (KGW:Nd)," Opt. Eng. 36,1660-1669 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Murai, T.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, J. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, S. K.

Papernyl, S. B.

R. B. Andreev, V. A. Gorbunov, S. S. Gulidov, S. B. Papernyl, and V. A. Serebryakov, "Role of parametric effects in generation of higher components of stimulated Raman scattering in gases," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 35-37-1155 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Pask, H. M.

J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, "Crystalline Raman lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 692-704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Mildren, M. Convery, H. M. Pask, J. A. Piper, and T. McKay, "Efficient, all-solid-state, Raman laser in the yellow, orange and red," Opt. Express 12, 785-790 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-5-785.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Pask, "The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 1-56 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Peng, H.

Y. Chen, W. Hou, H. Peng, H. Zhang, L. Guo, H. Zhang, D. Cui, and Z.Y. Xu, "Intracavity frequency doubling of an active Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with 2.25 W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Commun. 270, 58-62 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Piper, J. A.

Pujol, M. C.

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole1, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Dıaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Raymond, T. D.

Redkin, B. S.

Reiser, C.

Rico, M.

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole1, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Dıaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Roos, P. A.

Sazonov, S. N.

A. Z. Grasyuk, L. L. Losev, A. P. Lutsenko, and S. N. Sazonov, "Parametric Raman anti-Stokes laser," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1153-1155-1155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Grasyuk, L.L. Losev, A. P. Lutsenko, and S. N. Sazonov, "Raman parametric generation of anti-Stokes radiation under conditions of amplification of an external Stokes signal," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 529-532-1155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Serebryakov, V. A.

R. B. Andreev, V. A. Gorbunov, S. S. Gulidov, S. B. Papernyl, and V. A. Serebryakov, "Role of parametric effects in generation of higher components of stimulated Raman scattering in gases," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 35-37-1155 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Serebryannikov, E. E.

Sole, R.

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole1, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Dıaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. I.

S. N. Karpukhin and A. I. Stepanov, "Generation of radiation in a resonator under conditions of stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2, NaNO3, and CaCO3 crystals," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1027-1031 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Stoicheff, B. P.

A. K. McQuillan, W. R. L. Clements, and B. P. Stoicheff, "Stimulated Raman emission in diamond: Spectrum, gain, and angular distribution of intensity," Phys. Rev. A 1, 628-635 (1970).

R. Chiao and B. P. Stoicheff, "Angular dependence of maser-stimulated Raman radiation in calcite," Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 290-293 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Su, F. F.

Tarasevitch, A. P.

Temple, D. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda "High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 183, 277-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda "High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 183, 277-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, H. J. Eichler, K. Ueda, N. V. Klassen, B. S. Redkin, L. E. Li, J. Findeisen, D. Jaque, J. García-Sole, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, "Properties of Nd3+-doped and undoped tetragonal PbWO4, NaY(WO4)2, CaWO4, and undoped monoclinic ZnWO4 and CdWO4 as laser-active and stimulated Raman scattering-active crystals," Appl. Opt. 21, 4533-4547 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, J. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

Wang, Q. P.

Wang, S. M.

Xu, Z.Y.

Y. Chen, W. Hou, H. Peng, H. Zhang, L. Guo, H. Zhang, D. Cui, and Z.Y. Xu, "Intracavity frequency doubling of an active Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with 2.25 W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Commun. 270, 58-62 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zaldo, C.

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole1, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Dıaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Y. Chen, W. Hou, H. Peng, H. Zhang, L. Guo, H. Zhang, D. Cui, and Z.Y. Xu, "Intracavity frequency doubling of an active Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with 2.25 W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Commun. 270, 58-62 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, W. Hou, H. Peng, H. Zhang, L. Guo, H. Zhang, D. Cui, and Z.Y. Xu, "Intracavity frequency doubling of an active Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with 2.25 W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Commun. 270, 58-62 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. S.

Zhang, X. Y.

Zheltikov, A. M.

Zhou, P.

Zverev, P. G.

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole1, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Dıaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, "Crystalline Raman lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 692-704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Opt. Tech. (1)

V. V. Ermolenkov, V. A. Lisinetskii, Y. I. Mishkel', A. S. Grabchikov, A. P. Chaikovskii, and V. A. Orlovich, "A radiation source based on a solid-state Raman laser for diagnosing tropospheric ozone," J. Opt. Tech. 72, 32-36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (4)

Y. Chen, W. Hou, H. Peng, H. Zhang, L. Guo, H. Zhang, D. Cui, and Z.Y. Xu, "Intracavity frequency doubling of an active Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with 2.25 W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Commun. 270, 58-62 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. He and T. H. Chyba, "Solid-state barium nitrate Raman laser in the visible region," Opt. Commun. 135, 273-278 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Grasiuk, S. V. Kurbasov, and L. L. Losev, "Picosecond parametric Raman laser based on KGd(WO4)2 crystal," Opt. Commun 240, 239-244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda "High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. 183, 277-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

I. V. Mochalov, "Laser and nonlinear properties of the potassium gadolinium tungstate laser crystal KGd(WO4)2:Nd3+- (KGW:Nd)," Opt. Eng. 36,1660-1669 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. K. McQuillan, W. R. L. Clements, and B. P. Stoicheff, "Stimulated Raman emission in diamond: Spectrum, gain, and angular distribution of intensity," Phys. Rev. A 1, 628-635 (1970).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. Chiao and B. P. Stoicheff, "Angular dependence of maser-stimulated Raman radiation in calcite," Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 290-293 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (2)

H. M. Pask, "The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 1-56 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. N. Karpukhin and A. I. Stepanov, "Generation of radiation in a resonator under conditions of stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2, NaNO3, and CaCO3 crystals," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1027-1031 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

For example: R. Wallenstein, "High power all-solid-state laser source for direct-write large-screen laser projection displays," in Proceeding of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 12th Annual Meeting, 158-159 (1999).

T. T. Basiev and R. C. Powell, "Solid-state Raman lasers," in Handbook of Laser Technology and Applications, C. E. Webb et al., eds., (Institute of Physics, UK, 2003), pp. 469-497.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, J. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206-206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Grasyuk, L.L. Losev, A. P. Lutsenko, and S. N. Sazonov, "Raman parametric generation of anti-Stokes radiation under conditions of amplification of an external Stokes signal," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 529-532-1155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Andreev, V. A. Gorbunov, S. S. Gulidov, S. B. Papernyl, and V. A. Serebryakov, "Role of parametric effects in generation of higher components of stimulated Raman scattering in gases," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 35-37-1155 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Grasyuk, L. L. Losev, A. P. Lutsenko, and S. N. Sazonov, "Parametric Raman anti-Stokes laser," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1153-1155-1155 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, 1992).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Phase matching diagram for the first anti-Stokes.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic diagrame of the parametric anti-Stroke Raman laser.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Mirror transmission curve for M1 and M2 (bold line, logarithmic scale), along with the parametric anti-Stokes Raman laser output spectrum (a.u., linear scale).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output pattern (a), and phase matching diagrams for second anti-Stokes (b).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output characteristics of the first anti-Stokes. Curves have pump beam radius and the phase-matching performed in the plane as follows: (A) 1.0 mm; Np - Ng plane, (B) 1.0 mm; Np - Nm plane and (C) 0.5 mm; Np - Nm plane.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Temporal pulse shapes for the pump, residual pump, first Stokes, first anti-Stokes and second anti-Stokes.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Measured horizontal positions at a distance of 450 mm from the exit face of the KGW, compared with the calculated values.

Tables Icon

Table 2. Measured M2 values for the pump, Stokes, and anti-Stokes beams.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dEi/dz=1/4g0Ej (Ek*E1) . exp [iz(kj+k1kkki)]
dE1/dz=1/4 g0 E00 E1
dE+1/dz=1/4 g0 E0 (E1*E0) . exp [iz(2k0k1k+1)]
Δk=2k0k1k+1=0
dE+2/dz=1/4 g0 E+1 (E1*E0) . exp [iz(k0k+1k1k+2)]

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