Abstract

We demonstrate sub-dB/cm propagation losses in polymer-based silver stripe waveguides at the wavelength of 1.31 μm. The silver stripe waveguides were fabricated in a low-loss fluorinated polymer clad. To form uniform metal stripe patterns, which are essential for reducing propagation loss, we developed a lift-off process using double layers of photoresist and SiNx. A propagation loss of less than 1.0 dB/cm was obtained with the 11-nm-thick silver stripes in the width range of 1.5 - 4.5 μm. A coupling loss of ~1.0 dB with a polarization maintaining single mode fiber was achieved for a width of 4.5 μm. For a width of 2.0 μm, we recorded a minimum propagation loss of 0.4 dB/cm, which is comparable with that of dielectric multi-mode waveguides.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Integrated Optical Components utilizing Long-Range Surface Plasmon Polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 413-422 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Charbonneau, C. Scales, I. Breukelaar, S. Fafard, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Passive Integrated Optics Elements based on Long-Range Surface Plasmon Polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 477-494 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. T. Kim, S. Park, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-S. Kim, and M. H. Lee, "Low-Loss Polymer-based Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1374-1376 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface Plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 161103 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Park and S. H. Song, "Polymeric variable optical attenuator based on long range surface plasmon polaritons," Electron. Lett. 42, 402 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Gagnon, N. Lahoud, G. A. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Thermally Activated Variable Attenuation of Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waves," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4391 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. S. Won, K. C. Kim, S. H. Song, C. -H. Oh, P. S. Kim, S. Park, and S. I. Kim, "Vertical coupling of long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011110 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Boltasseva and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Directional couplers using long-range surface plasmon polarition waveguides," IEEE.J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1233 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Liu, Y. Rao, X. Tang, R. Wan, Y. Huang, W. Zhang, and J. Peng, "Hybrid three-arm coupler with long range surface plasmon polariton and dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241120 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Boltasseva, S.I. Bozhevolnyi, T. Nikolajsen, and K. Leosson, "Compact bragg gratings for long-range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 912 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "In-line extinction modulator based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Commun. 244, 455-459 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Nikolajsen, K. Seosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulator and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 5833 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, and N. Lahoud, "Long-range surface plasmons on ultrathin membranes," Nano Lett. 7, 1376-1380 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. J. Ju, M. -S. Kim, S. Park, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "10 Gbps optical signal transmission via long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides," ETRI J. 29, 808-810 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: bound modes of symmetric structure," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484-10503 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripee waeguides at telecommunication wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, and G. Mattiussi, "Characterization of long-range surface-plasmon-polariton waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 043109 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, J. J. Ju, and M. -H. Lee, "Long range surface plasmon polariton waveguides at 1.31 and 1.55 μm wavelengths," Opt. Commun. 281, 2057-2061 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, S. Jacob, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, and D. W. SmithJr. "Low-Loss Polymer-based Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waveguide," Appl. Opt. 47, 3892- 3900 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface Plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, J. J. Ju, and M. -H. Lee, "Long range surface plasmon polariton waveguides at 1.31 and 1.55 μm wavelengths," Opt. Commun. 281, 2057-2061 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, S. Jacob, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, and D. W. SmithJr. "Low-Loss Polymer-based Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waveguide," Appl. Opt. 47, 3892- 3900 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

F. Liu, Y. Rao, X. Tang, R. Wan, Y. Huang, W. Zhang, and J. Peng, "Hybrid three-arm coupler with long range surface plasmon polariton and dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, and N. Lahoud, "Long-range surface plasmons on ultrathin membranes," Nano Lett. 7, 1376-1380 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, M. -S. Kim, S. Park, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "10 Gbps optical signal transmission via long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides," ETRI J. 29, 808-810 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kim, S. Park, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-S. Kim, and M. H. Lee, "Low-Loss Polymer-based Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1374-1376 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

R. Charbonneau, C. Scales, I. Breukelaar, S. Fafard, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Passive Integrated Optics Elements based on Long-Range Surface Plasmon Polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 477-494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Boltasseva, S.I. Bozhevolnyi, T. Nikolajsen, and K. Leosson, "Compact bragg gratings for long-range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Park and S. H. Song, "Polymeric variable optical attenuator based on long range surface plasmon polaritons," Electron. Lett. 42, 402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Gagnon, N. Lahoud, G. A. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Thermally Activated Variable Attenuation of Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waves," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4391 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Won, K. C. Kim, S. H. Song, C. -H. Oh, P. S. Kim, S. Park, and S. I. Kim, "Vertical coupling of long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Boltasseva and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Directional couplers using long-range surface plasmon polarition waveguides," IEEE.J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "In-line extinction modulator based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Commun. 244, 455-459 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Integrated Optical Components utilizing Long-Range Surface Plasmon Polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 413-422 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, and G. Mattiussi, "Characterization of long-range surface-plasmon-polariton waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 043109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

T. Nikolajsen, K. Seosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulator and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 5833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripee waeguides at telecommunication wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: bound modes of symmetric structure," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484-10503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ballato, J.

Berini, P.

P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, and N. Lahoud, "Long-range surface plasmons on ultrathin membranes," Nano Lett. 7, 1376-1380 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Charbonneau, C. Scales, I. Breukelaar, S. Fafard, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Passive Integrated Optics Elements based on Long-Range Surface Plasmon Polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 477-494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Gagnon, N. Lahoud, G. A. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Thermally Activated Variable Attenuation of Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waves," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4391 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, and G. Mattiussi, "Characterization of long-range surface-plasmon-polariton waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 043109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: bound modes of symmetric structure," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484-10503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boltasseva, A.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

A. Boltasseva and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Directional couplers using long-range surface plasmon polarition waveguides," IEEE.J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "In-line extinction modulator based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Commun. 244, 455-459 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Integrated Optical Components utilizing Long-Range Surface Plasmon Polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 413-422 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Seosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulator and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 5833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripee waeguides at telecommunication wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S.I.

Breukelaar, I.

Callender, C. L.

Charbonneau, R.

P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, and N. Lahoud, "Long-range surface plasmons on ultrathin membranes," Nano Lett. 7, 1376-1380 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Charbonneau, C. Scales, I. Breukelaar, S. Fafard, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Passive Integrated Optics Elements based on Long-Range Surface Plasmon Polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 477-494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, and G. Mattiussi, "Characterization of long-range surface-plasmon-polariton waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 043109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

Fafard, S.

Gagnon, G.

Huang, Y.

F. Liu, Y. Rao, X. Tang, R. Wan, Y. Huang, W. Zhang, and J. Peng, "Hybrid three-arm coupler with long range surface plasmon polariton and dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jacob, S.

Jiang, J.

Joo, Y. H.

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface Plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ju, J. J.

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface Plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, J. J. Ju, and M. -H. Lee, "Long range surface plasmon polariton waveguides at 1.31 and 1.55 μm wavelengths," Opt. Commun. 281, 2057-2061 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kim, S. Park, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-S. Kim, and M. H. Lee, "Low-Loss Polymer-based Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1374-1376 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, M. -S. Kim, S. Park, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "10 Gbps optical signal transmission via long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides," ETRI J. 29, 808-810 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jung, M. J.

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface Plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. T.

S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, J. J. Ju, and M. -H. Lee, "Long range surface plasmon polariton waveguides at 1.31 and 1.55 μm wavelengths," Opt. Commun. 281, 2057-2061 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kim, S. Park, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-S. Kim, and M. H. Lee, "Low-Loss Polymer-based Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1374-1376 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, M. -S. Kim, S. Park, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "10 Gbps optical signal transmission via long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides," ETRI J. 29, 808-810 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. C.

H. S. Won, K. C. Kim, S. H. Song, C. -H. Oh, P. S. Kim, S. Park, and S. I. Kim, "Vertical coupling of long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. -S.

S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, J. J. Ju, and M. -H. Lee, "Long range surface plasmon polariton waveguides at 1.31 and 1.55 μm wavelengths," Opt. Commun. 281, 2057-2061 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, M. -S. Kim, S. Park, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "10 Gbps optical signal transmission via long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides," ETRI J. 29, 808-810 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.-S.

J. T. Kim, S. Park, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-S. Kim, and M. H. Lee, "Low-Loss Polymer-based Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1374-1376 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, P. S.

H. S. Won, K. C. Kim, S. H. Song, C. -H. Oh, P. S. Kim, S. Park, and S. I. Kim, "Vertical coupling of long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. I.

H. S. Won, K. C. Kim, S. H. Song, C. -H. Oh, P. S. Kim, S. Park, and S. I. Kim, "Vertical coupling of long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kjaer, K.

Lahoud, N.

Larsen, M. S.

Lee, M. H.

J. T. Kim, S. Park, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-S. Kim, and M. H. Lee, "Low-Loss Polymer-based Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1374-1376 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. -H.

S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, J. J. Ju, and M. -H. Lee, "Long range surface plasmon polariton waveguides at 1.31 and 1.55 μm wavelengths," Opt. Commun. 281, 2057-2061 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, M. -S. Kim, S. Park, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "10 Gbps optical signal transmission via long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides," ETRI J. 29, 808-810 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leosson, K.

A. Boltasseva, S.I. Bozhevolnyi, T. Nikolajsen, and K. Leosson, "Compact bragg gratings for long-range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "In-line extinction modulator based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Commun. 244, 455-459 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Integrated Optical Components utilizing Long-Range Surface Plasmon Polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 413-422 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripee waeguides at telecommunication wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F.

F. Liu, Y. Rao, X. Tang, R. Wan, Y. Huang, W. Zhang, and J. Peng, "Hybrid three-arm coupler with long range surface plasmon polariton and dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mattiussi, G.

R. Charbonneau, C. Scales, I. Breukelaar, S. Fafard, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Passive Integrated Optics Elements based on Long-Range Surface Plasmon Polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 477-494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, and G. Mattiussi, "Characterization of long-range surface-plasmon-polariton waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 043109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mattiussi, G. A.

Nikolajsen, T.

A. Boltasseva, S.I. Bozhevolnyi, T. Nikolajsen, and K. Leosson, "Compact bragg gratings for long-range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "In-line extinction modulator based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Commun. 244, 455-459 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Boltasseva, T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, K. Kjaer, M. S. Larsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Integrated Optical Components utilizing Long-Range Surface Plasmon Polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 413-422 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Seosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulator and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 5833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripee waeguides at telecommunication wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Noad, J. P.

Oh, C. -H.

H. S. Won, K. C. Kim, S. H. Song, C. -H. Oh, P. S. Kim, S. Park, and S. I. Kim, "Vertical coupling of long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface Plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, J. J. Ju, and M. -H. Lee, "Long range surface plasmon polariton waveguides at 1.31 and 1.55 μm wavelengths," Opt. Commun. 281, 2057-2061 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kim, S. Park, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-S. Kim, and M. H. Lee, "Low-Loss Polymer-based Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1374-1376 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, M. -S. Kim, S. Park, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "10 Gbps optical signal transmission via long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides," ETRI J. 29, 808-810 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Park and S. H. Song, "Polymeric variable optical attenuator based on long range surface plasmon polaritons," Electron. Lett. 42, 402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Won, K. C. Kim, S. H. Song, C. -H. Oh, P. S. Kim, S. Park, and S. I. Kim, "Vertical coupling of long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. K.

S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, J. J. Ju, and M. -H. Lee, "Long range surface plasmon polariton waveguides at 1.31 and 1.55 μm wavelengths," Opt. Commun. 281, 2057-2061 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kim, S. Park, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-S. Kim, and M. H. Lee, "Low-Loss Polymer-based Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1374-1376 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, M. -S. Kim, S. Park, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "10 Gbps optical signal transmission via long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides," ETRI J. 29, 808-810 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y. J.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.

F. Liu, Y. Rao, X. Tang, R. Wan, Y. Huang, W. Zhang, and J. Peng, "Hybrid three-arm coupler with long range surface plasmon polariton and dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rao, Y.

F. Liu, Y. Rao, X. Tang, R. Wan, Y. Huang, W. Zhang, and J. Peng, "Hybrid three-arm coupler with long range surface plasmon polariton and dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Salakhutdinov, I.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripee waeguides at telecommunication wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Scales, C.

Seosson, K.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Seosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulator and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 5833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. W.

Song, S. H.

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface Plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Park and S. H. Song, "Polymeric variable optical attenuator based on long range surface plasmon polaritons," Electron. Lett. 42, 402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Won, K. C. Kim, S. H. Song, C. -H. Oh, P. S. Kim, S. Park, and S. I. Kim, "Vertical coupling of long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tang, X.

F. Liu, Y. Rao, X. Tang, R. Wan, Y. Huang, W. Zhang, and J. Peng, "Hybrid three-arm coupler with long range surface plasmon polariton and dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wan, R.

F. Liu, Y. Rao, X. Tang, R. Wan, Y. Huang, W. Zhang, and J. Peng, "Hybrid three-arm coupler with long range surface plasmon polariton and dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Won, H. S.

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface Plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Won, K. C. Kim, S. H. Song, C. -H. Oh, P. S. Kim, S. Park, and S. I. Kim, "Vertical coupling of long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, J.

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface Plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

F. Liu, Y. Rao, X. Tang, R. Wan, Y. Huang, W. Zhang, and J. Peng, "Hybrid three-arm coupler with long range surface plasmon polariton and dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, I. Salakhutdinov, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Polymer-based surface-plasmon-polariton stripee waeguides at telecommunication wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Seosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Surface plasmon polariton based modulator and switches operating at telecom wavelengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 5833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Joo, M. J. Jung, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, H. S. Won, S. Park, and J. J. Ju, "Long-range surface Plasmon polaritons on asymmetric double-electrode structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Won, K. C. Kim, S. H. Song, C. -H. Oh, P. S. Kim, S. Park, and S. I. Kim, "Vertical coupling of long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Liu, Y. Rao, X. Tang, R. Wan, Y. Huang, W. Zhang, and J. Peng, "Hybrid three-arm coupler with long range surface plasmon polariton and dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

S. Park and S. H. Song, "Polymeric variable optical attenuator based on long range surface plasmon polaritons," Electron. Lett. 42, 402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

ETRI J.

J. J. Ju, M. -S. Kim, S. Park, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, and M. -H. Lee, "10 Gbps optical signal transmission via long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides," ETRI J. 29, 808-810 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. T. Kim, S. Park, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-S. Kim, and M. H. Lee, "Low-Loss Polymer-based Long-Range Surface Plasmon-Polariton Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1374-1376 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, and G. Mattiussi, "Characterization of long-range surface-plasmon-polariton waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 043109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. Boltasseva and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Directional couplers using long-range surface plasmon polarition waveguides," IEEE.J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, and N. Lahoud, "Long-range surface plasmons on ultrathin membranes," Nano Lett. 7, 1376-1380 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

S. Park, M. -S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, J. J. Ju, and M. -H. Lee, "Long range surface plasmon polariton waveguides at 1.31 and 1.55 μm wavelengths," Opt. Commun. 281, 2057-2061 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "In-line extinction modulator based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Commun. 244, 455-459 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: bound modes of symmetric structure," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484-10503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic showing the fabrication processes of the metal stripe waveguides.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Atomic force microscope (AFM) scan of a 4-μm-wide silver stripe on a Si wafer. (a) Topographic images of a 10*20 μm2 area plotted on a 16-nm vertical scale (b) Average thickness profile of the silver stripe.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Horizontal and vertical mode field diameters of the silver stripe waveguides as a function of the width. The thickness is the fixed value of 11 nm. The insets are the captured mode images for the 1-, 5- and 9-μm-wide silver stripes, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Propagation losses and coupling losses of the silver stripe waveguides as a function of width. The thickness is the fixed value of 11 nm. The inset gives the cut-back measurement for a 4 μm width.

Metrics