Abstract

We demonstrate the operation of a continuous-wave (CW) picosecond yellow laser operating at 559 nm. A solid-state Raman laser using a KGW crystal was synchronously pumped by an 80 MHz laser operating at 532 nm. The output pulses were compressed from 10 ps at 532 nm down to 3.2 ps at 559 nm, strongly depending on the cavity length detuning. Slope efficiencies up to 42% were observed when the system was optimized for maximum output power. This technique can be extended to a range of visible wavelengths between 550-600 nm by using different Raman materials, and by cascaded conversion.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. M. Girkin and G. McConnell, "Advances in laser sources for confocal and multiphoton microscopy," Microsc. Res. and Tech. 67, 8-14 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. McConnell, G. L. Smith, J. M. Girkin, A. M. Gurney, and A. I. Ferguson, "Two-photon microscopy of fura-2-loaded cardiac myocytes with an all-solid-state tunable and visible femtosecond laser source," Opt. Lett. 28, 1742-1744 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. A. Palero, V. O. Boer, J. C. Vijverberg, H. C. Gerritsen, and H. J. C. M. Sterenborg, "Short-wavelength two-photon excitation fluorescence microscopy of tryptophan with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Express 13, 5363-5368 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. M. Pask, "The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 3-56 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Cerny and H. Jelinkova, "Near-quantum-limit efficiency of picosecond stimulated Raman scattering in BaWO4 crystal," Opt. Lett. 27, 360-362 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. N. Karpukhin and A. I. Stepanov, "Generation of radiation in a resonator under conditions of stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2, NaNO3, and CaCO3 crystals," Sov. J. Quantum Electron.1027 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. P. Mildren, M. Convery, H. M. Pask, J. A. Piper, and T. Mckay, "Efficient, all-solid-state, Raman laser in the yellow, orange and red," Opt. Express 12, 785-790 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. G. Grigoryan and S. B. Sogomonyan, "Synchronously pumped picosecond Raman laser utilizing an LiIO3 crystal," Sov. J. Quantum Electron.1402 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Straka, J. W. Nicholson, and W. Rudolph, "Synchronously pumped H2 Raman laser," Opt. Commun. 178, 175-180 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. S. Chunaev, T. T. Basiev, V. A. Konushkin, A. G. Papashvili, and A. Y. Karasik, "Synchronously pumped intracavity YLF-Nd-KGW picosecond Raman lasers and LiF:F2-amplifiers," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 589-592 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. J. Colles, "Ultrashort Pulse Formation in a Short-Pulse-Stimulated Raman Oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 23-25 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. A. Pavel, R. G. Zaporozhchenko, V. A. Orlovich, G. G. Kot, and O. V. Chekhlov, "Intracavity stimulated Raman scattering with feedback at the Stokes frequency in a laser with active mode locking. II," Sov. J. Quantum Electron.655 (1989).
  14. C. Rauscher, T. Roth, R. Laenen, and A. Laubereau, "Tunable Femtosecond-Pulse Generation by an Optical Parametric Oscillator in the Saturation Regime," Opt. Lett. 20, 2003-2005 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, "Pulse-Compression Mechanism in a Synchronously Pumped Optical Parametric Oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B: Opt. Phys. 12, 2199-2208 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Basiev, P. Zverev, A. Karasik, V. Osiko, A. Sobol’, and D. Chunaev, "Picosecond stimulated Raman scattering in crystals," J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 99, 934-941 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

D. S. Chunaev, T. T. Basiev, V. A. Konushkin, A. G. Papashvili, and A. Y. Karasik, "Synchronously pumped intracavity YLF-Nd-KGW picosecond Raman lasers and LiF:F2-amplifiers," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 589-592 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (3)

R. P. Mildren, M. Convery, H. M. Pask, J. A. Piper, and T. Mckay, "Efficient, all-solid-state, Raman laser in the yellow, orange and red," Opt. Express 12, 785-790 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Basiev, P. Zverev, A. Karasik, V. Osiko, A. Sobol’, and D. Chunaev, "Picosecond stimulated Raman scattering in crystals," J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 99, 934-941 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

P. Straka, J. W. Nicholson, and W. Rudolph, "Synchronously pumped H2 Raman laser," Opt. Commun. 178, 175-180 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

C. Rauscher, T. Roth, R. Laenen, and A. Laubereau, "Tunable Femtosecond-Pulse Generation by an Optical Parametric Oscillator in the Saturation Regime," Opt. Lett. 20, 2003-2005 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, "Pulse-Compression Mechanism in a Synchronously Pumped Optical Parametric Oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B: Opt. Phys. 12, 2199-2208 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

M. J. Colles, "Ultrashort Pulse Formation in a Short-Pulse-Stimulated Raman Oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 23-25 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Aguilo, M.

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, J. H.

J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, "Pulse-Compression Mechanism in a Synchronously Pumped Optical Parametric Oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B: Opt. Phys. 12, 2199-2208 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Basiev, T.

T. Basiev, P. Zverev, A. Karasik, V. Osiko, A. Sobol’, and D. Chunaev, "Picosecond stimulated Raman scattering in crystals," J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 99, 934-941 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Basiev, T. T.

D. S. Chunaev, T. T. Basiev, V. A. Konushkin, A. G. Papashvili, and A. Y. Karasik, "Synchronously pumped intracavity YLF-Nd-KGW picosecond Raman lasers and LiF:F2-amplifiers," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 589-592 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boer, V. O.

Cerny, P.

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Cerny and H. Jelinkova, "Near-quantum-limit efficiency of picosecond stimulated Raman scattering in BaWO4 crystal," Opt. Lett. 27, 360-362 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chunaev, D. S.

D. S. Chunaev, T. T. Basiev, V. A. Konushkin, A. G. Papashvili, and A. Y. Karasik, "Synchronously pumped intracavity YLF-Nd-KGW picosecond Raman lasers and LiF:F2-amplifiers," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 589-592 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Colles, M. J.

M. J. Colles, "Ultrashort Pulse Formation in a Short-Pulse-Stimulated Raman Oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 23-25 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Convery, M.

Diaz, F.

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

Gerritsen, H. C.

Girkin, J. M.

Gurney, A. M.

Jelinkova, H.

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Cerny and H. Jelinkova, "Near-quantum-limit efficiency of picosecond stimulated Raman scattering in BaWO4 crystal," Opt. Lett. 27, 360-362 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Karasik, A.

T. Basiev, P. Zverev, A. Karasik, V. Osiko, A. Sobol’, and D. Chunaev, "Picosecond stimulated Raman scattering in crystals," J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 99, 934-941 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Karasik, A. Y.

D. S. Chunaev, T. T. Basiev, V. A. Konushkin, A. G. Papashvili, and A. Y. Karasik, "Synchronously pumped intracavity YLF-Nd-KGW picosecond Raman lasers and LiF:F2-amplifiers," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 589-592 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Khaydarov, J. D. V.

J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, "Pulse-Compression Mechanism in a Synchronously Pumped Optical Parametric Oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B: Opt. Phys. 12, 2199-2208 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Konushkin, V. A.

D. S. Chunaev, T. T. Basiev, V. A. Konushkin, A. G. Papashvili, and A. Y. Karasik, "Synchronously pumped intracavity YLF-Nd-KGW picosecond Raman lasers and LiF:F2-amplifiers," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 589-592 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laenen, R.

Laubereau, A.

McConnell, G.

Mckay, T.

Mildren, R. P.

Nicholson, J. W.

P. Straka, J. W. Nicholson, and W. Rudolph, "Synchronously pumped H2 Raman laser," Opt. Commun. 178, 175-180 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nikolov, V.

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Osiko, V.

T. Basiev, P. Zverev, A. Karasik, V. Osiko, A. Sobol’, and D. Chunaev, "Picosecond stimulated Raman scattering in crystals," J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 99, 934-941 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Palero, J. A.

Papashvili, A. G.

D. S. Chunaev, T. T. Basiev, V. A. Konushkin, A. G. Papashvili, and A. Y. Karasik, "Synchronously pumped intracavity YLF-Nd-KGW picosecond Raman lasers and LiF:F2-amplifiers," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 589-592 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pask, H. M.

Piper, J. A.

Pujol, M. C.

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rauscher, C.

Rico, M.

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Roth, T.

Rudolph, W.

P. Straka, J. W. Nicholson, and W. Rudolph, "Synchronously pumped H2 Raman laser," Opt. Commun. 178, 175-180 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Singer, K. D.

J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, "Pulse-Compression Mechanism in a Synchronously Pumped Optical Parametric Oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B: Opt. Phys. 12, 2199-2208 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Smith, G. L.

Solans, X.

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sole, R.

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sterenborg, H. J. C. M.

Straka, P.

P. Straka, J. W. Nicholson, and W. Rudolph, "Synchronously pumped H2 Raman laser," Opt. Commun. 178, 175-180 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vijverberg, J. C.

Zaldo, C.

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zverev, P.

T. Basiev, P. Zverev, A. Karasik, V. Osiko, A. Sobol’, and D. Chunaev, "Picosecond stimulated Raman scattering in crystals," J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 99, 934-941 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zverev, P. G.

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. J. Colles, "Ultrashort Pulse Formation in a Short-Pulse-Stimulated Raman Oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 23-25 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Exp. Theor. Phys. (1)

T. Basiev, P. Zverev, A. Karasik, V. Osiko, A. Sobol’, and D. Chunaev, "Picosecond stimulated Raman scattering in crystals," J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 99, 934-941 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B: Opt. Phys. (1)

J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, "Pulse-Compression Mechanism in a Synchronously Pumped Optical Parametric Oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B: Opt. Phys. 12, 2199-2208 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

D. S. Chunaev, T. T. Basiev, V. A. Konushkin, A. G. Papashvili, and A. Y. Karasik, "Synchronously pumped intracavity YLF-Nd-KGW picosecond Raman lasers and LiF:F2-amplifiers," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 589-592 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Microsc. Res. and Tech. (1)

J. M. Girkin and G. McConnell, "Advances in laser sources for confocal and multiphoton microscopy," Microsc. Res. and Tech. 67, 8-14 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Straka, J. W. Nicholson, and W. Rudolph, "Synchronously pumped H2 Raman laser," Opt. Commun. 178, 175-180 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Prog. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Pask, "The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 3-56 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

G. G. Grigoryan and S. B. Sogomonyan, "Synchronously pumped picosecond Raman laser utilizing an LiIO3 crystal," Sov. J. Quantum Electron.1402 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Pavel, R. G. Zaporozhchenko, V. A. Orlovich, G. G. Kot, and O. V. Chekhlov, "Intracavity stimulated Raman scattering with feedback at the Stokes frequency in a laser with active mode locking. II," Sov. J. Quantum Electron.655 (1989).

S. N. Karpukhin and A. I. Stepanov, "Generation of radiation in a resonator under conditions of stimulated Raman scattering in Ba(NO3)2, NaNO3, and CaCO3 crystals," Sov. J. Quantum Electron.1027 (1986).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Laser cavity configuration. HWP, Half Wave-Pl ate @ 532 nm; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; M1, dichroic mirror 20 cm ROC; M2, High reflector 20 cm ROC; M3, flat high reflector; M4, output coupler 5% transmission; Δx, cavity detuning.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Average output power as a function of cavity length detuning.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output pulse duration as a function of the cavity length detuning. Traces above the main curve represent measured autocorrelation functions for different lengths.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Average pulse duration when the cavity is optimized for shortest pulse duration for different pump powers. (b) Average output power as a function of pump power for two different regimes; cavity length optimized for maximum output power (filled squares) and shortest pulse duration (open circles).

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