Abstract

We report on the experimental observation of gain-guided vector solitons (GGVSs) in a dispersion-managed fiber laser mode-locked with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM). Both the frequency-locked and phase-locked GGVS were observed. In addition, formation of multiple GGVSs and GGVS harmonic mode-locking were also experimentally revealed. Numerical simulations confirmed the GGVS formation in the fiber lasers.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, and J. Wu, "Gain-guided soliton in a positive group dispersion fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 1788-1790 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, "Gain-guided solitons in dispersion-managed fiber lasers with large net cavity dispersion," Opt. Lett. 31, 2957-2959 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. A. Bélanger, "Stable operation of mode-locked fiber lasers:similariton regime," Opt. Express 15, 11033-11040 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. O. G. Okhotnikov, T. Jouhti, J. Konttinen, S. Karirnne, and M. Pessa, "1.5-µm monolithic GaInNAs semiconductor saturable-absorber mode locking of an erbium fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28,364-366 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Jiang, G. Sucha, M. E. Fermann, J. Jimenez, D. Harter, M. Dagenais, S. Fox, and Y. Hu, "Nonlinearly limited saturable-absorber mode-locking of an erbium fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 24,1074-1076 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Akhmediev, A. Buryak, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, "Elliptically polarized solitons in birefringent optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 112, 278-282 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Observation of Polarization-Locked Vector Solitons in an Optical Fiber, " Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988-3991 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, "Induced solitons formed by cross polarization coupling in a birefringent cavity fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 2317-2319 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, M. J. Lederer, and B. Luther-Davies, "Ultrashort pulses generated by mode-locked lasers with either a slow or a fast saturable-absorber response," Opt. Lett. 23, 280-282 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and N. Xiang, "Coherent energy exchange between components of a vector soliton in fiber lasers," Opt. Express 16, 12618-12623 (2008).
  12. J. Wu, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and C. C. Chan, "Soliton polarization dynamics in fiber lasers passively mode-locked by the nonlinear polarization rotation technique," Phys. Rev. E 74, 046605 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

1999 (2)

M. Jiang, G. Sucha, M. E. Fermann, J. Jimenez, D. Harter, M. Dagenais, S. Fox, and Y. Hu, "Nonlinearly limited saturable-absorber mode-locking of an erbium fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 24,1074-1076 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Observation of Polarization-Locked Vector Solitons in an Optical Fiber, " Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988-3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1994 (1)

N. Akhmediev, A. Buryak, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, "Elliptically polarized solitons in birefringent optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 112, 278-282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev, A. Buryak, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, "Elliptically polarized solitons in birefringent optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 112, 278-282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N. N.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Observation of Polarization-Locked Vector Solitons in an Optical Fiber, " Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988-3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, M. J. Lederer, and B. Luther-Davies, "Ultrashort pulses generated by mode-locked lasers with either a slow or a fast saturable-absorber response," Opt. Lett. 23, 280-282 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ankiewicz, A.

Bélanger, P. A.

Bergman, K.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Observation of Polarization-Locked Vector Solitons in an Optical Fiber, " Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988-3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Buryak, A.

N. Akhmediev, A. Buryak, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, "Elliptically polarized solitons in birefringent optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 112, 278-282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. C.

J. Wu, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and C. C. Chan, "Soliton polarization dynamics in fiber lasers passively mode-locked by the nonlinear polarization rotation technique," Phys. Rev. E 74, 046605 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, T. H.

Collings, B. C.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Observation of Polarization-Locked Vector Solitons in an Optical Fiber, " Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988-3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Observation of Polarization-Locked Vector Solitons in an Optical Fiber, " Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988-3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dagenais, M.

Fermann, M. E.

Fox, S.

Harter, D.

Hu, Y.

Jiang, M.

Jimenez, J.

Jouhti, T.

Karirnne, S.

Knox, W. H.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Observation of Polarization-Locked Vector Solitons in an Optical Fiber, " Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988-3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Konttinen, J.

Lederer, M. J.

Liu, A. Q.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Luther-Davies, B.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Pessa, M.

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Observation of Polarization-Locked Vector Solitons in an Optical Fiber, " Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988-3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev, A. Buryak, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, "Elliptically polarized solitons in birefringent optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 112, 278-282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sucha, G.

Tam, H. Y.

Tang, D. Y.

Wu, J.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, and J. Wu, "Gain-guided soliton in a positive group dispersion fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 1788-1790 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Wu, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and C. C. Chan, "Soliton polarization dynamics in fiber lasers passively mode-locked by the nonlinear polarization rotation technique," Phys. Rev. E 74, 046605 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, N.

Zhang, H.

Zhao, B.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. M.

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. Akhmediev, A. Buryak, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, "Elliptically polarized solitons in birefringent optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 112, 278-282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

J. Wu, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and C. C. Chan, "Soliton polarization dynamics in fiber lasers passively mode-locked by the nonlinear polarization rotation technique," Phys. Rev. E 74, 046605 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Observation of Polarization-Locked Vector Solitons in an Optical Fiber, " Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988-3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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