Abstract

We report experimental investigations of optical nonlinearities and nonlinear dynamics in acetone solution of 2,4,5-Trimethoxy-4′-nitrochalcone. By performing Z-scans with femtosecond laser pulses at low excitation intensity, two-photon absorption (2PA) and third-order nonlinear refraction are measured. As laser excitation intensity exceeds a critical value, however, the interplay between third- and fifth-order nonlinearities is observed. It is also confirmed that fifth-order processes mainly originate from 2PA-induced excited-state nonlinearities by conducting femtosecond time-resolved degenerate pump-probe measurements. All the nonlinear parameters are determined unambiguously in the near infrared region of the 2PA cross-section, second-order hyperpolarizability, excited-state absorption cross-section, excited-state refraction cross-section, lifetime of excited states induced by 2PA, and critical population of the excited states in 2,4,5-Trimethoxy-4′-nitrochalcone molecule.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  4. A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. H. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 405–414 (1992).
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  7. A. A. Said, C. Wamsley, D. J. Hagan, E. W Van Stryland, B. A. Reinhardt, P. Roderer, and A. G. Dillard, “Third-and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in organic materials,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 228, 646–650 (1994).
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  8. S. Delysse, P. Filloux, V. Dumarcher, C. Fiorini, and J. M. Nunzi, “Multiphoton absorption in organic dye solutions,” Opt. Mater. 9, 347–351 (1998).
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  9. C. Zhan, D. Li, D. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Xu, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, Y. Nie, and D. Zhu, “The high fifth-order nonlinearity in a new stilbazolium derivative: trans-1-[p-(p-dimethylaminobenzyl-azo)-benzyl]-2-(N-methyl-4-pyridinium)-ethene iodide,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 347, 410–414 (2001).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2008 (7)

H. I. Elim, S. H. Jeon, S. Verma, W. Ji, L. S. Tan, A. Urbas, and L. Y. Chiang, “Nonlinear optical transmission properties of C60 dyads consisting of a light-harvesting diphenylaminofluorene antenna,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 9561–9564 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. S. Patil and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Crystal growth of 2,4,5-Trimethoxy-4′-chlorochalcone and its characterization,” Mater. Lett. 62, 451–453 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Gu, W. Ji, P. S. Patil, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Ultrafast optical nonlinearities and figures of merit in acceptor-substituted 3,4,5-trimethoxy chalcone derivatives: Structure-property relationships,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103511 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Gu, W. Ji, P. S. Patil, S. M. Dharmaprakash, and H. T. Wang, “Two-photon-induced excited-state absorption: Theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091118 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. S. He, L. S. Tan, Q. Zheng, and P. N. Prasad, “Multiphoton absorbing materials: molecular designs, characterizations, and applications,” Chem. Rev. 108, 1245–1330 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Gu, W. Ji, and X. Q. Huang, “Analytical expression for femtosecond-pulsed z scans on instantaneous nonlinearity,” Appl. Opt. 47, 1187–1192 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Gu, Y. Sun, and W. Ji, “Two-photon-induced excited-state nonlinearities,” Opt. Express 16, 17745–17751 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

E. L. Falcão-Filho, Cid B. de Araújo, and J. J. Rodrigues, “High-order nonlinearities of aqueous colloids containing silver nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2948–2956 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. J. Kiran, A. Mithun, B. S. Holla, H. D. Shashikala, G. Umesh, and K. Chandrasekharan, “Nonlinear optical studies of 1-3-diaryl-propenones containing 4-methylthiophenyl moieties,” Opt. Commun. 269, 235–240 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. J. Ravindra, A. J. Kiran, K. Chandrasekharan, H. D. Shashikala, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Third order nonlinear optical properties and optical limiting in donor/acceptor substituted 4′-methoxy chalcone derivatives,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 105–110 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

M. M. Rosli, P. S. Patil, H. K. Fun, I. A. Razak, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “1-(4-Nitrophenyl)-3-(2,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-prop-2-en-1-one,” Acta Crystallogr., Sect. E: Struct. Rep. Online 62, o4228–o4230 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. P. Kiran, D. R. Reddy, A. K. Dharmadhikari, B. G. Maiya, G. R. Kumar, and D. N. Rao, “Contribution of two-photon and excited state absorption in ‘axial-bonding’ type hybrid porphyrin arrays under resonant electronic excitation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 442–447 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. Shettigar, P. S. Patil, S. Naveen, S. M. Dharmaprakash, M. A. Sridhar, and J. S. Prasad, “Crystal growth and characterization of new nonlinear optical chalcone derivative: 1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-propen-1-one,” J. Cryst. Growth 295, 44–49 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (4)

J. Thomas, M. Anija, J. Cyriac, T. Pradeep, and R. Philip, “Observation of a fifth order optical nonlinearity in 29kDa Au@alkanethiol clusters excited in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 308–313 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. A. Ganeev, V. I. Redkorechev, T. Usmanov, G. Priebe, and K. Fostiropoulos, “Competition of third- and fifth-order non-linear optical processes in C60 thin film,” Fuller. Nanotub. Car. N. 13, 131–140 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. L. Sutherland, M. C. Brant, J. Heinrichs, J. E. Slagle, D. G. McLean, and P. A. Fleitz, “Excited-state characterization and effective three-photon absorption model of two-photon-induced excited-state absorption in organic push-pull charge-transfer chromophores,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1939–1948 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. He, Y. Qu, H. Li, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Three-photon absorption in ZnO and ZnS crystals,” Opt. Express 13, 9235–9247 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, and H. Kuroda, “Fifth-order optical nonlinearity of pseudoisocyanine solution at 529 nm,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 282–287 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2001 (3)

M. Fakis, G. Tsigaridas, I. Polyzos, V. Giannetas, P. Persphonis, I. Spiliopoulos, and J. Mikroyannidis, “Intensity dependent nonlinear absorption of pyrylium chromophores,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 342, 155–161 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. Zhan, D. Li, D. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Xu, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, Y. Nie, and D. Zhu, “The high fifth-order nonlinearity in a new stilbazolium derivative: trans-1-[p-(p-dimethylaminobenzyl-azo)-benzyl]-2-(N-methyl-4-pyridinium)-ethene iodide,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 347, 410–414 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. S. Bindra and A. K. Kar, “Role of femtosecond pulses in distinguishing third- and fifth-order nonlinearity for semiconductor-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3761–3763 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

X. Zhang, H. Fang, S. Tang, and W. Ji, “Determination of two-photon-generated free-carrier lifetime in semiconductors by a single-beam Z-scan technique,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 549–554 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

A. A. Said, C. Wamsley, D. J. Hagan, E. W Van Stryland, B. A. Reinhardt, P. Roderer, and A. G. Dillard, “Third-and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in organic materials,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 228, 646–650 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

M. T. Zhao, B. P. Singh, and P. N. Prasad, “A systematic study of polarizability and microscopic third-order optical nonlinearity in thiophene oligomers,” J. Chem. Phys. 89, 5535–5541 (1988).
[Crossref]

Anija, M.

J. Thomas, M. Anija, J. Cyriac, T. Pradeep, and R. Philip, “Observation of a fifth order optical nonlinearity in 29kDa Au@alkanethiol clusters excited in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 308–313 (2005).
[Crossref]

Baba, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, and H. Kuroda, “Fifth-order optical nonlinearity of pseudoisocyanine solution at 529 nm,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 282–287 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bao, Z.

Bindra, K. S.

K. S. Bindra and A. K. Kar, “Role of femtosecond pulses in distinguishing third- and fifth-order nonlinearity for semiconductor-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3761–3763 (2001).
[Crossref]

Brant, M. C.

Chandrasekharan, K.

A. J. Kiran, A. Mithun, B. S. Holla, H. D. Shashikala, G. Umesh, and K. Chandrasekharan, “Nonlinear optical studies of 1-3-diaryl-propenones containing 4-methylthiophenyl moieties,” Opt. Commun. 269, 235–240 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. J. Ravindra, A. J. Kiran, K. Chandrasekharan, H. D. Shashikala, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Third order nonlinear optical properties and optical limiting in donor/acceptor substituted 4′-methoxy chalcone derivatives,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 105–110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chiang, L. Y.

H. I. Elim, S. H. Jeon, S. Verma, W. Ji, L. S. Tan, A. Urbas, and L. Y. Chiang, “Nonlinear optical transmission properties of C60 dyads consisting of a light-harvesting diphenylaminofluorene antenna,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 9561–9564 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cyriac, J.

J. Thomas, M. Anija, J. Cyriac, T. Pradeep, and R. Philip, “Observation of a fifth order optical nonlinearity in 29kDa Au@alkanethiol clusters excited in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 308–313 (2005).
[Crossref]

Davies, B. L.

de Araújo, Cid B.

Delysse, S.

S. Delysse, P. Filloux, V. Dumarcher, C. Fiorini, and J. M. Nunzi, “Multiphoton absorption in organic dye solutions,” Opt. Mater. 9, 347–351 (1998).
[Crossref]

Dharmadhikari, A. K.

P. P. Kiran, D. R. Reddy, A. K. Dharmadhikari, B. G. Maiya, G. R. Kumar, and D. N. Rao, “Contribution of two-photon and excited state absorption in ‘axial-bonding’ type hybrid porphyrin arrays under resonant electronic excitation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 442–447 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dharmaprakash, S. M.

B. Gu, W. Ji, P. S. Patil, S. M. Dharmaprakash, and H. T. Wang, “Two-photon-induced excited-state absorption: Theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091118 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. S. Patil and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Crystal growth of 2,4,5-Trimethoxy-4′-chlorochalcone and its characterization,” Mater. Lett. 62, 451–453 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Gu, W. Ji, P. S. Patil, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Ultrafast optical nonlinearities and figures of merit in acceptor-substituted 3,4,5-trimethoxy chalcone derivatives: Structure-property relationships,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103511 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. J. Ravindra, A. J. Kiran, K. Chandrasekharan, H. D. Shashikala, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Third order nonlinear optical properties and optical limiting in donor/acceptor substituted 4′-methoxy chalcone derivatives,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 105–110 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. M. Rosli, P. S. Patil, H. K. Fun, I. A. Razak, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “1-(4-Nitrophenyl)-3-(2,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-prop-2-en-1-one,” Acta Crystallogr., Sect. E: Struct. Rep. Online 62, o4228–o4230 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. Shettigar, P. S. Patil, S. Naveen, S. M. Dharmaprakash, M. A. Sridhar, and J. S. Prasad, “Crystal growth and characterization of new nonlinear optical chalcone derivative: 1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-propen-1-one,” J. Cryst. Growth 295, 44–49 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dillard, A. G.

A. A. Said, C. Wamsley, D. J. Hagan, E. W Van Stryland, B. A. Reinhardt, P. Roderer, and A. G. Dillard, “Third-and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in organic materials,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 228, 646–650 (1994).
[Crossref]

Dumarcher, V.

S. Delysse, P. Filloux, V. Dumarcher, C. Fiorini, and J. M. Nunzi, “Multiphoton absorption in organic dye solutions,” Opt. Mater. 9, 347–351 (1998).
[Crossref]

Elim, H. I.

H. I. Elim, S. H. Jeon, S. Verma, W. Ji, L. S. Tan, A. Urbas, and L. Y. Chiang, “Nonlinear optical transmission properties of C60 dyads consisting of a light-harvesting diphenylaminofluorene antenna,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 9561–9564 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fakis, M.

M. Fakis, G. Tsigaridas, I. Polyzos, V. Giannetas, P. Persphonis, I. Spiliopoulos, and J. Mikroyannidis, “Intensity dependent nonlinear absorption of pyrylium chromophores,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 342, 155–161 (2001).
[Crossref]

Falcão-Filho, E. L.

Fang, H.

X. Zhang, H. Fang, S. Tang, and W. Ji, “Determination of two-photon-generated free-carrier lifetime in semiconductors by a single-beam Z-scan technique,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 549–554 (1997).
[Crossref]

Filloux, P.

S. Delysse, P. Filloux, V. Dumarcher, C. Fiorini, and J. M. Nunzi, “Multiphoton absorption in organic dye solutions,” Opt. Mater. 9, 347–351 (1998).
[Crossref]

Fiorini, C.

S. Delysse, P. Filloux, V. Dumarcher, C. Fiorini, and J. M. Nunzi, “Multiphoton absorption in organic dye solutions,” Opt. Mater. 9, 347–351 (1998).
[Crossref]

Fleitz, P. A.

Fostiropoulos, K.

A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. A. Ganeev, V. I. Redkorechev, T. Usmanov, G. Priebe, and K. Fostiropoulos, “Competition of third- and fifth-order non-linear optical processes in C60 thin film,” Fuller. Nanotub. Car. N. 13, 131–140 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fun, H. K.

M. M. Rosli, P. S. Patil, H. K. Fun, I. A. Razak, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “1-(4-Nitrophenyl)-3-(2,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-prop-2-en-1-one,” Acta Crystallogr., Sect. E: Struct. Rep. Online 62, o4228–o4230 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ganeev, R. A.

A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. A. Ganeev, V. I. Redkorechev, T. Usmanov, G. Priebe, and K. Fostiropoulos, “Competition of third- and fifth-order non-linear optical processes in C60 thin film,” Fuller. Nanotub. Car. N. 13, 131–140 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, and H. Kuroda, “Fifth-order optical nonlinearity of pseudoisocyanine solution at 529 nm,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 282–287 (2004).
[Crossref]

Giannetas, V.

M. Fakis, G. Tsigaridas, I. Polyzos, V. Giannetas, P. Persphonis, I. Spiliopoulos, and J. Mikroyannidis, “Intensity dependent nonlinear absorption of pyrylium chromophores,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 342, 155–161 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gu, B.

B. Gu, Y. Sun, and W. Ji, “Two-photon-induced excited-state nonlinearities,” Opt. Express 16, 17745–17751 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Gu, W. Ji, P. S. Patil, S. M. Dharmaprakash, and H. T. Wang, “Two-photon-induced excited-state absorption: Theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091118 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Gu, W. Ji, P. S. Patil, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Ultrafast optical nonlinearities and figures of merit in acceptor-substituted 3,4,5-trimethoxy chalcone derivatives: Structure-property relationships,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103511 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Gu, W. Ji, and X. Q. Huang, “Analytical expression for femtosecond-pulsed z scans on instantaneous nonlinearity,” Appl. Opt. 47, 1187–1192 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hagan, D. J.

A. A. Said, C. Wamsley, D. J. Hagan, E. W Van Stryland, B. A. Reinhardt, P. Roderer, and A. G. Dillard, “Third-and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in organic materials,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 228, 646–650 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. H. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 405–414 (1992).
[Crossref]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

He, G. S.

G. S. He, L. S. Tan, Q. Zheng, and P. N. Prasad, “Multiphoton absorbing materials: molecular designs, characterizations, and applications,” Chem. Rev. 108, 1245–1330 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, J.

Heinrichs, J.

Holla, B. S.

A. J. Kiran, A. Mithun, B. S. Holla, H. D. Shashikala, G. Umesh, and K. Chandrasekharan, “Nonlinear optical studies of 1-3-diaryl-propenones containing 4-methylthiophenyl moieties,” Opt. Commun. 269, 235–240 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hsieh, B.

Huang, X. Q.

Jeon, S. H.

H. I. Elim, S. H. Jeon, S. Verma, W. Ji, L. S. Tan, A. Urbas, and L. Y. Chiang, “Nonlinear optical transmission properties of C60 dyads consisting of a light-harvesting diphenylaminofluorene antenna,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 9561–9564 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ji, W.

H. I. Elim, S. H. Jeon, S. Verma, W. Ji, L. S. Tan, A. Urbas, and L. Y. Chiang, “Nonlinear optical transmission properties of C60 dyads consisting of a light-harvesting diphenylaminofluorene antenna,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 9561–9564 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Gu, W. Ji, P. S. Patil, S. M. Dharmaprakash, and H. T. Wang, “Two-photon-induced excited-state absorption: Theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091118 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Gu, Y. Sun, and W. Ji, “Two-photon-induced excited-state nonlinearities,” Opt. Express 16, 17745–17751 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Gu, W. Ji, and X. Q. Huang, “Analytical expression for femtosecond-pulsed z scans on instantaneous nonlinearity,” Appl. Opt. 47, 1187–1192 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Gu, W. Ji, P. S. Patil, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Ultrafast optical nonlinearities and figures of merit in acceptor-substituted 3,4,5-trimethoxy chalcone derivatives: Structure-property relationships,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103511 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. He, Y. Qu, H. Li, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Three-photon absorption in ZnO and ZnS crystals,” Opt. Express 13, 9235–9247 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, H. Fang, S. Tang, and W. Ji, “Determination of two-photon-generated free-carrier lifetime in semiconductors by a single-beam Z-scan technique,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 549–554 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kar, A. K.

K. S. Bindra and A. K. Kar, “Role of femtosecond pulses in distinguishing third- and fifth-order nonlinearity for semiconductor-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3761–3763 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. G.

Kiran, A. J.

A. J. Kiran, A. Mithun, B. S. Holla, H. D. Shashikala, G. Umesh, and K. Chandrasekharan, “Nonlinear optical studies of 1-3-diaryl-propenones containing 4-methylthiophenyl moieties,” Opt. Commun. 269, 235–240 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. J. Ravindra, A. J. Kiran, K. Chandrasekharan, H. D. Shashikala, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Third order nonlinear optical properties and optical limiting in donor/acceptor substituted 4′-methoxy chalcone derivatives,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 105–110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kiran, P. P.

P. P. Kiran, D. R. Reddy, A. K. Dharmadhikari, B. G. Maiya, G. R. Kumar, and D. N. Rao, “Contribution of two-photon and excited state absorption in ‘axial-bonding’ type hybrid porphyrin arrays under resonant electronic excitation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 442–447 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kumar, G. R.

P. P. Kiran, D. R. Reddy, A. K. Dharmadhikari, B. G. Maiya, G. R. Kumar, and D. N. Rao, “Contribution of two-photon and excited state absorption in ‘axial-bonding’ type hybrid porphyrin arrays under resonant electronic excitation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 442–447 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kuroda, H.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, and H. Kuroda, “Fifth-order optical nonlinearity of pseudoisocyanine solution at 529 nm,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 282–287 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kwak, C. H.

Lee, Y. L.

Li, D.

C. Zhan, D. Zhang, D. Zhu, D. Wang, Y. Li, D. Li, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, and Y. Nie, “Third- and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in a new stilbazolium derivative,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 369–375 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Zhan, D. Li, D. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Xu, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, Y. Nie, and D. Zhu, “The high fifth-order nonlinearity in a new stilbazolium derivative: trans-1-[p-(p-dimethylaminobenzyl-azo)-benzyl]-2-(N-methyl-4-pyridinium)-ethene iodide,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 347, 410–414 (2001).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, Y.

C. Zhan, D. Zhang, D. Zhu, D. Wang, Y. Li, D. Li, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, and Y. Nie, “Third- and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in a new stilbazolium derivative,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 369–375 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Zhan, D. Li, D. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Xu, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, Y. Nie, and D. Zhu, “The high fifth-order nonlinearity in a new stilbazolium derivative: trans-1-[p-(p-dimethylaminobenzyl-azo)-benzyl]-2-(N-methyl-4-pyridinium)-ethene iodide,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 347, 410–414 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lu, Z.

C. Zhan, D. Zhang, D. Zhu, D. Wang, Y. Li, D. Li, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, and Y. Nie, “Third- and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in a new stilbazolium derivative,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 369–375 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Zhan, D. Li, D. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Xu, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, Y. Nie, and D. Zhu, “The high fifth-order nonlinearity in a new stilbazolium derivative: trans-1-[p-(p-dimethylaminobenzyl-azo)-benzyl]-2-(N-methyl-4-pyridinium)-ethene iodide,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 347, 410–414 (2001).
[Crossref]

Maiya, B. G.

P. P. Kiran, D. R. Reddy, A. K. Dharmadhikari, B. G. Maiya, G. R. Kumar, and D. N. Rao, “Contribution of two-photon and excited state absorption in ‘axial-bonding’ type hybrid porphyrin arrays under resonant electronic excitation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 442–447 (2006).
[Crossref]

McLean, D. G.

Mi, J.

Mikroyannidis, J.

M. Fakis, G. Tsigaridas, I. Polyzos, V. Giannetas, P. Persphonis, I. Spiliopoulos, and J. Mikroyannidis, “Intensity dependent nonlinear absorption of pyrylium chromophores,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 342, 155–161 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mithun, A.

A. J. Kiran, A. Mithun, B. S. Holla, H. D. Shashikala, G. Umesh, and K. Chandrasekharan, “Nonlinear optical studies of 1-3-diaryl-propenones containing 4-methylthiophenyl moieties,” Opt. Commun. 269, 235–240 (2007).
[Crossref]

Morita, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, and H. Kuroda, “Fifth-order optical nonlinearity of pseudoisocyanine solution at 529 nm,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 282–287 (2004).
[Crossref]

Naveen, S.

V. Shettigar, P. S. Patil, S. Naveen, S. M. Dharmaprakash, M. A. Sridhar, and J. S. Prasad, “Crystal growth and characterization of new nonlinear optical chalcone derivative: 1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-propen-1-one,” J. Cryst. Growth 295, 44–49 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nie, Y.

C. Zhan, D. Zhang, D. Zhu, D. Wang, Y. Li, D. Li, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, and Y. Nie, “Third- and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in a new stilbazolium derivative,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 369–375 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Zhan, D. Li, D. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Xu, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, Y. Nie, and D. Zhu, “The high fifth-order nonlinearity in a new stilbazolium derivative: trans-1-[p-(p-dimethylaminobenzyl-azo)-benzyl]-2-(N-methyl-4-pyridinium)-ethene iodide,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 347, 410–414 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nunzi, J. M.

S. Delysse, P. Filloux, V. Dumarcher, C. Fiorini, and J. M. Nunzi, “Multiphoton absorption in organic dye solutions,” Opt. Mater. 9, 347–351 (1998).
[Crossref]

Patil, P. S.

P. S. Patil and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Crystal growth of 2,4,5-Trimethoxy-4′-chlorochalcone and its characterization,” Mater. Lett. 62, 451–453 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Gu, W. Ji, P. S. Patil, S. M. Dharmaprakash, and H. T. Wang, “Two-photon-induced excited-state absorption: Theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091118 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Gu, W. Ji, P. S. Patil, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Ultrafast optical nonlinearities and figures of merit in acceptor-substituted 3,4,5-trimethoxy chalcone derivatives: Structure-property relationships,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103511 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. Shettigar, P. S. Patil, S. Naveen, S. M. Dharmaprakash, M. A. Sridhar, and J. S. Prasad, “Crystal growth and characterization of new nonlinear optical chalcone derivative: 1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-propen-1-one,” J. Cryst. Growth 295, 44–49 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. M. Rosli, P. S. Patil, H. K. Fun, I. A. Razak, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “1-(4-Nitrophenyl)-3-(2,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-prop-2-en-1-one,” Acta Crystallogr., Sect. E: Struct. Rep. Online 62, o4228–o4230 (2006).
[Crossref]

Persphonis, P.

M. Fakis, G. Tsigaridas, I. Polyzos, V. Giannetas, P. Persphonis, I. Spiliopoulos, and J. Mikroyannidis, “Intensity dependent nonlinear absorption of pyrylium chromophores,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 342, 155–161 (2001).
[Crossref]

Philip, R.

J. Thomas, M. Anija, J. Cyriac, T. Pradeep, and R. Philip, “Observation of a fifth order optical nonlinearity in 29kDa Au@alkanethiol clusters excited in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 308–313 (2005).
[Crossref]

Polyzos, I.

M. Fakis, G. Tsigaridas, I. Polyzos, V. Giannetas, P. Persphonis, I. Spiliopoulos, and J. Mikroyannidis, “Intensity dependent nonlinear absorption of pyrylium chromophores,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 342, 155–161 (2001).
[Crossref]

Pradeep, T.

J. Thomas, M. Anija, J. Cyriac, T. Pradeep, and R. Philip, “Observation of a fifth order optical nonlinearity in 29kDa Au@alkanethiol clusters excited in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 308–313 (2005).
[Crossref]

Prasad, J. S.

V. Shettigar, P. S. Patil, S. Naveen, S. M. Dharmaprakash, M. A. Sridhar, and J. S. Prasad, “Crystal growth and characterization of new nonlinear optical chalcone derivative: 1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-propen-1-one,” J. Cryst. Growth 295, 44–49 (2006).
[Crossref]

Prasad, P. N.

G. S. He, L. S. Tan, Q. Zheng, and P. N. Prasad, “Multiphoton absorbing materials: molecular designs, characterizations, and applications,” Chem. Rev. 108, 1245–1330 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. T. Zhao, B. P. Singh, and P. N. Prasad, “A systematic study of polarizability and microscopic third-order optical nonlinearity in thiophene oligomers,” J. Chem. Phys. 89, 5535–5541 (1988).
[Crossref]

Priebe, G.

A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. A. Ganeev, V. I. Redkorechev, T. Usmanov, G. Priebe, and K. Fostiropoulos, “Competition of third- and fifth-order non-linear optical processes in C60 thin film,” Fuller. Nanotub. Car. N. 13, 131–140 (2005).
[Crossref]

Qu, Y.

Rao, D. N.

P. P. Kiran, D. R. Reddy, A. K. Dharmadhikari, B. G. Maiya, G. R. Kumar, and D. N. Rao, “Contribution of two-photon and excited state absorption in ‘axial-bonding’ type hybrid porphyrin arrays under resonant electronic excitation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 442–447 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ravindra, H. J.

H. J. Ravindra, A. J. Kiran, K. Chandrasekharan, H. D. Shashikala, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Third order nonlinear optical properties and optical limiting in donor/acceptor substituted 4′-methoxy chalcone derivatives,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 105–110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Razak, I. A.

M. M. Rosli, P. S. Patil, H. K. Fun, I. A. Razak, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “1-(4-Nitrophenyl)-3-(2,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-prop-2-en-1-one,” Acta Crystallogr., Sect. E: Struct. Rep. Online 62, o4228–o4230 (2006).
[Crossref]

Reddy, D. R.

P. P. Kiran, D. R. Reddy, A. K. Dharmadhikari, B. G. Maiya, G. R. Kumar, and D. N. Rao, “Contribution of two-photon and excited state absorption in ‘axial-bonding’ type hybrid porphyrin arrays under resonant electronic excitation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 442–447 (2006).
[Crossref]

Redkorechev, V. I.

A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. A. Ganeev, V. I. Redkorechev, T. Usmanov, G. Priebe, and K. Fostiropoulos, “Competition of third- and fifth-order non-linear optical processes in C60 thin film,” Fuller. Nanotub. Car. N. 13, 131–140 (2005).
[Crossref]

Reinhardt, B. A.

A. A. Said, C. Wamsley, D. J. Hagan, E. W Van Stryland, B. A. Reinhardt, P. Roderer, and A. G. Dillard, “Third-and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in organic materials,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 228, 646–650 (1994).
[Crossref]

Roderer, P.

A. A. Said, C. Wamsley, D. J. Hagan, E. W Van Stryland, B. A. Reinhardt, P. Roderer, and A. G. Dillard, “Third-and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in organic materials,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 228, 646–650 (1994).
[Crossref]

Rodrigues, J. J.

Rosli, M. M.

M. M. Rosli, P. S. Patil, H. K. Fun, I. A. Razak, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “1-(4-Nitrophenyl)-3-(2,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-prop-2-en-1-one,” Acta Crystallogr., Sect. E: Struct. Rep. Online 62, o4228–o4230 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ryasnyansky, A. I.

A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. A. Ganeev, V. I. Redkorechev, T. Usmanov, G. Priebe, and K. Fostiropoulos, “Competition of third- and fifth-order non-linear optical processes in C60 thin film,” Fuller. Nanotub. Car. N. 13, 131–140 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, and H. Kuroda, “Fifth-order optical nonlinearity of pseudoisocyanine solution at 529 nm,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 282–287 (2004).
[Crossref]

Said, A. A.

A. A. Said, C. Wamsley, D. J. Hagan, E. W Van Stryland, B. A. Reinhardt, P. Roderer, and A. G. Dillard, “Third-and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in organic materials,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 228, 646–650 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. H. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 405–414 (1992).
[Crossref]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Samoc, A.

Samoc, M.

Scherf, U.

Shashikala, H. D.

H. J. Ravindra, A. J. Kiran, K. Chandrasekharan, H. D. Shashikala, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Third order nonlinear optical properties and optical limiting in donor/acceptor substituted 4′-methoxy chalcone derivatives,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 105–110 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. J. Kiran, A. Mithun, B. S. Holla, H. D. Shashikala, G. Umesh, and K. Chandrasekharan, “Nonlinear optical studies of 1-3-diaryl-propenones containing 4-methylthiophenyl moieties,” Opt. Commun. 269, 235–240 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. H. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 405–414 (1992).
[Crossref]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Shettigar, V.

V. Shettigar, P. S. Patil, S. Naveen, S. M. Dharmaprakash, M. A. Sridhar, and J. S. Prasad, “Crystal growth and characterization of new nonlinear optical chalcone derivative: 1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-propen-1-one,” J. Cryst. Growth 295, 44–49 (2006).
[Crossref]

Singh, B. P.

M. T. Zhao, B. P. Singh, and P. N. Prasad, “A systematic study of polarizability and microscopic third-order optical nonlinearity in thiophene oligomers,” J. Chem. Phys. 89, 5535–5541 (1988).
[Crossref]

Slagle, J. E.

Spiliopoulos, I.

M. Fakis, G. Tsigaridas, I. Polyzos, V. Giannetas, P. Persphonis, I. Spiliopoulos, and J. Mikroyannidis, “Intensity dependent nonlinear absorption of pyrylium chromophores,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 342, 155–161 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sridhar, M. A.

V. Shettigar, P. S. Patil, S. Naveen, S. M. Dharmaprakash, M. A. Sridhar, and J. S. Prasad, “Crystal growth and characterization of new nonlinear optical chalcone derivative: 1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-propen-1-one,” J. Cryst. Growth 295, 44–49 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y.

Sutherland, R. L.

Suzuki, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, and H. Kuroda, “Fifth-order optical nonlinearity of pseudoisocyanine solution at 529 nm,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 282–287 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tan, L. S.

G. S. He, L. S. Tan, Q. Zheng, and P. N. Prasad, “Multiphoton absorbing materials: molecular designs, characterizations, and applications,” Chem. Rev. 108, 1245–1330 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. I. Elim, S. H. Jeon, S. Verma, W. Ji, L. S. Tan, A. Urbas, and L. Y. Chiang, “Nonlinear optical transmission properties of C60 dyads consisting of a light-harvesting diphenylaminofluorene antenna,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 9561–9564 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, S.

X. Zhang, H. Fang, S. Tang, and W. Ji, “Determination of two-photon-generated free-carrier lifetime in semiconductors by a single-beam Z-scan technique,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 549–554 (1997).
[Crossref]

Thomas, J.

J. Thomas, M. Anija, J. Cyriac, T. Pradeep, and R. Philip, “Observation of a fifth order optical nonlinearity in 29kDa Au@alkanethiol clusters excited in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 308–313 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tsigaridas, G.

M. Fakis, G. Tsigaridas, I. Polyzos, V. Giannetas, P. Persphonis, I. Spiliopoulos, and J. Mikroyannidis, “Intensity dependent nonlinear absorption of pyrylium chromophores,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 342, 155–161 (2001).
[Crossref]

Turu, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, and H. Kuroda, “Fifth-order optical nonlinearity of pseudoisocyanine solution at 529 nm,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 282–287 (2004).
[Crossref]

Umesh, G.

A. J. Kiran, A. Mithun, B. S. Holla, H. D. Shashikala, G. Umesh, and K. Chandrasekharan, “Nonlinear optical studies of 1-3-diaryl-propenones containing 4-methylthiophenyl moieties,” Opt. Commun. 269, 235–240 (2007).
[Crossref]

Urbas, A.

H. I. Elim, S. H. Jeon, S. Verma, W. Ji, L. S. Tan, A. Urbas, and L. Y. Chiang, “Nonlinear optical transmission properties of C60 dyads consisting of a light-harvesting diphenylaminofluorene antenna,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 9561–9564 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Usmanov, T.

A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. A. Ganeev, V. I. Redkorechev, T. Usmanov, G. Priebe, and K. Fostiropoulos, “Competition of third- and fifth-order non-linear optical processes in C60 thin film,” Fuller. Nanotub. Car. N. 13, 131–140 (2005).
[Crossref]

Van Stryland, E. W

A. A. Said, C. Wamsley, D. J. Hagan, E. W Van Stryland, B. A. Reinhardt, P. Roderer, and A. G. Dillard, “Third-and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in organic materials,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 228, 646–650 (1994).
[Crossref]

Van Stryland, E. W.

A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. H. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 405–414 (1992).
[Crossref]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Verma, S.

H. I. Elim, S. H. Jeon, S. Verma, W. Ji, L. S. Tan, A. Urbas, and L. Y. Chiang, “Nonlinear optical transmission properties of C60 dyads consisting of a light-harvesting diphenylaminofluorene antenna,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 9561–9564 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wamsley, C.

A. A. Said, C. Wamsley, D. J. Hagan, E. W Van Stryland, B. A. Reinhardt, P. Roderer, and A. G. Dillard, “Third-and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in organic materials,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 228, 646–650 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wang, D.

C. Zhan, D. Zhang, D. Zhu, D. Wang, Y. Li, D. Li, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, and Y. Nie, “Third- and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in a new stilbazolium derivative,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 369–375 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Zhan, D. Li, D. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Xu, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, Y. Nie, and D. Zhu, “The high fifth-order nonlinearity in a new stilbazolium derivative: trans-1-[p-(p-dimethylaminobenzyl-azo)-benzyl]-2-(N-methyl-4-pyridinium)-ethene iodide,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 347, 410–414 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wang, H. T.

B. Gu, W. Ji, P. S. Patil, S. M. Dharmaprakash, and H. T. Wang, “Two-photon-induced excited-state absorption: Theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091118 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Wei, T. H.

A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. H. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 405–414 (1992).
[Crossref]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
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Xu, W.

C. Zhan, D. Li, D. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Xu, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, Y. Nie, and D. Zhu, “The high fifth-order nonlinearity in a new stilbazolium derivative: trans-1-[p-(p-dimethylaminobenzyl-azo)-benzyl]-2-(N-methyl-4-pyridinium)-ethene iodide,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 347, 410–414 (2001).
[Crossref]

Young, J.

Yu, L.

Zhan, C.

C. Zhan, D. Zhang, D. Zhu, D. Wang, Y. Li, D. Li, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, and Y. Nie, “Third- and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in a new stilbazolium derivative,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 369–375 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Zhan, D. Li, D. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Xu, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, Y. Nie, and D. Zhu, “The high fifth-order nonlinearity in a new stilbazolium derivative: trans-1-[p-(p-dimethylaminobenzyl-azo)-benzyl]-2-(N-methyl-4-pyridinium)-ethene iodide,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 347, 410–414 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

C. Zhan, D. Zhang, D. Zhu, D. Wang, Y. Li, D. Li, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, and Y. Nie, “Third- and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in a new stilbazolium derivative,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 369–375 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Zhan, D. Li, D. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Xu, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, Y. Nie, and D. Zhu, “The high fifth-order nonlinearity in a new stilbazolium derivative: trans-1-[p-(p-dimethylaminobenzyl-azo)-benzyl]-2-(N-methyl-4-pyridinium)-ethene iodide,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 347, 410–414 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, H. Fang, S. Tang, and W. Ji, “Determination of two-photon-generated free-carrier lifetime in semiconductors by a single-beam Z-scan technique,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 549–554 (1997).
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Zhao, L.

C. Zhan, D. Zhang, D. Zhu, D. Wang, Y. Li, D. Li, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, and Y. Nie, “Third- and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in a new stilbazolium derivative,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 369–375 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Zhan, D. Li, D. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Xu, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, Y. Nie, and D. Zhu, “The high fifth-order nonlinearity in a new stilbazolium derivative: trans-1-[p-(p-dimethylaminobenzyl-azo)-benzyl]-2-(N-methyl-4-pyridinium)-ethene iodide,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 347, 410–414 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhao, M. T.

M. T. Zhao, B. P. Singh, and P. N. Prasad, “A systematic study of polarizability and microscopic third-order optical nonlinearity in thiophene oligomers,” J. Chem. Phys. 89, 5535–5541 (1988).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Q.

G. S. He, L. S. Tan, Q. Zheng, and P. N. Prasad, “Multiphoton absorbing materials: molecular designs, characterizations, and applications,” Chem. Rev. 108, 1245–1330 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, D.

C. Zhan, D. Zhang, D. Zhu, D. Wang, Y. Li, D. Li, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, and Y. Nie, “Third- and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in a new stilbazolium derivative,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 369–375 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Zhan, D. Li, D. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Xu, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, Y. Nie, and D. Zhu, “The high fifth-order nonlinearity in a new stilbazolium derivative: trans-1-[p-(p-dimethylaminobenzyl-azo)-benzyl]-2-(N-methyl-4-pyridinium)-ethene iodide,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 347, 410–414 (2001).
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Acta Crystallogr., Sect. E: Struct. Rep. Online (1)

M. M. Rosli, P. S. Patil, H. K. Fun, I. A. Razak, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “1-(4-Nitrophenyl)-3-(2,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-prop-2-en-1-one,” Acta Crystallogr., Sect. E: Struct. Rep. Online 62, o4228–o4230 (2006).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

H. J. Ravindra, A. J. Kiran, K. Chandrasekharan, H. D. Shashikala, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Third order nonlinear optical properties and optical limiting in donor/acceptor substituted 4′-methoxy chalcone derivatives,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 105–110 (2007).
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X. Zhang, H. Fang, S. Tang, and W. Ji, “Determination of two-photon-generated free-carrier lifetime in semiconductors by a single-beam Z-scan technique,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 549–554 (1997).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. S. Bindra and A. K. Kar, “Role of femtosecond pulses in distinguishing third- and fifth-order nonlinearity for semiconductor-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3761–3763 (2001).
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B. Gu, W. Ji, P. S. Patil, S. M. Dharmaprakash, and H. T. Wang, “Two-photon-induced excited-state absorption: Theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091118 (2008).
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Chem. Phys. Lett. (5)

A. A. Said, C. Wamsley, D. J. Hagan, E. W Van Stryland, B. A. Reinhardt, P. Roderer, and A. G. Dillard, “Third-and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in organic materials,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 228, 646–650 (1994).
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C. Zhan, D. Li, D. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Xu, Z. Lu, L. Zhao, Y. Nie, and D. Zhu, “The high fifth-order nonlinearity in a new stilbazolium derivative: trans-1-[p-(p-dimethylaminobenzyl-azo)-benzyl]-2-(N-methyl-4-pyridinium)-ethene iodide,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 347, 410–414 (2001).
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J. Thomas, M. Anija, J. Cyriac, T. Pradeep, and R. Philip, “Observation of a fifth order optical nonlinearity in 29kDa Au@alkanethiol clusters excited in the visible,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 308–313 (2005).
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P. P. Kiran, D. R. Reddy, A. K. Dharmadhikari, B. G. Maiya, G. R. Kumar, and D. N. Rao, “Contribution of two-photon and excited state absorption in ‘axial-bonding’ type hybrid porphyrin arrays under resonant electronic excitation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 442–447 (2006).
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M. Fakis, G. Tsigaridas, I. Polyzos, V. Giannetas, P. Persphonis, I. Spiliopoulos, and J. Mikroyannidis, “Intensity dependent nonlinear absorption of pyrylium chromophores,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 342, 155–161 (2001).
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Chem. Rev. (1)

G. S. He, L. S. Tan, Q. Zheng, and P. N. Prasad, “Multiphoton absorbing materials: molecular designs, characterizations, and applications,” Chem. Rev. 108, 1245–1330 (2008).
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Fuller. Nanotub. Car. N. (1)

A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. A. Ganeev, V. I. Redkorechev, T. Usmanov, G. Priebe, and K. Fostiropoulos, “Competition of third- and fifth-order non-linear optical processes in C60 thin film,” Fuller. Nanotub. Car. N. 13, 131–140 (2005).
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IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. Gu, W. Ji, P. S. Patil, and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Ultrafast optical nonlinearities and figures of merit in acceptor-substituted 3,4,5-trimethoxy chalcone derivatives: Structure-property relationships,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 103511 (2008).
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J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. T. Zhao, B. P. Singh, and P. N. Prasad, “A systematic study of polarizability and microscopic third-order optical nonlinearity in thiophene oligomers,” J. Chem. Phys. 89, 5535–5541 (1988).
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J. Cryst. Growth (1)

V. Shettigar, P. S. Patil, S. Naveen, S. M. Dharmaprakash, M. A. Sridhar, and J. S. Prasad, “Crystal growth and characterization of new nonlinear optical chalcone derivative: 1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-propen-1-one,” J. Cryst. Growth 295, 44–49 (2006).
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J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, and H. Kuroda, “Fifth-order optical nonlinearity of pseudoisocyanine solution at 529 nm,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 282–287 (2004).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (6)

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H. I. Elim, S. H. Jeon, S. Verma, W. Ji, L. S. Tan, A. Urbas, and L. Y. Chiang, “Nonlinear optical transmission properties of C60 dyads consisting of a light-harvesting diphenylaminofluorene antenna,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 9561–9564 (2008).
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P. S. Patil and S. M. Dharmaprakash, “Crystal growth of 2,4,5-Trimethoxy-4′-chlorochalcone and its characterization,” Mater. Lett. 62, 451–453 (2008).
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A. J. Kiran, A. Mithun, B. S. Holla, H. D. Shashikala, G. Umesh, and K. Chandrasekharan, “Nonlinear optical studies of 1-3-diaryl-propenones containing 4-methylthiophenyl moieties,” Opt. Commun. 269, 235–240 (2007).
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Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

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Other (1)

R. L. Sutherland with contributions by D. G. McLean and S. Kikpatrick, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics, second ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2003), Page 581.

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