Abstract

A tunable multiwavelength fiber laser with ultra-narrow wavelength spacing and large wavelength number using a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) has been demonstrated. Intensity-dependent transmission induced by nonlinear polarization rotation in the SOA accounts for stable multiwavelength operation with wavelength spacing less than the homogenous broadening linewidth of the SOA. Stable multiwavelength lasing with wavelength spacing as small as 0.08 nm and wavelength number up to 126 is achieved at room temperature. Moreover, wavelength tuning of 20.2 nm is implemented via polarization tuning.

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  1. A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, M. Rochette, S. LRochelle, and M. Tetu, “Room temperature multifrequency erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18(6), 825–831 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. Z. G. Lu, F. G. Sun, G. Z. Xiao, and C. P. Grover, “A tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser for measuring polarization-mode dispersion in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1280–1282 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. R. Chen and V. Page, “Tunable photonic microwave filter using semiconductor fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(21), 1183–1184 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, “Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 693–695 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. Baby, L. R. Chen, S. Doucet, and S. LaRochelle, “Continuous-Wave Operation of Semiconductor Optical Amplifier-Based Multiwavelength Tunable Fiber Lasers With 25-GHz Spacing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 764–769 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Xia, P. Shum, Y. X. Wang, and T. H. Cheng, “Stable triple-wavelength fiber ring laser with ultranarrow wavelength spacing using a triple-transmission-band fiber Bragg grating filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2162–2164 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. B. A. Yu, J. Kwon, S. Chung, S. W. Seo, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fibre ring laser using sampled Hi-Bi fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 39(8), 649–650 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. N. Calabretta, Y. Liu, F. M. Huijskens, M. T. Hill, H. deWaardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Optical signal processing based on self-induced polarization rotation in a semiconductor optical Amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(2), 372–381 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. X. Yang, Z. Li, E. Tangdiongga, D. Lenstra, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Sub-picosecond pulse generation employing an SOA-based nonlinear polarization switch in a ring cavity,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2448–2453 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

V. Baby, L. R. Chen, S. Doucet, and S. LaRochelle, “Continuous-Wave Operation of Semiconductor Optical Amplifier-Based Multiwavelength Tunable Fiber Lasers With 25-GHz Spacing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 764–769 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Moon, B. H. Kim, A. Lin, G. Sun, W. T. Han, Y. G. Han, and Y. Chung, “Tunable multi-wavelength SOA fiber laser based on a Sagnac loop mirror using an elliptical core side-hole fiber,” Opt. Express 15(13), 8371–8376 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

L. Xia, P. Shum, Y. X. Wang, and T. H. Cheng, “Stable triple-wavelength fiber ring laser with ultranarrow wavelength spacing using a triple-transmission-band fiber Bragg grating filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2162–2164 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

L. R. Chen and V. Page, “Tunable photonic microwave filter using semiconductor fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(21), 1183–1184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (5)

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(1), 54–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. W. Tong, W. Jin, D. N. Wang, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength fibre laser with wavelength selectable from 1590 to 1645 nm,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 594–595 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Calabretta, Y. Liu, F. M. Huijskens, M. T. Hill, H. deWaardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Optical signal processing based on self-induced polarization rotation in a semiconductor optical Amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(2), 372–381 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, Z. Li, E. Tangdiongga, D. Lenstra, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Sub-picosecond pulse generation employing an SOA-based nonlinear polarization switch in a ring cavity,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2448–2453 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. G. Lu, F. G. Sun, G. Z. Xiao, and C. P. Grover, “A tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser for measuring polarization-mode dispersion in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1280–1282 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

B. A. Yu, J. Kwon, S. Chung, S. W. Seo, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fibre ring laser using sampled Hi-Bi fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 39(8), 649–650 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, “Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 693–695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, and M. López-Amo, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(4), 553–558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Yu, D. H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength pulse generation in semiconductor-fiber ring laser using a sampled fiber grating,” Opt. Commun. 200(1-6), 343–347 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Abad, S.

Avramopoulos, H.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, “Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 693–695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baby, V.

V. Baby, L. R. Chen, S. Doucet, and S. LaRochelle, “Continuous-Wave Operation of Semiconductor Optical Amplifier-Based Multiwavelength Tunable Fiber Lasers With 25-GHz Spacing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 764–769 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bellemare, A.

Bintjas, C.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, “Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 693–695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Calabretta, N.

Chen, L. R.

V. Baby, L. R. Chen, S. Doucet, and S. LaRochelle, “Continuous-Wave Operation of Semiconductor Optical Amplifier-Based Multiwavelength Tunable Fiber Lasers With 25-GHz Spacing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 764–769 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Chen and V. Page, “Tunable photonic microwave filter using semiconductor fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(21), 1183–1184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, T. H.

L. Xia, P. Shum, Y. X. Wang, and T. H. Cheng, “Stable triple-wavelength fiber ring laser with ultranarrow wavelength spacing using a triple-transmission-band fiber Bragg grating filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2162–2164 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chung, S.

B. A. Yu, J. Kwon, S. Chung, S. W. Seo, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fibre ring laser using sampled Hi-Bi fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 39(8), 649–650 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y.

deWaardt, H.

Dorren, H. J. S.

Doucet, S.

V. Baby, L. R. Chen, S. Doucet, and S. LaRochelle, “Continuous-Wave Operation of Semiconductor Optical Amplifier-Based Multiwavelength Tunable Fiber Lasers With 25-GHz Spacing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 764–769 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grover, C. P.

Z. G. Lu, F. G. Sun, G. Z. Xiao, and C. P. Grover, “A tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser for measuring polarization-mode dispersion in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1280–1282 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, W. T.

Han, Y. G.

Hill, M. T.

Huijskens, F. M.

Jarabo, S.

Jin, W.

F. W. Tong, W. Jin, D. N. Wang, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength fibre laser with wavelength selectable from 1590 to 1645 nm,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 594–595 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jung, J.

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(1), 54–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kalyvas, M.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, “Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 693–695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Karasek, M.

Khoe, G. D.

Kim, B. H.

Kim, D. H.

B. A. Yu, D. H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength pulse generation in semiconductor-fiber ring laser using a sampled fiber grating,” Opt. Commun. 200(1-6), 343–347 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, J.

B. A. Yu, J. Kwon, S. Chung, S. W. Seo, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fibre ring laser using sampled Hi-Bi fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 39(8), 649–650 (2003).
[CrossRef]

LaRochelle, S.

V. Baby, L. R. Chen, S. Doucet, and S. LaRochelle, “Continuous-Wave Operation of Semiconductor Optical Amplifier-Based Multiwavelength Tunable Fiber Lasers With 25-GHz Spacing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 764–769 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(1), 54–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Yu, J. Kwon, S. Chung, S. W. Seo, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fibre ring laser using sampled Hi-Bi fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 39(8), 649–650 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Yu, D. H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength pulse generation in semiconductor-fiber ring laser using a sampled fiber grating,” Opt. Commun. 200(1-6), 343–347 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. W.

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(1), 54–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lenstra, D.

Li, Z.

Lin, A.

Lin, J. T.

Liu, Y.

López-Amo, M.

LRochelle, S.

Lu, Z. G.

Z. G. Lu, F. G. Sun, G. Z. Xiao, and C. P. Grover, “A tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser for measuring polarization-mode dispersion in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1280–1282 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moon, D. S.

Page, V.

L. R. Chen and V. Page, “Tunable photonic microwave filter using semiconductor fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(21), 1183–1184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pleros, N.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, “Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 693–695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rochette, M.

Seo, S. W.

B. A. Yu, J. Kwon, S. Chung, S. W. Seo, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fibre ring laser using sampled Hi-Bi fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 39(8), 649–650 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

L. Xia, P. Shum, Y. X. Wang, and T. H. Cheng, “Stable triple-wavelength fiber ring laser with ultranarrow wavelength spacing using a triple-transmission-band fiber Bragg grating filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2162–2164 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, F. G.

Z. G. Lu, F. G. Sun, G. Z. Xiao, and C. P. Grover, “A tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser for measuring polarization-mode dispersion in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1280–1282 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sun, G.

Sygletos, S.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, “Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 693–695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Talaverano, L.

Tangdiongga, E.

Tetu, M.

Theophilopoulos, G.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, “Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 693–695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tong, F. W.

F. W. Tong, W. Jin, D. N. Wang, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength fibre laser with wavelength selectable from 1590 to 1645 nm,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 594–595 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K. A.

F. W. Tong, W. Jin, D. N. Wang, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength fibre laser with wavelength selectable from 1590 to 1645 nm,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 594–595 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. N.

F. W. Tong, W. Jin, D. N. Wang, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength fibre laser with wavelength selectable from 1590 to 1645 nm,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 594–595 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. X.

L. Xia, P. Shum, Y. X. Wang, and T. H. Cheng, “Stable triple-wavelength fiber ring laser with ultranarrow wavelength spacing using a triple-transmission-band fiber Bragg grating filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2162–2164 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

Xia, L.

L. Xia, P. Shum, Y. X. Wang, and T. H. Cheng, “Stable triple-wavelength fiber ring laser with ultranarrow wavelength spacing using a triple-transmission-band fiber Bragg grating filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2162–2164 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y. X.

Xiao, G. Z.

Z. G. Lu, F. G. Sun, G. Z. Xiao, and C. P. Grover, “A tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser for measuring polarization-mode dispersion in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1280–1282 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, K.

Yang, X.

Yiannopoulos, K.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, “Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 693–695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B. A.

B. A. Yu, J. Kwon, S. Chung, S. W. Seo, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fibre ring laser using sampled Hi-Bi fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 39(8), 649–650 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Yu, D. H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength pulse generation in semiconductor-fiber ring laser using a sampled fiber grating,” Opt. Commun. 200(1-6), 343–347 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, L.

Zhang, Z. X.

Electron. Lett. (3)

L. R. Chen and V. Page, “Tunable photonic microwave filter using semiconductor fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(21), 1183–1184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Yu, J. Kwon, S. Chung, S. W. Seo, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fibre ring laser using sampled Hi-Bi fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 39(8), 649–650 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. W. Tong, W. Jin, D. N. Wang, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength fibre laser with wavelength selectable from 1590 to 1645 nm,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 594–595 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. Baby, L. R. Chen, S. Doucet, and S. LaRochelle, “Continuous-Wave Operation of Semiconductor Optical Amplifier-Based Multiwavelength Tunable Fiber Lasers With 25-GHz Spacing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 764–769 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

L. Xia, P. Shum, Y. X. Wang, and T. H. Cheng, “Stable triple-wavelength fiber ring laser with ultranarrow wavelength spacing using a triple-transmission-band fiber Bragg grating filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2162–2164 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(1), 54–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, “Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 693–695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Lu, F. G. Sun, G. Z. Xiao, and C. P. Grover, “A tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser for measuring polarization-mode dispersion in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1280–1282 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Commun. (1)

B. A. Yu, D. H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength pulse generation in semiconductor-fiber ring laser using a sampled fiber grating,” Opt. Commun. 200(1-6), 343–347 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of our proposed multiwavelength SOA fiber laser. The part surrounded by dashed line is a general configuration of nonlinear polarization rotation based on SOA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The ASE from the SOA biased at 200 mA.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Mutiwavelength output spetrum with wavelength spacing of 0.08 nm. (b) Zoom-in of the part surrounded by dashed lines in (a).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectrum from the SOA fiber laser with 0.08 nm Sagnac loop filter when the PDI is replaced by a polarization-insensitive isolator.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Tunable multiwavelength generation through adjusting polarization.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output spectra under different SOA driving currents.

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