Abstract

We demonstrate the efficient and stable CW laser operation at 2.824 μm of a diode-pumped erbium-doped fluoride fiber laser employing an intracore fiber Bragg grating high reflector. An output power of 5 W and an optical-to-optical conversion efficiency of 32% are reported. The temporal and spectral stability of the laser represent a significant improvement over previous work. This report paves the way to the commercialization of compact and stable fiber lasers for spectroscopic and medical applications.

© 2009 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Bernier, D. Faucher, R. Vallée, A. Saliminia, G. Androz, Y. Sheng, and S. L. Chin, “Bragg gratings photoinduced in ZBLAN fibers by femtosecond pulses at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 454–456 (2007).
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  19. S. Bedo, M. Pollnau, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Saturation of the 2.71μm laser output in erbium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” Opt. Commun. 116(1-3), 81–86 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (5)

2006 (1)

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

F. Tittle, D. Richter, and A. Fried, “Mid-Infrared laser applications in spectroscopy,” Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 445 (2003).

2002 (2)

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, “Diode-pumped fiber lasers: a new clinical tool?” Lasers Surg. Med. 30(3), 184–190 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pollnau and S. D. Jackson, “Energy recycling versus lifetime quenching in erbium-doped 3-μm fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(2), 162–169 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Efficient high-power operation of erbium 3μm fiber laser diode pumped at 975nm,” Electron. Lett. 36(3), 223–224 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

1995 (1)

S. Bedo, M. Pollnau, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Saturation of the 2.71μm laser output in erbium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” Opt. Commun. 116(1-3), 81–86 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Androz, G.

Bedo, S.

S. Bedo, M. Pollnau, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Saturation of the 2.71μm laser output in erbium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” Opt. Commun. 116(1-3), 81–86 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bernier, M.

Borlaug, D.

Chin, S. L.

Coleman, D. J.

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Q-switch operation of a 2.7μm cladding-pumped Er3+/Pr3+ codoped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 236(4-6), 379–385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Diening, A.

El-Taher, A. E.

Faucher, D.

Fischer, D.

Fried, A.

F. Tittle, D. Richter, and A. Fried, “Mid-Infrared laser applications in spectroscopy,” Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 445 (2003).

Glas, P.

Jackson, S. D.

Y. H. Tsang, A. E. El-Taher, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Efficient 2.96μm dysprosium-doped fluoride fiber laser pumped with a ND:YAG laser operating at 1.3μm,” Opt. Lett. 29, 334–336 (2004).

S. D. Jackson, “Single-transverse-mode 2.5-W holmium-doped fluoride fiber laser operating at 2.86 microm,” Opt. Lett. 29(4), 334–336 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, “Diode-pumped fiber lasers: a new clinical tool?” Lasers Surg. Med. 30(3), 184–190 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pollnau and S. D. Jackson, “Energy recycling versus lifetime quenching in erbium-doped 3-μm fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(2), 162–169 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Efficient high-power operation of erbium 3μm fiber laser diode pumped at 975nm,” Electron. Lett. 36(3), 223–224 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Diode-pumped 1.7-W erbium 3-mum fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 24(16), 1133–1135 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jain, R.

Jain, R. K.

Jalali, B.

King, T. A.

Y. H. Tsang, A. E. El-Taher, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Efficient 2.96μm dysprosium-doped fluoride fiber laser pumped with a ND:YAG laser operating at 1.3μm,” Opt. Lett. 29, 334–336 (2004).

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Q-switch operation of a 2.7μm cladding-pumped Er3+/Pr3+ codoped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 236(4-6), 379–385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Efficient high-power operation of erbium 3μm fiber laser diode pumped at 975nm,” Electron. Lett. 36(3), 223–224 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Diode-pumped 1.7-W erbium 3-mum fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 24(16), 1133–1135 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ko, D.-K.

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Q-switch operation of a 2.7μm cladding-pumped Er3+/Pr3+ codoped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 236(4-6), 379–385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lauto, A.

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, “Diode-pumped fiber lasers: a new clinical tool?” Lasers Surg. Med. 30(3), 184–190 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J.

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Q-switch operation of a 2.7μm cladding-pumped Er3+/Pr3+ codoped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 236(4-6), 379–385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, M.

Luthy, W.

S. Bedo, M. Pollnau, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Saturation of the 2.71μm laser output in erbium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” Opt. Commun. 116(1-3), 81–86 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

M. Pollnau and S. D. Jackson, “Energy recycling versus lifetime quenching in erbium-doped 3-μm fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(2), 162–169 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Efficient high-power operation of erbium 3μm fiber laser diode pumped at 975nm,” Electron. Lett. 36(3), 223–224 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Diode-pumped 1.7-W erbium 3-mum fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 24(16), 1133–1135 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Bedo, M. Pollnau, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Saturation of the 2.71μm laser output in erbium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” Opt. Commun. 116(1-3), 81–86 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Raghunathan, V.

Rice, R. R.

Richter, D.

F. Tittle, D. Richter, and A. Fried, “Mid-Infrared laser applications in spectroscopy,” Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 445 (2003).

Saliminia, A.

Sandrock, T.

Sheng, Y.

Srinivasan, B.

Tafoya, J.

Tittle, F.

F. Tittle, D. Richter, and A. Fried, “Mid-Infrared laser applications in spectroscopy,” Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 445 (2003).

Tsang, Y. H.

Vallée, R.

Weber, H. P.

S. Bedo, M. Pollnau, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Saturation of the 2.71μm laser output in erbium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” Opt. Commun. 116(1-3), 81–86 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wrage, M.

Zhu, X.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Efficient high-power operation of erbium 3μm fiber laser diode pumped at 975nm,” Electron. Lett. 36(3), 223–224 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Pollnau and S. D. Jackson, “Energy recycling versus lifetime quenching in erbium-doped 3-μm fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(2), 162–169 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lasers Surg. Med. (1)

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, “Diode-pumped fiber lasers: a new clinical tool?” Lasers Surg. Med. 30(3), 184–190 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Q-switch operation of a 2.7μm cladding-pumped Er3+/Pr3+ codoped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 236(4-6), 379–385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Bedo, M. Pollnau, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, “Saturation of the 2.71μm laser output in erbium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” Opt. Commun. 116(1-3), 81–86 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Top. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Tittle, D. Richter, and A. Fried, “Mid-Infrared laser applications in spectroscopy,” Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 445 (2003).

Other (1)

J. Tafoya, J. Pierce, R. K. Jain, and B. Wong, “Efficient and compact high-power mid-IR (3μm) lasers for surgical applications,” Proc. SPIE 5312, 218–222 (2004).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Erbium-doped all fiber laser configuration with a FBG acting as the high reflector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured transmission spectrum of the FBG written in the Er3+-doped fluoride fiber (exposure time: 15s, grating length: 8mm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser output power vs launched pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser output spectrum for an output power of 3.24W. The inset shows the corresponding narrowband laser emission spectrum measured with a resolution of 0.1nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output power stability for different output powers ranging from 0.85W up to 5W

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