Abstract

Implementing the capability to perform fast ignition experiments, as well as, radiography experiments on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) places stringent requirements on the control of each of the beam’s pointing, intra-beam phasing and overall wave-front quality. In this article experimental results are presented which were taken on an interferometric adaptive optics testbed that was designed and built to test the capabilities of such a system to control phasing, pointing and higher order beam aberrations. These measurements included quantification of the reduction in Strehl ratio incurred when using the MEMS device to correct for pointing errors in the system. The interferometric adaptive optics system achieved a Strehl ratio of 0.83 when correcting for a piston, tip/tilt error between two adjacent rectangular apertures, the geometry expected for the National ignition Facility. The interferometric adaptive optics system also achieved a Strehl ratio of 0.66 when used to correct for a phase plate aberration of similar magnitude as expected from simulations of the ARC beam line. All of these corrections included measuring both the upstream and downstream aberrations in the testbed and applying the sum of these two measurements in open-loop to the MEMS deformable mirror.

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2008 (3)

J. Notaras and C. Paterson, “Point-diffrction interferometer for atmospheric daptive optics in strong scintillation,” Opt. Commun. 281(3), 360–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Baker and D. A. Silva, “Evaluation of Two-Dimensional Phase Unwrapping Algorithms for Interferometric Characterization of Liquid-Crystal Spatial Light Modulators,” The Open Optics Journal 2, 48 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Zou, A. M. Sautivet, J. Fils, L. Martin, K. Abdeli, C. Sauteret, and B. Wattellier, “Optimization of the dynamic wavefront control of a pulsed kilojoule/nanosecond-petawatt laser facility,” Appl. Opt. 47(5), 704–710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (4)

K. L. Baker, E. A. Stappaerts, S. C. Wilks, D. Gavel, P. E. Young, J. Tucker, S. S. Olivier, D. A. Silva, and J. Olsen, "Performance of a phase-conjugate engine implementing a finite-bit phase correction," Opt. Lett. 29(9), 980-982 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Baker, E. A. Stappaerts, D. Gavel, S. C. Wilks, J. Tucker, D. A. Silva, J. Olsen, S. S. Olivier, P. E. Young, M. W. Kartz, L. M. Flath, P. Kruelevitch, J. Crawford, and O. Azucena, “High-speed horizontal-path atmospheric turbulence correction with a large-actuator-number microelectromechanical system spatial light modulator in an interferometric phase-conjugation engine,” Opt. Lett. 29(15), 1781 (2004.
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. Van Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility Opt,” Eng. 43(12), 2873 (2004).

1997 (1)

R. Hartley, M. Kartz, W. Behrenclt, A. Hines, G. Pollock, E. Bliss, T. Salmon, S. Winters, B. V. Wonterghem, and R. Zacharias, “Wavefront correction for static and dynamic aberrations to within 1 second of the system shot in the NIF Beamlet demonstration facility,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 294 (1997).

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

P. M. Harrington and B. M. Welsh, “Frequency-domain analysis of an adaptive optical system's temporal response,” Opt. Eng. 33(7), 2336 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

R. M. Goldstein, H. A. Zebker, and C. L. Werner, “Satellite radar interferometry: two-dimensional phase unwrapping,” Radio Sci. 23(4), 713–720 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1971 (1)

R. F. Lutomirski and H. T. Yura, “Wave Structure Function and Mutual Coherence Function of an Optical Wave in a Turbulent Atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61(4), 482 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Abdeli, K.

Arnold, T. J.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. Van Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility Opt,” Eng. 43(12), 2873 (2004).

Azucena, O.

Baker, K. L.

Beer, N. R.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. Van Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility Opt,” Eng. 43(12), 2873 (2004).

Behrenclt, W.

R. Hartley, M. Kartz, W. Behrenclt, A. Hines, G. Pollock, E. Bliss, T. Salmon, S. Winters, B. V. Wonterghem, and R. Zacharias, “Wavefront correction for static and dynamic aberrations to within 1 second of the system shot in the NIF Beamlet demonstration facility,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 294 (1997).

Bliss, E.

R. Hartley, M. Kartz, W. Behrenclt, A. Hines, G. Pollock, E. Bliss, T. Salmon, S. Winters, B. V. Wonterghem, and R. Zacharias, “Wavefront correction for static and dynamic aberrations to within 1 second of the system shot in the NIF Beamlet demonstration facility,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 294 (1997).

Bliss, E. S.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. Van Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility Opt,” Eng. 43(12), 2873 (2004).

Brummitt, P. A.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Burkhart, S. C.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. Van Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility Opt,” Eng. 43(12), 2873 (2004).

Clarke, R. J.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, S. J.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. Van Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility Opt,” Eng. 43(12), 2873 (2004).

Collier, J. L.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Crawford, J.

Danson, C. N.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fell, B.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fils, J.

Flath, L. M.

Frackiewicz, A. J.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gavel, D.

Goldstein, R. M.

R. M. Goldstein, H. A. Zebker, and C. L. Werner, “Satellite radar interferometry: two-dimensional phase unwrapping,” Radio Sci. 23(4), 713–720 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, D.

Hancock, S.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Harrington, P. M.

P. M. Harrington and B. M. Welsh, “Frequency-domain analysis of an adaptive optical system's temporal response,” Opt. Eng. 33(7), 2336 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hartley, R.

R. Hartley, M. Kartz, W. Behrenclt, A. Hines, G. Pollock, E. Bliss, T. Salmon, S. Winters, B. V. Wonterghem, and R. Zacharias, “Wavefront correction for static and dynamic aberrations to within 1 second of the system shot in the NIF Beamlet demonstration facility,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 294 (1997).

Hawkes, S.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hernandez-Gomez, C.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hines, A.

R. Hartley, M. Kartz, W. Behrenclt, A. Hines, G. Pollock, E. Bliss, T. Salmon, S. Winters, B. V. Wonterghem, and R. Zacharias, “Wavefront correction for static and dynamic aberrations to within 1 second of the system shot in the NIF Beamlet demonstration facility,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 294 (1997).

Holligan, P.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kartz, M.

R. Hartley, M. Kartz, W. Behrenclt, A. Hines, G. Pollock, E. Bliss, T. Salmon, S. Winters, B. V. Wonterghem, and R. Zacharias, “Wavefront correction for static and dynamic aberrations to within 1 second of the system shot in the NIF Beamlet demonstration facility,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 294 (1997).

Kartz, M. W.

Kidd, A.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kirby, A.

Kruelevitch, P.

Latta, M. R.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. Van Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility Opt,” Eng. 43(12), 2873 (2004).

Lester, W. J.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Love, G.

Lutomirski, R. F.

R. F. Lutomirski and H. T. Yura, “Wave Structure Function and Mutual Coherence Function of an Optical Wave in a Turbulent Atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61(4), 482 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Martin, L.

Musgrave, I. O.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Neely, D.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Neville, D. R.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Norreys, P. A.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Notaras, J.

J. Notaras and C. Paterson, “Point-diffrction interferometer for atmospheric daptive optics in strong scintillation,” Opt. Commun. 281(3), 360–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oag, T.

Olivier, S. S.

Olsen, J.

Paterson, C.

J. Notaras and C. Paterson, “Point-diffrction interferometer for atmospheric daptive optics in strong scintillation,” Opt. Commun. 281(3), 360–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pepler, D. A.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pigg, D. C.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. Van Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility Opt,” Eng. 43(12), 2873 (2004).

Pollock, G.

R. Hartley, M. Kartz, W. Behrenclt, A. Hines, G. Pollock, E. Bliss, T. Salmon, S. Winters, B. V. Wonterghem, and R. Zacharias, “Wavefront correction for static and dynamic aberrations to within 1 second of the system shot in the NIF Beamlet demonstration facility,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 294 (1997).

Reason, C. J.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Salmon, J. T.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. Van Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility Opt,” Eng. 43(12), 2873 (2004).

Salmon, T.

R. Hartley, M. Kartz, W. Behrenclt, A. Hines, G. Pollock, E. Bliss, T. Salmon, S. Winters, B. V. Wonterghem, and R. Zacharias, “Wavefront correction for static and dynamic aberrations to within 1 second of the system shot in the NIF Beamlet demonstration facility,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 294 (1997).

Sauteret, C.

Sautivet, A. M.

Shaikh, W.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Silva, D. A.

Stappaerts, E. A.

Stolz, C. J.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. Van Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility Opt,” Eng. 43(12), 2873 (2004).

Sutton, S. B.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. Van Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility Opt,” Eng. 43(12), 2873 (2004).

Tucker, J.

Valley, G. C.

Van Atta, R. L.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. Van Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility Opt,” Eng. 43(12), 2873 (2004).

Wattellier, B.

Welsh, B, M.

P. M. Harrington and B. M. Welsh, “Frequency-domain analysis of an adaptive optical system's temporal response,” Opt. Eng. 33(7), 2336 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Werner, C. L.

R. M. Goldstein, H. A. Zebker, and C. L. Werner, “Satellite radar interferometry: two-dimensional phase unwrapping,” Radio Sci. 23(4), 713–720 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wilks, S. C.

Winstone, T. B.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Winters, S.

R. Hartley, M. Kartz, W. Behrenclt, A. Hines, G. Pollock, E. Bliss, T. Salmon, S. Winters, B. V. Wonterghem, and R. Zacharias, “Wavefront correction for static and dynamic aberrations to within 1 second of the system shot in the NIF Beamlet demonstration facility,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 294 (1997).

Winters, S. E.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. Van Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility Opt,” Eng. 43(12), 2873 (2004).

Wonterghem, B. V.

R. Hartley, M. Kartz, W. Behrenclt, A. Hines, G. Pollock, E. Bliss, T. Salmon, S. Winters, B. V. Wonterghem, and R. Zacharias, “Wavefront correction for static and dynamic aberrations to within 1 second of the system shot in the NIF Beamlet demonstration facility,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 294 (1997).

Wyatt, R. W. W.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wyborn, B. E.

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Young, P. E.

Yura, H. T.

R. F. Lutomirski and H. T. Yura, “Wave Structure Function and Mutual Coherence Function of an Optical Wave in a Turbulent Atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61(4), 482 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Zacharias, R.

R. Hartley, M. Kartz, W. Behrenclt, A. Hines, G. Pollock, E. Bliss, T. Salmon, S. Winters, B. V. Wonterghem, and R. Zacharias, “Wavefront correction for static and dynamic aberrations to within 1 second of the system shot in the NIF Beamlet demonstration facility,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 294 (1997).

Zacharias, R. A.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. Van Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility Opt,” Eng. 43(12), 2873 (2004).

Zebker, H. A.

R. M. Goldstein, H. A. Zebker, and C. L. Werner, “Satellite radar interferometry: two-dimensional phase unwrapping,” Radio Sci. 23(4), 713–720 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zou, J. P.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

R. F. Lutomirski and H. T. Yura, “Wave Structure Function and Mutual Coherence Function of an Optical Wave in a Turbulent Atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61(4), 482 (1971).
[CrossRef]

The Open Optics Journal (1)

K. L. Baker and D. A. Silva, “Evaluation of Two-Dimensional Phase Unwrapping Algorithms for Interferometric Characterization of Liquid-Crystal Spatial Light Modulators,” The Open Optics Journal 2, 48 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Eng. (1)

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. Van Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility Opt,” Eng. 43(12), 2873 (2004).

Nucl. Fusion (1)

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt—an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), 239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Notaras and C. Paterson, “Point-diffrction interferometer for atmospheric daptive optics in strong scintillation,” Opt. Commun. 281(3), 360–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

P. M. Harrington and B. M. Welsh, “Frequency-domain analysis of an adaptive optical system's temporal response,” Opt. Eng. 33(7), 2336 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Radio Sci. (1)

R. M. Goldstein, H. A. Zebker, and C. L. Werner, “Satellite radar interferometry: two-dimensional phase unwrapping,” Radio Sci. 23(4), 713–720 (1988).
[CrossRef]

SPIE (1)

R. Hartley, M. Kartz, W. Behrenclt, A. Hines, G. Pollock, E. Bliss, T. Salmon, S. Winters, B. V. Wonterghem, and R. Zacharias, “Wavefront correction for static and dynamic aberrations to within 1 second of the system shot in the NIF Beamlet demonstration facility,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 294 (1997).

Other (7)

Private Communication from M.A. Henessian, (2008).

R. A. Sacks, M. A. Henesian, S. W. Haney, and J. B. Trenholme, Report No. UCRL-LR-105821–96, 1996.

G. C. Dennis and M. D. Pritt, Two-Dimensional Phase Unwrapping. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1998).

D. Homoelle, K. L. Baker, E. Utterback, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, presented at the Ultrafast Optics, France, 2009 (unpublished).

K. L. Baker, E. A. Stappaerts, D. C. Homoelle, M. A. Henesian, E. S. Bliss, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, Interferometric adaptive optics for high power laser pointing, wave-front control and phasing Journal of Micro/Nanolithography MEMS, and MOEMS (2009).

W. J. Hardy, Adaptive Optics for Astronomical Telescopes. (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998).

D. M. Pennington, C. G. Brown, T. E. Cowan, S. P. Hatchett, E. Henry, S. Herman, M. Kartz, M. Key, J. Koch, A. J. Mackinnon, M. D. Perry, T. W. Phillips, M. Roth, T. C. Sangster, M. Singh, R. A. Snavely, M. Stoyer, B. C. Stuart, and S. C. Wilks, Report No. UCRL-JC-140019, 2000.

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