Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a stable, tunable and narrow linewidth C-band lanthanum co-doped bismuth based erbium doped fiber (EDF) ring laser with single longitudinal mode (SLM) operation. A free space thin film filter acts as a wavelength discriminative component selecting a few oscillating modes while a Lyot filter formed by a polarization maintaining (PM) fiber and a linear polarizer further discriminates and selects SLM efficiently. A power stability of ≤0.05 dB, central wavelength variation of ≤0.02 nm, a side-mode suppression ratio (SMSR) of at least >43 dB, and a linewidth of about 1.3 kHz have been experimentally demonstrated.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. S. Kim, F. N. Farokhrooz, and J. U. Kang, "Electro-optic wavelength-tunable fiber ring laser based on cascaded composite Sagnac loop filters," Opt. Lett. 29, 1677-1679, (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Q. Sun, X. Yuan, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, "Single longitudinal mode fiber ring laser using fiber grating-based Fabry-Perot filters and variable saturable absorbers," Opt. Commun. 267, 177-181 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. H. Yeh, T. T. Huang, H. C. Chien, C. H. Ko, and S. Chi, "Tunable S-band erbium-doped triple-ring laser with single longitudinal-mode operation," Opt Express 15, 382-386 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. C. Lee, Y. K. Chen, and S. K. Liaw, "Single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with passive multiple-ring cavity and its application for video transmission," Opt. Lett. 23, 358-360 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang "Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on High finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 976-978 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,"IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 3, 1167-1169 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. O’ Riordan, M. J. Connelly, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, and L. P. Berry, "Lyot filter based multiwavelength fiber ring laser actively mode-locked at 10 GHz using an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Commun. 281, 3538-3541 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Sugimoto, "Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on Bismuth oxide glasses," JACS.  85, 1083-1088 (2002).
  10. H. L. Liu, H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, "Wavelength switchable La-codoped bismuth based erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 986-988 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang "Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on High finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 976-978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. O’ Riordan, M. J. Connelly, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, and L. P. Berry, "Lyot filter based multiwavelength fiber ring laser actively mode-locked at 10 GHz using an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Commun. 281, 3538-3541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

C. H. Yeh, T. T. Huang, H. C. Chien, C. H. Ko, and S. Chi, "Tunable S-band erbium-doped triple-ring laser with single longitudinal-mode operation," Opt Express 15, 382-386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. Q. Sun, X. Yuan, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, "Single longitudinal mode fiber ring laser using fiber grating-based Fabry-Perot filters and variable saturable absorbers," Opt. Commun. 267, 177-181 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

H. L. Liu, H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, "Wavelength switchable La-codoped bismuth based erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 986-988 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

Sugimoto, "Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on Bismuth oxide glasses," JACS.  85, 1083-1088 (2002).

2001 (1)

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,"IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 3, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Anandarajah, P. M.

C. O’ Riordan, M. J. Connelly, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, and L. P. Berry, "Lyot filter based multiwavelength fiber ring laser actively mode-locked at 10 GHz using an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Commun. 281, 3538-3541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Berry, L. P.

C. O’ Riordan, M. J. Connelly, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, and L. P. Berry, "Lyot filter based multiwavelength fiber ring laser actively mode-locked at 10 GHz using an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Commun. 281, 3538-3541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. K.

Cheng, X. P.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang "Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on High finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 976-978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

C. H. Yeh, T. T. Huang, H. C. Chien, C. H. Ko, and S. Chi, "Tunable S-band erbium-doped triple-ring laser with single longitudinal-mode operation," Opt Express 15, 382-386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chien, H. C.

C. H. Yeh, T. T. Huang, H. C. Chien, C. H. Ko, and S. Chi, "Tunable S-band erbium-doped triple-ring laser with single longitudinal-mode operation," Opt Express 15, 382-386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chung, W. H.

H. L. Liu, H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, "Wavelength switchable La-codoped bismuth based erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 986-988 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Clements, W. R. L.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Connelly, M. J.

C. O’ Riordan, M. J. Connelly, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, and L. P. Berry, "Lyot filter based multiwavelength fiber ring laser actively mode-locked at 10 GHz using an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Commun. 281, 3538-3541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Farokhrooz, F. N.

Feinberg, J.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,"IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 3, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Havstad, S. A.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,"IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 3, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

J. Q. Sun, X. Yuan, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, "Single longitudinal mode fiber ring laser using fiber grating-based Fabry-Perot filters and variable saturable absorbers," Opt. Commun. 267, 177-181 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, T. T.

C. H. Yeh, T. T. Huang, H. C. Chien, C. H. Ko, and S. Chi, "Tunable S-band erbium-doped triple-ring laser with single longitudinal-mode operation," Opt Express 15, 382-386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, J. U.

Kim, C. S.

Ko, C. H.

C. H. Yeh, T. T. Huang, H. C. Chien, C. H. Ko, and S. Chi, "Tunable S-band erbium-doped triple-ring laser with single longitudinal-mode operation," Opt Express 15, 382-386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, C. C.

Liaw, S. K.

Lit, J. W. Y.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. L.

H. L. Liu, H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, "Wavelength switchable La-codoped bismuth based erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 986-988 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Maher, R.

C. O’ Riordan, M. J. Connelly, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, and L. P. Berry, "Lyot filter based multiwavelength fiber ring laser actively mode-locked at 10 GHz using an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Commun. 281, 3538-3541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O’ Riordan, C.

C. O’ Riordan, M. J. Connelly, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, and L. P. Berry, "Lyot filter based multiwavelength fiber ring laser actively mode-locked at 10 GHz using an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Commun. 281, 3538-3541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schinn, G. W.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang "Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on High finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 976-978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,"IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 3, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,"IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 3, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto,

Sugimoto, "Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on Bismuth oxide glasses," JACS.  85, 1083-1088 (2002).

Sugimoto, N.

H. L. Liu, H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, "Wavelength switchable La-codoped bismuth based erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 986-988 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J. Q.

J. Q. Sun, X. Yuan, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, "Single longitudinal mode fiber ring laser using fiber grating-based Fabry-Perot filters and variable saturable absorbers," Opt. Commun. 267, 177-181 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

H. L. Liu, H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, "Wavelength switchable La-codoped bismuth based erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 986-988 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tan, W. C.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang "Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on High finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 976-978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tang, M.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang "Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on High finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 976-978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tse, C. H.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang "Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on High finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 976-978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K. A.

H. L. Liu, H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, "Wavelength switchable La-codoped bismuth based erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 986-988 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,"IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 3, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wu, R. F.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang "Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on High finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 976-978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xie, Y.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,"IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 3, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C. H.

C. H. Yeh, T. T. Huang, H. C. Chien, C. H. Ko, and S. Chi, "Tunable S-band erbium-doped triple-ring laser with single longitudinal-mode operation," Opt Express 15, 382-386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, X.

J. Q. Sun, X. Yuan, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, "Single longitudinal mode fiber ring laser using fiber grating-based Fabry-Perot filters and variable saturable absorbers," Opt. Commun. 267, 177-181 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yue, C. Y.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang "Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on High finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 976-978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

J. Q. Sun, X. Yuan, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, "Single longitudinal mode fiber ring laser using fiber grating-based Fabry-Perot filters and variable saturable absorbers," Opt. Commun. 267, 177-181 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J. L.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang "Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on High finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 976-978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. (2)

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang "Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on High finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 20, 976-978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,"IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 3, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. L. Liu, H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, "Wavelength switchable La-codoped bismuth based erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 986-988 (2005).
[CrossRef]

JACS (1)

Sugimoto, "Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on Bismuth oxide glasses," JACS.  85, 1083-1088 (2002).

Opt Express (1)

C. H. Yeh, T. T. Huang, H. C. Chien, C. H. Ko, and S. Chi, "Tunable S-band erbium-doped triple-ring laser with single longitudinal-mode operation," Opt Express 15, 382-386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. Q. Sun, X. Yuan, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, "Single longitudinal mode fiber ring laser using fiber grating-based Fabry-Perot filters and variable saturable absorbers," Opt. Commun. 267, 177-181 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. O’ Riordan, M. J. Connelly, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, and L. P. Berry, "Lyot filter based multiwavelength fiber ring laser actively mode-locked at 10 GHz using an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Commun. 281, 3538-3541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Proposed experimental setup of C-band lanthanum-co-doped bismuth based erbium doped fiber laser. Note: PBS—polarization beam splitter; HWP—half wave plate; QWP—quarter wave plate; BPF—bandpass filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical spectra of the proposed C-band fiber ring laser in the tuning range of 1531 to 1560 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The SMSR and the output power of the proposed ring laser versus tuning wavelengths in the operation range from 1530 to 1560 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The output power fluctuation and the wavelength variation of the single-frequency fiber ring laser at a wavelength of 1559.5 nm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Optical spectrum observed at port 5 without bandpass filter in the cavity.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Noise spectrum of the laser output with PM fiber between port 2 and 3 of fiber bench (inset) shows the linewidth of the fiber ring laser.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) Noise spectrum of the laser output without linear polarizer in the cavity (b) with SMF-28 between port 2 and 3 of fiber bench.

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